Journal of Periodontal Research

Cover image for Vol. 51 Issue 3

Edited By: Dr. Shinya Murakami

Impact Factor: 2.466

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 16/88 (Dentistry Oral Surgery & Medicine)

Online ISSN: 1600-0765

Author Guidelines

Content of Author Guidelines: 1. General, 2. Ethical Guidelines, 3. Manuscript Submission Procedure, 4. Manuscript Types Accepted, 5. Manuscript Format and Structure, 6. After Acceptance

Journal of Periodontal Research guarantees an effective review and publication process.
Rapid review processing: on average 32 days from submission to first decision
Rapid publication: on average 55 days from acceptance to online availability and Medline indexing

Useful Websites: Submission Site, Author Services, Ethical Guidelines, Guidelines for Figures

The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.



The Journal of Periodontal Research is an international research periodical the purpose of which is to publish original clinical and basic investigations and review articles concerned with every aspect of periodontology and related sciences. Reports of scientific meetings in periodontology and related fields are also published.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Periodontal Research. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley Blackwell's Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


The Journal of Periodontal Research adheres to the below ethical guidelines for publication and research.  

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements
Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript have been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal.

The Journal of Periodontal Research adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisiation of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.

It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements: Under acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Acknowledge only persons who have made substantive contributions to the study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from everyone acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

2.2. Ethical Approvals
All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

2.3 Photographs of People
The Journal of Periodontal Research follows current HIPAA guidelines for the protection of patients/subject privacy. If an individual pictured in a digital image or photograph can be identified, his or her permission is required to publish the image. The corresponding author may submit a letter signed by the patient authorizing the Journal of Periodontal Research to publish the image/photo. Or, a form provided by the Journal of Periodontal Research (available by clicking the “Instructions and Forms” link in Manuscript Central) may be downloaded for your use. This approval must be received by the Editorial Office prior to final acceptance of the manuscript for publication. Otherwise, the image/photo must be altered such that the individual cannot be identified (black bars over eyes, tattoos, scars, etc.). The Journal of Periodontal Research will not publish patient photographs that will in any way allow the patient to be identified, unless the patient has given their express consent.

2.4 Clinical Trials
Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at A CONSORT checklist should also be included in the submission material.

The Journal of Periodontal Research encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free, public clinical trials registries:,, The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.

2.5 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding
Please disclose information concerning sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest under Acknowledgements

2.6 Appeal of Decision
The decision on a paper is final and cannot be appealed.

2.7. Permissions
If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.8. Copyright
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login to Author Services; where via the WIley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign.The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQS below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial - NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open acess agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQ hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)], you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit


Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper is available online and below. For further assistance, please contact the editorial office at

3.1. Getting Started
• Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online Submission Site:
• Log-in or, if you are a new user, click “register here”.
• If you are registering as a new user. 
 - After clicking on 'register here', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.
 - Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next.'
 - Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click 'Finish'.
• If you have an account, but have forgotten your log in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system and enter your email address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.
• Log-in and select “Corresponding Author Center”

3.2. Submitting Your Manuscript
• After you have logged into your “Corresponding Author Center”, submit your manuscript by clicking the submission link under “Author Resources”.
• Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
• Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
• You are required to upload your files.
 - Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
 - Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
 - When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.
• Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

3.3. Manuscript Files Accepted
Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc/.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, figure legends and tables but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

3.4. Blinded Review
All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Periodontal Research will be reviewed by two experts in the field. The Journal of Periodontal Research uses single blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper.

3.5. Suggest a Reviewer
The Journal of Periodontal Research attempts to keep the review process as short as possible to enable rapid publication of new scientific data. In order to facilitate this process, please suggest the names and current email addresses of 2 potential international reviewers whom you consider capable of reviewing your manuscript.

3.6. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process
You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.7. Email Confirmation of Submission
After submission you will receive an email to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation email after 24 hours, please check your email address carefully in the system. If the email address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by some sort of spam filtering on your email server. Also, the emails should be received if the IT department adds our email server ( to their whitelist.

3.8. Manuscript Status
You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central) any time to check your 'Author Centre'. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.9. Submission of Revised Manuscripts
To submit your revised manuscript, locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision'. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript.


Original Articles: must describe significant and original experimental observations and provide sufficient detail so that the observations can be critically evaluated and, if necessary, repeated. Original articles must conform to the highest international standards in the field.

Review Articles: are selected for their broad general interest; all are refereed by experts in the field. Reviews should take a broad view of the field rather than merely summarizing the authors´ own previous work, so extensive citation of the authors´ own publications is discouraged.

Mini Reviews are covering a smaller area and may be written in a more free format.

Short Communications: Short communications, limited to 1-3 pages, including illustrations and references, will be considered for rapid publication. Such papers must be based on work that is of special importance or having the potential for great impact, or a body of work that is complete but of insufficient scope to warrant a full-length paper. Short communications need not follow the usual divisions.

Meeting Reports: Reports of scientific meetings in periodontology and related fields are also published.


5.1. Page Charge
Articles exceeding 7 published pages (including figures and tables) are subject to a charge of GBP70.00 per additional page. For guidance purposes, one published page amounts approximately to 5,500 characters; text should be reduced if figures/tables are included within the 7 pages. If authors are unable to pay additional page fees they will need to reduce the length of their articles.

5.2. Format
: The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscript is professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication

Abbreviations and symbols: Abbreviations should be in accordance with Guidelines laid down by the American Society of Microbiology. Unless they are in common usage (e.g. DNA), all terms must be displayed in full in the key words, and the first time that they appear in the abstract, the main text, tables and figures, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. If an abbreviation is used in the body of figure or table only it must be defined in the figure legend or table footnotes. The symbol % is to be used for percent, h for hour, min for minute, and s for second. In vitro and in vivo are to be italicized. Use only standard abbreviations. All units will be metric. Use no roman numerals in the text. In decimals, a decimal point, and not a comma, will be used. In cases of doubt, the spelling orthodoxy of Webster 's Third New International Dictionary will be adhered to.

Scientific Names: Proper names of bacteria should be binomial and should be singly underlined in the typescript. The full proper name (e. g. Streptococcus sanguis ) must be given upon first mention. The generic name may be abbreviated thereafter with the first letter of the genus (e. g. S. sanguis ). If abbreviation of the generic name could cause confusion, the full name should be used. If the vernacular form of a genus name (e. g. streptococci) is used, the first letter of the vernacular name is not capitalized and the name is not underlined. Use of two letters of the genus (e. g. Ps .for Peptostreptococcus ) is incorrect, even though it might avoid ambiguity. With regard to drugs, generic names should be used instead of proprietary names.

It is strongly recommended that all abbreviations be introduced in the first paragraph in Materials and Methods. Alternatively, define each abbreviation and introduce it in parentheses the first time it is used; e.g., "Cultures were grown in Eagle minimal essential medium (MEM)." Generally, eliminate abbreviations that are not used at least three times in the text (including tables and figure legends).

5.3. Structure
All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Periodontal Research should include: Title page, abstract, main text, references and tables, figures and figure legends were appropriate.

Title Page: should contain the title of the article, name(s) of the author(s), initials, and institutional affiliation(s), a running title not to exceed 40 letters and spaces, and the name and complete mailing address, including email address, of the author responsible for correspondence. We accept only one corresponding author per manuscript and in case of co-correspondence a foot note will be added indicating ‘Both the authors have contributed equally to the work’.The author must list 4 keywords for indexing purposes.

Abstract: The abstract should consist of 1) the objective 2) the background data discussing the present status of the field 3) methods 4) results 5) conclusion.

Main Text of Original Research Articles

Introduction: Summarize the rationale and purpose of the study, giving only strictly pertinent references. Do not review existing literature extensively.

Material and methods: Materials and methods should be presented in sufficient detail to allow confirmation of the observations. Published methods should be referenced and discussed only briefly, unless modifications have been made.

Results:  Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all of the data in the tables and illustrations. Important observations should be emphasized.

Discussion: Summarize the findings without repeating in detail the data given in the Results section. Relate your observations to other relevant studies and point out the implications of the findings and their limitations. Cite other relevant studies.

Main Text of Reviews, Short Communications and Meeting Reports

These need not follow the usual divisions.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledge only persons who have made substantive contributions to the study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from everyone acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions. Sources of financial support must be acknowledged.

5.4. References
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text, and should be kept to a pertinent minimum. References should include the beginning and ending page numbers. Identify references in the text, tables, and figure legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in the tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first notation of that figure or table in the text. Use the style of the examples below, which is based on Index Medicus. Manuscripts accepted but not published may be cited in the reference list by placing ''in press'' after the abbreviated title of the journal. Abstracts and manuscripts not yet accepted may be cited in full in the text but not in the reference list. References must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:


(1) Standard journal article
(List all authors up to 6; for 7 or more list the first 3 and add ''et al.'') Dockrell H, Greenspan JS. Histochemical identification of T- cells in oral lichen planus. Oral Surg 1979; 48: 42-49. Thomas Y, Sosman J, Yrigoyen O, et al. Functional analysis of human T- cell subsets defined by monoclonal antibodies. I. Collaborative T-T interactions in the immunoregulation of B-cell differentiation. J Immunol 1980; 125: 2402-2405.

(2) Corporate author
The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone- Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone- marrow graft without preconditioning in post- hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977; 2: 628-630.

(3) No author given
Anonymous. Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas [Editorial]. Br Med J 1981; 283: 628-635.

(4) Journal supplement
Mastri AR. Neuropathology of diabetic neurogenic bladder. Ann Intern Med 1980; 92 (2 pt 2): 316- 324.
Frumin AM, Nussbaum J, Esposito M. Functional asplenia: demonstration of splenic activity by bone marrow scan. Blood 1979; 54 (suppl 1): 26- 28.

(5) Journal paginated by issue
Seaman WB. The case of the pancreatic pseudocyst. Hosp Pract 1981; 16 (Sep): 24-29.

(6) Personal author(s)
Eisen HN. Immunology: an introduction to molecular and cellular principles of the immune response , 5th edn. New York: Harper Row, 1984:406-420.

(7) Editor, compiler, chairman as author
Dausset J, Colombani J, eds. Histocompatibility testing 1972. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1973: 12-18.

(8) Chapter in a book
Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, eds. Pathologic physiology: mechanisms of disease . Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1974: 457-480.

(9) Published proceedings paper
DePont B. Bone marrow transplantation in severe combined immunodeficiency with an unrelated MLC compatible donor. In: White HJ, Smith R, eds. Proceedings of 3rd Annual Meeting of the International Society for Experimental Hematology. Houston: International Society for Experimental Hematology, 1974: 44-50.

(10) Agency publication
Ranofsky AL. Surgical operations in short-stay hospitals: United States - 1975. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics, 1978; DHEW publication no. (PHS) 78-1785. (Vital and health statistics; series 13; no. 34.)

(11) Dissertation or thesis
Cairns RB. Infrared spectroscopic studies of solid oxygen. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1965. 156pp. Dissertation.

5.5. Tables, Figures and Figure Legends

: Tables should be numbered consecutively with arabic numerals. Use titles which are self explanatory. Due regard should be given to the proportions of the printed page.

Figures: All figures should clarify the text and their number should be kept to a minimum. Details must be large enough to retain their clarity after reduction in size. Illustrations should preferably fill a single column width (54 mm) after reduction, although in some cases 113 mm (double column) and 171 mm (full page) widths will be accepted. Micrographs should be designed to be reproduced without reduction, and they should be dressed directly on the micrograph with a linear size scale, arrows, and other designators as needed.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (lineart) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: lineart:  >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley Blackwell’s guidelines for figures:

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

5.6. Supporting Material
Supporting Material, such as data sets or additional figures or tables, that will not be published in the print edition of the journal, but which will be viewable via the online edition, can be submitted.

It should be clearly stated at the time of submission that the Supporting Material is intended to be made available through the online edition. If the size or format of the Supporting Material is such that it cannot be accommodated on the journal's Web site, the author agrees to make the Supporting Material available free of charge on a permanent Web site, to which links will be set up from the journal's website. The author must advise Wiley Blackwell if the URL of the website where the Supporting Material is located changes. The content of the Supporting Material must not be altered after the paper has been accepted for publication.

The availability of Supporting Material should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the References, headed 'Supporting Material' and providing titles of figures, tables, etc. In order to protect reviewer anonymity, material posted on the authors Web site cannot be reviewed. The Supporting Material is an integral part of the article and will be reviewed accordingly.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

6.1 Proof Corrections
The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site.  A working email address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author.  The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site.

Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site: . This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs. Proofs must be returned to the Production Editor within three days of receipt.

Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in his work, including changes made by the copy editor.

6.2. Early Online Publication Prior to Print
The Journal of Periodontal Research is covered by Wiley Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

6.3. Production Tracking
Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a