Applied Vegetation Science

Cover image for Vol. 19 Issue 1

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Chief Editors: Milan Chytrý, with Alessandro Chiarucci, Valerio Pillar, Meelis Pärtel (Chair of the Editors)

Impact Factor: 2.548

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 5/65 (Forestry); 52/204 (Plant Sciences); 56/145 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1654-109X

Associated Title(s): Journal of Vegetation Science

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  1. 1 - 17
  1. Research Articles

    1. Diversifying sub-Mediterranean pinewoods with oak species in a context of assisted migration: responses to local climate and light environment

      Santiago Martín-Alcón, Lluís Coll and Aitor Ameztegui

      Article first published online: 16 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12216

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      Assisted migration is a feasible option to increase the diversity and resilience of the sub-Mediterranean pinewoods. In these interventions, the thermal migration distance and the occurrence of extreme cold events have strong effects on the responses of some species (particularly the evergreen oaks), and the forest overstory plays an important role in attenuating some negative effects of plant translocation.

    2. Floodplain forests of the Iberian Peninsula: Vegetation classification and climatic features

      Idoia Biurrun, Juan Antonio Campos, Itziar García-Mijangos, Mercedes Herrera and Javier Loidi

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12219

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      We provide the classification and bioclimatic diagnosis of the floodplain forests in the Iberian Peninsula based on 1892 vegetation plots classified by Fuzzy C-means and agglomerative hierarchical clustering. We distinguish 41 associations grouped in two orders and four alliances, with one new alliance Hyperico androsaemi-Alnion glutinosae. The four alliances are clearly separated along mediterraneity, continentality and precipitation gradients.

    3. Characterization of Brazilian forest types utilizing canopy height profiles derived from airborne laser scanning

      Eric B. Görgens, Carlos P.B. Soares, Matheus H. Nunes and Luiz C. E. Rodriguez

      Article first published online: 11 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12224

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      This study explores how airborne laser scanning surveys can contribute to characterizing and discriminating different Brazilian forest types. Canopy height profiles were modelled for each forest type using a two-parameter Weibull distribution. Each forest presented distinct characteristics regarding the canopy height profile, resulting in specific recommendations on grid cell size and sampling intensity levels.

    4. Consistent functional response of meadow species and communities to land-use changes across productivity and soil moisture gradients

      Maria Májeková, Štěpán Janeček, Ondřej Mudrák, Jan Horník, Petra Janečková, Michael Bartoš, Karel Fajmon, Šárka Jiráská, Lars Götzenberger, Petr Šmilauer, Jan Lepš and Francesco de Bello

      Article first published online: 9 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12223

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      We show that within a given region with a common land-use history, functional traits consistently explain and can help to predict changes in plant communities caused by land-use change, irrespective of different productivity and soil moisture. Traits can thus help to complement the knowledge of local practitioners and enable the development of more accurate management schemes for nature conservation.

    5. The invasion of common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) in sandy old-fields – is it a threat to the native flora?

      András Kelemen, Orsolya Valkó, György Kröel-Dulay, Balázs Deák, Péter Török, Katalin Tóth, Tamás Miglécz and Béla Tóthmérész

      Article first published online: 7 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12225

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      We tested the effects of an invasive ‘super species’ (common milkweed – Asclepias syriaca) on native sandy flora. This is the first study exploring the negative effects of milkweed on the cover of native plants, especially those with low values of competitive traits. The results highlight that the control of milkweed is crucial to ensure the long-term persistence of native flora.

    6. Beaches under pressure – effects of human access on vegetation at Baltic Sea beaches

      Franziska K. Seer, Ulrich Irmler and Joachim Schrautzer

      Article first published online: 7 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12221

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      The species composition of vascular plants on beaches with differing accessibility to tourists were analyzed at the south-western Baltic Sea coast. Changes in plant communities and plant species traits reflected effects of accessibility. Based on these results, we derived spatially-differentiated management measures for excluding the most sensitive beach areas from tourism.

    7. Silvicultural treatments for converting loblolly pine to longleaf pine dominance: effects on ground layer and midstorey vegetation

      Huifeng Hu, Benjamin O. Knapp, G. Geoff Wang and Joan L. Walker

      Article first published online: 7 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12217

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      This study was to determine the effects of four canopy and three cultural treatments, designed to gradually convert loblolly pine to longleaf pine dominance, on the structure and composition of ground layer and midstory vegetation. Our results indicated that both controls of abundant hardwoods and aggressive loblolly pine natural regeneration on relatively productive sites were critical for successful restoration.

    8. The transitional semi-evergreen bushland in Ethiopia: characterization and mapping of its distribution using predictive modelling

      Paulo van Breugel, Ib Friis and Sebsebe Demissew

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12220

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      Field surveys and environmental modelling were used to characterize the natural semi-evergreen bushland of Ethiopia and map its distribution. This transitional zone between Acacia-Commiphora bushland and dry Afromontane forests is characterized by narrowly endemic species, and has limited floristic overlap with evergreen bushlands in Kenya and Uganda. This unique and highly threatened bushlands should be considered in future conservation planning. Photo credit: Odile Weber.

    9. Restoration of sub-alpine shrub-encroached grasslands through pastoral practices: effects on vegetation structure and botanical composition

      Marco Pittarello, Massimiliano Probo, Michele Lonati and Giampiero Lombardi

      Article first published online: 1 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12222

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      Two different pastoral practices using targeted grazing were implemented to reverse shrub-encroachment of sub-alpine semi-natural grasslands. The arrangement of temporary night camp areas for cattle over shrub-encroached grasslands appeared to be a very effective practice to reduce shrub-encroachment, restore former meso-eutrophic grassland composition and increase plant diversity, herbage mass and forage quality.

    10. Are trees of intermediate density more facilitative? Canopy effects of four East African legume trees

      Anja Linstädter, Zinabu Bora, Adugna Tolera and Ayana Angassa

      Article first published online: 31 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12218

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      We compared facilitative effects of legume tree species greatly differing in canopy density and encroachment status, and found strongest effects for a species with intermediate canopy density. We also provide new insight why encroacher species may decrease forage supply: In addition to negative effects on plant biomass at the landscape-scale, facilitative canopy effects are small due to Species' open crowns.

    11. Impact of nitrogen inputs on multiple facets of plant biodiversity in mountain grasslands: does nutrient source matter?

      Leslie Mauchamp, Arnaud Mouly, Pierre-Marie Badot and François Gillet

      Article first published online: 31 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12214

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      What is the impact of nitrogen inputs from various sources on the vegetation of mountain grasslands? High nitrogen inputs are associated with a decrease of taxonomic and functional richness by the loss of stress-tolerant species. Also, the impact on biodiversity strongly depends on the proportion of the main nitrogen source, industrial fertilizers being particularly detrimental to taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity.

    12. The use of shrub cover to preserve Mediterranean oak dehesas: a comparison between sheep, cattle and wild ungulate management

      Ramón Perea, Aida López-Sánchez and Sonia Roig

      Article first published online: 21 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12208

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      We compared shrub cover and oak recruitment under cattle, sheep and wildlife management in savanna-like systems (dehesas). Wildlife management had the highest abundance and diversity of shrubs, which facilitated seedling density whereas cattle management showed the lowest shrub cover and tree recruitment. Management options include mixed-species management and the use of keystone shrub species, especially low-palatable and large-size shrubs.

    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Drivers of vegetation change in grasslands of the Sheffield region, northern England, between 1965 and 2012/13

      Carly J. Stevens, Tobias Ceulemans, John G. Hodgson, Susan Jarvis, J. Philip Grime and Simon M. Smart

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12206

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      Between 1965 and 2012/3 acidic and calcareous grasslands in the Sheffield region (UK) showed only small numbers of site losses compared to other surveys in the UK, especially within the National Park. In acidic grasslands diversity declined and increase in Pteridium aquilinum was a particular problem. Some calcareous grasslands showed signs of reduced management intensity leading to scrub invasion.

    14. Sub-alpine and alpine grassland communities in the northeastern Greater Caucasus of Azerbaijan

      Jonathan Etzold, Franziska Münzner and Michael Manthey

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12207

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      We classified 13 high mountain grassland communities in the northeastern Greater Caucasus of Azerbaijan. These grasslands remained almost unstudied during the last 25 yr when severe shifts in land use remarkably changed the natural conditions. The analyses of the environmental and anthropogenic drivers can help to identify problems in current grassland management and their consequences for biodiversity conservation.

    15. Spatial variation of fuel loading within varying aged stands of chaparral

      Kellie A. Uyeda, Douglas A. Stow, John F. O'Leary, Ian T. Schmidt and Philip J. Riggan

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12209

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      Chaparral biomass varies spatially and temporally, but this variation is often difficult to measure using traditional field-based techniques. We used a combination of detailed field-based measurements and classified high spatial resolution aerial imagery to examine differences in nearby stands of 7-, 28-, and 68-yr old chaparral. We found a wide range in biomass in all age classes.

    16. Validating space-for-time substitution in a new-growth coastal dune forest

      Victor Rolo, Pieter I. Olivier, Robert A.R. Guldemond and Rudolph J. van Aarde

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12210

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      We compared a chronosequence with repeated surveys to quantify temporal changes in community composition and diversity. We found that space for time substitution works in our study system (rehabilitating dune forests). Focusing on the magnitude and direction of change allowed us to infer that species co-existence changed from environmental filtering and/or dispersal limitation to niche complementarity as the forest developed.

    17. Separating reflectance signatures of shrub species – a case study in the Central Greater Caucasus

      Anja Magiera, Hannes Feilhauer, Nato Tephnadze, Rainer Waldhardt and Annette Otte

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12205

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      Shrub encroachment has been observed in many alpine and arctic environments. Mapping shrub encroachement with remote sensing is a powerful tool for monitoring purposes. We analyzed the reflectance signature of three shrub (Betula litwinowii, Rhododendron caucasicum, Hippophae rhamnoides) and one tall forb species (Veratrum lobelianum) occurring in the subalpine belt of the Kazbegi district, Central Greater Caucasus, Georgia.

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