FEMS Microbiology Letters

Cover image for Vol. 353 Issue 2

Edited By: Jeff Cole

Impact Factor: 2.049

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 71/116 (Microbiology)

Online ISSN: 1574-6968

Associated Title(s): Pathogens and Disease, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, FEMS Microbiology Reviews, FEMS Yeast Research

Editorial Board


Chief Editor:Jeff A. Cole (Birmingham, UK)
 
MiniReviews Editors:

Klaus Hantke (Tübingen, Germany) 
Hermann J. Heipieper (Leipzig, Germany)
Andre Klier (Paris, France)
Mark Schembri (Brisbane, Australia)
Wolfgang Schumann (Bayreuth, Germany)

Editors:

Biotechnology
Sergio Casella (Padova, Italy)
Linda M. Harvey (Glasgow, UK)
Wolfgang Kneifel (Vienna, Austria)
Michael Sauer (Vienna, Austria)
Gerard Wall (Galway, Ireland)
 
Environmental Microbiology; Plant–Microbe Interactions
Hermann Bothe (Koln, Germany)
Tim Daniell (Dundee, UK)
Paolina Garbeva (Wageningen, The Netherlands)
Bernard R. Glick (Ontario, Canada)
J. Colin Murrell (Norwich, UK)
Yaacov Okon (Rehovot, Israel)
Aharon Oren (Jerusalem, Israel)
Stefan Sievert (Woods Hole, MA, USA)
Andreas Stolz (Stuttgart, Germany)
 
Eukaryotic Cells
Albert Descoteaux (Laval, QC, Canada)
Jan Dijksterhuis (Utrecht, The Netherlands)
Stefan Olsson (Frederiksberg, Denmark)
Stefanie Pöggeler (Göttingen, Germany)
Claire Remacle (Liege, Belgium)
Pauline Schaap (Dundee, UK)
Derek Sullivan (Dublin, Ireland)

Genetics and Molecular Biology
Rustam Aminov (Kingston, Jamaica)
Roger S. Buxton (London, UK)
Richard Calendar (Berkeley, CA, USA)
Karl Forchhammer (Giessen, Germany)
Rob P. Gunsalus (Los Angeles, CA, USA)
Derek J. Jamieson (Edinburgh, Scotland, UK)
Andre Klier (Paris, France)
Ezio Ricca (Napoli, Italy)
Wolfgang Schumann (Bayreuth, Germany)
Marco R. Soria (Fisciano, SA, Italy)

Genomics, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Michael Y. Galperin (Bethesda, MD)
Jan-Ulrich Kreft (Birmingham, UK)
Peter Lund (Birmingham, UK)
Olga N. Ozoline (Moscow Region, Russian Federation)
David Studholme (Exeter, UK)

Pathogenicity including Veterinary Microbiology
Michael J. Bidochka (St. Catherines, ON, Canada)
David Clarke, (Cork, Ireland)
Holger Deising (Halle, Germany)
Mark Enright (Sharnbrook, UK)
Séamus Fanning (Dublin, Ireland)
J. Ross Fitzgerald(Edinburgh, UK)
Jan-Ingmar Flock (Stockholm, Sweden)
Klaus Hantke (Tübingen, Germany)
Akio Nakane (Hirosaki, Japan)
Marilyn Roberts (Seattle, WA USA)
Mark Schembri (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)
Stefan Schwarz (Neustadt-Mariensee, Germany)
Craig Shoemaker (Auburn, AL, USA)
Stephen Smith (Dublin, Ireland)
Arnoud H.M. van Vliet (Norwich, UK)
Craig Winstanley (Liverpool, UK)

Physiology and Biochemistry
Matthias Brock (Jena, Germany)
Robert A. Burne (Gainesville, FL, USA)
Jeff A. Cole (Birmingham, UK)
Christiane Dahl (Bonn, Germany)
Anthony M. George (Sydney, Australia)
Paul A. Hoskisson (Glasgow, Scotland, UK)
Juan Imperial (Madrid, Spain) 
Dieter Jahn (Braunschweig, Germany)
Abelardo Margolles (Asturias, Spain)
Wilfrid J. Mitchell (Edinburgh, Scotland, UK)
Skorn Mongkolsuk (Bangkok, Thailand)
Marco Moracci (Naples, Italy)
Sylvie Rimsky (Cachan Cedex, France)
Kendra Rumbaugh (Texas, USA)
Lígia Saraiva (Oeiras, Portugal)
Simon Silver (Chicago, IL, USA)
Alexander Steinbuchel (Münster, Germany)

MiniReviews Editors

Klaus Hantke, Mikrobiologie/Membranphysiologie, Universität Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany. Tel.: 49 7071 297 4645; fax: 49 7071 295 843; e-mail: hantke@uni-tuebingen.de
Bacterial metal transport and regulation, especially iron, manganese and zinc; Functions of outer membrane and periplasmic proteins of gram-negative bacteria; Colicins and microcins; Pathogenicity and iron

Hermann J. Heipieper, Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, UFZ Permoserstrasse, 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany. Tel.: 49 341 2351694; fax: 49 341 2351471;
e-mail: hermann.heipieper@ufz.de Homepage: www.ufz.de/index.php?en=4531
Microbial adaptation to stress; Composition and adaptation of microbial membranes; Regulation of degradative pathways; Physiology of the degradation of toxic organic compounds (xenobiotics, herbicides)

Andre Klier, Dépt des Biotechnologies, Unit´e de Biochemie Microbienne, Institut Pasteur, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris, Cedex 15, France. Tel.: 33 1 44 27 6995; fax: 33 1 44 27 6995; e-mail: aklier@pasteur.fr Molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry and physiology of Gram-positive bacteria

Mark Schembri, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Building 76, QLD 4072, Brisbane, Australia. Tel.: 61 7 3365 3306; fax: 61 7 3365 4699; e-mail: m.schembri@uq.edu.au
Biofilms; Vaccine development; Microbial pathogenicity, especially gram-negative bacteria; Bacterial adhesins; Bacterial gene regulation and DNA microarrays; Bacterial display systems

Wolfgang Schumann, Institute of Genetics, Universität Bayreuth, D-95440, Bayreuth, Germany. Tel.: 49 921 552 708; fax: 49 921 552 710; e-mail: wschumann@uni-bayreuth.de
Bacterial genetics, especially stress genes; Transposition; Bacteriophages

Editors and their specialist fields:

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Sergio Casella, Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie, Agripolis, Università di Padova, Via dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy. Tel.: 39 049 827 2922; fax: 39 049 827 2929; e-mail: sergio.casella@unipd.it
Microbial physiology; Microbial biotechnology; Soil microbiology; Plant–bacteria interaction; Nitrogen metabolism

Wolfgang Kneifel, Department of Food Science and Technology, ‘BOKU’-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria. Tel.: 43 1 36006-6290; fax: 43 136006 6266;
e-mail: wolfgang.kneifel@boku.ac.at
Food fermentation; Lactic acid bacteria; Microbiological quality criteria of foods; Bacterial strain safety and virulence; Product development and quality assessment of functional foods (pro- and prebiotics); Food safety (hygiene issues)

Linda M. Harvey, University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Fermentation Centre, SIPBS, 161 Cathedral Street, Glasgow G4 ORE. Tel.: + 44 141 548 2056; fax: + 44 141 552 2562; e-mail: l.m.harvey @strath.ac.uk
Industrial microbiology, microbial cell culture, fermentation, bioprocesses, stress in microbial cell factories

Michael Sauer, Department of Biotechnology, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria. Tel.: 43 1 3180078; fax: 43 1 3180078; e-mail: michael.sauer@boku.ac.at
Industrial microbiology; microbial production of chemicals, particularly organic acids; metabolic analyses and metabolic engineering; stress resistance/strain robustness of microbial cell factories; Synthetic biology

Gerard Wall, Microbiology, NUI Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland. Tel.:353 91 495808; fax: 353-91-494598; e-mail: gerard.wall@nuigalway.ie
Microbial biotechnology; Recombinant proteins; Protein expression; Microbial cell factories; Protein engineering; Functional biomaterials; Protein immobilisation; Recombinant antibodies

ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY;

PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS

Hermann Bothe, Botanical Institute, University of Cologne, D-50923 Köln, Germany. Tel.: 49 221 470 2760; fax: 49 221 470 5039; email: hermann.bothe@uni-koeln.de
Plant-microbe interactions, particularly between mycorrhiza and plant growth-promoting bacteria; Metabolism, molecular biology and ecology of cyanobacteria; Molecular microbial ecology, particularly of bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle

Tim Daniell, Environmental Plant Interactions, SCRI, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)1382 562731; fax: 44 (0)1382 568502; e-mail: t.daniell@scri.ac.uk
Soil microbial ecology; Plant-microbe interactions in the context of nitrification and denitrification processes; Structure and function of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses

Paolina Garbeva, The Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Droevendaalsesteeg 10, 6708 PB Wageningen, Postbus 50, 6700 AB Wageningen, The Netherlands. Tel.: 131(0)317 473 400;
fax: 131(0)473 675; e-mail: p.garbeva@nioo.knaw.nl
Microorganisms in terrestrial ecosystems; Soil microbial diversity and community structure; Plant-microbe interactions; Bacterial interspecific interactions; Production of antimicrobial compounds; Fungal–bacterial interactions; Soil fungistasis and general soil suppressiveness; Differential gene expression

Bernard R. Glick, Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1. Tel.: 1 519 888 4567 x32058; fax: 1 519 746 0614; e-mail: glick@sciborg.uwaterloo.ca
Plant-bacterial interactions; Use of bacteria to ameliorate abiotic and biotic stress; Plant growth-promotion mechanisms; Phytoremediation; Bacterial hormone production; Lowering of plant ethylene levels by bacteria; Bacterial antifreeze proteins; Pseudomonas; Rhizobia; Burkholderia

J. Colin Murrell, School of Environmental Sciences, Norwich Research Park, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)16 03 592 959 (office), 44 (0)16 03 592 239 (lab); fax: 44 (0)16 03 591 327; webpage: www.uea.ac.uk/env/people/facstaff/murrellc; e-mail: j.c.murrell@uea.ac.uk
Molecular microbial ecology, particularly of bacteria involved in biogeochemical cycles; Physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology/genetics of C1metabolism/methylotrophic bacteria; Microbiology of atmospheric trace gases; Di-iron centre monooxygenases

Yaacov Okon, Dept. of Plant Pathology & Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural, Food & Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Rehovot Campus, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.
Tel.: 972 8 948 9216; fax: 972 8 946 6794; e-mail: okon@agri.huji.ac.il
Plant growth promoting bacterial-rhizosphere associations; Symbiotic and non-symbiotic biological nitrogen fixation; Physiology and ecology of Azospirillum as a model system for rhizosphere studies

Aharon Oren, The Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Jerusalem, Israel. Tel.: 972 2 658 4951; fax: 972 2 652 8008; e-mail: aharon.oren@mail.huji.ac.il
Microbial ecology and physiology; Halophilic microorganisms; Photosynthetic prokaryotes

Stefan Sievert, Biology Dept, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA. Tel.: 1 508 289 2305; fax: 1 508 457-2076; e-mail: ssievert@whoi.edu
Sulfur cycling (particularly sulfur oxidation); Carbon fixation; (Hyper) Thermophiles; Microbial ecology and physiology, in particular in relation to chemosynthetic ecosystems; Microbial oceanography

Andreas Stolz, Institut für Mikrobiologie, Universität Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany. Tel.: 49 711 685 65489; fax: 49 711 685 65725; e-mail: andreas.stolz@imb.uni-stuttgart.de
Biocatalysis; Biotransformations; Biodegradation; Nitrile-converting enzymes; Oxygenases; Metabolism of sulfonic acids and azo dyes; Physiology and genetics of sphingomonads

EUKARYOTIC CELLS

Albert Descoteaux, INRS - Institute Armand-Frappier, 531 Blvd des Prairies, Laval, QC, Canada H7V 1B7. Tel.: 11 450 687 5010 ext. 4465; fax: 11 450 686 5501; e-mail: albert.descoteaux@iaf.inrs.ca
Leishmania; Host-pathogen interactions; Phagocytosis; Cellular microbiology; Intracellular signaling

Jan Dijksterhuis, CBS Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Uppasalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel.: 31 30 2122654; fax: 131 30 2512097; e-mail: dijksterhuis@cbs.knaw.nl
Fungal cell biology; Food mycology; Fungal pathogenicity; Morphogenesis of fungi; Spore germination; Cell- and Spore survival; Fungal ultra structure

Stefan Olsson, University of Copenhagen, Life Science Faculty, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark. Tel.: 45 (0)35 332 646; fax: 45 (0)35 332 606; e-mail: sto@life.ku.dk
Fungal physiology; secondary metabolites; fungal eco-physiology; fungal stress physiology and fungal-bacterial interations (bacterial biological control of plant pathogens)

Stefanie Pöggeler, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Department of Genetics of Eukaryotic Microorganisms, Grisebachstr. 8, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. Tel.: 49 551 3913930; fax: 49 551 3910123; e-mail: spoegge@gwdg.de
Fungal genetics; Fungal cell biology; Morphogenesis of fungi; Sexual reproduction of fungi; Fungal inteins, protein splicing and intein applications

Claire Remacle, Genetics of Microorganisms, Department of Life Sciences B22, University of Liege, Bld du Rectorat 27, B-4000, Liege, Belgium. Tel.: 32 4366 3812; fax: 32 4366 3840; e-mail: c.remacle@ulg.ac.be
The function and biogenesis of mitochondria and chloroplasts; Genetics and molecular biology of lower eukaryotes with emphasis on cell organelles

Pauline Schaap, Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)1382 348078; fax: 44 (0)1382 345386; e-mail: p.schaap@dundee.ac.uk
Cellular and developmental biology of social amoebae; Signal transduction, especially the role of cyclic nucleotide signalling pathways in the regulation of developmental decisions, sporulation and stress responses

Derek Sullivan, Division of Oral Biosciences, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland. Tel.: 353 1 612 7275; fax: 353 1 612 7295; e-mail: Derek.Sullivan@dental.tcd.ie
Analysis of molecular pathogenesis; Epidemiology of yeast pathogens; Candida; Virulence; Antifungal drug resistance

GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Rustam I. Aminov, University of the West Indies, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica. Tel.: 1876 977 4342; fax: 1876 977 7852; e-mail: rustam.aminov@gmail.com
Bacterial genetics; Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance; Molecular ecology; Phylogeny; Intestinal microbiology; Microbial genetics; Bioinformatics

Roger S. Buxton, Division of Mycobacterial Research, National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)20 8816 2225; fax: 44 (0)20 8906 4477;
e-mail: rbuxton@nimr.mrc.ac.uk
Mycobacteria, especially pathogenesis; Microbial genetics and molecular biology; Gene regulation; Two-component signal transduction

Richard Calendar, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, 506 Barker Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3202, USA. Tel.: 1 510 642 5951; fax: 1 510 642 7038; e-mail: rishard@berkeley.edu
Bacteriophage; Microbial genetics; Escherichia coli; Listeria monocytogenes; Bacillus anthracis

Karl Forchhammer, Institut für Mikrobiologie und Molekularbiologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, D-35392, Giessen, Germany. Tel.: 49 7071 2972096; fax: 49 641 9935 549;
e-mail: karl.forchhammer@uni-tuebingen.de
Physiology and molecular genetics of cyanobacteria; Microbial nitrogen control; Bacterial signal transduction through serine/threonine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation

Rob P. Gunsalus, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, 1602 MSB, University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095,USA. Tel.: 1 310 206 8201; fax: 1 310 206 5231; e-mail: robg@microbio.ucla.edu Molecular genetics; Microbial physiology; Methanogenesis; Anaerobic cell function; Electron transport; Metabolism

Derek J. Jamieson, School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)131 451 3644; fax: 44 (0)131 451 3009; e-mail: d.j.jamieson@hw.ac.uk
Molecular biology; Genetics and biochemistry of yeasts

Andre Klier, Dépt des Biotechnologies, Unit´e de Biochemie Microbienne, Institut Pasteur, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris, Cedex 15, France. Tel.: 33 1 44 27 6995; fax: 33 1 44 27 6995; e-mail: aklier@pasteur.fr Molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry and physiology of Gram-positive bacteria

Ezio Ricca, Dipartimento di Fisiologia Generale ed Ambientale, Universitā Federico II, Via Mezzocannone 16, 80134, Naples, Italy. Tel.: 39 81 253 4636; fax: 39 81-551 4437; e-mail: ericca@cds.unina.it
Bacterial differentiation; Sporulation; Gene expression in gram-positive bacteria; Bacteria as vaccine vehicles and as probiotics; Display of molecules on bacterial surfaces

Wolfgang Schumann, Institute of Genetics, Universität Bayreuth, D-95440, Bayreuth, Germany. Tel.: 49 921 552 708; fax: 49 921 552 710; e-mail: wschumann@uni-bayreuth.de
Bacterial genetics, especially stress genes; Transposition; Bacteriophages

Marco R. Soria, Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry, Section Biochemistry, via Ponte don Melillo, 84084-Fisciano (SA), Italy. Tel.: 39 089 96 9515; fax: 39 089 96 9603;
e-mail: msoria@unisa.it
Functional genomics of host-parasite interactions; Regulation of gene expression; Angiogenesis

GENOMICS, BIOINFORMATICS AND SYSTEMS BIOLOGY

Michael Y. Galperin, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA. Tel.: 11 301 435 5910; fax: 11 301 435 7794; e-mail: mygalperin@gmail.com
Microbial genomics; Bioinformatics; Modeling of metabolic pathways; Evolution of metabolism

Jan-Ulrich Kreft, Centre for Systems Biology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. Tel.: 44 121 414 8851; e-mail: j.kreft@bham.ac.uk
Environmental microbiology; Population dynamics; Mathematical modelling; Biofilms; Social behaviour; Systems biology

Peter Lund, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. Tel.: 144 121 414 5583; fax: 144 121 414 5925; e-mail: p.a.lund@bham.ac.uk
Bacterial and archaeal stress responses; Regulation of gene expression including comparative transcriptomics; Molecular chaperones in bacteria and archaea; Protein folding; Basic archaeal cell and molecular biology

Olga N. Ozoline, Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya str., Bld. 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation. Tel.: 7 4967 73 91 40; fax: 7 4967 33 05 09; e-mail: ozoline@rambler.ru Molecular microbiology; Gene expression and regulation by transcription factors and untranslated RNAs; Antisense RNAs; Bioinformatics in promoter modeling; Functional relations in living cells

David Studholme, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, UK. Tel.: 144 1392 493321; fax: 144 1392 263434; e-mail: d.j.studholme@exeter.ac.uk
Bioinformatics; Genomics of plant pathogenic bacteria and oomycetes; Computational approaches to gene regulation; Next-generation sequencing technologies

PATHOGENICITY INCLUDING VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY

Michael J. Bidochka, Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, Glenridge Ave 500, ON, St. Catharines, Canada L2S 3A1. Tel.: 1 905 688 5550 ext. 3392; fax: 1 905 688 1855; e-mail: bidochka@brocku.ca Microbial pathogenicity, especially pathogenic fungi; Microbial population genetics and phylogeography

David Clarke, Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. Tel.: 353 (0) 21 4903624; fax: 353 (0) 21 4903101; e-mail: david.clarke@ucc.ie
Biofilm formation, particularly in Gram negative bacteria; Two-component signal transduction; Bacteria–host interactions, especially pathogenicity and mutualism

Holger B. Deising, Faculty of Agriculture, Phytopathology and Plant Protection, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ludwig-Wucherer Strasse 2, D-06099, Halle, Germany. Tel.: 49 345 552 2660; fax: 49 345 552 7120; e-mail: holger.deising@landw.uni-halle.de
Fungal pathogenicity and virulence; Fungus-plant interactions, especially biochemistry and molecular biology of fungus–plant interactions; Fungal morphogenesis, especially infection structure differentiation; Fungicide resistance

Mark C. Enright, Biocontrol Limited, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire MK44 1LQ, UK. Tel.: 44 845 680 0971; fax: 44 845 680 0972; e-mail: mce@ampliphibio.com
Staphylococcus aureus; Streptococci; MRSA; Molecular epidemiology and evolution; Antibiotic resistance; Virulence; Physiology and genetics of streptococci; Bacteriophages; Genomics; Synthetic biology

Séamus Fanning, UCD-Centre for Food Safety, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy & Population Science, University College Dublin, UCD Centre for Molecular Innovation & Drug Discovery [room S1.04], Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Tel.: 353 1 716 2869; Fax: 353 1 716 1147; e-mail: sfanning@ucd.ie
Antimicrobial resistance mechanisms associated with food-borne zoonotic pathogens; Role of efflux pumps in MDR; Mobile genetic elements and horizontal gene transfer; Molecular sub-typing bacterial isolate characterization; Pathogenicity markers of food-borne zoonotic/ non-zoonotic bacteria

J. Ross Fitzgerald, Centre for Infectious Diseases, The Chancellor’s Building, New Royal Infirmary, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4SB, Scotland, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)131 2429376; fax: 44 (0)131 2429385;
e-mail: ross.fitzgerald@ed.ac.uk
Evolutionary genomics; Population genetics; Bacterial pathogenesis (particularly of staphylococci); Bacteriophages

Jan-Ingmar Flock, Department of Microbiology, Tumour and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Box 280, SE-17177, Stockholm, Sweden. Tel.: 46 8 5248 6228; fax: 46 8 711 3918; e-mail: jan-ingmar.flock@ki.se
Genetics and virulence factors of staphylococci; Adherence of gram-positive bacteria; Experimental infection models in animals; Microbial immunity and vaccines against gram-positive bacteria; Function of antibodies against surface structures

Klaus Hantke, Mikrobiologie/Membranphysiologie, Universität Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany. Tel.: 49 7071 297 4645; fax: 49 7071 295 843; e-mail: hantke@uni-tuebingen.de
Bacterial metal transport and regulation, especially iron, manganese and zinc; Functions of outer membrane and periplasmic proteins of gram-negative bacteria; Colicins and microcins; Pathogenicity and iron

Akio Nakane, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan. Tel.: 81 172 39 5032; fax: 81 172 39 5034;
e-mail: a27k03n0@cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp
Bacterial pathogenicity, especially intracellular bacteria and Gram-positive cocci; Immune response to infection and vaccines; Experimental infection in animal models

Marilyn C. Roberts, Department of Pathobiology 357238, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 981985, USA. Tel.: 1 206 543 8001; fax: 1 206 543 3873; e-mail: marilynr@u.washington.edu
Antibiotic and heavy metal resistance mechanisms, exchange of resistance genes within and between ecosystems and their impact on public health; Bacteria associated with dental caries, periodontal disease and oral microflora; Detection of bacteria and specific genes using molecular methods; Molecular epidemiology

Mark Schembri, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Building 76, QLD 4072, Brisbane, Australia. Tel.: 61 7 3365 3306; fax: 61 7 3365 4699; e-mail: m.schembri@uq.edu.au
Biofilms; Vaccine development; Microbial pathogenicity, especially gram-negative bacteria; Bacterial adhesins; Bacterial gene regulation and DNA microarrays; Bacterial display systems

Stefan Schwarz, Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Höltystr.10, D-31535 Neustadt-Mariensee, Germany. Tel.: 49 5034 871 241; fax: 49 5034 871 246; e-mail: stefan.schwarz@fli.bund.de Antibiotic resistance mechanisms; Pathogenicity; Molecular biology of Staphylococci; Molecular epidemiology; Pasteurellaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, Bordetella; Mobile genetic elements and horizontal gene transfer; Gram-positive cocci

Craig Shoemaker, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, 990 Wire Road, Auburn, AL 36832, USA. Tel.: 1 334 887 3741; fax: 1 334 887 2983; e-mail: craig.shoemaker@ars.usda.gov
Fish microbiology; Fish pathogenicity; Immunology and vaccine development in fish species

Stephen Smith, Department of Clinical Microbiology, St. James’s Hospital,Trinity College, Stone Building 8, Dublin, Ireland. Tel.: 353 1 608 8590; fax: 353 1 473 8902; e-mail: sgsmith@tcd.ie
Microbial pathogenicity; Outer membrane proteins; Gram-negative outer membrane proteins; Gram-negative bacteria; Bacterial gene regulation; Bacterial adhesion and invasion; Fimbriae and pili

Arnoud H. M. van Vliet, Institute of Food Research, Section Molecular Microbiology, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK. Tel.: 44 1603 255250; fax: 44 1603 255288; e-mail: arnoud.vanvliet@bbsrc.ac.uk Bacterial gene regulation; Microbial pathogenesis and genetics, especially of Helicobacter and Campylobacter; Microbial metal metabolism

Craig Winstanley, Division of Medical Microbiology, Duncan Building, University of Liverpool, Daulby street, Liverpool L69 3GA, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)151 706 4388; fax: 44 (0)151 706 5805; e-mail: c.winstanley@liv.ac.uk Pseudomonas; Burkholderia; Pathogenicity islands; Pathogenicity of and variation amongst gram-negative bacteria

PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

Matthias Brock, Leibniz Institut für Naturstoff-Forschung und Infektionsbiologie, Hans-Knöll-Institut, Mikrobielle Biochemie und Physiologie, Beutenbergstr. 11a, 07745 Jena, Germany. Tel.: 149 (0) 3641 5321710;
fax: 149 (0) 3641 656825; email: matthias.brock@hki-jena.de
Fungal physiology and biochemistry; Primary metabolism; Fungal virulence determinants; Protein purification; Heterologous protein production

Robert A. Burne, Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry (Room D5-18), University of Florida, 1600 S.W. Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Tel.: 1 352 392 4370; fax: 1 352 392 7357;
e-mail: rburne@dental.ufl.edu
Biofilms; Oral microbiology; Environmental regulation of bacterial gene expression; Streptococci; Stress tolerance

Jeff A. Cole, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)121 414 5440; fax: 44 (0)121 414 5925; e-mail: j.a.cole@bham.ac.uk
Bacterial cytochrome biosynthesis and electronic transfer pathways; Microbial physiology, especially the regulation of anaerobic metabolism of enteric bacteria; Nitrate and nitrite reduction by bacteria; Microbial pathogenicity of gonococci

Christiane Dahl, Institut für Mikrobiologie und Biotechnologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 168, D-53115 Bonn, Germany. Tel.: 49 228 732 119; fax: 49 228 737 576; e-mail: chdahl@uni-bonn.de
Physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics of anoxygenic phototropic bacteria; Microbial sulfur metabolism; Electron transport

Anthony M. George, Dept of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123 (Broadway), NSW 2007, Sydney, Australia. Tel.: 61 2 9514 4158; fax: 61 2 9514 4003; e-mail: tony.george@uts.edu.au
Membrane transport; Molecular biology and biochemistry of multidrug resistance in bacteria and higher organisms; ABC transporters; Bacterial resistance to antibiotics

Paul A. Hoskisson, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Hamnett Wing, 161 Cathedral Street, Glasgow G4 0RE, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)141 548 2819; fax: 44 (0)141 548 4124; e-mail: paul.hoskisson@strath.ac.uk
Streptomyces; Corynebacterium; Antiobiotic biosynthesis; metabolic engineering; Sporulation; Developmental biology; Protein evolution; Genomics; Bacteriophage and bacteriophage resistance; Synthetic biology

Juan Imperial, Depto. Biotecnología, ETS Ingenieros Agrónomos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and CSIC, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Tel.: 34 91 336 5759; fax: 34 91 336 5757; e-mail: juan.imperial@upm.es
Microbial physiology, metabolism and biochemistry; Nitrogen fixation and nitrogenases; Hydrogen metabolism and hydrogenases; Rhizobacteria (free living and symbiotic); Metal microbiology, especially Mo, W, V and Ni; Agricultural microbiology; Soil microbial ecology and microbial diversity

Dieter Jahn, Institute for Microbiology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Spielmannstr. 7, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany. Tel.: 49 531 391 5804; fax: 49 531 391 5854; e-mail: d.jahn@tu-bs.de
Bacterial biochemistry and bioenergetics; Enzyme mechanisms; Tetrapyrroles; Control of bacterial gene expression

Abelardo Margolles, Instituto de Productos Lácteos de Asturias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Crta. de Infiesto, s/n, 33300-Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain. Tel.: 34 985 89 21 31; fax: 34 985 89 22 33; e-mail: amargolles@ipla.csic.es
Probiotics; Lactic acid bacteria; Lactococcus; Lactobacillus; Bifidobacterium; Stress response mechanisms; Antibiotic resistance mechanisms in lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacterias; Host-gutmicrobiota interactions; Food microbiology; Intestinal microbiology

Wilfrid J. Mitchell, School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK. Tel.: 44 (0)131 451 3459; fax: 44 (0)131 451 3009; e-mail: w.j.mitchell@hw.ac.uk
Regulation of bacterial gene expression; Solute transport, particularly the bacterial phosphotransferase system

Skorn Mongkolsuk, Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, 10210 Bangkok, Thailand. Tel.: 662 574 0623 ext. 3816; fax: 662 574 2027; e-mail: scsmk@mahidol.ac.th
Environmental microbiology; Plant-microbe interactions; Regulation of gene expression; Bacterial biochemistry, physiology and genetics of stresses and metals

Marco Moracci, Institute of Protein Biochemistry-CNR, Via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy. Tel.: 39 081 613 2271; fax: 39 081 613 2277; e-mail: m.moracci@ibp.cnr.it
Physiology and biochemistry of hyperthermophilic bacteria and archaea; Control of gene expression in thermophilic archaea; Biotechnological applications of enzymes from extremophiles

Sylvie Rimsky, Enzymologie et Cinétique Structurale, LBPA, UMR 8113, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan/CNRS, Université Paris XI, Avenue du Président Wilson 61, 94235 Cachan Cedex, France. Tel: 33 1 4740 7676; fax : 33 1 4740 7684 ; e-mail: sylvie.rimsky@lbpa.ens-cachan.fr
Protein-DNA interaction; Bacterial chromatin organisation; Protein–protein interaction (non-membrane); DNA chemical/enzymatic reactivity; "nucleoid" and nucleoid associated proteins

Kendra Rumbaugh, Department of Surgery, MS 8312, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, Texas 79430. Tel.: 806 743 2460 264 (office), 806 743 2460 247/258 (lab); fax: 806 743 2113. e-mail: kendra.rumbaugh@ttuhsc.edu
Bacterial cell-cell communication; Quorum sensing; Interkingdom signaling; Pseudomonas; Biofilms; Microbial pathogenesis; Animal models of infection; Host-response

Lígia Saraiva, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica. Av Republica (EAN) 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal. Tel.: 351214469328; fax: 351 21 4411277; e-mail: lst@itqb.unl.pt
Nitrosative stress; Carbon Monoxide and Bacteria; Biosynthesis of metal centers in proteins; Staphylococcus aureus; Helicobacter pylori; Escherichia coli; Biochemistry; Microbiology; Molecular Genetics; Transcriptomics

Simon Silver, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Room E-704,University of Illinois, S. Wolcott Avenue 835,Chicago, IL-60612-7344, USA. Tel.: 1 312 996 9608; fax: 1 312 996 6415; e-mail: simon@uic.edu
Bacterial membrane transport; Metal-resistance mechanisms; Gram-positive bacteria and pseudomonads; Molecular genetics and biochemistry

Alexander Steinbuchel, Institut für Molekulare Mikrobiologie und Biotechnologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Correnstraße 3, D-48149, Münster, Germany. Tel.: 49 251 833 9821; fax: 49 251 833 8388; e-mail: steinbu@uni-muenster.de
Metabolism and biotechnological production of biopolymers (Polyesters, Cyanophycin and other poly (amino acids)); Microbial degradation of rubber

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