Genes, Brain and Behavior

Cover image for Vol. 16 Issue 7

Edited By: Andrew Holmes

Impact Factor: 3.743

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 6/51 (Behavioral Sciences); 76/258 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1601-183X

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Effective with the 2014 volume, this journal will be published in an online-only format.
We will continue to offer online publication and online reproduction of colour figures free of charge. We envision that the transition to online only will allow us to offer our authors an improved peer review and production service but if you do have any questions or concerns please feel free to contact us at

Electronic submission of manuscripts

Authors should submit online to separate files for the text (as a .doc, .docx or .rtf Word document) and each figure (important: figure files should be no more than 2000x2000 pixels for review purposes), particularly for high quality images so that these can be reviewed by the referees. Alternatively, authors can submit a single .doc, .docx or .rtf file with embedded images (from which a PDF file will automatically be created upon upload). No hard copies are necessary at submission stage. The review process is entirely electronic-based and therefore facilitates faster reviewing of manuscripts. Authors who are unable to submit their manuscript online should contact the Editorial Office for assistance at the following address:

Genes, Brain and Behavior - Editor-in-Chief

Authors may include supporting information for the referees' inspection. The manuscript should be accompanied by a cover letter from the corresponding author, who should be clearly identified on the title page, and the cover letter should clearly indicate which of the authors (if any) are members of the International Behavioural and Neural Genetics Society (IBANGS). (The corresponding author for editorial purposes need not be the senior author, nor the person to whom correspondence is addressed after publication). Statements of equal contribution from more than one author are permitted. Authors are requested to upload suggestions for 4 referees and may also request the exclusion of up to 4 persons as possible referees, although these suggestions will not necessarily be followed.

If the manuscript includes personal communications, please provide a written statement of permission from any person who is quoted. Printouts of e-mail permission messages are acceptable.

The manuscript should be an original work, not published before and not being considered for publication elsewhere. For any material not owned by the author, permission from the copyright holder should have been obtained.

Figure files should be no more than 2000x2000 pixels for review purposes. However, upon acceptance, figures should be re-supplied as high resolution TIFF or EPS files. More information on our digital illustration standards can be obtained here.

Pre-submission English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found here. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

License Agreements

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, their funding agency, or institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. In addition to publication online via Wiley Online Library, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication.

If you want your article to be open access please choose the appropriate license agreement when you log in to Wiley’s Author Services system. Click on ‘Make my article OnlineOpen’ and choose the appropriate license by clicking on ‘Sign license agreement now’ when you log in to Wiley’s Author Services system.

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For authors signing the Copyright Transfer Agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

NIH-funded authors and G2B

The NIH mandates grantees to deposit their peer-reviewed author manuscripts in PubMed Central, to be made publicly available within 12 months of publication. The NIH mandate applies to all articles based on research that has been wholly or partially funded by the NIH and that are accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008. In order to help authors comply with the NIH mandate, for papers accepted for publication in G2B, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted manuscript (incorporating all amendments made during peer review, but prior to the publisher's copy-editing and typesetting) of articles by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central at the point of acceptance by the journal. This version will then be made publicly available in PubMed Central 12 months after publication. Following the deposit Wiley Blackwell authors will receive further communications from the NIH with respect to the submission. For further information, see here.

If authors wish to make their final published article openly accessible and without a 12 month embargo, they can choose to publish via the OnlineOpen service. Wellcome Trust and HHMI grantees can find out further information here.

Author Services

Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services. This enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit this page for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Accepted Articles

Genes, Brain and Behavior offers Accepted Articles. Accepted Articles have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Accepted Articles are published online a few days after final acceptance, appear in PDF format only, are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked, and are indexed by PubMed.

Page Charges

Articles longer than 7 pp. when in proof will be subject to a page charge for excess journal pages above that limit, at GBP50 per page above the 7-pp. limit. For IBANGS members, the charge is GBP50 for each page in excess of 10 pp. An invoice will be sent to authors for these charges upon publication of their article in an issue. Page charges quoted in Sterling will be converted into the equivalent US Dollar or Euro rate depending on the billing area of the author if outside the UK. Review articles will not incur page charges.

Author material archive policy

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

Proposals for Reviews are welcome; please contact the Editor in Chief directly at the Editorial Office address provided above. Review proposals should include a full-page summary of the proposed contents with key references. Reviews are selected for their broad general interest; all are refereed by experts in the field who are asked to comment on issues such as timeliness, general interest and balanced treatment of controversies, as well as on scientific accuracy. Reviews should take a broad view of the field rather than merely summarizing the authors own previous work, so extensive citation of the authors own publications is discouraged.

Genes, Brain and Behavior also publishes Commentaries, Debates, Letters to the Editor (on articles published in the Journal) and Book Reviews. Debates are generally two separate papers reflecting opposing views on a controversial issue. Commentaries are opinion pieces on topics of general interest to the behavioral neurogenetics community. They need not be confined to purely scientific topics; policy issues and social implications of behavioral and neural genetics may also be covered. Suggestions for Debates, Commentaries and Book Reviews are welcome. Because Genes, Brain and Behavior offers very rapid online publication for all accepted papers and authors are urged to be as succinct as possible, there are no 'Rapid Communications' or 'Short Communications' categories.

Referrals to the journal Brain and Behavior

This journal works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Brain and Behavior, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Brain and Behavior. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Brain and Behavior will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Accepted papers can be published rapidly: typically within 15 days of acceptance. Brain and Behavior is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to

Peer Review Scorecard Pilot

Genes, Brain and Behavior is participating in Wiley's pilot of transferable peer review in which reviewers complete a standard scorecard in addition to their usual review. Authors of original research articles rejected with completed scorecards will be invited to transfer the manuscript, reviews, and scorecard to any of the other journals participating in the pilot. Authors will have the opportunity to revise their manuscript according to the review comments prior to transfer if they wish to do so. A list of the participating journals and more information about the pilot can be found here. We believe that this system of preserving original peer review for the next journal's use will decrease repetitious review, save authors, reviewers, and editors valuable time and significantly increase the speed to publication for many papers.

Organization of Research Articles

Authors should pay special attention to the presentation of their findings so that they may be communicated clearly. Technical jargon should be avoided as much as possible and clearly explained where its use is unavoidable. Abbreviations should also be kept to a minimum, particularly those that are not standard. The background and hypotheses underlying the study, as well as its main conclusions, should be clearly explained. Titles and abstracts especially should be written in language that will be readily intelligible to any scientist.

Title: must be concise and contain no more than 100 characters including spaces. The title page should include a running title of no more than 50 characters; 5-10 key words, complete names of institutions for each author, and the name, address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address for the corresponding author. The title page should also include the date of submission (or revision/resubmission) and the numbers of words in the Abstract, Introduction, and Discussion sections of the paper.

Abbreviations: Genes, Brain and Behavior adheres to the conventions outlined in Units, Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors. Non-standard abbreviations must be used three or more times and written out completely in the text when first used.

Abstract: is limited to 250 words in length and should not contain abbreviations. References must be cited in full.

Main Text

Introduction: should be focused, outlining the historical or logical origins of the study and not summarize the results; exhaustive literature reviews are not appropriate.

Materials and Methods: must contain sufficient detail such that, in combination with the references cited, all experiments reported can be fully reproduced. As a condition of publication, authors are required to make materials and methods used freely available to academic researchers for their own use. This includes antibodies and the constructs used to make transgenic animals, although not the animals themselves. Papers reporting protein or DNA sequences and crystallographic structure determinations will not be accepted without a Genbank or Brookhaven accession number, respectively. Other supporting data sets must be made available on the publication date from the authors directly.

(i) Experimental Subjects: When human subjects are used, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each subject. Authors should be aware of the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki), which has been printed in the British Medical Journal (18 July 1964).
When experimental animals are used the methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC).
All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and approval committee for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.
(ii) Suppliers:
Suppliers of materials should be named and, with the exception of well-known suppliers, such as Sigma, Kodak and Zeiss, their location (town, state/county, country) included.

Results: should present the observations with minimal reference to earlier literature or to possible interpretations.

Discussion: may usefully start with a brief summary of the major findings, but repetition of parts of the abstract or of the results section should be avoided.

References: should follow the Harvard style of references, outlined below, and should be cited in the text as: 'White (2001) has shown...' or ' shown earlier (Blanc & White, 1999; Weiss et al., 2000)'. When different groups of authors with the same first author and year of publication occur, they should be cited thus, Weiss et al. (2000a,b), to differentiate clearly between them. Multiple citations should be listed alphabetically by author surname. References should be listed at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order according to the name of the first author and chronologically where several papers by the same author are listed. The list of references should include only articles that have been published or are currently in press. In press manuscripts that are necessary to understand and evaluate the submitted manuscript must be included at the time of submission. In all cases, the full list of authors should be provided, and journal titles should be abbreviated following Index Medicus. Published conference abstracts and URLs for web sites should be cited parenthetically in the text, not in the reference list. Grant details and acknowledgements are not permitted as numbered references.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

An adapted profile for G2B can be downloaded here.

Journal Article
Podhorna, J. & Brown, R.E. (2002) Strain differences in activity and emotionality do not account for differences in learning and memory performance between C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice. Genes Brain Behav 1, 96-110.

Article in Book
Katz, D.I. (1997) Traumatic brain injury. In Mills, V.M., Cassidy, J.W. & Katz, D.I. (eds), Neurologic Rehabilitation. A Guide to Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Planning. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, pp. 105-143.

Complete Book
Matthews, G.G. (1997) Neurobiology. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford.

Symposia contributions should take a similar format to books, including the place and date of the meeting, the name and location of the organizer/publisher, both overall and contribution titles, all authors and Editors names, and page number(s):
Fuss, S.H., Çelik, A. & Korsching, S.I. (2001) Levels of olfactory information processing in the zebrafish olfactory bulb. In Elsner, N. & Kreuzberg, G.W. (eds), Göttingen Neurobiology Report 2001. Proceedings of the 4th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society 2001, Vol. II, 28th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, p. 474.

Acknowledgements: should follow the References. Genes, Brain and Behavior requires that all sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. Grant or contribution numbers may be acknowledged, and principal grant holders should be listed. Acknowledgments should be brief and should not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors.

Figures: All figures should be planned to fit within either 1 column width (8.0 cm), 1.5 column widths (13.0 cm) or 2 column widths (17.0 cm), and must be suitable for photocopy reproduction from the printed version of the manuscript. Lettering on figures should be in a clear, sans serif typeface (e.g. Helvetica); if possible, the same typeface should be used for all figures in a paper. After reduction for publication, upper-case text and numbers should be at least 1.5-2.0 mm high (10 point Helvetica). After reduction symbols should be at least 2.0-3.0 mm high (10 point). In general, multi-part figures should be arranged as they would appear in the final version. Reduction to the scale that will be used on the page is not necessary, but any special requirements (such as the separation distance of stereo pairs) should be clearly specified.

Unnecessary figures and parts (panels) of figures should be avoided: data presented in small tables or histograms, for instance, can generally be stated briefly in the text instead. Figures should not contain more than one panel unless the parts are logically connected; each panel of a multipart figure should be sized so that the whole figure can be reduced by the same amount and reproduced on the printed page at the smallest size at which essential details are visible.

Figures should be on a white background, and should avoid excessive boxing, unnecessary colour, shading and/or, decorative effects (e.g. 3-dimensional skyscraper histograms) and highly pixelated computer drawings. The vertical axis of histograms should not be truncated to exaggerate small differences. The line spacing should be wide enough to remain clear on reduction to the minimum acceptable printed size.

Figures divided into parts should be labeled with a lower-case, boldface, roman letter, a, b, and so on, in the same typesize as used elsewhere in the figure. Lettering in figures should be in lower-case type, with the first letter capitalized. Units should have a single space between the number and the unit, and follow SI nomenclature or the nomenclature common to a particular field. Thousands should be separated by thin spaces (1 000). Unusual units or abbreviations should be spelled out in full or defined in the legend. Scale bars should be used rather than magnification factors, with the length of the bar defined in the legend rather than on the bar itself. In general, visual cues (on the figures themselves) are preferred to verbal explanations in the legend (e.g. broken line, open red triangles etc.)

Please read our electronic artwork guidelines before submitting figures to ensure that they are in the correct format and resolution for print reproduction.

Colour figures
If you have supplied figures in colour, these will appear as colour online free-of-charge.

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are to be used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned.

Figure Legends: should be a separate section of the manuscript, and should begin with a brief title for the whole figure and continue with a short description of each panel and the symbols used; they should not contain any details of methods.

Tables: should be double-spaced with no vertical rulings, with a single bold ruling beneath the column titles. Units of measurements must be included in the column title.

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit this link.

Publication Schedule

Papers that do not conform to the general aims and scope of the journal will be returned immediately without review. All other manuscripts will be reviewed by experts in the field (generally two reviewers and an Editor). Genes, Brain and Behavior aims to forward reviewers comments and to inform the corresponding author of the result of the review process within 5 weeks of receipt of the manuscript by the Editorial Office. Revised manuscripts will be considered at the discretion of the editors, and may be subject to re-review. Manuscripts will be considered for 'fast-track publication' under special circumstances after consultation with the Editor-in-Chief.

Early View

Genes, Brain and Behavior is covered by Wiley Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in an issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled issue and will also be included in PubMed as 'epub ahead of print' at this stage. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After the issue publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. To receive an e-mail alert once your paper has been published, please register via Author Services.


The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the website. This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.


Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link for more details: If you have queries about offprints please email


Genes, Brain and Behavior will consider for review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.

Data sharing, accessibility and citation

Genes, Brain and Behavior expects that data supporting the results in the paper will be archived in an appropriate public repository. Whenever possible the scripts and other artefacts used to generate the analyses presented in the paper should also be publicly archived. Exceptions may be granted at the discretion of the editor for sensitive information such as human subject data or the location of endangered species. Authors are expected to provide a data accessibility statement, including a link to the repository they have used, to accompany their paper

Last update: August 2017