Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 10

Edited By: Stephen Harridge

Impact Factor: 3.331

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 9/81 (Sport Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1600-0838

Recently Published Issues

See all

Editor's Choice

Read this month's

Read a featured article every month for free!

Whole body frontal plane mechanics across walking, running, and sprinting in young and older adults
J-P. Kulmala et al.

Ageing results in a decline locomotor performance. A propulsive deficit of the ankle plantar flexors and a reduction in hip mechanical output have previously been suggested to be key factors relating to declined walking and running ability with increasing age. Whilst previous research has focused on the sagittal plane locomotor mechanics of older and younger adults, human bipedalism poses a major challenge in regard to maintenance of frontal plane stability of the pelvis and trunk. In the present study reported by Kumala and co-workers in this issue of SJMSS, kinematic and kinetic analyses were used to investigate whole body frontal plane mechanics among young (~26 years), older (~60 years) and elderly (~78 years) sprinters during self-selected walking and running speeds and during maximal sprinting. Although the elderly group exerted much lower vertical ground reaction force during running and sprinting, the hip frontal plane moment did not differ between the age-groups. Kinematic analysis demonstrated increased hip adduction and pelvis drop, as well as reduced trunk lateral flexion among the elderly group, especially during sprinting. These alterations in the motion of the hip and pelvis may reflect insufficient force production of hip abductors to stabilize the pelvis during single-limb support, while limited trunk lateral flexion may enhance control of mediolateral balance. These findings contribute new information to our understanding of frontal plane locomotor function and the effects of ageing on locomotor performance in general.

Read previous Editor's Choice articles here

Recently Published Articles

  1. Cardiac imaging to detect coronary artery disease in athletes aged 35 years and older. A scoping review

    T. L. Braber, J. B. Reitsma, A. Mosterd, M. J. Willemink, N. H. J. Prakken, M. Halle, S. Sharma and B. K. Velthuis

    Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/sms.12974

  2. Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and metabolic outcomes in monozygotic twin pairs discordant for body mass index

    B. Berntzen, S. Jukarainen, M. Kataja, A. Hakkarainen, J. Lundbom, N. Lundbom, T. Tammelin, R. Simonen, P. Piirilä, A. Rissanen, J. Kaprio, E. J. Paavonen and K. H. Pietiläinen

    Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/sms.12975

  3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
    Muscle thickness correlates to muscle cross-sectional area in the assessment of strength training-induced hypertrophy

    M. V. Franchi, S. Longo, J. Mallinson, J. I. Quinlan, T. Taylor, P. L. Greenhaff and M. V. Narici

    Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/sms.12961

  4. Association of perceived physical health and physical fitness in two Swedish national samples from 1990 and 2015

    S. J. G. Olsson, E. Ekblom-Bak, B. Ekblom, L. V. Kallings, Ö. Ekblom and M. Börjesson

    Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/sms.12943

  5. Effects of menthol application on the skin during prolonged immersion in cool and cold water

    Petros G. Botonis, Stylianos N. Kounalakis, Evgenia D. Cherouveim, Maria D. Koskolou and Nickos D. Geladas

    Accepted manuscript online: 20 SEP 2017 05:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1111/sms.12984