Conservation Biology

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 4

Edited By: Mark A. Burgman

Impact Factor: 4.32

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 5/41 (Biodiversity Conservation); 17/215 (Environmental Sciences); 24/140 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1523-1739

Virtual Issues


Virtual Issues from Conservation Biology

Conservation Genetics

Published: 01 Oct 2011

Edited by Robin Waples

The discipline of conservation biology developed from a strong evolutionary and ecological foundation. Viability of populations and species can depend as much on genetic factors such as inbreeding and gene flow as on demographic factors such as population growth rate and distribution. This compilation captures both familiar themes such as bottlenecks, inbreeding depression, hybridization, captive breeding, and population subdivision and more specialized topics such as genetic restoration, invasive species, reintroductions, fragmentation, mutational meltdown, and forensics. In the next 5 years, we can expect to see a qualitative breakthrough as tools from the rapidly evolving genomics revolution are increasingly applied to real-world problems in conservation and management.

Loss of genetic diversity from managed populations: interacting effects of drift, mutation, immigration, selection, and population subdivision
Robert C. Lacy

Conservation and distribution of genetic variation in a polytypic species, the cutthroat trout
Fred W. Allendorf and Robb F. Leary

Estimates of lethal equivalents and the cost of inbreeding in mammals
Kathering Ralls, Jonathan D. Ballou, and Alan Templeton

Management options for preserving genetic diversity: reintroduction of Guam rails to the wild
Susan M. Haig, Jonathan D. Ballou, and Scott R. Derrickson

Effects of supportive breeding on the genetically effective population size
Nils Ryman and Linda Laikre

Estimating the effective population size of conserved populations
Leonard Nunney and Diane R. Elam

Low genetic variation but high population differentiation in a common tropical forest tree species
Pamela Hall, Michael R. Chase, and Kamaljit S. Bawa

Mutation and conservation
Russell Lande

Gene flow and genetic restoration: the Florida panther as a case study
Philip W. Hedrick

Empirical evaluation of a test for identifying recently bottlenecked populations from allele frequency data
Gordon Luikart and Jean-Marie Cornuet

Identifying populations for conservation on the basis of genetic markers
Rémy J. Petit, Abdelhamid El Mousadik, and Odile Pons

Fragmentation of landscape as a cause for genetic subdivision in bank voles
Gabriele Gerlach and Kerstin Musolf

Detecting wildlife poaching: identifying the origin of individuals with Bayesian assignment tests and multilocus genotypes
Stéphanie Manel, Pierre Berthier, and Gordon Luikart

Selection in captivity during supportive breeding may reduce fitness in the wild
Michael J. Ford

Correlation between fitness and genetic diversity
David H. Reed and Richard Frankham

Population adaptive index: a new method to help measure intraspecific genetic diversity and prioritize populations for conservation
Aurelie Bonin, Florence Nicole, François Pompanon, Claude Miaud, and Pierre Taberlet

Virtual Issues from Conservation Biology

Collected Articles of Navjot Sodhi: In Gratitude,

Published: 01 Aug 2011

Edited By: Erica Fleishman

Introduction: In memory of Dr. Navjot Sodhi, who was an inspirational scientist, great teacher, and good friend to many of us in the conservation biology community, we present this virtual issue. In his short lifetime, Navjot published in no fewer than a dozen Wiley-Blackwell journals. A selection of these articles are now freely accessible below in celebration of Navjot's vast contribution to our community. Also, don't miss this excerpt from Navjot's upcoming book, Conservation of Tropical Birds.

Improving conservation biology research in Southeast Asia
Navjot S. Sodhi and L. H. Liow


Heavy extinctions of forest avifauna in Singapore: Lessons for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia
Marjorie Castelletta, Navjot S. Sodhi and R. Subaraj


Ecological correlates of extinction proneness in tropical butterflies
LIAN PIN KOH, NAVJOT S. SODHI and BARRY W. BROOK


Long-term avifaunal impoverishment in an isolated tropical woodlot
NAVJOT S. SODHI, TIEN MING LEE, LIAN PIN KOH and DEWI M. PRAWIRADILAGA


Biodiversity and human livelihood crises in the Malay archipelago
NAVJOT S. SODHI, THOMAS M. BROOKS, LIAN PIN KOH, GREG ACCIAIOLI, MARIBETH ERB, ALAN KHEE-JIN TAN, LISA M. CURRAN, PETER BROSIUS, TIEN MING LEE, JASON M. PATLIS, MELVIN GUMAL and ROBERT J. LEE


Eating Frogs to Extinction
AN G. WARKENTIN, DAVID BICKFORD, NAVJOT S. SODHI and COREY J. A. BRADSHAW


Improving the Performance of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil for Nature Conservation
WILLIAM F. LAURANCE, LIAN P. KOH, RHETT BUTLER, NAVJOT S. SODHI, COREY J. A. BRADSHAW, J. DAVID NEIDEL, HAZEL CONSUNJI and JAVIER MATEO VEGA


Effects of Land-Use Change on Community Composition of Tropical Amphibians and Reptiles in Sulawesi, Indonesia
THOMAS C. WANGER, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR, IRIS MOTZKE, BARRY W. BROOK, NAVJOT S. SODHI, YANN CLOUGH and TEJA TSCHARNTKE


Rights, Governance, and Conservation of Biological Diversity
KAMALJIT S. BAWA, NITIN D. RAI and NAVJOT S. SODHI


Deforestation and Avian Extinction on Tropical Landbridge Islands
NAVJOT S. SODHI, DAVID S. WILCOVE, TIEN MING LEE, CAGAN H. SEKERCIOGLU, R. SUBARAJ, HENRY BERNARD, DING LI YONG, SUSAN L. H. LIM, DEWI M. PRAWIRADILAGA and BARRY W. BROOK


Forest fragmentation positively affecting forest birds?
Navjot S. Sodhi


A century of avifaunal turnover in a small tropical rainforest fragment
Navjot S. Sodhi, Tien Ming Lee, Lian Pin Koh and Robert R. Dunn


Mechanisms driving change: altered species interactions and ecosystem function through global warming
Lochran W. Traill, Matthew L. M. Lim, Navjot S. Sodhi and Corey J. A. Bradshaw


An overhaul of the species-area approach for predicting biodiversity loss: incorporating matrix and edge effects
Lian Pin Koh, Tien Ming Lee, Navjot S. Sodhi and Jaboury Ghazoul


Conservation value of cacao agroforestry for amphibians and reptiles in South-East Asia: combining correlative models with follow-up field experiments
Thomas C. Wanger, Akbar Saro, Djoko T. Iskandar, Barry W. Brook, Navjot S. Sodhi, Yann Clough and Teja Tscharntke


Bee diversity along a disturbance gradient in tropical lowland forests of south-east Asia
Lee Hsiang Liow, Navjot S. Sodhi and Thomas Elmqvist


Threat or invasive status in legumes is related to opposite extremes of the same ecological and life-history attributes
Corey J. A. Bradshaw, Xingli Giam, Hugh T. W. Tan, Barry W. Brook and Navjot S. Sodhi


Correlates of extinction proneness in tropical angiosperms
Navjot S. Sodhi, Lian Pin Koh, Kelvin S.-H. Peh, Hugh T. W. Tan, Robin L. Chazdon, Richard T. Corlett, Tien Ming Lee, Robert K. Colwell, Barry W. Brook, Cagan H. Sekercioglu and Corey J. A. Bradshaw


Conservation value of degraded habitats for forest birds in southern Peninsular Malaysia
Kelvin S.-H. Peh, Navjot S. Sodhi, Johnny De Jong, Cagan H. Sekercioglu, Charlotte A.-M. Yap and Susan L.-H. Lim


Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world
Toby A. Gardner, Jos Barlow, Robin Chazdon, Robert M. Ewers, Celia A. Harvey, Carlos A. Peres and Navjot S. Sodhi


Global evidence that deforestation amplifies flood risk and severity in the developing world
Corey J. A. Bradshaw, Navjot S. Sodhi, Kelvin S.-H. Peh and Barry W. Brook


Dung beetle assemblages on tropical land-bridge islands: small island effect and vulnerable species
Lan Qie, Tien Ming Lee, Navjot S. Sodhi and Susan L.-H. Lim


Relative need for conservation assessments of vascular plant species among ecoregions
Xingli Giam, Navjot S. Sodhi, Barry W. Brook, Hugh T. W. Tan and Corey J. A. Bradshaw


Factors affecting the distribution of vascular plants, springtails, butterflies and birds on small tropical islands
Lian Pin Koh, Navjot S. Sodhi, Hugh Tiang Wah Tan and Kelvin S.-H. Peh


Vertical Stratification Responses of an Arboreal Dung Beetle Species to Tropical Forest Fragmentation in Malaysia
Daniel J. Tregidgo, Lan Qie, Jos Barlow, Navjot S. Sodhi and Susan Lee-Hong Lim


Wash and Spin Cycle Threats to Tropical Biodiversity
Lian Pin Koh, Jaboury Ghazoul, Rhett A. Butler, William F. Laurance, Navjot S. Sodhi, Javier Mateo-Vega and Corey J. A. Bradshaw


A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Anthropogenic Forest Disturbance on Southeast Asia's Biotas
Navjot S. Sodhi, Tien Ming Lee, Lian Pin Koh and Barry W. Brook


Momentum Drives the Crash: Mass Extinction in the Tropics
Barry W. Brook, Corey J. A. Bradshaw, Lian Pin Koh and Navjot S. Sodhi


Co-extinctions of tropical butterflie

Virtual Issues from Conservation Biology

International Year of Biodiversity: Climate Change,

Published: 28 Apr 2010

Introduction:

Changes in climate, coincident with changes in human use of terrestrial and aquatic systems, are creating fundamentally new combinations of biological and physical conditions for which there are no past analogues on which to base predictions. Moreover, the extent to which human populations and biological diversity at all levels are affected by global phenomena or factors well outside their immediate geographic and temporal sphere are unprecedented in the history of human society. Articles in this virtual issue highlight research in all conservation sciences – social, biological, and physical – that may reduce uncertainty about the potential effects of alternative management and investment decisions on diverse conservation targets.

Paleoecology and the Coarse-Filter Approach to Maintaining Biological Diversity
Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr., George L. Jacobson, Jr., and Thompson Webb, III


Implications of Global Climate Change for Biogeographic Patterns in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
William H. Romme and Monica G. Turner


Can Large-Scale Climatic Models Be Linked with Multiscale Ecological Studies?
Terry L. Root and Stephen H. Schneider


Positive Feedbacks among Forest Fragmentation, Drought, and Climate Change in the Amazon
William F. Laurance and G. Bruce Williamson


Amphibian Breeding and Climate Change
Andrew R. Blaustein, Lisa K. Belden, Deanna H. Olson, David M. Green, Terry L. Root, and Joseph M. Kiesecker


Mortality Gradients within and among Dominant Plant Populations as Barometers of Ecosystem Change During Extreme Drought
Alicyn R. Gitlin, Christopher M. Sthultz, Matthew A. Bowker, Stacy Stumpf, Kristina L. Paxton, Karla Kennedy, Axhel Muñoz, Joseph K. Bailey, and Thomas G. Whitham


A Framework for Debate of Assisted Migration in an Era of Climate Change
Jason S. McLachlan, Jessica J. Hellmann, and Mark W. Schwartz


The Melting Himalayas: Cascading Effects of Climate Change on Water, Biodiversity, and Livelihoods
Jianchu Xu, R. Edward Grumbine, Arun Shrestha, Mats Eriksson, Xuefei Yang, Yun Wang, and Andreas Wilkes


Identifying Reefs of Hope and Hopeful Actions: Contextualizing Environmental, Ecological, and Social Parameters to Respond Effectively to Climate Change
T.R. McClanahan, J.E. Cinner, N.A.J. Graham, T.M. Daw, J. Maina, S.M. Stead, A. Wamukota, K. Brown, V. Venus, and N.V.C. Polunin


Conservation Threats Due to Human-Caused Increases in Fire Frequency in Mediterranean-Climate Ecosystems
Alexandra D. Syphard, Volker C. Radeloff, Todd J. Hawbaker, and Susan I. Stewart


A Review of Climate-Change Adaptation Strategies for Wildlife Management and Biodiversity Conservation
Jonathan R. Mawdsley, Robin O'Malley, and Dennis S. Ojima


Understanding Recent Climate Change
Mark C. Serreze


Virtual Issues from Conservation Biology

International Year of Biodiversity: Connectivity and Corridors,

Published: 28 Apr 2010

Introduction:

The role of connectivity in conserving biological diversity has been prominent in Conservation Biology since its first issue. Connectivity does not have a universally accepted definition, but generally refers to the effect of terrestrial, freshwater, or marine ecosystem structure on organisms' ability to move and survive within and among patches of resources. Connectivity also refers to propagation of processes such as disturbances or flows of water and nutrients. In different situations and times, establishment of corridors can positive or negative effects on connectivity. The articles in this virtual issue address phenomena and actions that affect movement of genes, organisms (including humans), and ecological processes. Advances in technology and computing power permit stronger inference about the probability that given interventions will achieve targets for connectivity. Articles herein also emphasize the influence of social and economic context on maintenance of connectivity.

Consequences and Costs of Conservation Corridors
Daniel Simberloff and James Cox


The One-Migrant-per-Generation Rule in Conservation and Management
L. Scott Mills and Fred W. Allendorf


Review of Ecological Effects of Roads on Terrestrial and Aquatic Communities
Stephen C. Trombulak and Christopher A. Frissell


Ecosystem Decay of Amazonian Forest Fragments: a 22-Year Investigation
William F. Laurance, Thomas E. Lovejoy, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Emilio M. Bruna, Raphael K. Didham, Philip C. Stouffer, Claude Gascon, Richard O. Bierregaard, Susan G. Laurance, and Erica Sampaio


Extinction Debt of Protected Areas in Developing Landscapes
Carlos Carroll, Reed F. Noss, Paul C. Paquet, and Nathan H. Schumaker


Designing Large-Scale Conservation Corridors for Pattern and Process
Mathieu Rouget, Richard M. Cowling, Amanda T. Lombard, Andrew T. Knight, and Graham I.H. Kerley


Ecological Networks as Conceptual Frameworks or Operational Tools in Conservation
Luigi Boitani, Alessandra Falcucci, Luigi Maiorano, and Carlo Rondinini


A Graph-Theory Framework for Evaluating Landscape Connectivity and Conservation Planning
Emily S. Minor and Dean L. Urban


Use of Empirically Derived Source-Destination Models to Map Regional Conservation Corridors
Samuel A. Cushman, Kevin S. McKelvey, and Michael K. Schwartz


Invasion versus Isolation: Trade-Offs in Managing Native Salmonids with Barriers to Upstream Movement
Kurt D. Fausch, Bruce E. Rieman, Jason B. Dunham, Michael K. Young, and Douglas P. Peterson


Potential Effects of the United States-Mexico Border Fence on Wildlife
Aaron D. Flesch, Clinton W. Epps, James W. Cain III, Matt Clark, Paul R. Krausman, and John R. Morgart


A Meta-Analytic Review of Corridor Effectiveness
Lynne Gilbert-Norton, Ryan Wilson, John R. Stevens, and Karen H. Beard


Virtual Issues from Conservation Biology

International Year of Biodiversity: Conservation Social Science,

Published: 28 Apr 2010

Introduction:

Conservation social science is the study of aspects of human society, including relationships among humans and between humans and their environment, that are relevant to conservation of Earth's biological diversity. As articles herein emphasize, achieving the vast majority of conservation objectives requires changes in human behavior. Diverse societal structures and processes, from resource tenure systems to armed conflict to equitable provision of environmental goods, affect whether conservation interventions fail or succeed. Accordingly, the proportion of Conservation Biology's content that addresses environmental anthropology, economics, geography, history, law, politics and policy, psychology, and sociology has grown steadily. In practice, design and implementation of conservation strategies increasingly incorporates clear social, economic, and ecological criteria. We hope this virtual issue will encourage robust collaboration among all scientists with shared conservation goals.

Incentives for Biological Conservation: Costa Rica's Private Wildlife Refuge Program
Jeff Langholz, James Lassoie, and John Schelhas


Global Habitat Protection: Limitations of Development Interventions and a Role for Conservation Performance Payments
Paul J. Ferraro


Conservation and the Social Sciences
Michael B. Mascia, J. Peter Brosius, Tracy A. Dobson, Bruce C. Forbes, Leah Horowitz, Margaret A. McKean, and Nancy J. Turner


Rethinking Community-Based Conservation
Fikret Berkes


Social Capital in Biodiversity Conservation and Management
Jules Pretty and David Smith


Conservation, Human Rights, and Poverty Reduction
Dan Brockington, Jim Igoe, and Kai Schmidt-Soltau


Achieving Integrative, Collaborative Ecosystem Management
Heather L. Keough and Dale J. Blahna


The Normative Dimension and Legal Meaning of Endangered and Recovery in the U.S. Endangered Species Act
John A. Vucetich, Michael P. Nelson, and Michael K. Phillips


Perceived Barriers to Integrating Social Science and Conservation
Helen E. Fox, Caroline Christian, J. Cully Nordby, Oliver R.W. Pergams, Garry D. Peterson, and Christopher R. Pyke


Economic Valuation of Biodiversity Conservation: the Meaning of Numbers
Berta Mart0237n-L0243pez, Carlos Montes, and Javier Benayas


Striking a Balance between Biodiversity Conservation and Socioeconomic Viability in the Design of Marine Protected Areas
C.J. Klein, A. Chan, L. Kircher, A.J. Cundiff, N. Gardner, Y. Hrovat, A. Scholz, B.E. Kendall, and S. Airam0233


A Property Rights Approach to Understanding Human Displacement from Protected Areas: the Case of Marine Protected Areas
Michael B. Mascia and C. Anne Claus


A Cross-National Analysis of How Economic Inequality Predicts Biodiversity Loss
Tim G. Holland, Garry D. Peterson, and Andrew Gonzalez


Understanding the Diversity of Public Interests in Wildlife Conservation
Tara L. Teel and Michael J. Manfredo


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