Comparison of Parent, Peer, Psychiatric, and Cannabis Use Influences Across Stages of Offspring Alcohol Involvement: Evidence from the COGA Prospective Study
Kathleen K. Bucholz, Vivia V. McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Danielle M. Dick, Victor M. Hesselbrock, John R. Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, John I. Nurnberger Jr, Jessica E. Salvatore, Marc A. Schuckit, Laura J. Bierut, Tatiana M. Foroud, Grace Chan, Michie Hesselbrock, Jacquelyn L. Meyers, Howard J. Edenberg and Bernice Porjesz
Version of Record online: 10 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/acer.13293
Development of alcohol use disorder was decomposed into 4 stages: time to first drink, from first drink to first problem and from first drink to first AUD diagnosis, and from first problem to first diagnosis, in high-risk youth. Significant influences were consistent, with cannabis ever-use and externalizing disorders elevating the likelihood of each stage, and peer and parental AUD linked to 3 of 4 stages. The marked elevations of all AUD stages for cannabis use underscore the importance of studying this relationship.