Acta Neurologica Scandinavica

Cover image for Vol. 136 Issue 2

Edited By: Elinor Ben-Menachem

Impact Factor: 3.087

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 67/194 (Clinical Neurology)

Online ISSN: 1600-0404

Author Guidelines

NIH Public Access Mandate
For those interested in the Wiley-Blackwell policy on the NIH Public Access Mandate, please visit our policy statement

Author Guidelines

Before a paper is submitted, authors should consult a current issue of Acta Neurologica Scandinavica for style and format.

Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere, and has been read and approved by all authors. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that they automatically agree to grant Blackwell Munksgaard the exclusive licence to publish it if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Granting this exclusive licence is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless the licence has been granted.

The work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the publisher. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases or retrieval systems without the written permission of the publisher.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below: CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA): Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license: Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

Ithenticate Acta Neurologica Scandinavica employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

All clinical trials must be approved by the local ethics committee. This should be stated in the article in the methods section. For randomized clinical trials please follow the requirements set down by the consort statement to be found at:

Articles must be written in correct scientific English suitable for publication. Although articles are subject to review and editing, the journal does not hold itself responsible for all statements made by contributors.

Peer review. All submitted material will be subject to peer review, but manuscripts can be rejected based on in-house assessment alone. That decision will be communicated rapidly. Currently around 30% of submitted manuscripts are accepted for publication, usually after modification suggested by the reviewers.

Manuscripts. The first 10 pages in the original articles are free of charge. For excess pages, the charge is GBP 60 per printed page.

Please submit your manuscript online: Please make sure to upload your complete manuscript file, including the author page and the abstract, even though it is also required to fill in these details on ScholarOne Manuscripts. Manuscript files should be submitted as files prepared in MS Word.

Title page
The first page should contain only the title of the article, the authors’ names and institutions, and the full postal address of the author to whom communications and proofs are to be sent, and from whom offprints are to be requested. A second page should include a brief running title.

All contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.

Conflict of Interest and Sources of Funding
Authors are required to disclose all sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for their study. Suppliers of materials (for free or at a discount from current rates) should be named in the source of funding and their location (town, state/county, country) included. Other suppliers will be identified in the text. If no funding has been available other than that of the author's institution, this should be specified upon submission. Authors are also required to disclose any potential conflict of interest. These include financial interests (for example patent, ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fee,) or provision of study materials by their manufacturer for free or at a discount from current rates. Author's conflict of interest (or information specifying the absence of conflicts of interest) and the sources of funding for the research will be published under a separate heading entitled "Conflict of Interest and Sources of Funding Statement". See for generally accepted definitions.

1. Original articles
1.1. The text is limited to:
• less than 3,000 words not including abstracts, figure legends and references (please supply a word count).
• up to 35 references of American Medical Association (AMA) style
• up to 6 figures or tables (total)
1.2. If longer, in the cover letter, reasons for increase in length, figure or table number or reference number should be stated.
1.3. Reports of randomized clinical trials should, if possible, conform to CONSORT guidelines
1.4. The number of authors should be limited to 8 (if more, justification should be provided)
1.5. Title
• should be concise and descriptive (not declarative).
• 10 words or less
1.6. Short title of less than 50 characters
1.7. Abstract: 250 words structured as follows:
• Objectives (including the aims of the study)
• Materials & methods. If space is short, report only the primary outcomes
• Results
• Conclusions
1.8. Key words: 3–8, listed in alphabetical order
1.9. Arrange the article’s text:
• Introduction
• Material & methods
• Results
• Discussion
• Acknowledgements
• Conflicts of interest (or lack of)
• References

2. Review articles
2.1. The text is limited to:
• less than 7,000 words not including abstracts, figure legends and references (please supply a word count).
• up to 150 references of AMA style (if more, justification should be provided)
• figures and tables are important in review papers and up to 10 figures or tables (total) can beincluded in the text.
2.2. Title
• should be concise and descriptive (not declarative).
• length less than 100 characters
2.3. The number of authors should be limited to 5 (if more, justification should be provided)
2.4. Short title of less than 50 characters
2.5. Abstract: 250 words unstructured summary.
2.6. Key words: 3–8, listed in alphabetical order
2.7. Acknowledgements
2.8 Conflicts of interest (or lack of)

3. Clinical commentaries
3.1. The text is strictly limited to
• less than 1,500 words not including abstracts, figure legends and references (please supply a word count)
• up to 15 references of AMA style (if more, justification should be provided)
• up to 4 figures or tables (total)
3.2. Title
• should be concise and descriptive (not declarative)
• length less than 100 characters
3.3. Short title of less than 50 characters
3.4. The number of authors should be limited to 8 (if more, justification should be provided)
3.5. Abstract: 200 words structured as follows:
• background
• aims of the study
• methods
• results
• conclusions
3.6. Acknowledgements
3.7. Conflicts of interest (or lack of)
3.8. Key words: 3–8, listed in alphabetical order.

4. Letters to the editor
4.1. Letter to the editor are welcome if they refer to an article published in Acta Neurologica Scandinavica.
4.2. The letter should arrive in an electronic file on the desk of the Editor within two months after the publication of the article.
4.3. The letter will be sent to the author of the article, who will have 6 weeks to answer.
4.4. After the reply, no further correspondence will be accepted
4.5. Letters are not peer reviewed.

References. We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

The style of citations and references must conform to that of the 'Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals' as stated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (BMJ 1991;302:338–341). These should be kept to the pertinent minimum and numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text, in accordance with the AMA system. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by arabic numerals (in parentheses). References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification of that figure or table in the text. Use the style of the examples following, which are based on Index Medicus. Try to avoid using abstracts as references. Include manuscripts accepted, but not published; designate the abbreviated title of the journal followed by (in press). Information from manuscripts not yet accepted should be cited in the text as personal communication. The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.

Standard journal article
List all authors when 6 or less; when 7 or more, list only the first 3 and add et al. All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance and should be as complete as possible. In text citations should cite references in consecutive order using Arabic superscript numerals. Sample references follow:

Journals: King VM, Armstrong DM, Apps R, Trott JR. Numerical aspects of pontine, lateral reticular, and inferior olivary projections to two paravermal cortical zones of the cat cerebellum. J Comp Neurol 1998;390:537-551.

Chapter in book: McElroy WD. Biomedical Aspects of Population Control. In: Leisner RS, Kormindy EJ, eds. Poupulation and Food. Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown Co.; 1991:11–15.

URL: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010 (conference ed., 20 vols). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000. Accessed April 6, 2012.

Illustrations. All figures should clarify the text and their number be kept to a minimum. Submit two copies of each illustration, identifying them with a label on the back that indicates the number, title of article and the top. Line drawings should be professionally drawn; half-tones should exhibit high contrast. Details must be large enough to retain their clarity after reduction. Figure legends must be typed on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Where possible, authors should send digital versions of each figure saved as a separate file in TIFF or EPS format. See for more information on submitting electronic artwork.

Tables. Tables should be typed on separate sheets numbered with arabic numerals, and have a self-explanatory heading.

Guidelines for Cover Submissions. If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines.

Abbreviations and symbols. Use: Units, symbols and abbreviations. A guide for biological and medical editors and authors, 1994. The Royal Society of Medicine, 1 Wimpole Street, London W1M 8AE, England. Unfamiliar terms or abbreviations should be given in full at first mention. All units should be metric. Use no roman numerals; in decimals use the decimal point, not the comma.

Supporting Information. Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior ro publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on the recommended files types and requirements for submission, please visit:

Proofs. The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.

Early View. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica is covered by Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections incorporated. Authors cannot make changes to their articles after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows each article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the articles.

Online Open. OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Offprints. Offprints without covers can be ordered on the form accompanying the proofs.

Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Supplements. Papers to be published as supplements should be submitted to the Editor. Authors should follow the instructions given above. The quality of language must meet the standards of the journal. All costs for translation or linguistic revision, as well as all printing costs, must be paid by the author. Information about distribution, text on cover and title page, printing costs, etc., can be obtained from the Journals Department, Blackwell Munksgaard: 1 Rosenørns Alle, 1970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Case reports. We work together with Wiley’s open access journal, Clinical Case Reports, to enable rapid publication of good quality case reports that we are unable to accept for publication in our journal. Authors of case reports rejected by our journal may be offered the option of having their manuscript, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Clinical Case Reports editorial team. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. Clinical Case Reports will consider case reports from every clinical discipline and may include clinical images or clinical videos. Clinical Case Reports is an open access journal, and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to