Journal of Vegetation Science

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 4

Chief Editors: Alessandro Chiarucci, Valerio Pillar, with Milan Chytrý, Meelis Pärtel (Chair of the Editors)

Impact Factor: 3.151

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 3/66 (Forestry); 34/209 (Plant Sciences); 39/149 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1654-1103

Associated Title(s): Applied Vegetation Science

JVS Editorial Board


Alicia Acosta
I am basically a community ecologist. I have been working primarily in field-based plant ecology but my research broadened recently to more large scale vegetation analyses. Topics of interest include distribution patterns of plant communities at different scales, effects of environmental and human mediated drivers and alien plant invasions. I am interested in all vegetation types even though in the last years I have been concentrated on coastal vegetation.

Keyword: Alien species; Coasts; Conservation; Disturbance; Mediterranean; Species diversity / richness; Succession/dynamics


Sándor (Sanyi) Bartha
I study assembly rules and I am interested how fine-scale spatial structures affect the interactions, dynamics and coexistence of species in terrestrial plant communities. I am particularly interested in studies where simulation modelling is connected with the analyses of field data for testing theories. I have a growing interest in traits and in functional types and their spatiotemporal organization. My recent research is connected also to the fine-scale monitoring of restoration and conservation management.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Biotic interactions; Co-existence; Grassland; Randomization tests; Succession/dynamics.


Gudrun Bornette
I focus on aquatic plant ecology and wetland functioning. My research deals with the distribution of species richness and adaptive strategies in plant communities that face disturbances (floods, spates, droughts) and stress factors (hydraulic stress, eutrophication, temperature). I also relate these community characteristics to ecosystem functioning, and how plant traits may affect ecosystem processes. These objectives are reached through correlative in situ large scale studies, in situ and laboratory experiments. My recent research is focussing on the effect of drought on plant communities, both in terms of biodiversity (phylogenetic vs ecological determinants of resistance and resilience) and of plant-related functional processes, and on the effect of habitat characteristics on plant strategies and carbon cycling.

Keywords: Carbon cycling; Climatic change; Disturbance; Functional types / traits; Mires/wetlands; Modelling / simulations; Productivity / biomass; Species diversity / richness; Succession/dynamics; Water relations.


Philip Dixon
I am an ecological statistician / statistical ecologist with particular interests in plants, populations, and communities. I have field experience in chaparral, alpine tundra, and swamp forests. I try to maintain my ecological interest in the biology of rare species and alpine plant biology. Recent statistical work has focused on spatial point patterns (i.e. locations of individuals), trend analysis (e.g. in species composition or abundance) and hierarchical modelling to combine multiple sources of information.

Keywords: Alpine / upland; Demography / Population dynamics; Field experiments; Forest/ woodland;Mires/wetlands; Multivariate methods / ordination; Randomisation tests; Spatial point patterns; Statistics.


Martin Dovčiak
I am a forest ecologist with research interests in global change, spatial ecology, ecosystem management, and biodiversity conservation. I am interested in understanding how forest communities and ecosystems are affected by global change drivers such as climate, land management, invasive plants, elevated herbivory, or biodiversity loss. My research links population and community ecology, including the nature of vegetation transitions (ecotone dynamics) and emergent properties such as compositional stability. I am interested in ecological applications in ecosystem management and silviculture.

Keywords: Biodiversity; Community assembly; Demography / population dynamics; Dispersal; Disturbance; Forest management / conservation; Spatial point patterns


Zoltán Botta-Dukát
I study large scale vegetation patterns (up to continental scale) and their correlation with the environmental factors using multivariate statistical methods. During this work I use data from large phytosociological databases and large scale vegetation surveys. It often needs development of new methods or modification of existing ones. My new research focus is the using functional traits to find assembly rules in plant communities. In the last years, I studied plant invasions, especially role of traits in the invasiveness of species.

Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Functional types / traits;Multivariate methods / ordination; Species diversity / richness; Statistics; Syntaxonomy; Vegetation survey.


Helge Bruelheide
I am professor for geobotany with experience in several projects on global change effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Central Europe and East Asia. Currently, I am coordinating BEF-China, a large Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning in Jiangxi, and study the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning in the framework of the German Biodiversity Exploratories. My further research fields are general vegetation ecology, vegetation databases, invasion biology and experimental and modelling approaches in plant biogeography.

Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Biogeography; Climatic change; Conservation; Ecoinformatics/databases; Ecophysiology; Field experiments; Multivariate methods / ordination; Species diversity / richness; Theory; Vegetation survey


Hans Henrik Bruun
I am most familiar with European temperate vegetation and alpine/arctic vegetation. My main research focus is on community ecology (community assembly, species richness, invasibility), but it includes neighbouring areas of macroecology, evolutionary/population ecology, physiological ecology and historical landscape ecology, grassland conservation and restoration, exotic species invasion and statistical modelling.

Keywords: Demography/Population dynamics; Dispersal; Functional types/traits; Metapopulations; Seed germination and establishment; Species diversity/richness; Theory


Richard Busing
My interests lie in vegetation structure and dynamics. I maintain several long-term studies of forest dynamics that rely on permanent plots. Some of these studies include quantitative data spanning more than 80 yr. Topics of interest include secondary succession, gap dynamics, patch dynamics and the dynamics of old unlogged forests. I also use computer models to study and project forest composition and dynamics. I am particularly interested in forest change at time spans up to a few thousand years.

Keywords: Disturbance; Forest/woodland; Long-term trends; Modelling/simulations; Succession/dynamics


Marta Carboni
I am a community ecologist mainly focusing on the determinants of plant invasions across spatial scales and in a context of global change. More broadly I am interested in the mechanisms driving species co-existence and community assembly, and on whether they can be inferred from trait and phylogenetic patterns. I mainly rely on empirical observations and statistical modelling to investigate these questions, but I also use process-based simulations and dynamic vegetation modelling. Up to date I have used sandy coastal habitats, grasslands and alpine ecosystems as model systems.

:Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Biotic interactions; Coasts; Co-existence; Functional traits; Landscape ecology


Paolo Cherubini
I study forest ecological processes using tree rings and dendroecological techniques. My research interests lie within physiology, ecology, and evolution, with relevance to the knowledge and sustainable management of natural resources and nature conservation. I strive to understand the key processes behind tree growth, to gain a thorough understanding of the influence of environmental stress on tree physiological processes, with particular focus on intra- and inter-annual cambial activity.

Keywords: Dendrochronology; Ecophysiology; Wood anatomy; Forest / woodland; Climatic change; Mediterranean


Ale Chiarucci
I study biological diversity, especially in terrestrial plant communities. My research focuses on the determinants of species richness at different spatial scales, the determinants of species composition and community dynamics, and the problems associated with the sampling of species richness at larger spatial scales. I use a variety of methods, including the analysis of species distributional data, field plots, field experiments and modelling. My recent research has been largely applied to the problems connected with biodiversity assessment and monitoring.

Keywords: Biodiversity; Conservation; Monitoring; Species richness; Species diversity


Milan Chytrý
I am interested in various aspects of diversity and ecology of terrestrial plant communities and methods of their study. My research focuses on vegetation survey (including fieldwork mainly in Central Europe and southern Siberia), development of large databases of vegetation survey plots, development and testing of new methods of formalized vegetation classification, alien plant invasions, determinants of species richness in plant communities, and interpretation of full-glacial and early Holocene environments using modern analogues from relict ecosystems in Siberia.

Keywords: Alien species; Ecoinformatics/databases; Palaeoecology; Species diversity / richness; Syntaxonomy; Vegetation survey


Beverly Collins
I study vegetation structure and dynamics, with special interests in mechanisms of coexistence and the role of disturbance in initiating vegetation change. My research, generally at the community level, ranges from ecophysiology to landscape ecology and includes both basic and applied questions. It generally involves field experiments (sometimes large, multi-investigator ones), controlled-environment experiments, and sometimes historical datasets. I am working with colleagues to investigate how changes in ecophysiological responses and ecosystem processes could alter the structure and dynamics of high-elevation plant communities presumed to be at-risk due to climate warming.

Keywords: Disturbance; Co-existence; Field experiments; Phenology; Vegetation dynamics; Biotic and plant-environment interactions


Sara Cousins
My research bridges plant ecology and geography, with the focus on semi-natural and cultivated grasslands, secondary grasslands and small remnant habitats, and deciduous forest in different types of rural landscapes. I am particularly interested in how historical land uses, as well as present management regimes influences present plant species diversity and composition, and what consequences this has for the future diversity. I work quite a lot with GIS, old historical maps, aerial photographs, together with other types of geographical landscape data.

Keywords: GIS; Landscape Ecology; Vegetation History; Historical Maps; Succession; Grasslands


Francesco de Bello
Using meadows and alpine vegetation as a study framework, I study the role of functional trait diversity on the interface between community assembly and ecosystem service delivery. My interests also include the effects of land-use changes on vegetation, and particularly grazing and mowing, and the development of integrated biodiversity indicator systems to monitor the response of vegetation to these changes.

Keywords: Alpine vegetation; Coexistence; Disturbance; Functional diversity; Grassland; Species pools


Miquel De Cáceres
I am interested in the development of quantitative methods for the description and explanation of species and community patterns. I make extensive use of statistical methods and numerical simulations. My research has a strong focus on improving the methods for vegetation classification and the determination of indicator species, but I have addressed other topics such as analyzing forest beta-diversity. I am currently working on the development of dynamic species distribution models to be used for predicting global change impacts.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Ecoinformatics/databases; Modeling/simulations; Multivariate methods/ordination; Randomisation tests; Species diversity/richness; Statistics; Vegetation classification


Guillaume Decocq
I study the dynamics of plant community diversity, especially in forest ecosystems. My research deals with the drivers of plant species assemblages (structure, composition, functional diversity), with a special focus on the response of plant communities to human activities. My approach is mainly empirical (field survey and monitoring, experiments) but I also use modelling tools. My recent research addressed the impacts of biological invasions, land use changes, forest fragmentation, and management intensification. I like cross-disciplinary approaches, especially historical ecology, that is studying the present day vegetation as a legacy of past human activities.

Keywords: Alien species; Disturbance; Forest/woodland; Management; Metacommunities; Species diversity/richness; Succession/dynamics


Leandro Duarte
I study phylogenetic and functional ecology. My research is devoted to investigate the interplay between phylogenetic and phenotypic trait assembly of plant communities along environmental gradients. I employ different methodological approaches (experiments, field sampling, meta-analysis) to investigate community assembly at distinct spatial scales. My current projects involve the evaluation of the influence of phylogenetic similarities on plant assembly patterns in Brazilian Araucaria forests, and analysis of phylogenetic niche conservatism within distinct plant clades.

Keywords: Phylogenetics; Macroecology; Ecophysiology; Dispersal; Dynamics; Theory; Forest; Functional traits


Rasmus Ejrnaes
I study biological diversity, especially grassland plant communities. My research focus is on the processes and causes behind assembly of plant communities. I am theoretically and experimentally engaged with the mechanisms behind co-existence in communities. I am keen to apply theoretical and empirical insight to cases of conservation and restoration. I use a variety of methods, including ordination, classification and advanced statistical modeling.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Co-existence; Conservation; Grassland; Restoration


Bryan Foster
My research explores how biotic interactions, disturbance, resource availability and species pools interact to govern the assembly, diversity, and functioning of plant communities. I am also interested in understanding the impacts of land management and human-induced global changes on biodiversity and ecosystem function and applying this understanding to the conservation and restoration of native plant communities.

Keywords: Community assembly; Long-term field experiments; Metacommunity dynamics; Restoration; Species coexistence; Species diversity; Species pools; Succession


Jason Fridley
I study the assembly of plant communities, from local to global scales, and consider how assembly processes (species interactions, environmental filtering) can influence ecosystem processes. Core themes of my research include plant invasions, impacts of climate change on vegetation, scale-dependence of community phenomena (e.g., species-area curves), and some ecophysiology (esp. woody plant growth). Methods include field techniques (vegetation surveys, experiments), laboratory assays (e.g., gas exchange), and some statistical/computational approaches (simulation, hierarchical modelling).

Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Biogeography; Biotic interactions; Climatic change; Coexistence; Field experiments; Forest/woodland; Grassland; Species diversity/richness


David Gibson
I have broad interests in the population and community ecology of temperate grasslands and deciduous forests. My recent research seeks to understand the role of intraspecific variation in grassland community development during restoration, and the effects and roles of invasive alien species. In addition, I have been working with agricultural colleagues to incorporate the concepts and use of multivariate techniques in the weed communities of agroecosystems.

Keywords: Grassland; Alien species; Species diversity; Forest/woodland; Restoration; Agroecology


Thomas Giesecke
I have a long-time-perspective on plant ecology and ecosystem change through the study of plant remains preserved in Quaternary deposits. I work with pollen databases and cooperate with vegetation modellers to disentangle the role of different abiotic drivers and triggers of vegetation change from system internal dynamics. My particular interest lies in the effect of glacial/interglacial cycles on the distribution and diversity of plants in mid to high latitudes and the postglacial spread of species.

Keywords: Palaeoecology / historical ecology; Climatic change; Forest / woodland; Dispersal; Population dynamics


Frank Gilliam
I study the ecology of terrestrial plant communities and ecosystems, especially the cycling of plant nutrients, especially nitrogen, within terrestrial ecosystems. I am also interested in fire ecology and effects of fire on plants and soils in fire-prone ecosystems. My interests at the level of the plant community are focused predominantly on forest community ecology. I am particularly interested in secondary succession and herb layer dynamics, and biotic and abiotic factors influencing species composition and change within this vegetation stratum.

Keywords: Climatic change; Disturbance; Fire; Forest/woodland; Nutrient cycling; Soils and plants; Succession/dynamics


Jessica Gurevitch
My research concerns several aspects of ecology, particularly at the population and community levels. I have used experimental, demographic, and conceptual approaches to study biological invasions at a range of spatial scales. My work also concerns statistical applications in ecology, including research synthesis methodology and meta-analysis, and experimental design, especially with application to field experiments. I am also interested in teaching and education in ecology, and have contributed to several major textbooks in the field.

Keywords: Biotic interactions; Demography; Population demography; Statistics


Sabine Güsewell
My main research topics are relationships between nutrient availability, management and species diversity of grasslands and wetlands, as well as functional traits and the control of invasive plants. Research methods have included the statistical analysis of species distributional data (e.g. from monitoring programmes), field and garden experiments, and simulation models. Currently, I mainly act as advisor and data analyst for practitioners in conservation and agriculture.

Keywords: Alien species; Ecophysiology; Mires/wetlands; Nutrient cycling; Species diversity/richness; Statistics


Rune Halvorsen
My main interests are vegetation-environment relationships on different spatial and temporal scales, and the methodology for analysing such patterns (multivariate methods and other modelling tools, including species distribution modelling). I am interested in this from a theoretical as well as a field biological point of view. I have primarily been studying boreal and alpine systems (forests, mires, agricultural landscapes, alpine heaths). My interests also include demography and bryology (and, in particular, demography of bryophytes) and typification of natural variation.

Keywords: Bryophytes; Demography; Geostatistics; Modelling; Multivariate methods; Forest


Aveliina Helm
I am a community ecologist exploring the processes behind the development and patterns of biodiversity, including functional, genetic and phylogenetic richness. My special interest is in time-lags i.e. delayed responses of communities and populations to environmental changes such as habitat loss and habitat fragmentation. More recently, I have started to concentrate on habitat restoration ecology. Most of my studies have been carried out in European (semi-natural) grasslands, but I have also worked in European forests and in agricultural landscapes in general.

Keywords: Grassland; Species diversity/richness; Functional traits; Fragmentation; Area loss; Landscape ecology; Restoration; Species pools; Extinction debt; Colonisation credit


Florian Jansen
I study biological diversity and its connection to environmental conditions including human impact. My area of research is broad from historical landscape ecology over species response models to the proper treatment of changing taxonomic classifications. I am interested in the development of large vegetation-plot databases and the development and testing of new methods to analyse vegetation. Application issues like the endangerment of plants, the analysis of nature conservation measures or general goals for nature conservation are also in my focus.

Keywords: Biogeography; Conservation; Ecoinformatics/databases; Landscape ecology; Macroecology; Multivariate methods/ordination; Species diversity/richness; Theory; Vegetation survey


Zaal Kikvidze
I study plant interactions (competition and facilitation), their importance and shifts in dynamic balance on ecological gradients. Most often my research is based on alpine systems, although I have experience with arid environments. My research focuses on assembly rules and the mechanisms of co-existence of species at different spatial scales. I use a variety of methods, including the analysis of species distributional data, field plots, field experiments and modelling. My recent research has included plant-animal interactions such as herbivory and community ecology of carabid beetles.

Keywords: Alpine; Arid; Assembly rules; Biogeography; Biotic interactions; Co-existence; Grasslands; Herbivory; Macroecology; Species diversity/richness


Ingolf Kühn
I am interested in the relationships between environmental factors (and their change) will affect species richness, functional compositions and phylogenetic properties of plant communities and assemblages at several scales, with a focus on macroecological analyses. I concentrate on studying the impacts of climate change, biological invasions and urbanization on properties of plant assemblages. I specialized on methods to incorporate spatial and phylogenetic dependencies into analyses.

Keywords: Alien species; Climate change; Functional traits; Macroecology; Urban ecology


Jan Leps
I am interested in a wide range of topics in vegetation ecology, including taxonomic and functional diversity, its determinants and functional consequences, vegetation dynamics and its determinants, plant herbivore interactions, species traits as determinants of species ecology, ecology of hemiparasitic plants, tropical ecology, and effects of management on grassland communities. I believe that the manipulative experiments are necessary to reveal mechanisms of functioning of ecological communities. I have special interest in (multivariate) analysis of ecological data.

Keywords: Functional types / traits; Assembly rules; Management; Multivariate methods / ordination; Species diversity / richness; Species pools; Succession/dynamics; Tropics


Simona Maccherini
I deal with biodiversity and plant community ecology. My current research interests are ecology of remnant vegetation; methodological aspects of restoration monitoring, in particular the use of efficient sampling design in monitoring restoration management considering spatial and temporal variability of habitats; and cross-taxon congruence, in particular the role of plants as surrogate group, for biodiversity conservation purposes. My favorite tools of investigation are: experimental and sampling design for short and long term study, uni and multivariate analysis techniques.

Keywords: Conservation;Grassland, Restoration, Species diversity / richness, Vegetation survey, Succession/dynamics,


Norman Mason
My primary interest is functional trait research, especially functional trait diversity. Much of my research focusses on the use of functional diversity indices as indicators of community assembly processes and rates of ecosystem functioning. I am also interested in using phylogeny to understand trait evolution and community assembly. I have extensive experience using Monte-Carlo null models, various methods of spatial prediction and theoretical community assembly models. I would prefer not to deal with manuscripts on phytosociology or other forms of vegetation classification. .

Keywords: Assembly rules, Biotic interactions {including competition & facilitation}, Co-existence, Fire, Functional types / traits, Modelling / simulations, Phylogenetics, Randomisation tests, Statistics


Richard Michalet
I mainly study plant interactions (competition, direct and indirect facilitation) in terrestrial ecosystems, and in particular alpine vegetation, desert, arid and semi-arid ecosystems, coastal dunes, calcareous grasslands and forest ecosystems. In this field my focus is mainly on understanding mechanisms of interactions along complex environmental gradients including the role of species strategies and their consequences for community composition and diversity. I am also more recently involved in community genetics studies and in particular the role of facilitation among plants for community evolution.

Keywords: Alpine / Upland; Arid / dry habitats; Biogeography; Biotic interactions; Field experiments; Forest / woodland; Grassland; Mediterranean; Soils and plants


John Morgan
I am a plant ecologist interested in the temporal dynamics of terrestrial vegetation. My research aims to understand the important role of disturbance, climate variability and regeneration processes on the trajectory of change in native ecosystems. This has important implications for conservation and management of biodiversity. Increasingly my work considers the effects of climate change on vegetation dynamics and response/adaptation.

Keywords: Alien Species; Co-existence; Climate change; Demography; Dispersal; Grassland; Fire; Population dynamics; Seed germination and establishment


Tohru Nakashizuka
I study dynamic feature of forest communities, including tree population dynamics, biodiversity and its change in temperate and tropical forests. The studies also include the effects of forest management and landuse on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Recently I focus also on the effect of climatic change on forest communities in montane forests.

Keywords: Climatic change; Forest/woodland; Population dynamics; Species diversity/richness; Tropics


Gerhard Overbeck
I am interested in diversity and dynamics of plant communities, particularly in different grassland (or other 'open') ecosystems. I am especially interested in regeneration processes in relation to disturbance, and on links to population level responses. I have experience with questions related to environmental planning and conservation, also in urban areas. I have worked in Central Europe and subtropical Brazil.

Keywords: Conservation; Disturbance; Field experiments; Functional types/traits; Grassland; Reserve networks/protected areas; Seed germination and establishment; Species diversity/richness; Vegetation dynamics


Mike Palmer
I am interested in determinants of biodiversity at all spatial scales. My main study site is the tallgrass prairie region of Oklahoma, consisting of a mosaic of woodlands, grasslands, and wetlands that are modified by frequent fire and grazing. I also study patterns of plant diversity on a continental scale using meta-analysis of historical records. I am increasingly interested in the conservation of biodiversity in cultural landscapes.

Keywords: Coexistence; Disturbance; Floristics; Forest/Woodland; Grassland; Modeling/simulations; Multivariate methods/ordination; Species Richness; Theory


Meelis Pärtel
My main research topic is macroecology of biodiversity. I am trying to look beyond the borders of the existing paradigm. I'm studying evolutionary and landscape history of ecological communities, elaborating new theories, methods and approaches. I have been intrigued by linking large- and small-scale processes with biodiversity, especially the species pool concept and community assembly. I'm working with genetic, functional, phylogenetic and below-ground plant diversity. My research objects have been various plant communities globally, but especially grasslands in different continents.

Keywords: Grassland; Macroecology; Species diversity/richness; Species pools; Theory


José María Paruelo
My main research interests is on understanding the effects of land use and land cover changes on ecosystem structure and functioning.My current focus is on subtropical forests, grasslands and steppes of South America. I am particularly interested on functional changes related to the dynamics of C gains (primary production) and water losses. In my investigation I combine remote sensing techniques, modeling and field experiments.

Keywords: Remote sensing, Grasslands, Productivity / biomass; Shrubland; Water relations


Juli Pausas
My research focuses on ecology and evolution of fire-prone vegetation, and specifically on understanding the role of fire in shaping plant species, populations, communities and landscapes.

Keywords: Fire ecology; Mediterranean type vegetation


Bob Peet
My major research efforts are focused on the vegetation of the Southeastern United States and include on-going studies of the long-term dynamics of Southeastern Piedmont forests, impacts of altered hydrology and siltation on floodplain ecosystems, compositional variation in fire-maintained Coastal Plain pinelands, factors influencing the species diversity of terrestrial plant communities, and the importance of scale in perception of ecological processes. I also have a strong interest in bioinformatics as applied to ecology and systematics.

Keywords: Biogeography; Disturbance; Ecoinformatics/ databases; Fire; Forest / woodland; Landscape ecology; Savannah; Species diversity / richness; Succession/dynamics; Vegetation survey


Janos Podani
My interest lies generally in the multivariate nature of the living world and especially in the methods for its exploration.
I have published contributions to the following subjects: classification and ordination theory and applications ranging from phytosociology to the medical sciences, analysis of multi-species patterns, sampling, different kinds of diversity, and taxonomy versus cladistic analysis.

Keywords: Classification/clustering; Diversity; Multivariate methods/ordination; Phylogenetics; Randomisation tests; Spatial point patterns


Jodi Price
I am a community ecologist with broad interests and experience in various aspects of plant ecology, including community assembly, invasions, disturbance, land-use and restoration. I usually look at small-scale patterns in herbaceous communities in order to answer big-scale questions in ecology, i.e. generalizable patterns that contribute to understanding theory. I use a variety of approaches including field studies, experiments (field and glasshouse), and meta-analysis. Most recently, I have used functional traits to understand community assembly both above and belowground.

Keywords: Co-existence; Disturbance; Functional types/traits; Grassland; Restoration; Species diversity / richness; Species pools


Andreas Prinzing
I have been studying how lichens and plants interact with arthropods, and how vegetation and life-history gradients form under inundation disturbance. I have been using information on vegetation composition for macroecological analyses such as relating traits to invasiveness. Since several years I am studying how present vegetation patterns inform us about the impact of palaeoenvironments on phylogenetic diversification of Angiosperms and what the consequences of phylogenetic diversity of Angiosperms are for the functioning of today’s vegetation and ecosystems.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Functional types/traits; Macroecology; Phylogenetics; Herbivory; Alien species; Biogeography; Species diversity/richness


Francisco Pugnaire
I am interested in plant community dynamics and focus on plant-plant interactions and their response to environmental conditions. I mostly work in stressful environments (arid, alpine) and use field and greenhouse experiments, and approaches which range from assessing plant physiological status to spatial pattern analysis. My recent research addresses relationships between plants and soil microorganisms, and their effects on soil respiration and CO2 balance.

Keywords: Arid /dry habitats;Biotic interactions; Carbon cycling; Climatic change; Ecophysiology; Productivity / biomass; Shrubland; Soils and plants;Spatial point patterns; Water relations


Gillian Rapson
I study disturbance effects, mostly in response to anthropogenic influences, using natural systems as references. Emphasis is particularly on short or dryland vegetation types, though I also work in forest remnants and urban areas. I use a mix of field work and experimental approaches to examine aspects of plant-plant interactions through communities to vegetation types. Recent work has mainly focused on determinants of urban floras. My recreational interests are in conservation of rare ecosystems.

Keywords: Alien species; Alpine / Upland; Coasts; Demography / Population dynamics; Disturbance; Ecophysiology; Grassland Palaeoecology / historical ecology; Urban ecology


Duccio Rocchini
I am a spatial ecologist, mainly interested in remote sensing-based methods applied to biodiversity estimate, together with the development of new approaches for modelling diversity patterns over space. After my PhD and a Post-Doc in Siena together with Alessandro Chiarucci, I reached the IASMA Research and Innovation Centre (Edmund Mach Foundation, Italy) in the GIS and Remote Sensing Unit led by Markus Neteler.

Keywords: Ecoinformatics/databases; Landscape ecology; Modelling/simulations; Remote sensing; Species diversity/richness


Stephen Roxburgh
My research focuses on the structure and functioning of ecological communities, where I combine mathematical modelling and theory with field observations and experiments. I am particularly interested in mechanisms of species coexistence and the maintenance of biological diversity, especially the role of disturbance and other environmental fluctuations. I also work on terrestrial carbon cycling in Australian ecosystems, where I develop biogeochemical models of carbon and water cycling, and the impacts of fire on these ecosystem functions.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Biotic interactions {including competition & facilitation}; Carbon cycling; Co-existence; Disturbance; Fire; Modelling / simulations; Randomisation tests


Hakan Rydin
My research focuses on peatland ecology and covers community structure, competition, niche relations, ecophysiology, reproductive biology, dispersal and metapopulation dynamics in bryophytes. Sphagnum species (peat mosses), rich fen bryophytes and epiphytes are the main study objects. I am also interested in vegetation dynamics and mechanisms to explain species diversity.

Keywords: Bryophytes; Co-existence; Dispersal; Ecophysiology; Metapopulations; Functional types / traits; Mires; Species richness; Succession/dynamics


Sam Scheiner
I am a population, community and macroecologist, now focusing primarily on ecological theory. My current research focuses on conceptual issues involving scale and diversity, statistical methods for analysing complex causal relationships, and theories of macroecological patterns of diversity. Past research has included empirical studies of landscape, regional and global patterns of plant diversity. In addition, my research includes theoretical work on the evolution of phenotypic plasticity.

Keywords: Diversity; Evolution; Macroecology; Structural equation models; Theory


Sebastian Schmidtlein
I am interested in the investigation of multi-species patterns at different spatial scales and methods to deal with them. These methods include the analysis of distribution data and modelling. My research focus is currently on remote sensing of vegetation, particularly of species composition and plant functional traits and how these methods can be applied to monitoring, management and sustainable land-use.

Keywords: Remote sensing; Ecoinformatics / databases; Biogeography; Macroecology; Multivariate methods; Species diversity / richness; Conservation


Rachel J. Standish
I am a plant ecologist with a broad interest in ecology and its application to ecosystem management. My research is grounded in theory but driven by an interest in developing practical outcomes. I tend to use an experimental approach to research that is informed by my observations of what occurs in nature. However, my most recent contributions to science have been conceptual. My current research asks how resilience and related concepts might inform ecosystem management in a rapidly changing world.

Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Field experiments; Restoration; Management; Mediterranean-climate ecosystems; Seed germination and establishment; Soils and plants; Succession/dynamics


Andrew Tanentzap
I study the processes underlying patterns of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. My main interests are in predicting how ecosystems respond to disturbances, such as those imposed by herbivores and anthropogenic change. A key goal is to develop statistical and process-based models that inform conservation management. The systems that I work in are exceptionally varied, including forests, grasslands, wetlands, and lakes. I enjoy confronting theory with empirical data and have recently become interested in how historical contingencies influence community assembly.

Keywords: Carbon cycling; Conservation; Demography/population dynamics; Disturbance; Herbivory; Macroecology; Soils and plants; Species diversity/richness; Statistics


Vigdis Vandvik
I am a community ecologist, interested in how natural and human drivers affect plant populations, communities and ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales. My research focuses on various aspects of plant regeneration ecology, effects of climate and -change and how they scale across levels of organization from individuals via populations to communities, the effects of human land-use regimes, past and present, on terrestrial ecosystems, and more generally on disentangling processes that shape diversity patterns.

Keywords: Climatic change; Dispersal, Disturbance; Field experiments; Grassland; Heathland; Management; Multivariate methods / ordination; Seed germination and establishment; Species diversity / richness; Succession/dynamics


David Ward
My research interests lie in the field of the ecology and genetics of plant-animal interactions. In particular, I am interested in the effects of herbivory by large mammals on the population biology, population genetics and conservation of plant populations, especially trees. Most of my work focuses on savanna ecology, although I maintain a strong interest in desert studies. I firmly believe in the value of field experiments to allow us to gain a mechanistic understanding of the factors that create large-scale vegetation patterns.

Keywords: Arid / dry habitats; Savanna; Herbivory; Population dynamics; Coexistence; Biotic interactions; Population genetics; Conservation.


Karsten Wesche
I study effects of land use and climate on vegetation patterns, and I am thus also interested in applied topics and conservation biology. Temperate grasslands, especially steppes of Central and Eastern Asia became favourite ecosystems, where we carry out both descriptive and experimental research. Methods include the toolbox of traditional vegetation science, supplemented by approaches from related fields such as population ecology, soil science and biogeography. In terms of analysis, multivariate statistics became a special focus.

Keywords: Alpine/upland; Arid/dry habitats; Biogeography; Conservation; Grassland; Management; Multivariate methods/ordination; Vegetation survey


Kerstin Wiegand
My research deals with the role of space for population dynamics, interspecific interactions, and biodiversity. I’m interested in the spatial ecology of savannahs, forests, grasslands, and agricultural landscapes, mostly in Europe and Southern Africa. Recently, my research broadened to the study of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Asian rainforest transformation systems. My methodological emphasis is on (spatially explicit, individual-based) simulation models and spatial statistics (point pattern analysis, of location of individuals).

Keywords: Arid/dry habitats; Demography Population dynamics; Forest/woodland; Functional types/traits; Landscape ecology; Modelling/simulations; Savannah; Spatial point patterns


Otto Wildi
The main topic I am dealing with is analysis of biological and environmental data (i.e. multivariate data) in plant ecology. I am specifically interested in pattern recognition at the community level using classification and ordination. A second field concerns spatial analysis and interactions explaining large scale distribution patterns. I am also involved in studies of long-term changes. These include the design of monitoring projects and the analysis of non-linear changes in multi-species systems. One of my favourite approaches in this field is dynamic modelling using differential equations and numerical integration. The systems concerned are mainly semi-natural pastures, wetlands (fens and bogs), meadows and forests.

Keywords: Alpine / upland; Biotic interactions; Climatic change; Forest/woodland; Grassland; Mires/wetlands; Modelling/simulations, Multivariate methods/ordination; Statistics; Vegetation survey


J Bastow Wilson
My main research trust is in assembly rules, usually analysed with randomisation tests. Currently I am specially interested in the mechanisms behind assembly rules. On the boundaries of that I am using spatial autocorrelation to examine spatial structure. I work in any type of plant community, but have a special interest in coastal vegetation. I am interested in ecological theory, but especially in testing those theories against real communities.

Keywords: Alien species; Assembly rules; Biogeography; Co-existence; Mires/wetlands; Restoration; Urban ecology


Kerry Woods
My research primarily concerns dynamics of late-successional forests, particularly the roles of rare events and long-term environmental change in shaping diversity, species interactions, and ecosystem function. I have used palaeoecological and historical approaches, but currently focus on analysis and modelling using long-term data from permanent plots. I am particularly interested in analysis of spatially and temporally complicated data. I have focused on North American cool-temperate forests, but am developing collaborative exploration of similar questions across ecologically analogous forests.

Keywords: Demography/population dynamics; Disturbance; Forest/woodland; Long-term trends; Palaeoecology/historical ecology; Species diversity/richness; Succession/dynamics


Monika Wulf
I study long-term changes of plant species diversity and associated drivers in temperate forests. One of my research focuses is the relationship between land-use/cover changes and actual distribution patterns of forest plant species at the regional scale. Another focus is the challenge to reconstruct plant species distribution and composition in former times using different archival sources from the 18th century on. I apply various methods of data analysis at the species and community level including GIS techniques and multivariate statistics.

Keywords: Biodiversity; Forest/woodland; Historical ecology; Landscape ecology; Multivariate methods/ordination; Species diversity/richness; Statistics; Vegetation survey


David Zelený
I am vegetation ecologist studying patterns of alpha and beta diversity of plant communities along environmental gradients, processes generating spatial patterns, and trait-based assembly rules. I am also interested in vegetation classification, and general methodological aspects of (mainly multivariate) data analysis. Recently, I shifted my focus from temperate vegetation in Europe to ecosystems of subtropical East Asia. I like the idea of promoting research reproducibility by appending detailed analysis description (e.g. R scripts) and by making the original data available.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Functional types / traits; Multivariate methods / ordination; Species diversity / richness; Syntaxonomy; Tropics


Martin Zobel
My main research topic is the variation of plant diversity and the processes underlying the pattern. I am trying to combine approaches in different scales (from interactions of individuals to evolutionary history) and studies of different taxonomic groups (plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi). Besides understanding the fundamental nature of plant and fungal communities, my research addresses also the impact of human on community structure, on finding the best indicators of this impact as well on restoration and optimal management of grassland and forest vegetation.

Keywords: Assembly rules; Biotic interactions; Dispersal; Field experiments; Grassland; Greenhouse experiments; Landscape ecology; Mycorrhizae; Seed germination and establishment; Seed pools; Species diversity/richness; Species pools; Succession/dynamics; Theory


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