Journal of Cardiac Surgery

Cover image for Vol. 31 Issue 12

Edited By: Harold L. Lazar, MD

Impact Factor: 0.783

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 112/124 (Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems); 157/200 (Surgery)

Online ISSN: 1540-8191

Author Guidelines


Editorial Office
Janette S. Mabanan
Managing Editor, Journal of Cardiac Surgery

Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Cardiac Surgery must not be under simultaneous consideration by any other publication and should not have been published elsewhere in substantially similar form. No part of the paper that has been published by the Journal of Cardiac Surgery may be reproduced or published elsewhere without the written permission of the author(s) and the Publisher.

  • Effective with the 2015 volume, this journal will be published in an online-only format.
  • Print subscription and single issue sales are available from Wiley's Print-on-Demand Partner. To order online, please use the ordering portal on the JOCS subscribe and renew page.

Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

All manuscripts are reviewed by two or more referees.  Acceptance is based on significance, validity, and originality of the material presented. If the manuscript is accepted for publication, editorial revisions may be made to assist clarity without altering original meaning.

Medical Ethics
-Human studies: Manuscripts that report on human trials must include (in the Methods section) a statement on the date of approval by the institutional review board and the author’s assertion that informed consent was obtained from each patient included in the study. Authors should state whether or not individual consent was obtained or waived by the IRB.
-Animal experiments: Manuscripts that report on experiments on living animals must include (in the Methods section) a statement assuring that all animals received humane care in compliance with federally formulated guidelines.

Conflict of Interest
When a manuscript reports on a specific product, the author must enclose a statement disclosing any financial or commercial interest in the manufacturer or distributor of the product, including any corporate funding or affiliations.

If a trademark item is named, the name(s) of the manufacturer(s) or supplier(s), in addition to the generic name(s), should be supplied within the manuscript. The author is responsible for all material presented in a manuscript. The Journal disclaims all responsibility for such material. No product or service advertised in this publication is guaranteed or warrantied by either the Editors or the Publisher. Neither the Editors nor the Publisher guarantee any claims made by an author or a manufacturer in regard to any product or service.

Authors for Whom English Is a Second Language
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission or during the review process. Authors wishing to pursue a professional English-language editing service should make contact and arrange payment with the editing service of their choice. For more details regarding the recommended services, please refer to language.asp. Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at editcontribute.html. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication. Manuscripts which lack satisfactory English grammar will not be considered for publication.


Manuscript Submission
Journal of Cardiac Surgery only accepts electronic submissions using ScholarOne Manuscripts . Paper or email submissions will not be accepted

To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below.

Getting Started

1. Launch your web browser (Internet Explorer 5 or higher, Netscape 7 or higher, Firefox 1.0.4 or Safari 1.2.4) and go to the Journal of Cardiac Surgery’s  ScholarOne Manuscripts homepage (

2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user of ScholarOne Manuscripts.

3. If you are creating a new account:

·   After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and e-mail information and click “Next”. Your e-mail information is very important.

·   Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”

·   Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click “Finish”.

4. If you have an account but have forgotten your log in details, go to “Password Help” on the Journal of Cardiac Surgery’s  ScholarOne Manuscripts homepage and enter your email address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and password reminder.

5. Log-in and select “Author Center.”

Submitting Your Manuscript
After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.  Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.  

1. Click the “Next” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

2. You are required to upload your files.

·   Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.

·   Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.

·   When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.

3. Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access ScholarOne Manuscripts any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

Getting Help With Your Submission
Each page of the ScholarOne Manuscripts website has a ‘Get Help Now’ icon connecting directly to the online support system at Queries can also be e-mailed to and telephone support is available 24 hours a day, 5 days a week through the US ScholarOne support office on: +1 434 817 2040, ext 167. If you do not have Internet access or cannot submit online, please contact the editorial office.

Submitting a Revision
When you submit a revised manuscript, you must submit one copy with the changes marked and one clean copy. If you do not submit a clean copy, your manuscript will not be processed and you will be asked to supply this to the editorial office.


Word Limits
Manuscripts submitted that exceed the word limits below will be unsubmitted and sent back to the author to revise and resubmit. The word limits are:
-Editorials, no more than 2000 words (all inclusive, including title page, abstract, text, figures and legends)
-Original Articles, no more than 4500 words (all inclusive)
-New Technologies, no more than 2000 (all inclusive)
-Surgical Techniques, no more than 2000 words (all inclusive)
-Images in Cardiac Surgery, no more than 500 words (all inclusive)
-Review Articles, no more than 6000 words (all inclusive)
-Case Reports, no more than 1500 words (all inclusive)
-Letter to the Editor, no more than 500 words (all inclusive)

Title Page
- Include first, middle initial(s), and last names and the highest academic degree(s) for all authors, listed under the article title.
- Provide the full name and location of no more than two institutional affiliations for all authors.
- Provide a short running title of no more than four words.
- Provide 'Address for correspondence. . .’’ with full name, address, and telephone and telefax numbers for the author for correspondence.
- All sources of funding for the work presented should be declared.
- If the paper has been presented at a meeting of a scientific organization or a symposium, provide the name, date, and location of the meeting.

Names department(s) and institution(s) of all authors. Credit for authorship should be based on: [1] substantial contributions to research design, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data; [2] drafting the paper or revising it critically; [3] approval of the submitted and final versions. Authors should meet all three criteria.

Corresponding author
Name, address, email address, telephone and fax numbers. (Corresponding author should take responsibility for communicating with all other authors and getting their approval for the final version to be published. During online submission corresponding authors can nominate an individual, who may or may not be an author, to assist them with administration of the publication process.)

Author contributions
Recommendation: Include a short description of each authors’ contribution immediately before your references. (Examples of categories for authors’contributions: Concept/design, Data analysis/interpretation, Drafting article, Critical revision of article, Approval of article, Statistics, Funding secured by, Data collection, Other.)

- Summarize original publications and review articles in 250 words; case reports and other short communications in 150 words. Organize the abstract into: background and aim of the study; methods; results; and conclusions.

- Organize the text in the following order: (1) Introduction; (2) Materials and Methods; (3) Results; and (4) Conclusions.
- Metric, SI, and Celsius measurements should be used throughout.
- Abbreviations and acronyms should be kept to a minimum and must be explained when they first appear; after first use, abbreviations alone may be used.
- References, tables, and figures should be cited numerically in the order of appearance.

All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance and should be as complete as possible. In text citations should cite references in consecutive order using Arabic superscript numerals. Sample references follow:

Journal article
1. King VM, Armstrong DM, Apps R, Trott JR. Numerical aspects of pontine, lateral reticular, and inferior olivary projections to two paravermal cortical zones of the cat cerebellum. J Comp Neurol 1998;390:537-551.

2. Voet D, Voet JG. Biochemistry. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1990. 1223 p.

Please note that journal title abbreviations should conform to the practices of Chemical Abstracts.

For more information about AMA reference style - AMA Manual of Style

Same as journal articles, but followed by (Abstract).
Unpublished data, personal communications, and material in preparation are not to be listed as references; they should be mentioned within parentheses in the text.

Be sure that figures and legends correspond. Identify all abbreviations appearing in the figure alphabetically at the end of the legend. The abbreviation has already been explained in the text, it need not be explained again in the figure legend. Figure legends should be numbered and be listed on a seperate page following the manuscript text.

Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Table legends should be placed below the table. Abbreviations shoudl appear in the legend and listed in alphabetical order.

Figures will be either 82, 114 or 173 mm. Lines should be of sufficient thickness to stand reduction (no less than 4 mm wide for a 50% reduction), and letters should be a minimum of 9 pt Arial or an equivalent size. Please make sure that each image does not exceed 3 megabytes. Visit for more details. Any color illustrations must be paid for by the author.

Letters to the Editor
A cover letter should be submitted, which explains any circumstances relevant to the letter. The letter itself should be titled and submitted in triplicate. Authors are encouraged to submit brief 'Letters to the Editor’’ containing substantive information regarding experimental or clinical studies, accompanied by a brief reference section (up to five) and up to two figures and/or tables, if applicable.

PDF Offprints
Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via author services. Please sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint upon publication of your paper, and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Visit to sign up for author services.

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Reprints are available. Price and ordering information can be obtained from the Publisher.