Adolescent Women Induce Lower Blood Alcohol Levels Than Men in a Laboratory Alcohol Self-Administration Experiment
Elisabeth Jünger, Gabriela Gan, Inge Mick, Christian Seipt, Alexandra Markovic, Christian Sommer, Martin H. Plawecki, Sean O'Connor, Michael N. Smolka and Ulrich S. Zimmermann
Version of Record online: 24 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/acer.13122
In a sample of 82 adolescents (18 to 19 years), we tested the effects of Family History of alcoholism (negative = FHN vs. positive = FHP) and sex (men vs. women) on free-access intravenous alcohol self-administration measured by the mean arterial Blood Alcohol Concentration (aBAC). Our findings suggest no role for FH as a risk factor for alcohol consumption in that age group, but imply that young women preferentially self-infuse alcohol to lower aBACs than men when asked to produce pleasant alcohol effects, F(1, 78) = 10.0, p < 0.01.