Journal of Small Business Management

Cover image for Vol. 55 Issue 1

Edited By: George T. Solomon

Impact Factor: 1.937

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 65/192 (Management)

Online ISSN: 1540-627X

Author Guidelines


Journal of Small Business Management

Mission Statement and Guidelines for Authors

The primary purpose of the Journal of Small Business Management (JSBM) is to publish quality research articles in the fields of small business management and entrepreneurship. As the official journal of the International Council for Small Business (ICSB), the JSBM is recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives of this organization, which include education, research, and the free exchange of ideas. The JSBM's readership is largely academic and international; all manuscripts for the Journal of Small Business Management should be prepared with this audience in mind. No manuscript will be considered for publication in the JSBM that has been published elsewhere or submitted elsewhere for review. Topics of interest to JSBM readers include:

1. Family and Founders Owned Enterprises
2. Women and Minority Owned Enterprises
3. Small Business Strategy and Organization
4. Small Business Marketing and Franchising
5. Entrepreneurial and Small Business Education
6. New Venture Creation and Venture Capital
7. Small Business Finance and Accounting
8. Small Business Technology and Innovation
9. Small Business Policy and Economics
10. Small Business Operations and E-Commerce
11. Small Business Assistance and Consulting

 The JSBM publishes two types of articles:


All manuscripts should address research issues in a rigorous way using qualitative, quantitative or a combination of these techniques; however, JSBM encourages the incorporation of pragmatic advice for practitioners based on the research results. Manuscripts should not exceed 20 pages, double-spaced (excluding tables and references). Occasionally, a longer manuscript that presents forefront research on small business and entrepreneurship will be accepted for review. These longer manuscripts should not exceed 30 pages (excluding tables and references). Both the shorter and longer manuscripts should use statistical techniques and address research issues in a way that is comprehensible to the small business researcher.

Each manuscript undergoes a blind review, typically by three reviewers, plus review by an associate editor. A manuscript achieves full acceptance status only after all revisions required by the associate editor, the reviewers, and the editor have been made and the manuscript meets all JSCM citation and format specifications. Detailed specifications are available on the JSBM website:

Submission procedure:

Manuscripts should be submitted online at Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone (434-964-4100, or Domestic toll- free 888-503-1050), If you cannot submit online, please contact Michael Battaglia in the Editorial Office by e-mail mailto:

Unless otherwise noted, opinions and conclusions expressed in the JSBM are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the editors, staff, or officers of the co-sponsoring organizations. In addition, no advertisement in the JSBM should be considered an endorsement of the product or service involved. Authors will be required to assign copyright in their paper to the International Council for Small Business. Copyright assignment is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless copyright has been assigned. (Papers subject to government or Crown copyright are exempt from this requirement). To assist authors an appropriate copyright assignment form will be supplied by the editorial office.

JSBM Style Guide

What follows is a brief overview of JSBM style and format.


Right and left justified. Paragraphs first-line indented. All acronyms spelled out first before consequent use. The word 'percent' should be used instead of %. Numbers 1-9 spelled out. Statistical terms in italics (e.g.: n, p, F, M) do this in tables as well. Use single quotes only inside double quotes. In a series, use a comma bedore the conjunction (e.g.: Smith, Jones, and Paddington). Translate Latin abbreviations into English: i.e. = that is; e.g. = for example; avoid use of etc. Footnotes, not endnotes.


Level 1: Initial caps (excluding prepositions and conjunctions), bold, italic, left justified, separate paragraph.
Level 2: Initial caps, bold, left justified, separate paragraph.
Level 3: Initial caps, italic, within paragraph.

First Page of Each Article:

Author's first and last names, in italics.
Abstract, in italics, followed by short horizontal line.
Text of article.
Footnotes (preceded by short horizontal line)
                Author bios.
                Acknowledgements (when needed), preceded by asterisk (with corresponding asterisk in title)


Citations must be consistent in author name(s) (spelling and name order) and publication date between the text and the bibliography at the end. Any reference in the text must be matched by a full entry in the end bibliography. Entries in the bibliography must be matched by entries in the text; if nor they should be deleted. Citations must include all information necessary to enable the reader to locate the referenced publication. The examples in the format section below reflect the information considered adequate for each type of publication. Citations should be in alphabetical order by the first author's last name (if there is a name); by the first word of the publication or authoring organization if there is no author name.

Citations in text:

'Author's last name (19**) found that...'
'Recent studies (Last name 19**; last name, last name, and last name 19**; last name 19**)...

Note the following: a semi-colon separates entries, there is no comma before the date, there is a comma before the 'and' in multiple author listings.

Citations in references:


Ward, John W. (1987). Keeping the Family Business Healthy. San Francisco, Calif.:Jossey Bass.

Note the following: Author names and publication date are formatted like journal entries. Books are italicized and followed by a period. Publication information includes the publisher's locaion with city and state followed by a colon and then the publisher's full name.


Hoy, Frank, and trudy G. Verser (1994). 'Emerging Business, Emerging Field: Entrepreneurship and the Family Firm,' Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 19 (1), 9-23.

Note the following: Initials or first names follow the first author's name, but precede the last name for subsequent authors. There is a comma before the 'and' between author names, even if there are only 2 authors/ There is a period after the date. Article titles use initial caps (excluding conjunctions and prepositions) and are blocked by double quotation marks. There is a comma between article title and journal title; the comma is inside the quotes. Journal titles are italicized. The column number is not italicized. Neither 'Vol.' or No.' are used. Thus, Vol. 19, No. 1 = 19 (1). There is no 'pp.' before the page numbers.

Articles in edited publications:

Kaslow, Florence W., and S. Kaslow (1992). 'The Family that Works Together: Special Problems of Family Businesses,' in Work, Families, and Organizations. Ed. S. Zedeck. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey Bass, 312-361.

Note the following: Author names, publication dates and article title are formatted like journal articles. Use 'In' before book title; title is italicized. Precede editor's name with 'Ed.' (which means 'edited by'; thus 'Eds.' is inappropriate). Put initals before last names. Put a period between the editors' names and the publisher information. Include and format publisher information like a book. Include the page numbers (no 'pp.') n the book where the article is located.

Papers prsented at conferences or other meetings:

Pleck, John (1979). 'Work-Family Conflict: A National Assessment,' paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Social Problems, Boston, Mass., May.

Note the following: Author names, publication dates and article title are formatted like journal articles. Include type of meeting, sponsoring organization, location, and date of meeting. If there are printed proceedlings for the conference, cite the entry as an article in an edited publication.

Theses and Dissertations:

Simic, James  (1993). 'A Comparison of SMEs in Greenland and the Fiji Islands,' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Fjord, 23-26.

Note the following: Author names, publication dates and article title are formatted like journal articles. Type of work (Master's thesis or Ph.D. dissertation) should be indicated, as well as academic institution.

Website documentation:

West Virginia Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2001). 'Economic Outlook Conference.' <<a href=''>>. Accessed on Jan. 3, 2001.

Note the following: Person or organization sponsoring the website should be included. Title of specific web page cited should be placed inside double quotation marks. The full website address (of cited page) should be bracketed. Date information was taken from the website should be included.

Other publications or miscellaneous information:

Refer to previous issues of JSBM for examples of other citations not included here.

Tables and Figures:

Heading consists of table/figure number in one paragraph and table/figure title in subsequent paragraph. Both use initial caps, and are boldface. Both are centered over table/figure. Cell titles are bold, initial caps, centered over columns (except first, which is left justified). Use a single horizontal line above and below cell titles and a single horizontal at the end of the last row of data. Except when clarity requires it, no other lines should be used in the table. The leftmost column should be left justified. If there are subheadings followed by a list, the listed items should be indented slightly. Avoid abreviations (e.g., use 'number' rather than 'no.'). If numerals with decimals are used, align by decimal point, even where there is a * or a minus sign. An asterisk is used only to indicate significance levels, use superscripts (a, b, c) for footnotes. Notes such as significance levels, data sources, etc. are placed beneath the line indicating the last row of data.

Early View

JSBM is covered by Wiley Blackwell Publishing's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors‟ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.