Dermatologic Surgery

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 4

Edited By: William P. Coleman III, M.D.

Impact Factor: 1.866

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 20/59 (Dermatology); 67/199 (Surgery)

Online ISSN: 1524-4725



Author Guidelines


Instructions for Authors
Dermatologic Surgery (DSU) publishes peer-reviewed articles on all aspects of reconstructive and cosmetic dermatologic surgery, and oncology, including surgical hair restoration and phlebology (venous disease). We welcome clinical and experimental studies, descriptions of novel surgical procedures, review articles, and interesting case reports. DSU is the official publication for the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, the American College of Mohs Surgery, and the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery.

Instructions for Authors are also available in Spanish. You can download the Spanish translation by clicking this link. Instructions for Authors are also available in Mandarin Chinese. You can download the Mandarin translation by clicking this link.

Manuscript Submission
All manuscripts should be submitted electronically at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ds. New authors should use the ‘‘create new account’’ button. Manuscripts should be submitted in a Word document only. Manuscripts received either incomplete or without the proper forms, or those which fail to follow these instructions will not be reviewed for publication.
The copyright transfer form and conflict of interest form, available at the Web site should be scanned and submitted with the manuscript. Alternatively, these documents can be faxed to the editorial office at 1-504-885-2512.
The author can expect accepted manuscripts to be published within 3 months of acceptance. The Editor in Chief has the final say on whether or not a manuscript is published. His decision is based on peer reviews from assistant editors and reviewers. Most submissions which are eventually accepted first require revisions recommended by the reviewers. Revising a manuscript does not guarantee its publication. Authors who respond rapidly to these revision requests will accelerate the peer review process. The editors may choose to solicit a senior commentary to accompany accepted manuscripts in print. The editors may also choose to publish some or all of a manuscript's content online only.

General
Randomized, controlled clinical trials
are much more likely to be accepted for publication than personal observations. Authors should have experts in statistics confirm the accuracy of their data before composing a manuscript.

A Review Article should be a comprehensive review of a single subject, including at least 50 pertinent references, and all the recent ones from this journal. Subjects for reviews should be broad enough to be of interest to readers and to be adequately supported by prior research, but they should be sufficiently narrow to be feasibly addressed in the limited page-space available and to add to clinical knowledge in the area. For instance, a review of "treatment of scars" may be excessively broad, as complete coverage of this topic would likely require a long monograph or even a book; a better subject might be "treatment of acne scars", or even "treatment of acne scars with energy devices." Literature searches underpinning a review should be systematic, and explore all major index databases and information sources that may be relevant.

One type of review is a structured review designed to address a specific clinical question. A structured review may analyze the pertinent literature specifically to obtain an answer to this question. Such reviews can assist dermatologic surgeons in clinical decision-making. For example, a review might aim to answer the question "What is the most effective means for reduction of post-operative infection after surgery on the ear?" or "How can filler injection-associated bruising be prevented?"

Structured reviews may include meta-analyses. A meta-analysis is a quantitative approach that statistically combines the results of two or more studies. This differs from more simple structured reviews, which focus more on qualitative rather than quantitative analysis of the available data.

Regardless of the type of review article you choose to prepare, please be aware that such articles must be evidence-based. Further, please be sure to identify levels of evidence associated with various findings and to discriminate between levels of evidence. As an illustration, if your source data includes information from randomized control trials as well as cohort studies, you would want to identify the former as a higher level of evidence and rely more heavily on RCT findings in developing your final conclusions. To better understand this process, please consider perusing the reviews prepared by the Cochrane Collaboration. Once you have found the best available evidence, please label each finding you include in your review with the appropriate level of evidence (Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford: 1a-5), and draw conclusions (using GRADE) based on the best evidence. For more information regarding CEBM levels and GRADE ratings, see: http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com/product/ebm_loe.cfm?show=oxford. Case reports which expand into lengthy reviews of the literature are not acceptable.

Authorship: For Original Articles and Review Articles, manuscripts should not exceed 5 authors, 4000 words, including tables and references, and 16 figures (before and after photographs count as two figures). Multi center trials may include more than 5 authors as long as each author fulfills the uniform requirements for authorship. “Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript (3). These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Journals generally list other members of the group in the Acknowledgments. The NLM indexes the group name and the names of individuals the group has identified as being directly responsible for the manuscript; it also lists the names of collaborators if they are listed in Acknowledgments.” (http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html) Case Reports, Brief Communications, Reconstructive Conundrums, and How We Do It manuscripts should not exceed 4 authors, 1000 words, 5 references, and a total of 4 figures (before and after photographs count as two figures). Letters should not exceed 3 authors, 500 words, 2 figures (before and after photographs count as two figures), and 5 references.

Manuscripts should be double spaced using font size 12. All manuscripts should be concise. Authors whose manuscripts exceed these limits or whose work could be presented more concisely will be asked to reduce the length.
The manuscript must be the original work of the author(s). If similar material has been published in another language, it is protected by copyright and cannot be published again in English. Attempting to publish similar material in two or more journals is PLAGIARISM and violates copyright laws. Any suspected cases of plagiarism will be carefully investigated. Authors guilty of plagiarism will be banned from publishing in Dermatologic Surgery, and similar journals will be notified, as well as appropriate academic institutions.

Authorship practices such as 'ghost' authorship (individuals who qualify for authorship or who have made a contribution but who are not listed either as authors or as contributors) are inappropriate. This includes professional medical writers and their names, affiliations, and conflicts of interest must be included among the authors. 'Guest' (or honorary) authorship (individuals who are listed despite not qualifying for authorship, such as heads of departments not directly involved with research) are inappropriate and should be avoided. Articles should include as authors only those who have contributed substantially. Others can be listed in Acknowledgements.

The manuscript must be written in appropriate English. The publisher cannot correct poor grammar. It is the author’s responsibility to insure this by either having sufficient English language skills or by obtaining the services of a native English speaking expert. Manuscripts with poor English grammar will be returned to the authors for revision. If you are not a native English speaker, we strongly recommend that you have your manuscript professionally edited before submission. Professional editing will mean that reviewers are better able to read and assess your manuscript. For a list of professional services that can assist you, please visit the following link: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp

All manuscripts should be typed double-spaced and submitted in the following order: title page, structural abstract, text, references, tables and figure legends. Only generic names for drugs and equipment can be used. See table below for abbreviations. The title should not contain the commercial name of any device or drug. The commercial name can be briefly noted in the beginning body of the text and then referred to by a generic name throughout the rest of the manuscript.

Botox
Dysport
Xeomin
Myobloc
Restylane-L
Perlane-L
Juvederm Ultra XC
Juvederm Ultra Plus XC
Belotero
Sculptra
Radiesse
Artefill

BTX
DYS
XEO
MYO
RESL
PERL
JUVX
JUVX+
BEL
SCU
RAD
ART

All measurements should be used in accordance with the American Medical Association policy of SI units (Système International d’Unités). Abbreviations cannot be used. Exceptions are those in common use (e.g., DNA, RNA), which must be spelled out at first mention with the abbreviation appearing in parentheses, for example, "ultraviolet A (UVA)."

Manuscripts reporting data obtained from research conducted in human subjects must include assurance that informed consent was obtained from each patient. In addition, the manuscript must include a statement within the Materials and Methods section that the study protocol conformed to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki as reflected in approval by the institution’s or an independent human research review committee. If such a committee is not available, a statement to the effect that the principles of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki were followed must be provided within the Materials and Methods section.

Figures
All figures must be submitted electronically according to the specifications outlined below. Failure to submit images according to these specifications will result in reproductions that are small and illegible or in images that are declined. Figures must depict the results accurately. They must be easily understandable. The legends and headings must accurately reflect the content of the images.

1. Color photographs should be saved in CMYK as TIF or JPG files at 300 dpi at 5 inches in width.

2. New line drawings should be prepared in PowerPoint without embedded images from other sources.

3. Existing line drawings should be scanned at 1200 dpi at a minimum of 12.5 cm (5 in) in width and saved as EPS files (flow charts must not exceed 7 inches [18 cm] in width).

Any existing images added to Microsoft Word or PowerPoint will be rejected. Send original TIF, JPEG, or EPS files. All lettering should be done professionally and be of adequate size to retain clarity after reduction (final lettering size in print is 1.5 mm high or larger). It is understood that figures will be reproduced at a width of one column (approx. 12 cm or 2 inches), two columns (approx. 26.5 cm or 4 5/8 inches), or at three columns (approx. 40 cm or 6 5/8 inches). All figures must be referred to specifically in the text, and numbered in order of appearance in the text. All recognizable photographs of patients must be accompanied by a statement of permission for reproduction. Written permission must be included from both the author and the publisher to reproduce any previously published illustration(s).

The manipulation of photographs by computer or other means may include a vast array of changes. These include addition of text or graphics, change of color, brightness, or contrast: enlargement; or other changes to image quality. Processes that destroy photographs in order to deceive an audience represent unethical manipulation. Distortion of photographs may be achieved by over or under exposure of the file at the time of photography or through computer manipulation. The ASDS considers the manipulation of photographs used in presentation to patients, the media, in journals, or at scientific meetings for the purpose of deceiving the audience to be against the ethical standards of the Society.

Videos
We publish online videos which enhance print articles. All videos must be approved by the editors. Poor quality or lengthy videos will not be accepted. Videos should be cited in the manuscript (example of a video citation: "See video online for an example of this closure"). Videos should not be longer than 4 minutes in length.

Video submissions are subject to specific requirements:

Submissions should be made Via Manuscript Central (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ds). Uploaded videos should be complete, in as high a resolution as possible, and submitted as uncompressed files.

The following digital video format is recommended:

Quicktime (MOV) Compression CODEC: MPEG4 or H.264 (optimal) Sorenson 3 (minimum)

Frame Size (at least) 1280x720 preferred

Frame Rate: 29.97 (native frame rate)

Interlace: De-Interlaced (if not video not progressive scan)

To allow viewers with slower connection to view video files, the files will be converted to the following formats for viewing:

--Flash environment (with captioning, and chapter controls),

--Quicktime (broadband and dialup connections), and

--Windows Media (broadband and dialup connections)

Title Page
Title should be no more than 150 characters long, counting letters and spaces; a short supplementary subtitle is permitted.

1. Authors’ full names, professional degrees, academic degrees, and academic titles;

2. Principal author’s address, telephone and fax number, and e-mail address;

3. Name(s) of institution(s) and department(s) where work was performed; and

4. The name and address of the person to whom all correspondence and reprint requests should be sent also appears on this sheet.

5. Word Count, Figure Count, Table Count

6. Full Disclosure of each author

A short title of no more than 30 characters and spaces should be provided at the bottom of the page as a running head.

Abstract
A structural abstract of 200 words or less which accurately reflects the content of the submission must be furnished for all Original and Review Articles. (Letters, Communications and Brief reports, Case Reports, Reconstructive Conundrums, and How I do It manuscripts do not require an abstract.) The Abstracts for Original and Review Articles must employ the following format and headings:

1. Background—a brief discussion of the subject;

2. Objective—the purpose of the work to be described;

3. Methods & Materials—how and with what the work was performed;

4. Results—the outcome of the work; and

5. Conclusion—the conclusion that can be reached based on the work described. For general information on preparing structured abstracts, see Haynes RB, Mulrow CD, Huth EJ, Altman DG, Gardner MJ. More informative abstracts revisited. Ann Intern Med 1990;113:69–76.

Checklist For Planning Original Articles
*Introduction: Does it provide appropriate and relevant background information? Does it clearly state the problem being investigated or the topic being discussed?
*Methods: Is the design of the study suitable for answering the question posed? Is there accurate explanation of how the data was collected? Does the article clearly state the procedures followed? If the methods are new, have they been explained in detail?
*Results: interpretation of results should not be included in this section. Are the results clearly laid out and in a logical sequence? If applicable, are the statistics correct? If authors are not comfortable with statistics, they should contract with a statistician to confirm results.
*Conclusions: Are the conclusions supported by the results? Are the conclusions reasonable? Is there an explanation of how the results relate to their expectations? Does the article support or contradict previously published literature? If this is a pilot study, does it recommend further study?

References
References in DSU adhere to the specifications of the ‘‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals’’ promulgated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (Vancouver Group). Examples of specific types of references are listed below.

Journal Article (up to four authors)
Carruthers A, Carruthers J. Prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, dose-ranging study of Botulinum toxin Type A in men with glabellar rhytids. Dermatol Surg 2005;31:1297–303.

Journal Article (more than four authors)
Rex J, Paradelo C, Mangas C, Hilari JM, et al. Single-institution ixperience in the management of patients with clinical stage I and II cutaneous melanoma: results of sentinel lymph node biopsy in 240 cases. Dermatol Surg 2005;31:1385–93.

Book
Coleman WP, Lawrence N. Skin resurfacing. Baltimore:William and Wilkins; 1998.

Chapter in a Book
Brody HJ, Alt TT. Chemical peeling. In: Coleman WP, Hanke CW, Alt TH, Asken S, editors. Cosmetic surgery of the skin: principles and techniques. Philadelphia: B.C. Decker; 1991. p. 65–88.

References should be identified in the text by superscript figures (e.g.,3) or on the line with parentheses (e.g., (3). Each reference must be cited in the text. References are numbered consecutively in the order they appear in the text. Work ‘‘in press’’ includes all publishing information, for example, journal, volume, and year of publication, or city, book publisher, and year of publication. Unpublished data, personal communications, submitted manuscripts, papers presented at meetings, and non–peer-reviewed publications cannot be submitted as references sources and only appear in parentheses in the text (e.g., Roenigk RK, personal communication, December 1990). Abbreviations of journal titles should con¬form to those used in Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine. The style and punctuation of the reference list should follow the format of ‘‘Uniform Requirements’’ examples of which are listed above. All references must be been checked for accuracy.

Figure Legends
Numbers are Arabic and must correspond to the order in which the illustrations occur in the text. All abbreviations appearing in the illustrations should be identified at the end of each legend. The type of stain and magnification power should be given for all photomicrographs (e.g., H&E original magnification X300). The permission statement for a previously published illustration as indicated by the copyright holder must be included in the figure legend.

Brief Communications (Case Reports, Reconstructive Conundrums, and How We Do It)
The editors recognize the inherent value of short reports in defining unusual manifestations/extent of a disease or innovative refinements in management. As is the case with many other peer-reviewed journals, these types of submissions to Dermatologic Surgery are disproportionately high. They compete for space with original studies that we deem of higher value and interest to the readership. Furthermore, many submitted reports are too long and include an extensive review of the literature that would be better left to textbooks.

To be considered for publication, a Brief Communications manuscript must contain new or innovative information of relevant value and interest to the readership. What is new or innovative should be stated clearly and succinctly within the first sentence or two of the introductory paragraph of the manuscript so the editor can judge accordingly. Such reports should be procedure-oriented, the main interest of our readership. Submissions that are primarily histopathologic in nature will be sent back to author for submission elsewhere. Similarly, a “great” case or example of a repair will be rejected if not new or innovative. Case Reports, Brief Communications, Reconstructive Conundrums, and How We Do It manuscripts should not exceed 1000 words, 5 references, and 4 figures. No more than four authors are allowed on these reports.

Cover Letter
A brief cover letter should be included and point out any special circumstances that the editors should be aware of. The authors should indicate any commercial associations with any product(s) or device(s) described in the article.

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