Cover image for Vol. 33 Issue 7

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Navin C. Nanda

Impact Factor: 1.432

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 88/124 (Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems)

Online ISSN: 1540-8175


  1. 1 - 58
  1. Original Investigations

    1. Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: The Role of Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Strain

      Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa, Fernanda Brito de Oliveira, Marcia M. Barbosa, Jose Augusto A. Barbosa, Taís Soares Carvalho, Michele Campos Barreto, Frederico Thadeu A. F. Campos and Maria Carmo Pereira Nunes

      Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13267

    2. Detection of small subendocardial infarction using speckle tracking echocardiography in a rat model

      Noa Bachner-Hinenzon, Liron Shlomo, Hanan Khamis, Offir Ertracht, Zvi Vered, Assaf Malka, Ofer Binah and Dan Adam

      Version of Record online: 11 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13291

  2. Image Sections

    1. Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after mitral valve replacement

      Saroj Neupane, Naga VA Kommuri, Noora Kazanji and Pertha Chowdhury

      Version of Record online: 11 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13294

  3. Original Investigations

  4. Editorial

  5. Original Investigations

    1. Uncontrolled blood pressure as an independent risk factor of early impaired left ventricular systolic function in treated hypertension

      Xiao-Jing Chen, Xiao-Lin Sun, Qing Zhang, Xi-Lian Gao, Yu-Jia Liang, Jing Jiang, Yu Kang, Yu-Cheng Chen, Zhi Zeng and Cheuk-Man Yu

      Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13289

  6. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.

  7. Image Sections

    1. Multiple myocardial crypts: multimodality imaging evaluation

      João Gonçalves Almeida, Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, Nuno Bettencourt, Nuno Ferreira, José Ribeiro and Vasco Gama Ribeiro

      Version of Record online: 29 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13280

    2. Infective endocarditis of an aortic intimal flap due to Streptococcus agalactiae in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome: an unusual clinical case report

      Benedetta De Chiara, Angelica Peritore, Roberto Sara, Cristina Giannattasio and Antonella Moreo

      Version of Record online: 29 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13274

      A 67-year-old woman, suffering from Sjögren's syndrome, was admitted for septic asymmetric arthritis due to Streptococcus agalactiae. She had previously undergone a replacement of the ascending aorta (type A acute aortic dissection). A transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography showed small pseudoaneurysm of the sino-tubular junction and vegetations attached both to the aortic cusps and to a residual intimal flap near the proximal edge of the vascular prosthesis. A 18F-FDG PET/CT scan confirmed the diagnosis.

  8. Original Investigations

    1. Left atrial and ventricular systolic and diastolic myocardial mechanics in patients with end-stage renal disease

      Anna M. Calleja, Harry Rakowski, Lynne K. Williams, Michal Jamorski, Christopher T. Chan and Shemy Carasso

      Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13284

    2. Left atrial remodeling in patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system: an advanced echocardiography study

      Cuneyt Toprak, Gokhan Kahveci, Alev Kilicgedik, Selcuk Pala, Cevat Kirma, Mehmet Mustafa Tabakci, Mehmet Inanir and Ali Metin Esen

      Version of Record online: 27 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13288

    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Left Ventricular Mechanics in Functional Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation in Acute Inferoposterior Myocardial Infarction

      Zivile Valuckiene, Justas Ovsianas, Ruta Ablonskyte-Dudoniene, Vaida Mizariene, Karolina Melinyte and Renaldas Jurkevicius

      Version of Record online: 27 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13240

    4. Left ventricular reverse remodeling after aortic valve surgery for acute versus chronic aortic regurgitation

      Madelien V. Regeer, Michel I. M. Versteegh, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Martin J. Schalij, Robert J. M. Klautz, Jeroen J. Bax and Victoria Delgado

      Version of Record online: 25 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13295

  9. Letters to the Editor

  10. Original Investigations

    1. Longitudinal systolic strain profiles and outcomes in peripartum cardiomyopathy

      Alexandros Briasoulis, Marian Mocanu, Karolina Marinescu, Osama Qaqi, Mohan Palla, Tesfaye Telila and Luis Afonso

      Version of Record online: 25 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13277

  11. Image Sections

    1. Collapse of Aortic Graft through Its Disarticulation Secondary to Periaortic Root Abscess: An Unusual Cause of Syncope

      Mehmet Mustafa Tabakci, Mehmet Vefik Yazicioglu, Cuneyt Toprak, Muhittin Demirel and Anıl Avci

      Version of Record online: 25 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13265


      A 37-year-old man with prosthetic aortic valve and composite aortic graft was admitted to our emergency department with syncope and dyspnea. A transesophageal echocardiography revealed a vegetative mass on the aortic mechanic valve and a flow that originates from the left ventricle into the periaortic echogenic free space. There were a partial dehiscence of the mechanical valve conduit from the base of the heart and a periaortic root abscess/hematoma. Real time three-dimensional TEE revealed complete disarticulation of the aortic graft that was totally collapsing during systole. We herein report a case who presented with syncope secondary to entire aortic graft collapse and periaortic annular abscess.

  12. Original Investigations

    1. Early and late diastolic strain rate vs global longitudinal strain at rest and during dobutamine stress for the assessment of significant coronary artery stenosis in patients with a moderate and high probability of coronary artery disease

      Egle Rumbinaite, Diana Zaliaduonyte-Peksiene, Tomas Lapinskas, Ruta Zvirblyte, Arnas Karuzas, Ieva Jonauskiene, Mindaugas Viezelis, Indre Ceponiene, Olivija Gustiene, Rimvydas Slapikas and Jolanta Justina Vaskelyte

      Version of Record online: 16 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13282

  13. Review Articles

  14. Original Investigations

    1. Longitudinal strain of left ventricular basal segments and E/e′ ratio differentiate primary cardiac amyloidosis at presentation from hypertensive hypertrophy: an automated function imaging study

      Vincenzo Schiano-Lomoriello, Maurizio Galderisi, Donato Mele, Roberta Esposito, Giuseppe Cerciello, Agostino Buonauro, Roberta Della Pepa, Marco Picardi, Lucio Catalano, Bruno Trimarco and Fabrizio Pane

      Version of Record online: 9 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13278

  15. Review Articles

    1. Italian Chapter of the International Society of Cardiovascular Ultrasound expert consensus document on coronary computed tomography angiography: overview and new insights

      Fabiola B. Sozzi, Maria Maiello, Francesco Pelliccia, Vito Maurizio Parato, Ciro Canetta, Ketty Savino, Federico Lombardi, Pasquale Palmiero and on behalf of the Italian Chapter of the International Society of Cardiovascular Ultrasound

      Version of Record online: 9 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13273

  16. Image Sections

    1. Pericardial effusion due to cholesterol pericarditis in case of rheumatoid arthritis

      Cetin Gecmen, Gonca Gul Gecmen, Muzaffer Kahyaoglu, Dilek Ece, Birol Ozkan, Ozge Karaman, Abdurrahman Naser, Arzu Kalayci, Can Yucel Karabay and Cevat Kirma

      Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13279


      A 53-year-old male patient with a history of rheumatoid arthritis presented with exertional dyspnea, abdominal distension, and pleuritic chest pain for approximately one month. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large, hyperechogenic, and circumferential pericardial effusion. The computer tomography revealed circumferential hyperdense fluid image around the heart. After that findings, we aspirated approximately 900 mL yellow fluid with gold paint by emergency pericardial tapping with transthoracic echocardiographic guidance. Cytopathologic examination of the pericardial effusion showed the presence of multinucleated giant cells. The pathological images revealed rare crystals of cholesterol which were engulfed by multinucleated giant cells. The gold-paint appearance, high cholesterol content, and cytopathologic characteristics of the pericardial effusion supported the diagnosis of cholesterol pericarditis.

  17. Letters to the Editor

    1. Letter to the Editor

      Guobing Hu

      Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13283

  18. Case Report - Pediatric

    1. Heart Failure in a Preterm Infant. Case Report and Echocardiographic Clues for the Diagnostic Approach to Pulmonary Sequestration

      Moises Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Antonio Segado-Arenas and Miguel A. Matamala-Morillo

      Version of Record online: 1 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13260


      Pulmonary sequestration is an unusual cause of heart failure in infants. We report a preterm newborn with signs of congestive heart failure supposed secondary to a ductus arteriosus that was finally diagnosed as a coexistent extralobar pulmonary sequestration. In this case, Doppler-echocardiography was essential for diagnosis, revealing an abnormal systemic arterial supply to the sequestered lung and abnormal venous drainage.

  19. Image Sections

    1. Eventration of the Right Hemidiaphragm with Resultant Right Atrial Compression—A Rare Finding

      Gary T.E. Lau and Andrew C.Y. To

      Version of Record online: 1 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13268


      A 77-year-woman lady presented with nonlimiting subacute dyspnea and associated troponin rise. Echocardiography demonstrated a normal LVEF but with an incidental large, uniformly echo dense mass compressing the right atrium. Initial differential diagnoses were of a malignant cause. Computed tomographic imaging subsequently showed an eventrated right hemidiaphragm as being the cause for the strikingly abnormal echocardiographic finding. Coronary angiography demonstrated only mild coronary artery disease without any flow-limiting lesion. She was managed conservatively and discharged a week later on standard therapy.

  20. Original Investigations

  21. Case Reports

    1. Early-Stage Loeffler's Endocarditis with Isolated Right Ventricular Involvement: Management, Long-Term Follow-Up, and Review of Literature

      Jagan Beedupalli and Kalgi Modi

      Version of Record online: 13 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13264


      We report a review of literature and a case of endomyocardial biopsy proven Loeffler's endocarditis with a complete resolution of symptoms and eosinophilia after one month of steroid therapy.

  22. Original Investigations

    1. Intraoperative Assessment of Left Atrial Diverticulum and Remnant Stump after Left Atrial Appendage Epicardial Occlusion

      Grzegorz Suwalski, Robert Emery, Leszek Gryszko, Kamil Kaczejko, Jakub Mroz and Andrzej Skrobowski

      Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13263

    2. Atrial Electromechanical Properties in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

      Tolga Han Efe, Tolga Cimen, Ahmet Goktug Ertem, Yusuf Coskun, Murat Bilgin, Haluk Furkan Sahan, Hilal Erken Pamukcu, Cagri Yayla, Hamza Sunman, Ilhami Yuksel and Ekrem Yeter

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13261

  23. Image Sections

    1. The Multimodality Imaging of Primary Cardiac Hydatid Cyst Located in the Right Ventricular Free Wall

      Murat Celik, Erkan Yıldırım, Uygar Cagdas Yuksel, Ugur Bozlar, Kubilay Karabacak and Gokhan Erol

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13252


      Primary cardiac hydatid cyst seen in the right ventricle is an infrequent appearance of disease. An immediate and precise identification of cystic lesion is critical, especially if a surgery is planned. In this context, the multimodality imaging can give precious knowledge on both the lesion and its relation to other cardiac and extracardiac structures and thereby can guide the surgery.

  24. Original Investigations

    1. Role of Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in the Quantification of Myocardial Iron Overload in Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major

      Shu-juan Li, Yu-yan Hwang, Shau-yin Ha, Godfrey C.F. Chan, Amanda S.P. Mok, Sophia J. Wong and Yiu-fai Cheung

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13266

    2. Evaluation of P-Wave Dispersion, Diastolic Function, and Atrial Electromechanical Conduction in Pediatric Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism

      Ahmet Irdem, Derya Aydın Sahin, Mehmet Kervancioglu, Osman Baspinar, Murat Sucu, Mehmet Keskin and Metin Kilinc

      Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13255

    3. Clinical Utility of Atrial Electromechanical Conduction Time Measured with Speckle Tracking Echocardiography after Catheter Ablation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: A Validation Study with Electroanatomical Mapping

      Akira Fujii, Katsuji Inoue, Takayuki Nagai, Kazuhisa Nishimura, Teruyoshi Uetani, Jun Suzuki, Jun-ichi Funada, Takafumi Okura, Jitsuo Higaki and Akiyoshi Ogimoto

      Version of Record online: 4 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13259

    4. Comparison of Right Ventricle Systolic Function between Long-Term Anabolic–Androgenic Steroid User and Nonuser Bodybuilder Athletes: A Study of Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography

      Elnur Alizade, Anil Avci, Mehmet Mustafa Tabakcı, Cuneyt Toprak, Regayip Zehir, Goksel Acar, Ramazan Kargin, Mehmet Yunas Emiroğlu, Mustafa Akçakoyun and Selçuk Pala

      Version of Record online: 4 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13243

    5. Early Transthoracic Echocardiography after Cardiac Surgery Predicts Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation

      Juan Lacalzada, Juan José Jiménez, José Luis Iribarren, Alejandro de la Rosa, Marta Martín-Cabeza, María Manuela Izquierdo, Belén Marí-López, Martín Jesús García-González, Pablo Jorge-Pérez, Antonio Barragán and Ignacio Laynez

      Version of Record online: 4 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13254

  25. Case Report – Pediatric

    1. Fetal Diagnosis of Abnormal Origin of the Left Pulmonary Artery

      Justin T. Tretter, Eric M. Tretter, Daniela Y. Rafii, Robert H. Anderson and Puneet Bhatla

      Version of Record online: 1 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13239


      We describe two cases of isolated anomalies of the left pulmonary artery identified on fetal echocardiography and confirmed postnatally, an anomalous left pulmonary artery arising from the base of the left-sided brachiocephalic artery in the setting of a right-sided aortic arch, and a left pulmonary artery sling. These two cases support our current understanding of normal and abnormal development of the extrapericardial arterial vessels and highlight the importance of meticulous attention when sweeping from the three-vessel tracheal view.

  26. Image Sections

    1. Isolated Cleft of the Posterior Mitral Valve Leaflet: The Value of 3DTEE in the Evaluation of Mitral Valve Anatomy

      Cláudio Guerreiro, Conceição Fonseca, José Ribeiro and Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho

      Version of Record online: 26 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13258


      We report a case of a 65-year-old woman with chronic primary mitral regurgitation diagnosed 10 years prior to our evaluation. We performed a 3D transesophageal echocardiography that showed an isolated cleft within the P2 segment of the posterior leaflet associated with severe mitral regurgitation. This is a rare congenital cause of mitral regurgitation, and it may occur in isolation or with associated congenital heart defects. The slitlike appearance of the leaflet can be difficult to assess by 2DTTE or even TEE. Real time 3DTEE provides superior diagnostic accuracy in the identification of scallop-specific anatomy.

    2. Intramyocardial Dissecting Hematoma: Cardiac Trauma and Ischemic Heart Disease: Multimodality Imaging Techniques

      Javier Urmeneta Ulloa, Isabel Molina Borao, Ana Portolés Ocampo, Pilar Lapuente González, Eva Moreno Esteban and Isabel Calvo Cebollero

      Version of Record online: 26 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13253


      A 37-year-old male patient came to hospital after an accidental fall from 8.20 feet high. CT scan showed an image compatible with an old myocardial infarction at the apex of the left ventricle (LV) and a thrombosed aneurysm. At the echocardiography, adjacent to LV apex, an image of low echoic density was seen, as well as a mobile endocardial flap, suggesting a contained subacute ventricular rupture. Three multisegment arterial diseases were found at the coronary angiography. It was agreed to choose a conservative treatment. The patient was controlled with the performance of 3D, contrast echocardiography, and cardiac MRI confirming diagnosis of intramyocardial dissecting hematoma.

  27. Original Investigations

    1. Mitoxantrone-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Acute Myeloid Leukemia—A Velocity Vector Imaging Analysis

      Amir Y. Shaikh, Sourabh Suryadevara, Abhishek Tripathi, Mohamed Ahmed, Jennifer L. Kane, Jorge Escobar, Jan Cerny, Rajneesh Nath, David D. McManus, Jeffrey Shih, Matthew E. McGuiness, Dennis A. Tighe, Theo E. Meyer, Muthalagu Ramanathan and Gerard P. Aurigemma

      Version of Record online: 24 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13245

    2. The Potential Role of Lung Ultrasound B-Lines for Detection of Lung Radio-Induced Toxicity in Breast Cancer Patients after Radiation Therapy

      Maria Fonte Petruzzelli, Maria Pia Vasti, Francesco Tramacere, Maria Patrizia D'Errico, Emilio A.L. Gianicolo, Maria Grazia Andreassi, Eugenio Picano and Maurizio Portaluri

      Version of Record online: 24 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13249

    3. Right Ventricle before and after Atrial Septal Defect Device Closure

      Vidya Sagar Akula, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Vanajakshamma Velam, Latheef Kasala, Madhavi Rodda and Harsha Vardhan Erathi

      Version of Record online: 24 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13250

    4. Transcranial Doppler: Does Addition of Blood to Agitated Saline Affect Sensitivity for Detecting Cardiac Right-to-Left Shunt?

      Mohammad Khalid Mojadidi, Lili Zhang, Yashasvi Chugh, Parham Eshtehardi, Ninel Hovnanians, Rubine Gevorgyan, Sanaullah Mojaddedi, Nariman Nezami, Muhammad Omer Zaman, Asim Rafique, Pedro A. Villablanca and Jonathan M. Tobis

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13231

    5. Aortic Valve Disease and Vascular Mechanics: Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiographic Analysis

      Luís Leite, Rogério Teixeira, Manuel Oliveira-Santos, António Barbosa, Rui Martins, Graça Castro, Lino Gonçalves and Mariano Pego

      Version of Record online: 16 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13236

    6. Correlation of Left Atrial Appendage Ejection Velocities with the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores

      Craig B. Clark, Nelson A. Telles Garcia, Catherine Hackett Renner and Sarah M. Ryan

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13228

    7. Acute and Chronic Effects of Noninvasive Ventilation on Left and Right Myocardial Function in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Speckle Tracking Echocardiographic Study

      Antonello D'Andrea, Francesca Martone, Biagio Liccardo, Mariano Mazza, Anna Nunziata, Enza Di Palma, Marianna Conte, Cesare Sirignano, Michele D'Alto, Nicolino Esposito, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Maria Giovanna Russo, Eduardo Bossone and Raffaele Calabrò

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13225

  28. Case Reports

    1. Paradoxical Hemodynamic Instability After Pericardial Window

      Andrew J. Han, Teresa Slomka, Anurag Mehrotra, Luis C. Murillo, Shadwan F. Alsafwah and Rami N. Khouzam

      Version of Record online: 4 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13229


      An 84-year-old patient with no previous cardiac or cancer history presented with acute cardiac tamponade. Following emergent pericardial window, the patient developed hemodynamic instability with shock and multiorgan failure. Repeat echocardiography revealed left ventricular hypercontractility and new right ventricular dilatation with akinesis.

  29. Original Investigations

    1. Transient Ischemic Dilatation during Stress Echocardiography: An Additional Marker of Significant Myocardial Ischemia

      Akihisa Kataoka, Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie, Roxy Senior, Patrick Garceau, Silvia Valbuena, Jelena Čelutkienė, Jeffrey L. Hastings, Asim N. Cheema, Alfonso Lara, Elizabeta Srbinovska-Kostovska, Renee Hessian, Daniele Poggio, Richard Goldweit, Muhamed Saric, Khaled A. Dajani, Jeffrey A. Kohn, Leslee J. Shaw, Harmony R. Reynolds and Michael H. Picard

      Version of Record online: 3 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13222

    2. Does Left Ventricular Geometric Patterns Impact Right Atrial Phasic Function? Findings from the Hypertensive Population

      Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi, Vesna Kocijancic, Vera Celic and Vladan Vukomanovic

      Version of Record online: 27 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13220

    3. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Subclinical Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction Evaluated by Mid-Wall Mechanics in Rheumatoid Arthritis

      Giovanni Cioffi, Ombretta Viapiana, Federica Ognibeni, Elena Fracassi, Alessandro Giollo, Silvano Adami, Davide Gatti, Carmine Mazzone, Giorgio Faganello, Andrea Di Lenarda and Maurizio Rossini

      Version of Record online: 18 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.13186

    4. Exercise-Induced Abnormal Increase of Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Adult Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia: An Exercise Stress Echocardiography Study

      Newton Nunes de Lima-Filho, Maria Stella Figueiredo, Perla Vicari, Rodolfo Cançado, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, José Orlando Bordin and Orlando Campos

      Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12853


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