Ecology of Freshwater Fish

Cover image for Vol. 26 Issue 1

Edited By: David C. Heins

Impact Factor: 2.052

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 11/52 (Fisheries); 32/104 (Marine & Freshwater Biology)

Online ISSN: 1600-0633

Author Guidelines

Online submission 
To submit an article, please visit Ecology of Freshwater Fish – ScholarOne Manuscripts (S1M). Preference is given to articles of not more than 10 printed pages. Submit the manuscript in English. Prepare your manuscript using a word processing program and save it as a .doc, .rtf or .ps file.  Non-pdf files will automatically be converted to .pdf format.  Image files such as .gif, .eps and .tif may be uploaded.  These will be converted to small .jpg files. The converted .pdf and .jpg files will be the files evaluated during the review process.  The original files that you upload will be saved and can be accessed by the journal office if necessary.  Please be prepared to submit names and email addresses of up to 4 potential reviewers.  Information may also be given to avoid potential conflicts of interests. All manuscripts should have line numbers and page numbers for ease of reviewing.

If you have any questions you can contact the Editor-in-Chief at:

Javier Lobón-Cerviá
Department of Evolutionary Ecology
National Museum of Natural Sciences, C.S.I.C.
C/. Josè Gutierrez Abascal, 2
E-28006 Madrid, Spain
Tel. +34-91-41-11-328/26-18-607
Fax +34-91-564-5078


David C. Heins
Professor & Chair
Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
310 Dinwiddie Hall
Tulane University
New Orleans, LA 70118
Tel:  504-865-5191
Fax:  504-862-8706


Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad
Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis CEES
Department of Biology
University of Oslo
Post Office Box 1066 Blindern
NO-0316 Oslo
Tel: +47 22854640
Fax: +47 22854605

With the submission of any MS, authors are requested to submit:

(1) A covering letter indicating succinctly why the manuscript is novel and of general interest for an international audience. Authors are encouraged to refer to other studies recently published and comment their contents including short abstracts. Authors should state that the manuscript is not currently under consideration in another journal and that all authors agree with the contents of the manuscripts. Only the senior author will be sent an acknowledgment of submission.
(2) Several suitable reviewers (with e-mail addresses) may be suggested. Ecology of Freshwater Fish recognizes conflict of interest. Therefore, authors may also indicate referees they would prefer not to review their manuscripts. Such suggestions will be considered guidelines only and the Editors are under no obligation to follow them. The Editors will select the most appropriate reviewers for each manuscript.

IMPORTANT! All manuscripts sent to authors for revision should be returned to editors within 30 days. Otherwise the manuscript will be considered as a new submission unless an extension is requested in advance of the due date for justified reasons.

Language Requirements - Non English Speaking Authors
Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language. The paper will not be reconsidered if the quality of the initial submission is below this standard. If you feel that your paper could benefit from English language polishing, we recommend that you have your paper professionally edited by a service such as Wiley's English Language Editing Service. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Ecology of Freshwater Fish is concerned with the matter of scientific misconduct, and although it might seem a matter of course to authors, the importance of adhering to all ethical guidelines in connection with scientific publishing must be stressed.

Papers submitted to Ecology of Freshwater Fish should conform to established guidelines for authorship (cf. Authorship of a paper carries with it both the responsibility and credit for the report. All those persons whose names appear as authors should have had substantial involvement in the conception, design, data acquisition, data analysis or interpretation, drafting or revising the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance critical for the completion of the study. They should be able to present and defend appropriate portions of the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is not appropriate, nor is authorship solely for obtaining or providing funding, data collection, or general supervision of the research. All authors must agree on both the submission and entire content of any article bearing their names.

When an article is submitted for consideration by Ecology of Freshwater Fish, the corresponding author must provide a statement that the manuscript conforms to these guidelines and that all authors agree to the submission and content of the article. In cases where there are five (5) authors or more, the corresponding author must state the involvement each author had in the preparation of the manuscript.

Author material archive policy
Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

Types of articles
Fresh Perspectives express new ideas as well as new or controversial perspectives on major research topics of current interest for a broad international audience. These papers are concise and clearly presented. They do not include an abstract, keywords, or subheadings. They should not exceed 1500 words and include a maximum of 15 references.

Articles should not exceed 9000 words in length and have no more than 8 figures and/or tables and 80 references. Word count is for the main text body (excluding title, abstract acknowledgements, references, table and figure legends).

Reviews have no length limit but those no longer than 20 printed pages would be preferable. Reviews should express an overall contribution to the discipline, novel principles emerging over the past years, and indications of new venues for future research. For the submission of a Review, authors should first contact one of the editors and submit an abstract no longer than 300 words. Invited Reviews may be solicited by the editors.

Crossheads - Use no more than 3 levels of crossheads, clearly indicating the level of each.

Title page - The title page should contain the title and authors names, e-mail address for the nominated corresponding author, telephone and telefax numbers and full postal address, including any postcode. Provide a short title to be used as a running headline, up to six keywords and an abstract no longer than 250 words.

Introduction - State the purpose, give only strictly pertinent references and do not review the subject extensively.

Material and methods and study area - Material and methods should be concise but allow confirmation of observations and repetition of the study. The study area may be described under a separate heading before Material and methods.

- Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures. Do not repeat in the text all data in the tables and figures; emphasise or summarise only important observations.

Discussion - Summarise the findings without repeating in detail the data presented in Results. Relate your observations to other relevant studies; point out the implications of the results and their limitations and place them in the context of other work.

Acknowledgements - Acknowledge only people who have substantially contributed to the study and sources of financial support.

References - These should be supplied using the APA style of Reference. References should be cited in the text either:

for PASSIVE text citation: (Wilson, 1999), (Wilson & Singleton, 1999) or (Wilson, Singleton, & Zhou, 1999);

for ACTIVE text citation: Wilson (1999), Wilson and Singleton (1999), or Wilson, Singleton, and Zhou (1999).

Note that when a work has two authors, cite both names every time the reference occurs in text, e.g., Walker and Allen (2004) and (Walker & Allen, 2004). When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs, e.g., Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, and Walsh (2006) or (Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006); subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (not Italicized) and with a period after al and the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph, e.g., Bradley et al., 2006 or Bradley et al. (2006). If there are two or more citations that shorten to the same lead author and date, give as many additional names as needed to identify them, e.g., (Smith, Jones, et al., 1991) and (Smith, Burke, et al., 1991).

The following table summarizes the various forms in which the aforementioned references should be cited in the text:

Type of citation First citation in text 

Subsequent citations in text 

Parenthetical format, first citation in text 

Parenthetical format, subsequent citation in text 

One work by one 

Walker (2007) 

Walker (2007) 

(Walker, 2007) 

 (Walker, 2007)

One work by two authors Walker and Allen (2004 

Walker and Allen (2004) 

(Walker & Allen, 2004)   (Walker & Allen, 2004)
One work by three authors Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (1999) 

Bradley et al. (1999) 

(Bradley, Ramirez, & Soo, 1999) 

 (Bradley et al., 1999)

One work by four authors Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, and Walsh (2006) 

Bradley et al. (2006) 

(Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006) 

 (Bradley et al., 2006)

One work by five authors Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (2008) 

Walker et al. (2008) 

(Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, & Soo, 2008) 

 (Walker et al., 2008)

One work by six or more authors Wasserstein et al. (2005)  Wasserstein et al. (2005)  (Wasserstein et al., 2005)   (Wasserstein et al., 2005)
Groups (readily identified through abbreviation) as authors National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003)  NIMH (2003) (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) 

 (NIMH, 2003)

Groups (no abbreviation) as authors University of Pittsburgh (2005)  University of Pittsburgh (2005)  (University of Pittsburgh, 2005) 

 (University of Pittsburgh, 2005)

Titles of books, periodicals, conference proceedings, and publishers should be supplied in full and not abbreviated. References to material published on the Internet should give the full Universal Reference Locator (URL). Some examples of commonly cited reference formats are:

Journal Article: (Journals, like magazines, and scholarly newsletters, are published on a regular basis. Always write the full title (not an abbreviated version) of the journal. Include the journal issue number (if available) along with the volume number if the journal is paginated separately by issue. Give the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number; do not italicize it. Give inclusive page numbers on which the cited material appears).

Barrett, R. (2002). Mentor supervision and development–exploration of lived experiences. Career Development International, 7(2), 279-283.

Oates, G. L. St. C. (2003), Teacher-Student Racial Congruence, Teacher Perceptions, and Test Performance*. Social Science Quarterly, 84: 508–525. doi:10.1111/1540-6237.8403002

Works (group authors): National Institute of Mental Health. (2003). Bipolar disorder. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services.

Chapter in an Edited Book: (This refers to works in which individual chapters of the book are written by different authors, and these authors are acknowledged at the beginning of the chapters and/or in the table of contents. When citing a chapter of an edited book, the chapter author’s names remain Author, A.; however, the order of the editor’s names changes from Author, A. to A. Author).

Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., ... Botros, N. (1983). Situational crime prevention: Its theoretical basis and practical scope. In M. Tony & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: An annual review of research (pp. 225–256). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Book: Haining, R. (1990). Spatial data analysis in the social and environmental sciences. Cambridge, UK: University of Cambridge Press.

Conference paper/proceedings published in book form: (To cite published proceedings from a book, use the same format as for a book or a book chapter (excepting that the book title is capitalized – as it is the name of a conference). To cite proceedings that are published regularly, use the same format as for a journal).

Duckham, M., Pebesma, E., Stewart, K., & Frank, A. U. (Eds.) (2014). Geographic information science: 8th International Conference, GIScience 2014, Vienna, Austria, September 24-26, 2014. Proceedings. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 8728.

Guex, G. (2014) Spatial graphs cost and efficiency–Exploring edges competition by MCMC. In M. Duckham, E. Pebesma, K. Stewart, & A. U. Frank (Eds.), Geographic Information Science: 8th International Conference, GIScience 2014, Vienna, Austria, September 24-26, 2014, Proceedings (pp. 91-99). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 8728.

Holone, H., Misund, G., & Holmstedt, H. (2007). Users are doing it for themselves: Pedestrian navigation with user generated content. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Applications, Services and Technologies (pp. 91–99). Cardiff, UK: IEEE.

Holone, H., Misund, G., Tolsby, H., & Kristoffersen, S. (2008). Aspects of personal navigation with collaborative user feedback. In Proceedings of the 5th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Building Bridges (pp. 182–191). Lund, Sweden: ACM.

Thesis/Dissertation: Schnittker, J. (2004). Education and the changing shape of the income gradient in health (Unpublished PhD dissertation). Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.

Scientific names - Cite the scientific name, genus and species for every organism at first mention. The generic name may then be abbreviated as an initial capital except if intervening references to other genera would cause confusion. Common names of organisms must be accompanied by the correct scientific name at first mention. Latin names should be italicised (or underlined).

Abbreviations and units - Give the full name of abbreviations at first mention. Invent new abbreviations only for unwieldy names mentioned frequently. Identify abbreviations in the title and abstract and use them sparingly in the introduction and discussion. Use SI and metric units. Use no roman numerals. In decimals use the decimal point, not the comma.

Tables - Number tables consecutively in Arabic numerals following their order in the text. Type each table on a separate sheet and provide a title that makes the table self-explanatory. Give due regard to the proportions of the printed page. Indicate the approximate location desired in the text.

Illustrations - Number all figures consecutively with Arabic numerals. Identify each with a label indicating the author's name at the top. Figures should clarify the text and must be professionally drawn. The details must be large enough to retain clarity after reduction. Half-tones should exhibit high contrast. Avoid using tints if possible; if shading is essential to the understanding of the figure, try to make it coarse. High-quality (laser or equivalent) computer-generated figures are acceptable. Select photographs only to illustrate something that cannot otherwise be adequately shown. Photographs should be original half-plate, glossy, black-and-white prints. Type the legends on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Give due regard to the proportions of the printed page. Indicate the approximate location desired in the text. Line graphs: please place tick marks outside the axes of the graph. Please do not include a border or grid around your figure.

More detailed illustration guidelines for authors can be found at

Supporting Information – Publication of a research article in Ecology of Freshwater Fish dictates that all materials described in the paper will be made available freely (or at a nominal price)  to the academic scientific community for their own use any materials (e.g. strains, clones, antibodies, etc.) used in the experiments described. An investigator who feels that reasonable requests have not been met by the authors should correspond with the Editors. Authors must use the appropriate database to deposit detailed information supplementing submitted papers, and quote the accession number in their manuscripts.
In addition to regular journal material, Ecology of Freshwater Fish offers the opportunity to publish extra material via its website. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. Please note however that only relevant, good quality and material of particular interest will be published on the internet. The material published on the internet cannot be used as sole evidence for the print version of the article.
Authors are responsible for the preparation of supporting information. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:
Authors are encouraged to place all species distribution records in a publicly  accessible database such as the national Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) nodes ( or data centers endorsed by GBIF, including BioFresh (     

The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:

Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Free access to final PDF offprint of the published article will be provided to the corresponding author, and available via Wiley Blackwell Author Services only. Please register for free access by visiting Author Services and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. PDF offprint may be distributed subject to the Publisher’s terms and conditions. Paper offprints of the printed published article may be purchased if ordered via the method stipulated on the instructions that will accompany the proofs. Printed offprints are posted to the correspondence address given for the paper unless a different address is specified when ordered. Note that it is not uncommon for printed offprints to take up to eight weeks to arrive after publication of the journal.

Author Services
Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit Author Services for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
(a) If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs at CTA Terms and Conditions

(b) If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
• Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services.

For more information regarding Creative Commons License, please visit Copyright & License hosted on Wiley Open Access.

For authors funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF):
If you choose OnlineOpen, you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license, supporting you in complying your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy, please visit: and view this video.

Authors who did not select OnlineOpen when they originally accessed the copyright form via Author Services but who subsequently wish to make their articles open access should see the section OnlineOpen. Similarly, authors who wish to switch to the OnlineOpen selection after their article is published online as Early View should see the section OnlineOpen.

Note to NIH Grantees:
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see

With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive.

For the full list of terms and conditions, see Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Early View
Ecology of Freshwater Fish is covered by Wiley Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at:

Last updated on 10 July 2014