Veterinary Surgery

Cover image for Vol. 45 Issue 2

Edited By: Linda Dahlgren, Virginia Tech and Giselle Hosgood, Murdoch University

Impact Factor: 1.041

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 60/133 (Veterinary Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1532-950X

Author Guidelines

Veterinary Surgery – Instructions for Author

Conditions of Publication

Veterinary Surgery, the official publication of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons and the European College of Veterinary Surgeons, invites submission of clinical and research reports that contribute knowledge within the broad field of veterinary surgery.  Reports of interest include, but are not limited to, surgical techniques, patient management, pain management, diagnostic techniques, diagnostic imaging specific to surgical diseases, wound healing and infection, and metabolism specific to the surgical patient, veterinary surgical education and surgical history. In general, case reports describing observations in a single or several animals will not be considered unless the report makes a substantial contribution to veterinary surgical knowledge and is not merely additive to the existing literature. Clinical reports must have a minimum of 6-months follow-up to be considered; longer follow-up may be required for some surgical techniques or diseases. Authors of case reports that don't meet these requirements are encouraged to submit to Wiley’s open access journal Clinical Case Reports.


To improve evidence based surgery, manuscripts that report meta-analysis of diseases treated by surgery, prospective and randomized clinical trials of surgical disorders and prospective case series that include a control population will be given priority for publication. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT; guidelines should be followed for clinical trials and those involving livestock species should follow the REFLECT guidelines (J Vet Intern Med 2010:24[1]). 


Authors are required to certify that the study submitted was conducted in a manner consistent with the U.S. National Institutes of Health ‘‘Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals’’ (, the Animal Welfare Acts (US PL 89-544;91-579;94-279), and the Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching (, including appropriate methods of euthanasia (American Veterinary Medical Association Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals;  Regulations governing experimental animal use in some countries are more stringent than those in the US, and where this is the case, authors from those countries are cautioned to ensure that their studies meet the requirements of the country in which the study was conducted. For all other countries, the minimum standard for publication in Veterinary Surgery is compliance with US regulations. Inappropriate experimental use of animals or inadequate anesthesia and analgesia, including postoperative analgesia, will preclude further consideration.


Studies involving human subjects will only be published if conducted in full compliance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (   


Prior publication, multiple publication and fragmentary publication

Manuscripts are accepted for consideration on the understanding that they are for publication solely in Veterinary Surgery and that they neither have been published nor are under consideration for publication elsewhere.  If the study has been previously published as an abstract (≤ 250 words in the proceedings of a scientific meeting are excepted) or in any other format, a copy must be submitted. Similarly, if a companion report or related study by the authors is referenced in the manuscript and has been accepted for publication but is not yet published, a copy needs to be submitted for use during manuscript review.


Fragmented reporting of clinical or experimental studies is strongly discouraged and may preclude further consideration for publication. Manuscripts submitted for review must clearly state if reporting of the study has been fragmented, strongly justify the reason for fragmentation, and disclose the full extent of the study in the Methods.



Veterinary Surgery uses the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( for authorship. The editorial staff is not responsible for resolving disputes between authors or potential authors of manuscripts submitted or accepted for publication.


Veterinary Surgery is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (


Manuscripts submitted to Veterinary Surgery may be screened electronically for plagiarism. Veterinary Surgery is a member of CrossCheck, a service offered by CrossRef and powered by iThenticate software. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content.


Manuscript Preparation

Two copies of the manuscript in Microsoft Word format are required: 1 complete version and 1 blinded (redacted) version without a title page or any identifying information (e.g., authors’ names, initials, or institutions) within the body of the manuscript, and electronic copies of any illustrations.  In general, manuscripts reporting original clinical or research studies or invited review articles should not exceed 6,000 words. Manuscripts exceeding 6,000 words will be returned to the authors before peer review. Clinical case reports or case series generally should not exceed 4,000 words and Letters to the Editor should not exceed 500 words and 4 references.


Title Page – must include: 1) a running head [limit 70 characters]; 2) the article title; 3) author names [full first name, middle initial, last name] with veterinary degree, highest postgraduate degree and Diplomate status; and 4) institutional affiliation [city, state abbreviation if US [e.g., Knoxville, TN] or city, country if not US [e.g., Copenhagen, Denmark]) but not mailing address]. Author affiliations should also be denoted with a superscript placed after each author’s last name before degrees that corresponds to the institutional affiliations listed. (Veterinary Surgery does not publish current addresses or affiliations of authors if different from those at the time the work was performed, except for the corresponding author.) Separate paragraphs should specify 5) any grant or other financial support; the meeting, if any, at which the results of the report were presented including location and dates; and 6) the name and mailing address of the corresponding author and e-mail address. (Any financial or other conflict of interest of any author related to a company or product used in the report must be declared in the Disclosure Statement).


Manuscript Format – Manuscripts must be prepared in Microsoft Word (Times New Roman 12 pt), line numbered, double spaced in English (American spelling) on letter  (8.5” x 11”) not A4 paper, with Office 2003 default margins (1” top and bottom, 1.25” left and right), with sections organized sequentially.  Each manuscript component should begin on a new page, in this sequence: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgment, Disclosure Statement (conflicts of interest), References, Figure Legends, and Tables.  Do not embed illustrations or photos in the Word document or insert figures or tables within the Methods, Results or Discussion. Manuscripts submitted in this way will be returned to the authors for correction. Images and illustrations will be uploaded separately during the submission process. For a case (clinical) report the Materials and Methods and Results section is replaced by a section headed Clinical Report.


Abstract – a structured abstract is required and should be organized under the headings: Objective, Study Design, Animals or Sample Population, Methods, Results, Conclusions. The abstract is limited to 250 words. Key words are not required.


Introduction should succinctly state the background information, the gap in knowledge and the objectives of the study. If this is a hypothesis driven study, please clearly state the research hypothesis that justifies the investigation. pertinent to the hypothesis, and clearly state the hypothesis and study objectives. Avoid use of material that is common knowledge and not germane to the primary objective of the report.


Materials and Methods – should report without ambiguity the study design, the methods used, and methods used for data reduction and statistical analysis (for guidelines see ). In experimental studies the method of randomization of subjects must be reported.


A statement of institutional animal use and care approval is required, or for human subject studies, a statement of IRB approval. For prospective clinical studies, the method of owner consent for study inclusion is required. For clinical studies, inclusion and exclusion criteria must be included.


Do not include identifying information e.g., clinic or hospital.  Any drugs, products, or equipment not commonly known need to have the brand or trade name, source, city, state abbreviation if USA or country if not the USA, included in parenthesis in the text after the item is first mentioned in the report. If the company is cited again, only the company name needs to be provided, eg. curved dissecting forceps (Karl Storz Veterinary Endoscopy, Goleta, CA), grasping forceps (Karl Storz Veterinary Endoscopy).


Results – should succinctly outline the pertinent outcomes of the study.  Avoid unnecessary repetition of information in Tables. 


Discussion – The opening paragraph should state clearly and concisely the key observations and conclusions of the study.  Avoid repetition of material reported in the Introduction.  The remainder of the Discussion should succinctly, in logical order and in order of importance discuss the pertinent findings of the study, noting where these agree or disagree with other published reports.  A concluding statement or paragraph is required. 


Style Considerations

1)                  When referring to a drug, use the generic name approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or recognized as the U.S. adopted name.  Trade names along with the manufacturer’s name and location should be included in parentheses if the drug is not commonly used in veterinary medicine.

2)                  Routes of drug administration should be spelled out at initial use (e.g., intravenously [IV], intramuscularly [IM]) with the abbreviated form included in closed brackets, then the abbreviation can be used e.g., acepromazine (0.05mg/kg intramuscularly [IM]) and methadone (0.3mg/kg IM). Subcutaneously and orally are not abbreviated. Frequency of administration should be reported as once daily, twice daily (or every 12 hours), every 8 hours, not as SID, BID etc.

3)         Laboratory values should be reported in conventional US units with reference intervals provided in parentheses. With the exception of laboratory values, all other measurements should be in the International System of Units, Systéme International (SI units).  If confusion could result, include other measurement systems in parentheses.  Use h, min, s, for hour, minute, second, respectively.

4)         Where an instrument or specific equipment is referred to that is not widely available or commonly known, cite the source (model number, manufacturer, city, state abbreviation if US, or country if not the US) in parentheses in the text.

5)         Only commonly understood and accepted abbreviations or acronyms should be used after initial definition, e.g., blood urea nitrogen (BUN); cranial cruciate ligament (CCL), tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

6)         Veterinary Surgery adheres to the principles specified in Nomina Anatomica, Nomina Histologica, Nomina Embryologica, Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, and Nomina Anatomica Avium for nomenclature.

7)         Numbers should be written in the text as Arabic numerals, not in words.

8)         Figures and tables must be cited in sequential order in parentheses in the text. For figures the following style is used: (Fig 1) or (Figs 2, 3) or (Figs 1, 2A, 5C) or (Figs 2-4).

9)         All footnotes must be incorporated in parentheses in the text.


Acknowledgment – If appropriate, acknowledgments are included on a separate page.  For initial submission, avoid including any identifying information.


Disclosure – Any conflicts of interest related to products or techniques described in a report for any listed author need to be fully disclosed. For example, if the study evaluates a commercial product, new medical or surgical device or implant, or candidate pharmaceutical product, the financial or other interests of any author to that product or to a competitor product or company must be disclosed. If there are no known conflicts, the declaration should state: The authors declare no conflict of interest related to this report.  Identifying information should be redacted in the copy used for peer review. Review articles, commentaries or letters that concern devices of products in which the authors have a financial or other interest or have such interest in a competitor product or company are required to disclose those relationships or conflicts of interest.


Publication of a report using or evaluating a commercial or candidate product or device does not convey or imply endorsement by Veterinary Surgery or the American College of Veterinary Surgeons and the European College of Veterinary Surgeons.


References – Number references sequentially as they are cited in the text (or tables and legends), using superscripted Arabic numerals. Superscripts must be placed after commas or periods, and before semicolons or colons (e.g.,  in pigs,11 ruminants,15 and horses16-18; however, not in dogs3-5, 10 or cats.19) References must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.  Reference listings should be double-spaced and use the form adopted by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (see  for specific style examples).  The correct style for journal citations is year; volume number: first page – last page. After manuscript acceptance for publication any field formatting or automatic numbering inserted by reference managing software programs needs to be removed before typesetting.


Figure Legends – Type legends double-spaced, with Arabic numerals that correspond to the sequential use of the figures in the text.  Explain clearly any symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used.  For photomicrographs, identify method of staining, include a scale bar and indicate magnification. 


Tables – Each table must be on separate pages at the end of the Word document and be numbered consecutively in order of citation in the text. Table captions should be placed above, not within, the Table and must be complete so that the Table can be understood without reference to the text.  Large tables are discouraged; data should be summarized and included in the Results section where possible.  Give each column a short or abbreviated heading.  Put explanatory matter in footnotes (labeled *,†,‡,§,¶, then **; ††)  below the Table, not in the heading.



Note: Image files submitted for the peer review process must be in digital format.  Do not embed images in the Word document.  Images should be of sufficient resolution for on-screen viewing. If your manuscript is accepted, you may be requested to submit higher quality images to the journal. There is no fee to authors for using color images. The editor-in-chief reserves the right to regroup figures to improve layout or meet typesetting requirements.


Figures (photographs, radiographs, graphs, microscopic images) must be submitted in electronic format. Do not embed the Figure number within the image. Images should be in JPEG, TIFF, or EPS format. Graphics software (Photoshop, Illustrator), not presentation software (e.g., PowerPoint, CorelDraw, Harvard Graphics) should be used to create the art.  Minimum image sizes are: gray scale - 300 pixels/inch; combinations of grayscale and line art – 1200 pixels/inch; and color images must be CMYK, at least 300 pixels/inch.  Illustrations will be reproduced free of charge. Line and wash drawings should be professionally executed and photographed, with lettering large enough to be easily read after necessary reduction..


Supplementary Materials

Video clips (endoscopy, ultrasonography, gait studies, etc) can be published online and should be identified sequentially in the text.  Large tables or data sets can also be provided online as supplementary materials but will not be proofed or typeset. Wiley Publishing is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supplementary materials supplied by the author. Any queries (other than missing material) will be directed to the corresponding author for the article. The format for referencing supplementary material in a manuscript is:


The following supplemental material is available for this article online:

Video Clip S1.  CT contrast arthrography of the PIP joint

This material is available as part of the online article from: (an electronic link will be added after preparation of galley proofs)


Once the manuscript is complete, authors should save 2 versions:  One complete version and one version that is blinded for review.  The blinded version should have no title page.  Any references within the manuscript to author’s names or clinic/university name should be removed or replaced with XXX in the blinded manuscript. A proof for reviewers will be prepared from the blinded manuscript.


Manuscript Submission


Veterinary Surgery only accepts manuscripts by online submission through ScholarOne Manuscripts at


Letters to the Editor should reference the article being discussed and be concise.  Review articles should contain a structured abstract and follow a format similar to recently published review articles.


Peer Review

A double blind peer review process is used. involving at least 2 reviewers who are members of the Editorial Review Board or other veterinarians or scientists with disciplinary expertise. The reviewer comments are reviewed by an Associate Editor who makes a recommendation on suitability of the report for publication to the Editor-in-Chief, who makes the final decision.   The editors reserve the right to seek consultation on appropriateness of study design, survey instruments, and methods used for statistical analysis of data.


Manuscripts that report studies that are otherwise scientifically sound may be rejected before or after peer review because they lack breadth of appeal or are outside the interest area of the journal. Likewise, studies that are simply additive to the literature and do not provide substantial discovery, mechanistic insight, challenge dogma, or highlight  novel understanding are not likely to be considered suitable for publication.     


Manuscripts that are poorly prepared or poorly written will be returned without peer review. Authors for whom English is a second language are encouraged to have manuscripts proof read by someone fluent in written scientific English or use an appropriate service. Some available English editing services are listed at


Manuscripts revised in response to reviewer and editorial staff comments, must be submitted within 30 days of receipt of the decision letter and be accompanied by responses to reviewer and editorial comments. Revised manuscripts will be re-reviewed before a decision on suitability for publication is made. Revised manuscripts that fail to address the original concerns or that uncover further weaknesses in study design or content will be considered unsuited for publication in Veterinary Surgery.


Style Editing for Publication

The final draft of the manuscript will be edited by the Editor-in-Chief or an Associate Editor and all changes must be incorporated in the final version before submission for typesetting. No additional material, except where requested by the Editor-in-Chief, may be added to the report during final revision or to the galley proof.


Galley Proof Correction

After typesetting, the corresponding author will receive the galley proof by e-mail for final review. Corrections must be returned to the publisher within 48 hours. Any errors not detected or corrected on the galley proof will require publication of an erratum.  Proof corrections are costly and changes should be limited to correction of typographical errors.


Early View (Online publication before Print)

After the galley proof has been corrected, the manuscript will published online in advance of print publication. Early View articles are the version of record, they are complete and final, and have a digital object identifier (doi) that allows tracking and citation of the article before inclusion in a print issue of Veterinary Surgery. The Early View proof is final and any errors can only be corrected by publication of an erratum.


Acceptance Criteria

Selection of manuscripts for publication will be based on originality, methodology, timeliness, appropriateness of conclusions, and quality of presentation.  Authors are expected to acknowledge sources of extra-institutional funding or support, as well as any financial interests in companies that manufacture products that are the subject of their research (see Disclosure Statement). 


Timing of publication after manuscript acceptance is at the discretion of the editors.



Permissions of author and publisher must be obtained for the use of previously published material (text, photographs, drawings) and must accompany the manuscript when it is submitted for publication.  Authors are responsible for applying for permission for both print and electronic rights for all borrowed materials and are responsible for paying any fees related to the application of these permissions. 


For Wiley publications, permissions requests should be sent to


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option (Wiley's Open Access option) is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen (Wiley's Open Access option)
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
--Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
--Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
--Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Associated Costs for Authors

Page Charges:  ACVS assesses a page charge fee for all manuscripts that are published in the journal. After an article is published online in Early View, the corresponding author listed on the title page will be sent an invoice for the page charge fee. The fee is currently $45 (USD) per page and may be subject to increase at the time of publication.



Reprints (offprints) may be ordered on the offprint order form sent to the authors with page proofs.  The corresponding author will receive a PDF file of the published manuscript. 



Articles in this journal are indexed in PubMed (MEDLINE, National Library of Medicine), AGRICOLA, a database service of the National Agricultural Library, Biol Abs., BIOSIS, CAB, and Science Citation Index (Current Contents).


Journal Contact Information

Laura Kathleen Brashear

Managing Editor, Veterinary Surgery

American College of Veterinary Surgeons

19785 Crystal Rock Drive, Suite 305
Germantown, MD20912

Phone: 972-854-8948