European Journal of Oral Sciences

Cover image for Vol. 125 Issue 4

Edited By: Vibeke Baelum

Impact Factor: 1.54

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 40/90 (Dentistry Oral Surgery & Medicine)

Online ISSN: 1600-0722

Author Guidelines

Quick Links: Submission site and Guidelines for the preparation of figures

The European Journal of Oral Sciences (EJOS) is a bimonthly international peer-reviewed non-profit journal in continuous publication since 1893. EJOS publishes original research papers within clinical dentistry, on all basic science aspects of structure, chemistry, developmental biology, physiology and pathology of relevant tissues, as well as on microbiology, biomaterials, and the behavioral sciences as they relate to dentistry. EJOS features Original Articles, Reviews, Focus Articles, Short Communications and Letters to the Editor.

The average time from submission to first editorial decision (to reject or to send for review) is less than 1 wk, and from acceptance to publication is 4-8 wk.

There are no page charges, no page limits, and colour illustrations are printed free of charge.

  • Role of Corresponding Author
    The corresponding author will serve on behalf of all co-authors as the correspondent with the Editorial Office during the submission and review process. When submitting a manuscript, the corresponding author does so in the understanding that the manuscript has not been published before or is being considered for publication elsewhere; that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors; and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the European Journal of Oral Sciences.

    The European Journal of Oral Sciences requires the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID ID when submitting a manuscript.

  • Authorship
    The European Journal of Oral Sciences adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Authorship entails
    (1) substantial contributions to conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work; AND
    (2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
    (3) final approval of the version to be published AND
    (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
    All authors must fulfill all four criteria.

  • Acknowledgements
    It is a requirement that all contributors who meet the criteria for authorship are credited as such. Contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements.

  • Conflict of Interest
    Authors are required to disclose all possible conflicts of interest. These include financial issues (for example patent application or ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker’s fee). Author’s conflict of interest should be detailed in a separate Conflicts of Interest statement, which will be printed in the article.

  • Ethical Approval and Informed Consent
    Experimentation involving human subjects will only be published if such research has been conducted in full accordance with ethical principles, including the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki and the additional requirements, if any, of the country where the research has been carried out.

    Manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each participant and according to the above mentioned principles.

    Animal experiments should be carried out in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) and in accordance with local laws and regulations.

    All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section that the study has been independently reviewed and approved by an Ethical Board, identifying the review and ethics committee for each study.

    Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

  • Clinical Trials
    Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at

    The European Journal of Oral Sciences encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free public clinical trials registries: and clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.

  • Plagiarism and Misconduct
    If the Editors suspect research misconduct, the article in question will be held back until the matter is resolved. The Editors will contact the authors and any appropriate third party to ascertain whether the grounds for investigation are justified.

    If a research paper already published in the European Journal of Oral Sciences is found to be fraudulent, it will be retracted and appropriate steps will be taken to notify both readers of the Journal and the authors’ institution(s). Retractions will include the word ‘Retraction’ in the title, so that they are identified as such in indexing systems, for example PubMed.

    Manuscripts submitted to the European Journal of Oral Sciences are screened for plagiarism using CrossCheck.

  • Permissions
    If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

  • DNA Sequences and Materials Requests
    If a manuscript describes original nucleotide/amino acid sequence data, authors should submit these to GenBank and the accession numbers should appear in the manuscript. Authors of papers published in the Journal are obliged to honor any reasonable request by qualified investigators for unique propagative materials, such as cell lines, hybridomas, DNA clones and antibodies that are described in the paper.

  • Copyright Transfer Agreement
    If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement to sign, on behalf of all authors on the paper. The corresponding author will receive an email with login instructions for Author Services, where it will be possible to sign the license agreement via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS). The article cannot be published until this has been done.

  • OnlineOpen
    If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons Attributions Licenses:
    - Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
    - Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC)
    - Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

    To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit Wiley Author Services and Wiley Open Access

    OnlineOpen is fully compliant with open access mandates – meeting the requirements of funding organizations where these apply. For more information on funder mandates and open access policies please click here.

    If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with national requirements. More information can be found here.

  • Original Articles
    An original article comprises a conclusive, full-length scientific investigation. It describes the rationale behind the study, the materials and methods used, and the results obtained. There should also be a discussion of the implications of the results as well as a list of literature references cited. Original articles will be subjected to peer review.

    Scientific studies investigate phenomena and acquire new knowledge – or correct or integrate previous knowledge. They are based on the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and subject to specific principles of reasoning.

    The European Journal of Oral Sciences gives priority to analytical articles, investigating why and how something occurred rather than reports of empirical observations.

    Pilot studies and papers representing ‘least publishable units’ are not acceptable.

  • Review Articles
    Review articles comprise attempts to synthesize the existing literature pertaining to a specific scientific question using methods and principles of reasoning that are as transparent as possible. It follows that systematic reviews are preferred over narrative reviews. Review articles will be subjected to peer review.

  • Focus Articels
    Focus articles may build on the same principles as the Review article, but are usually shorter and aim at stimulating a broader scientific discussion by ‘contesting conventional wisdom’ and allowing the author(s) to argue a specific point pertaining to a matter of current scientific importance. Focus articles will be subjected to peer review.

  • Short Communications
    Short communications should aim at being no longer than two printed pages. They should contain important, new, definitive information of sufficient significance to warrant publication. Short communications need not follow the usual division into Material and methods etc. but should have a short Abstract. Short communications will be subjected to peer review.

  • Letter to the Editor
    Letters to the Editor should normally not exceed one printed page, including references. These usually pertain to issues spurred by articles published in the Journal. In that case, the authors of the earlier article will be given the opportunity to respond in print.

  • Supplemental Issues
    Congress proceedings, larger papers or monographs may be published as Supplements or Part II issues, the full cost being paid by the congress organizer or other sponsor. Publication is contingent on the proposed Supplemental Issue having a significant scientific value. Further information may be obtained from the Editor-in-Chief.

  • General
    Manuscripts submitted to the European Journal of Oral Sciences should follow journal style, format and language requirements as described in these Author Guidelines and as displayed in recent issues of the Journal.

    Failure to do so reflects negatively on the work itself and may be a cause for requests for immediate revision or even rejection of a manuscript.

  • Language
    The language of publication is English. Wiley offers a wide range of professional pre-submission language and editing services. The services can be found here. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

  • Abbreviations, Symbols and Nomenclature
    Abbreviations of terms, compounds, procedures etc. should be kept to a minimum.

    Correct unit abbreviations should be used. Examples include ‘yr’, ‘wk’, ‘d’, ‘h’, ‘min’, ‘s’ and ‘µm’ rather than ‘years’, ‘weeks’, ‘days’, ‘hrs’, ‘minutes’, ’sec’ and ‘µ’, respectively.

    For abbreviations of physical and chemical units and symbols, designation of isotopically labelled compounds, and abbreviations which may be used without definition, the Biochemical Journal website is a valuable resource.

    Scientific names of bacteria, in italics, must be given in full when first mentioned. Subsequent mention may abbreviate genus, taking care that this abbreviation is unambiguous (Staph. or Strep. instead of S.).

  • Elements of a manuscript
    A manuscript comprises a Main Document, Table documents (if relevant), Figures (if relevant) and Supplemental Information (if relevant).

  • Main document – Original Articles
    The main document includes, in a single electronic file (Word/text file, not pdf):
    • Title page
      The title page should contain the following information only, in the order given:
      1. the article title
      2. authors’ full names without degrees or titles
      3. authors’ institutional affiliations including city and country
      4. a running title, not exceeding 40 letters and spaces
      5. name, address, telephone and e-mail address of the corresponding author
      The title should be concise and informative, include animal species used (if appropriate) and should not include any non-standard acronyms or abbreviations.

      The Journal does not favor titles of an affirmative or interrogative character.

      Even though the information on the Title page is entered as meta-data onto the Journal web-page upon manuscript submission, the Title page must be included in the main document.

    • Abstract Page
      A separate abstract page should contain the following:
      1. authors’ surnames and initials
      2. title of manuscript
      3. the abbreviation Eur J Oral Sci
      4. the word Abstract followed by a summary of the complete manuscript
      5. up to five key words given in 'Medical Subject Headings' list in the US National Library of Medicine
      6. name, address and e-mail address of the author to contact for reprint requests and other post-publication matters. The journal accepts to print only one such author.
      Even though the information on the Abstract page is entered as meta-data onto the Journal webpage, an Abstract page must be included in the main document.

      The author contact information should refer to a professional address and not to a residential/private address. The same applies to the email address.

      The Abstract should give a condensed overview of the study, summarizing the main study components, and state the authors’ principal conclusions.

      It should be short and concise, without headings and not divided into paragraphs, and with a maximum of 200 words.

      Non-standard acronyms or abbreviations are not permitted.

    • Introduction
      This section should motivate the study by giving a short and succinct account of state-of-the-art in the field and clearly state the research question that emanates from this

    • Materials and Methods
      Procedures should be described in sufficient detail to make it possible to repeat the study. Subheadings may be used to improve clarity.

      When applicable, details regarding Ethical Approval and acquisition of Informed Consent should be stated. In human experimentation, informed consent from individuals must have been given. (See under Ethical Approval and Informed Consent)

      Reports of randomized clinical trials must conform to the CONSORT guidelines and will be evaluated in light of the recommendations in this statement (See under Clinical Trials)

      Sources (manufacturers) of supply of commercial products should be given with the address (town, state and country) in parenthesis.

      Correct unit abbreviations should be used (e.g. ‘yr’, ‘wk’, ‘d’, ‘h’, ‘min’, ‘s’ and ‘μm’ rather than ‘years’, ‘weeks’, ‘days’, ‘hrs’, ‘minutes’, ‘sec’ and ‘μ’, respectively)

      For abbreviations of physical and chemical units and symbols; designation of isotopically labelled compounds; and abbreviations which may be used without definition, the Biochemical Journal website is a valuable resource.

      Scientific names of bacteria, binomials in italics, must be given in full when first mentioned. Subsequent mention may abbreviate genus, taking care that this abbreviation is unambiguous (Staph. or Strep. instead of S.)

      If a manuscript describes original nucleotide/amino acid sequence data, these should be submitted to GenBank by the authors and the accession numbers included in the manuscript. (See above under DNA Sequences and Materials Requests)

      Authors of papers published in the Journal are obliged to honor any reasonable request by qualified investigators for unique propagative materials, such as cell lines, hybridomas, DNA clones and antibodies that are described in the paper.

    • Results
      The Results section should clearly and concisely report findings, as a rule in the past (imperfect) tense, without subjective comments and reference to previous literature. Double documentation of data in text, tables or figures is not acceptable. For the sake of clarity, the Results section may have subheadings.

    • Discussion
      The Discussion section presents the interpretation of the findings; this is the only proper section for subjective comments. Authors are strongly urged to avoid undue repetition of what has already been reported in Results. Subheadings are not acceptable. Do not finish with a separate Conclusion section with its own heading.

    • Acknowledgements
      This is the place to specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Acknowledgements may include recognition of e.g., gifts of research material, or assistance with statistics and language. The Acknowledgement section is also the place to acknowledge financial support. As a rule, authors must give information as to how the study was financed.

    • Conflicts of Interest statement
      Specify any potential conflict of interests, or state no conflicts of interest.

    • References
      Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in texts, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals within round brackets (). Check to ensure that all listed references are cited in the text.

      If an author’s name is mentioned in the text, small capital letters should be used, e.g. SMITH (1); SMITH & JOHNSON (2); SMITH et al. (3).

      Material not subjected to peer-review and, if possible, non-English publications should be avoided. Congress abstracts, unaccepted papers, unpublished observations, and personal communications may not be placed in the Reference list. References to ‘unpublished findings’ and to ‘personal communication’ (provided explicit consent has been given by the sources) may be inserted in round brackets in the text.

      Unpublished articles should be referred to only if proof can be given that they are indeed accepted for publication. Copies of such articles should be uploaded as pdf upon manuscript submission to facilitate evaluation of the manuscript.

      Authors are urged to study the examples of correct reference formats given below. For abbreviations of journals, consult the Journals in NCBI Databases.

      List all authors; do not use et al. in the Reference list. Avoid issue numbers in journal articles. Give first and last page of references in full.

      Examples - Journals:
      Standard journal article:
      BALIC A, THESLEFF I. Tissue interactions regulating tooth development and renewal. Curr Top Dev Biol 2015; 115: 157–186.

      Article in supplement or special issue:
      EVERETT ET, YIN Z, YAN D, ZOU F. Fine mapping of dental fluorosis quantitative trait loci in mice. Eur J Oral Sci 2012; 119 (Suppl): 8S–12S.

      Corporate (collective) author:
      WHO COLLABORATING CENTRE FOR ORAL PRECANCEROUS LESIONS. Definition of leukoplakia and related lesions: an aid to studies on oral precancer. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1978; 46: 518–539.

      Unpublished article:
      CIOFFI I, LANDINO D, DUNNARUMMA V, CASTROFLORIO T, LOBBEZOO F, MICHELOTTI A. Frequency of daytime tooth clenching episodes in individuals affected by masticatory muscle pain and pain-free controls during standardized ability tasks. Clin Oral Invest 2016; 20: in press.

      Example - Books and other monographs:
      Personal author(s):
      PINDBORG JJ. Atlas of diseases of the oral mucosa, 5th ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1992; 50–66.

      Chapter in book:
      EVERTS V, BEERTSEN W. External lysosomes. The osteoclast and its unique capacities to degrade mineralized tissues. In: SAFTIG P, ed. Lysosomes. New York: Springer Science Business Media, 2005; 144-155.

      No author given:
      International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (ICD-10). 10th revision, Vol 1. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2013; 868.

    • Figure Legends
      Include Figure Legends after the References section of the Main Document. Legends to Tables should be included with the respective table separately.

  • Main document – Reviews, Focus Articles, Short Communication
    Short Communications need not follow the usual division into Material and Methods etc. but should include a Title page, an Abstract page with a short abstract and a Reference list.

    Review and Focus Articles should include a Title page, an Abstract page and a Reference list as regular Original Research Articles.

    Although a Review article (particularly following a systematic review) may adhere to the format of the Original Research Article, both Review and Focus Articles need not contain Materials and Methods, Results or Discussion sections, and may instead employ other headings as relevant for the topic addressed.

  • Tables
    Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should be submitted as Word/text files (not pdf).
    Each table must be typed on a separate page and should be accompanied by a concise and explanatory legend sufficiently comprehensive to make it understandable without reference to the text.
    A table should be organized with due regard for the proportion of the printed column/page. Wide-format tables must be avoided, as these have to be printed vertically. Only horizontal lines should be used in tables.
    Tables should not include data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences.

  • Figures
    All graphs, drawings, and photographs are considered Figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals.

    Each figure should have a legend that is sufficiently comprehensive to make it understandable without reference to the text. Number figures and list legends after the reference section in the main document.

    Figures should be planned to fit the proportions of the printed page (width 17 cm) or one column (width 8 cm) and be legible at this size.

    Multipanel figures must be arranged by the authors and the panel labels clearly identified – a column layout (vertical arrangement) is preferred over a row layout (horizontal arrangement).

    Information regarding acceptable file formats and the requirements regarding size and resolution are found here.

    Articles will not be published unless the figures fulfill journal quality criteria in terms of scientific information, general style, legibility of text and numbers, as well as electronic format and resolution. Double documentation of data in text, tables or figures is not acceptable. Always consider whether data might be better given in the text or in a table.

  • Supplemental Information
    Additional details of Material and Methods or Results, or additional Tables and Figures may be submitted as Supplemental File for Review on the journal’s homepage. Tables and Figures published this way should be referred to in the paper as Fig. S1, Fig. S2,…. Table S1, Table S2 etc. Supplemental Information will be published electronically with links from the main article on the journal homepage. The quality criteria for files uploaded as Supplemental Information are the same as for files uploaded as Main document, Image or Table as indicated above. Upon acceptance of an article for publication, all Supplemental Information files will be compiled by the Editorial Office into a single pdf file.

  • Submission site
    Manuscripts should be submitted online through ScholarOne Manuscripts. Full instructions and support are available on the website, and a user ID and password can be obtained at the first visit.

    All parts of the manuscript (Main Document, Tables, Figures and Supplemental Information) must be available in an electronic format: Microsoft Word or generic RTF are recommended for text and tables; and TIFF or EPS for graphics (see under Figures)

  • Submission guide
    Take care to fill in meta-data and other required fields appropriately and correctly. This entails checking that the email addresses provided are correct for all authors, just as full institutional details are required for all authors, not just for the corresponding author.

  • File upload
    When you upload a file, you are requested to indicate the File Designation (Main document, Table, Image, Supplemental File for review, or Supplemental File not for review).
    Make sure that each Table is uploaded as a separate text file (named Table 1, Table 2, etc), Each graph or illustration (not single panels of illustrations) should be uploaded as a separate file (named Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc).
    Tables, graphs and text intended as Supplemental information should be uploaded as separate files using the file designation Supplemental information for review for each file.
  • Before submission
    When all files have been uploaded, it is mandatory that you review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before completing your submission. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.