Journal of Neuroimaging

Cover image for Vol. 26 Issue 3

Edited By: Rohit Bakshi, Editor-in-Chief

Online ISSN: 1552-6569

Author Guidelines

Aims and scope

The Journal of Neuroimaging (JON) publishes articles electronically on all neuroimaging modalities from scientists and healthcare providers in the field. JON emphasizes rapid communication of new neuroimaging findings with an open access publishing option. We generally prefer concise reports of interesting studies that would benefit by accelerated dissemination to the scientific and clinical community. Papers are judged on the basis of timeliness, innovation, and novelty. Priority will be given to work that shows a clear need for rapid publication. In addition to reviews and original articles, high risk/high return concepts, technical notes, and pilot studies are welcome. JON is committed to the timeliness of the review process. Authors should receive a decision on their papers within a few weeks after submission. Furthermore, all final accepted articles will be published immediately on our publisher’s web site with an assigned a digital object identifier (DOI), will appear in an e-publication format in PubMed with a link to the full text, and will become fully citable by the DOI. All published articles will then receive pagination and be formally added to an electronic bimonthly volume.

Editorial Policies

1. A submission is received with the understanding that it is not under consideration by any other journal and that no part of the submission has been published previously. This restriction does not apply to previous publication in the form of abstracts, government or industrial reports, or press reports from scientific meetings. Any such previous publications or reports should be disclosed in the paper.

2. JON will consider the following types of submissions:

-Original research (Clinical Investigative Studies and Experimental Laboratory Research - limit 5000 words*). Articles reporting original research relevant to neuroimaging in humans or animals.
-Reviews (Views and Reviews - limit 6000 words*). In depth review of a neuroimaging topic of broad interest. JON will consider both invited and unsolicited reviews. Authors who would like to prepare an unsolicited review should contact the editorial office ( for advice before preparing such a submission. .
-Technical notes (Technology Updates - limit 4000 words*). These reviews of equipment, technology, and. Instrumentation are intended to update physicians and technologists in the practical use of neuroimaging techniques, emphasizing new innovations.
-Short Communications (limit 2000 words*). These are concise articles describing technical notes, reports of research studies, or pilot studies.
-Letters to the Editor (limit 500 words*). Letters should relate to published articles or to items of great interest to the readership, and make original points. Repetition of information is discouraged.
*Note: In the manuscript submission portal, a total word count should be provided which is the sum of all pages of the manuscript (abstract, main body, support lines, references, tables, and figure legends).

3. Case Reports. JON no longer publishes case reports. However, authors with interesting cases are encouraged to embed them into a review article (see “Views and Reviews” above) covering a broad neuroimaging topic which relates to the interesting case.

4. In a manuscript describing experimental studies of humans, the authors must specify in the Methods section, and verify if requested, that the studies received prior approval by the appropriate body and that informed consent was obtained from each patient or volunteer. When reporting experiments using animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. The institutional Animal Care and Use Committee should be identified in the Methods section.

5. Financial interests of authors must be disclosed on the Title Page. Funding sources supporting the work should be cited. Authors must also disclose commercial considerations, such as equity interests, patent rights, or corporate affiliations including consultantships, for any product or process relevant to the submission.

6. If a paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

7. Statements or opinions expressed in the articles and communications appearing in the Journal are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor or publisher. The Editor and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Neither the Editor nor the publisher guarantees, warrants, or endorses any product or service advertised in this publication, nor do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such product or service.

8. For authors who chose not to publish open access (i.e. the OnlineOpen option is not selected), the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed at:

9. Supplementary material: With the exception of audio or video files, supplementary material is not allowed. Thus, all tables and figures should be integrated in the main manuscript. All written material pertaining to the manuscript will be subject to word count limits and will be peer-reviewed, copyedited and formatted for publication. Authors wishing to submit audio or video files as supplementary material should contact the Editorial Office ( before manuscript submission.

10. Authors will receive proofs of the manuscript and are responsible for the final content of articles, including copy editing changes. The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. If the author requests other major changes at the proof stage, a charge may be levied to the author.

Open Access Publishing

JON offers authors the option of publishing open access (OnlineOpen). However authors who do not chose this option are not required to pay for the publication of their articles. To preview the terms and conditions of the available open access vehicles please visit: and visit

Online Submission

JON only considers online submissions and utilizes an electronic system for all review and communication. The site may be accessed at: If you have previously reviewed or submitted manuscripts to JON, your contact details have been pre-loaded into the database of our online submission site. We would be grateful if you would check and update your contact details, enter key words, and add information on your specialty/area of expertise. To obtain your username and password, choose the option “Check for an Existing Account” on the login page. Entering your email address will generate an automatic email that provides your username and password. If you are new to the site, please create a user account. Help is always a click away. Please make use of the “Get Help Now” button located throughout the site.

Manuscript Preparation
General: Authors are responsible for linguistic and grammatical editing of manuscripts before submission to the journal. Manuscripts improperly prepared or edited will be returned to the authors without review by the editors. For non-native English speaking authors, authors should use a professional editing service before manuscript submission. Some companies that provide these services for a fee are listed here: Authors should carefully check the edited copy or translation, to ensure the accuracy and clarity of the scientific content. Duplicate or redundant publication of previously published material is not allowed.

Drugs and Trade Names: For drugs, chemicals or generic names are used. Trade names, if also given, follow in parentheses, capitalized. Abbreviations: the abbreviations for CSF, CT, MRI, and PET do not need to be defined. All other abbreviated terms are spelled out at first use and followed with the abbreviation in parentheses.

Credits and Permissions: In addition to the notice of informed consent and releases to publish photographs of recognizable persons, submit written permission to use the non-original material (quotations exceeding 100 words, any table or illustration) from both author and publisher of the original. No article will be accepted as a submission to the Journal without all required permissions. Credit the source in the text as a footnote or in a legend.

Statistics: Identify any statistical procedures and software used. The rationale for choosing the particular statistical methods should be stated, particularly if the procedure is not standard for the type of data or is controversial.

Main Manuscript Formatting and Components

General instructions:

• Manuscript text must be submitted in Word (.doc), Word Perfect (.wpd) or Rich Text Format (.rft). Do not submit text that is already in PDF format. Attention Mac users: Do not use the Fast Save option. Please add the file extension (for example “.doc” or “.rtf”) to your filename or the online system will not be able to recognize it.

• All text should be double-spaced (including references, tables, and legends).

• Margins should be 0.75-1 inch wide.

• Use a standard font, such as Times New Roman or Arial for the PC and Times or Helvetica for the Mac. The minimum font size is 12 points for the Times font and 11 for the Arial/Helvetica.

• Use the automatic page numbering function to number all pages.

• The title page and abstract should be included in the main manuscript document at the beginning of the document on their own pages.

• Main body of the paper. Please organize your material in logical subsections that are clear and informative. For scientific investigations, use traditional headings (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion).

• Do not use bold text, italics, or underline.

• Do not use field codes.

• Indent each paragraph with tab stops or other commands; do not use multiple spaces to indent.

• Use the table function to make tables; do not embed spreadsheets.

Title page: It must contain the following information: (1) Title not to exceed 30 words. (2) Full names of all authors. All authors should have read the final version of the paper and agreed with it. (3) Department and Institution where the work was performed clearly noting the affiliations of the individual authors. (4) Running title. A shortened version of the title that is 8 words or less. (5) Keywords. Provide 3-5 keywords for indexing purposes, each separated by semicolons. (6) Corresponding author contact information. Name, address, telephone, fax, and e-mail address of the author to whom correspondence regarding the manuscript should be directed. (7) Acknowledgements and Disclosure – any external funding source of the work and authors’ potential financial conflicts-of-interest.

Abstracts: For original research, and short communications of research, provide a structured abstract of 250 words or less using the following headings when applicable: Background and Purpose; Methods; Results; Conclusions. For reviews and technical notes, you may use an unstructured abstract of 250 words or less. Do not provide an abstract for a letter to the editor. Do not cite references in the abstract.

References: Arrange references in the order of citation and cite each in the text by a superscripted number that immediately follows the author’s name or statement (with no space) or is at an appropriate place in a sentence, such as immediately after a comma or after a period closing a sentence (with no space). List reference ranges when appropriate. For instance, rather than12,13,14,15,16 use.12-16 Accuracy and completeness of references are the author's responsibility – all cited references must be listed and vice-versa. List all authors if six or fewer (for papers with more than six authors, list only the first three followed by et al.). Use Index Medicus abbreviations (with no periods) for journal titles, and provide the year, volume and non-inclusive page numbers. Do not provide the issue number. Examples are shown below

Journal: Bakshi R, Benedict RHB, Bermel RA, Jacobs L. Regional brain atrophy is associated with physical disability in multiple sclerosis: semiquantitative MRI and relationship to clinical findings. J Neuroimaging 2001;11:129-36.

Book: Baston HC. An Introduction to Statistics in the Medical Services. Minneapolis, Minn: Burgess; 1956:110-4.

Chapter: Cohen PJ, Marshall BE. Effects of halothane on respiratory control in rat liver mitochondria. In: Fink BR, ed. Toxicity of Anesthetics. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1968:24-36.

Meeting presentation (published abstract): van den Bent MJ, Keime-Guibert F, Brandes AA, Taphoorn MJB, Eskens FALM, Delattre J-Y. Temozolomide chemotherapy in recurrent oligodendroglioma (abstract). Neurology 2000;54(suppl 3):A12

Meeting presentation (abstract not published): Mark MH, Dickson DW, Schwarz KO, et al. Familial diffuse Lewy body disease. Presented at the 10th International Symposium on Parkinson's Disease; October 19, 2013; Tokyo.

Online book or website: Garrow A, Weinhouse G. Anoxic brain injury: assessment and prognosis. In: UpToDate Cardiovascular Medicine. Available at: Accessed February 22, 2014.

Online journal article: Miyamoto O, Auer RN. Hypoxia, hyperoxia, ischemia, and brain necrosis. Neurology [serial online] 2000;54:362-371. Available at: Accessed February 23, 2013.

Monograph on CD or DVD: Chee M, Chiappa K. Waveguide: an EEG atlas on CD-ROM. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1998.

Online Correspondence: Henderson VW, Drachman DA. Dementia and voter competence (letter). Neurology 2002. (accessed 21 May 2002).

Unpublished: For any material that is “in press” it can be cited like a standard reference. Unpublished data and personal communications should be given in parentheses within the text, not as references, with the first author’s name. This includes any material that has been “submitted for publication” but has not been accepted for publication. The editor may request to review the full content of unpublished or “in press” material.

Tables: Type each table double-spaced on its own single page. The Table tool of Microsoft Word is ideal for table creation. Number the pages consecutively with the text and references and provide a table number and title for each. Most tables will also have a caption (situated below the table body) that defines the components and abbreviations of the table. Restrict the length of each table to one page. Feel free to use landscape page formatting. Data in tables should not duplicate material in text or illustrations. All tables should be cited in the text and numbered in the order cited.

Figures: Images should be of high quality. Original background lettering should be removed and contrast optimized with an image editing program, but the images should not be retouched in any form unless expressly acknowledged in the legend. Avoid empty or useless space: crop the images to the relevant elements. When the images are downsized for printing, the essential detail may be lost if the image submitted had dead space. As imaging experts, authors are in the best position to optimize image quality and display. Group images (as panels) into figures that tell a story. Make sure that each panel is properly labeled with capital letters and identified in the figure legend. Only high-resolution figure files should be submitted as files separate from the Main Manuscript, preferably in TIFF format. As a guide, the ideal figure resolution/specification for various types of original figures, at their final size, is as follows: Line art—Minimum 600 dpi; Halftone (i.e. both B/W and Color photographs)—Minimum 300 dpi; Line art and halftone combined—Minimum 600 dpi. In addition to submitting high-resolution images, authors should embed low-resolution images in the Main Manuscript to facilitate peer review. These embedded figures should be in JPG format, clearly readable on screen, at an approximate resolution of 140 bpi. Figures should be provided with a figure legend immediately below each one at the end of the Main Manuscript (immediately after the tables). Color figures that will enhance the article are encouraged and are published free of charge. Color images should be submitted in RGB color format. Photographs of recognizable persons should be accompanied by a signed release from the patient or legal guardian authorizing publication. Masking eyes to hide identity is not sufficient. Each figure should have a title and should be shown on its own page. All figures should be cited in the text and numbered in the order cited.

Figure Legends: Provide one legend for each figure, and number legends in sequence with a low resolution figure above each legend. The Table Tool in MS Word is useful for creating a three row single column table in which to place the figure title, figure, and figure legend. For photomicrographs, indicate the stain and magnification or provide an internal scale marker. Explain all symbols in the legend. Place descriptive matter in the legend whenever possible, not on the graphs and drawings.

Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via author services. Please sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint upon publication of your paper, and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Sign-up for author services at: