Pain Medicine

Cover image for Vol. 15 Issue 4

Edited By: Rollin M. Gallagher

Impact Factor: 2.459

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 30/155 (Medicine General & Internal)

Online ISSN: 1526-4637

Author Guidelines


Rollin M. Gallagher, MD, MPH
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Anesthesiology and Director for
Pain Policy Research and Primary Care, Penn Pain Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Deputy National Program Director for Pain Management, Veterans Health System
Philadelphia VA Medical Center
University and Woodland
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Telephone: 215-823-5800 x3399

Associate Editor
R. Norman Harden, MD
Addison Chair in Pain Studies
Director, Center for Pain Studies
Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago
446 E. Ontario St., Suite 1011
Chicago, IL 60611
Phone: 312-238-7878

Editorial Office
Colleen Healy
Managing Editor
Telephone: 856-863-0301
Fax: 856-863-0302

MPIP Author Toolkit: Below is a link to the MPIP Authors’ Toolkit which is a resource for authors regarding manuscript preparation and submission which you might find useful. The toolkit has been produced through the Medical Publishing Insights and Practices (MPIP) initiative, a project co-sponsored by members of the pharmaceutical industry and the International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP). jsp

Manuscript Submissions: All manuscripts should be submitted on-line using Manuscript Central. Manuscript Central can be accessed by logging onto Please follow instructions to “create an account” located on the top right side of the page. You will only need to create an account one time. After you have created your account you can submit your article for consideration for publication in Pain Medicine by logging into the manuscript site using the user ID and password that you created.

Submission of a paper implies that it reports unpublished work, except in abstract form, and is not being submitted simultaneously to another publication.

Requirements for publication are consistent with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which are published in: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, Annals of Internal Medicine 1997;126:36–47.

Manuscripts will be considered in the form of:
      Original Research Article (approximately 10–40 pages): Present results of original clinical and translational research.
      Preliminary Research Article (approximately 10–25 pages): Present results of original research that is preliminary.
      Brief Research Report (approximately 6–12 pages): Brief reports of promising or new research.
      Reviews (approximately 20–40 pages): Comprehensive surveys covering a broad area. They consolidate old ideas and may suggest new ones. They must provide a critique of the current literature, and this review should be systematic when possible, detailing the strategy for the review, the scoring system for article quality, and the criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Narrative discussion of clinical implications is encouraged. We do not usually publish uninvited reviews; however, we welcome inquiries about ideas for reviews, which may be discussed with the Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editor, Senior Editors or Section Editors before submission.
      Special Article: On subjects not easily classified above (e.g., articles on history, education, demography, ethics socioeconomics, summary/ consensus reports of symposia, guidelines, etc.).
      Case Report (approximately 6–12 pages): Describe a single case or a small series. A case report must be unique, groundbreaking and/or educational and draw attention to important or unusual clinical situations, concepts, new treatments, or complications. To be considered for publication as a Case Report, a manuscript must meet one or more of the following criteria: 1) complications or rare causes of pain that have not been widely publicized before; 2) particularly unique entities or sentinel events that are likely to change practice; 3) findings that are strikingly pertinent to the conceptual or research literature. Cases that would present an interesting perspective or a practical tip to our readers, but do not meet the above criteria, may be presented as a Letter to the Editor. (see below instructions for letters)
      Commentary (approximately 2–12 pages): Submitted to present a perspective on clinical, ethical or forensic issues related to professionalism and clinical practice or invited as brief articles that serve as a companion to a full article presenting an alternative or a complimentary perspective.
      Editorial: Opinion or perspective on the content of Pain Medicine or of relevance to the field of pain.
      Letter to the Editor (maximum of 1000 words up to 5 double-spaced pages): These may offer criticism or commentary of published material or observations on important issues or case reports, but must be objective, constructive, and educational. A few references, a small table, or relevant illustrations may be used. Letters should begin with “Dear Editor”. Do not include an abstract. End your letter with your full name, title and location (city, state, country and email address).

Manuscripts must be submitted exclusively to Pain Medicine and will become the copyright of the journal. Please submit completed, signed Copyright Transfer Agreement with the submission of your manuscript. Make sure the file is double-spaced and has no hard returns at the end of lines. Ragged right margins are preferable to justified lines. The manuscript should be typed in 12 point font. All textual elements should begin flush left with no paragraph indents and two returns after every element, such as titles, headings, paragraphs, legends, etc. Please be sure to keep a back up copy of the file for reference, as accepted manuscripts are not returned.

Authorship Criteria: Authorship is an explicit way of assigning responsibility, giving credit for intellectual work, and ensuring transparency. The following are the criteria for authorship in Pain Medicine:
• Authors are those who made a significant contribution to (a) the study concept and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (b) drafting/revising the manuscript for important intellectual content; and (c) approval of the final version to be published
• Authors must meet all three criteria
• All other persons making contributions that do not meet all three criteria should be acknowledged, typically by degree, academic or business affiliation, and specific contributions.

Corresponding Author Responsibilities:
• Serves as the primary contact on behalf of all coauthors.
• Ensures that the Conflict of Interest/Disclosure Section and the Acknowledgment Section of the manuscript is complete and up-to-date for all authors.
• Includes all persons who have contributed to the manuscript but are not authors and obtains permission from each person listed in the Acknowledgment section.
• If the paper is accepted for publication, obtains signatures from all authors on the copyright transfer agreement. If an author is not able to sign, then obtains their written permission to execute this agreement on their behalf.

Prior Presentation and Publication:
We will consider manuscript submissions covering study results that have been previously presented at a local, national, or international conference, and/or for which an abstract has been published or presented as a poster or platform session at societal meetings. If a manuscript is accepted and it is subsequently found that large parts or the entire study have been previously published, the journal may retract the article and include a notice of redundant publication.

Title Page: The first text page should contain: 1. Title; 2. Full names and affiliations for all authors, including highest academic degree; 3. Full postal address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author, to whom the proofs will be sent followed by full disclosure information (see below); 4. Running title of no more than 6 words.

Abstracts: The abstract, on the page following the title page, must be 250 words or less, under the following headings, as appropriate: Objective, Design, Setting, Subjects, Methods, Results, and Conclusions (JAMA 1992;267:42–4). Abstracts are necessary for all papers. Up to six key words must be provided with the abstract. Letters, Commentary, Perspective and Editorial submissions should not include an abstract.

Research papers

Case Reports: should be structured as follows: Title page, as above; Abstract; Introduction; Methods including statistical analyses; Results; Discussion including clinical significance when appropriate; Conclusions; Acknowledgments and Conflict of Interest/Disclosure summary, References; Tables; Figure legends (double-spaced); Figures.

Other articles: The above format may be varied between the Introduction and Acknowledgments sections for other articles. For instance, Letters and Editorials should not include an abstract.

Details of Style: Follow guidelines set by American Medical Association Manual of Style, Ninth Edition, Williams and Wilkins, 1989. Double-space throughout, including title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, legends for illustrations, and tables. Start each of these sections on a new page, numbered consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.

Drug names: Use generic names only in referring to drugs. If the trade name is necessary, e.g., in bio-availability studies, indicate it in parentheses.

Abbreviations: Keep abbreviations to the minimum, and define each at its first use. Do not use abbreviations in the abstract.

References: References for Pain Medicine should follow the Vancouver (or numerical) system. Identify with Arabic numerals inside parentheses. A full list of references should be provided in numerical order, sequentially as they appear in the text. Do not alphabetize.

      Use the Index Medicus reference style (see “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.” Ann Intern Med 1988;108:258–65). For abbreviations of journal names, refer to List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus. Provide names of all authors, full article titles and inclusive pages. Accuracy of reference data is the responsibility of the author.


Journal article:
1. Author AB, author CD. Title of paper. J Title Abbrev 1994; 00: 000-00. (In press.)

Article in edited book:
2. Author AB, Author CD, Author EF. Chapter title. In: Editor AB, Editor CD, eds. Title of Book. Place: Publisher, 1994: 000-00.

3. Author AB. Book Title, 5th edn. Place: Publisher, 1994.

Ethical Review Board Approval: All research must have the appropriate ethical review board approval for your institution (e.g. IRB). This information must be included in the Methods section of the manuscript.

Trade Names: Trade names may not be used in the text or title of Pain Medicine manuscripts, except that they should be mentioned once early in the Methods section in this fashion: generic name (Trade name®) and then only the generic name after that. Also the drug information should be included in the acknowledgement/disclosure/ conflict of interest statement, again in the format: generic name (Trade name®).

Acknowledgment Statement: List all individuals who have substantially contributed to the work in this manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria. Also include their specific contribution (eg. Data collection, editing, etc). These individuals must agree to their names being listed in the acknowledgements.

All tables, figures and illustrations should be clearly legible. They should be numbered consecutively as they appear in the text. All figures and illustrations must include legends typed double-spaced.

Tables and Figures: Must be double-spaced, on separate pages. Title all tables and figures, and number them in order of their citation in the text (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.; Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Any notes or legends should appear at the bottom of the table or figure. Please be sure that the legend and notes enable the reader to understand the table or figure without need for referencing the text of the article.

Illustrations: Photographs (half-tones) should be original prints (i.e. not rephotographed) and suitable for reproduction. Remove all markings from x-rays before photographing (such as patient’s initials, dates, clinic numbers). Lettering should be on an accompanying overlay. Magnification should be given in the legend or indicated by a scale or bar. For photographs of recognizable persons, submit a signed release form from the subject authorizing publication. Sequences of radiographs should be of the same magnification. The subject should be centered in clinical photographs. Crop out extraneous material and background. Each figure should have a separate fully explicit legend; all sections of the figure and all abbreviations and symbols used should be clearly defined. Color illustrations will be charged to the authors. The cost for color illustrations is $800 each.
      All illustrations should be able to be reduced to 50–66% of their original size with no loss of clarity or legibility. Figure legends should be typed, double-spaced. Cite each figure in the text by its number. Figures should be numbered consecutively as they appear in the text. If a figure has been previously published, permission must be received in writing for its use regardless of authorship or publisher. Acknowledgment of the original source must be included at the end of the legend.
      All artwork must be submitted in digital format. Please save line artwork (vector graphics) i.e. Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) and bitmap files (halftone or photographic images) as Tagged Image Format (TIFF), with a resolution of at least 300 dpi at final size. The following are acceptable file types for figures: .tif, .jpg, .pdf, and .eps. Do not send native file formats. More detailed information is available at

Policy on Review of Page Proofs: Manuscripts for Pain Medicine are copyedited by a freelance editor hired by the publisher, Wiley-Blackwell. The Editor will not check the typeset proofs of accepted manuscripts for errors, thus it is the responsibility of the corresponding author of each paper to review page proofs carefully for accuracy of citations, formulas, etc., and to check for omissions in the text. It is imperative that the author do a prompt, thorough job of reviewing the returned proofs. Page proofs must be returned to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt. An order form for offprints will be enclosed with proofs.

Copyright and Authorship Responsibility: The American Academy of Pain Medicine will hold copyright on all published articles. In view of present U.S. copyright laws, all authors will be asked to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement Form during the submission process.
      Substantial work on projects or preparation of manuscripts (not meriting authorship) should be acknowledged.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose all financial support, including “ghost” writing (ghost authorship is not allowed; all authors substantially contributing to the writing must be mentioned as authors on the title page), and any other sources of potential bias (e.g. expert testimony, device or process ownership or financial interest, etc). Disclosure/Conflict of interest information must be included after the Corresponding Author contact information on the title page in bold.

Manuscript Checklist:
____1. Submit manuscript, table(s), figure(s) and Copyright Transfer Agreement Form on-line via Manuscript Central
____2. Put references in proper format in numerical order, in the order they appear in the text, making sure each is cited in the text. DO NOT
____3. Provide an abstract (250 words or less) with appropriate headings.
____4. Include complete consent forms for patient photographs: See the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals"
      (; section II.E.1).
____5. Include permission forms for previously published illustrations and tables.
____6. Designate a corresponding author and provide an address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address.
____7. Include disclosure information and acknowledgment of support in a section on the title page following the corresponding author information.