Conservation Biology

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 3

Edited By: Mark A. Burgman

Impact Factor: 4.355

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 5/40 (Biodiversity Conservation); 13/210 (Environmental Sciences); 23/136 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1523-1739

Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

Conservation Biology welcomes submissions that address the science and practice of conserving Earth's biological diversity. We encourage submissions that emphasize issues germane to any of Earth's ecosystems or geographic regions and that apply diverse approaches to analyses and problem solving. Nevertheless, manuscripts with relevance to conservation that transcend the particular ecosystem, species, or situation described will be prioritized for publication.

The word limit includes all text from the first word of the Abstract through last word of the Literature Cited; it does not include legends for tables and figures or the body of tables. Manuscripts that substantially exceed the word limits specified below will not be sent for review.

1. Contributed Papers (3000-6000 words). Papers that report on original theoretical, empirical, or synthetic research in the natural or social sciences.
2. Research Notes (3000 words). Similar to Contributed Papers, but results and inferences may be more focused or preliminary.
3. Reviews (7500 words). Comprehensive reviews of a given topic.
4. Essays (6000 words). Comparatively speculative yet well-argued and well-documented papers that may offer personal perspectives.
5. Conservation Practice and Policy (5000 words). Papers that describe applications of conservation science to specific goals for management, policy, or education. Papers may address either successful applications or surprising outcomes that provided opportunities for learning.
6. Comments (2000 words). Papers that respond to material previously published in Conservation Biology.
7. Diversity (2000 words). Short opinion pieces on concepts, methods, or applications.
8. Letters (1000 words). Communications regarding topics of immediate interest to readers, including observations on controversial subjects or papers previously published in Conservation Biology.
9. Book Reviews are by invitation only. All books for possible review should be sent directly to Douglas Clark (

We encourage authors who are uncertain whether their manuscript is appropriate for Conservation Biology to send a title and abstract to the editor in chief for preliminary evaluation.

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts must be submitted online at If you do not have web access, please contact Frith Jarrad ( The potential reviewers that you suggest must not have close professional or personal relationships with the authors. The identity of reviewers is kept confidential unless reviewers choose to waive confidentiality. Figures should not be embedded in the manuscript. The submission process includes a step in which figures are uploaded separate from the manuscript. Acceptable formats for the figures are .pdf, .tif, and .eps. Tables must follow the Literature Cited and precede figure legends. Name each file with the surname of the first author followed by the general content of the document (e.g., SmithManuscript, SmithFig1, SmithAppendixS1).

Manuscript Specifications

The Conservation Biology Style Guide for Authors contains detailed information on how to format a manuscript for Conservation Biology. Double space all text. Number all lines (except in figures). Do not use footnotes. Metric measurements must be provided unless English measurements are clearly more appropriate, in which case metric equivalents must be provided in parentheses. All pages except figures must be numbered at the bottom. Manuscripts must be in English; use U.S. rather than British spelling. We strongly recommend that authors whose first language is not English ask a native English speaker to proofread the manuscript before submission.

The cover page of your manuscript must include the title of the paper, a running head (short title of 40 or fewer characters), a list of five to eight keywords, word count (all text from the first word of the Abstract through the last word of the Literature Cited but not including table or figure legends or the body of tables), authors' addresses at the time the work was conducted and present addresses if different, and the name and complete address (including email) of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.

Manuscripts in all categories except Comments, Diversity, and Letters must contain an abstract that does not exceed 300 words. The abstract should state concisely the aims, methods, principal results, and major inferences of the work. Do not include incomplete or uninformative descriptions (e.g., "A new method of analysis is described."). Do not include acronyms in the abstract. Do not provide a Spanish translation of the abstract.

Citations, Tables, and Figures

Use the following format for literature citations in the text: (Buckley & Buckley 2000b; Pacey 2004). Arrange strings of citations in chronological order (oldest first). A submitted manuscript is not published; it should be cited in the text as "unpublished data" and should not be included in the Literature Cited. Examples of citations are provided in the Style Guide for Authors and recent issues of Conservation Biology.

Include no more than one supporting element (i.e., table or figure) for every four pages of text (from the Abstract through the Literature Cited). If a table or figure has only a few data points, incorporate the data into the text. Tables must be double-spaced, without vertical rules, and must not duplicate material in the text or figures. Each table must have a complete but brief caption.

Figure legends must be double-spaced and grouped together on a separate page immediately following the tables. Figures must be of sufficient quality and resolution to remain clear at 60% reduction. Before publication, you will be required to supply figures in tif, eps, or pdf format. Resolution must be at least 300 dots per inch (dpi); 600 dpi is preferable for figures with lettering.

Policy on Duplicate Publication of Research Results

Submission of a manuscript to Conservation Biology implies it has not been published previously and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. At the time of submission, describe in the cover letter any data, figures, or text in the manuscript that are published, in press, submitted, or soon to be submitted elsewhere. If any of the data in the manuscript have been included in other published or unpublished manuscripts, the legend of each table or figure reporting such data must cite those manuscripts. All authors are expected to conform to the Society for Conservation Biology's Code of Ethics, available under the Instructions and Forms tab at

Page and Color-Printing Charges

Conservation Biology is published on behalf of the Society for Conservation Biology, a nonprofit organization. Payment of page charges allows the society to support more effectively conservation science, management, policy, and education worldwide. Charges are US$150 per page for those with grant or institutional support for publication costs and $50 per page for those without support who are able to pay at this rate. Page charges will be waived for authors who affirm that they do not have institutional support or another means to pay page charges. An author's ability to pay will not influence whether the manuscript is accepted for publication or any aspect of the review process. The cost of printing color figures, US$700 per page, cannot be waived.


OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article available for free or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee of $3000 to ensure the article is made available to nonsubscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library and is deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. The fee for OnlineOpen cannot be reduced or waived.

In addition to publication online via Wiley Online Library, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server immediately on publication. More information on OnlineOpen is available at

Copyright Information

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign.

The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions:

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non - Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non - Commercial - NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit -- License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC - BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements . For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self - archiving policy please visit:

Style Guide for Authors

SCB Code of Ethics

Special Sections Guidelines