Maternal & Child Nutrition

Cover image for Vol. 14 Issue 1

Edited By: Victoria Hall Moran and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

Impact Factor: 2.528

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 23/121 (Pediatrics); 39/81 (Nutrition & Dietetics)

Online ISSN: 1740-8709

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

The scope of Maternal & Child Nutrition includes pre-conceptual nutrition, antenatal and postnatal maternal nutrition, women's nutrition throughout their reproductive years, and fetal, neonatal, infant and child nutrition, up to and including adolescence. The Journal welcomes submission of (1) Original Research Papers, (2) Systematic Reviews that provide original information on maternal and/or child nutrition and (3) Letters to the Editor (Correspondence), usually commenting on a recent publication in the journal. The journal also publishes Special Issues, which bring together collections of papers on a particular theme, usually edited by a Guest Editor, and subject to customary reviewing process.

1. Online Submission

Please submit your manuscript online at Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. For more information on preparing the manuscripts for online submission, please read the detailed instructions at Additional help is available by emailing At the time of submission, authors are asked to make a declaration of any competing interests and to state their individual contributions to the work.

Editorial Office contact details:

2. Format of Manuscripts

All manuscripts submitted to Maternal & Child Nutrition should include: title page, abstract and keywords, main text, key messages, references, tables and figures.

Maternal & Child Nutrition uses double-blinded review. Please do not include identifying information on any documents other than the Title page.

2.1 Title page

Please include the following in the title page:

i. Author names and affiliations;
ii. A short running title;
iii. Abstract word count;
iv. Main text word count;
v. Number of references;
vi. Number of tables;
vii. Number of figures;
viii. Acknowledgements;
ix. Source of funding;
x. Conflict of interest statement;
xi. Contributor statement.

Twelve words or less is the recommended length for a title.

The word counts for the main body of the text excludes references and legends.

Acknowledgements: Authors must specify all contributors to the article other than the authors accredited.

Source of funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. The information will be disclosed in the published article. Please provide the information in the below format (with the grant no./nos. enclosed in parentheses).


Source of funding:
·         Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (5KHD001441-15)
·         University of North Carolina Center for AIDS Research (P30 AI50410)
·         University of North Carolina University Research Council
·         Carolina Population Center (P2C HD050924

Note to NIH Grantees: Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

Conflict of Interest Statement: Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest. These include financial (for example patent, ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker’s fee). Information provided at the time of submission will be published, or 'none declared' will appear.

Contributor statement: The contribution of each author should be stated at the time of submission. This information will be published. Please conform to the guidance on manuscript size below. Please ensure that these details are shown on the cover page only, and do not appear on any other page of the manuscript.

2.2 Abstract and keywords

Supply an abstract (without subheadings) of up to 250 words. Below the abstract, provide up to six keywords that will assist indexers in cross-indexing your article.

Optimizing Your Abstract for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimizing your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximize the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

2.3 Main text

The main text should be typed double-spaced, include continuous line numbers and structured as follows: Abstract (continuous text); introduction; key messages; methods (including appropriate subsections, e.g. statistical methods); results; discussion; conclusion (optional); references; legends to figures; tables; and figures.

Ethics: The ethical aspects of all studies will be noted particularly when assessing manuscripts. All studies using human participants should include an explicit statement in the Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee, institutional council or review board approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

Units: All measurements should be expressed as SI units. If, however, other units are used, a conversion factor should be included in the Methods section.

Statistical methods: Statistical methods should be described clearly in the methods section with references when appropriate. Editors and referees will be concerned particularly that any study described had sufficient statistical power for its purpose, and where appropriate, considerations of the power of the study should be laid out in the methods section. In the results section 95% confidence intervals should be cited whenever possible for all important endpoints for the study. Please click here for guidance on how to present statistical results.

Otherwise, the journal does not provide its own guidelines on statistical reporting. Instead, authors are advised to consult existing general resources such as: or resources aimed specifically at observational studies: or even manuscript checklists: which include some useful guidance on p-values and what to include in tables of results:

2.4 Key Messages

A key message box should be provided with each manuscript. This should include 3-5 messages on key points of practice, policy or research (the key messages should be between 80-100 words in length).

2.5 References

References should be cited using the APA style (American Psychological Association). List all sources in the reference list alphabetically by name. In text citations should follow the author-date method. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

References are styled according to the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appears below. Please note that for journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page one.

Journal article: Phelps, L. (1996). Discriminative validity of the WRAML with ADHD and LD children. Psychology in the Schools, 33, 5-12.

Book edition: Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

If a reference has more than 7 authors, list first 6 authors, then ellipses followed by the last author; there should be no to samples below.

Serdula, M. K., Lundeen, E., Nichols, E. K., Imanalieva, C., Minbaev, M.,Mamyrbaeva, T., … Kyrgyz Republic Working Group. (2013). Effects of a large-scale micronutrient powder and young child feeding education program on the micronutrient status of children 6–24 months of age in the Kyrgyz Republic. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67, 703–707.

Stevens, G. A., Bennett, J. E., Hennocq, Q., Lu, Y., De-Regil, L. M., Rogers, L., … Ezzati, M. (2015). Trends and mortality effects of vitamin A deficiency in children in 138 low-income and middle-income countries between 1991 and 2013: A pooled analysis of population-based surveys.Lancet Global Health, 3, e528–e536.

References should refer only to material listed within the text.

2.6 Tables and Figures

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and referred to ‘Table(s)’ in the text. Each table should have a title. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript.

Figures: Figures should be no larger than A4 and should be in a suitable form for reproduction. Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as ‘Figure(s)’ and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. Each figure should have a title and a legend and all legends should be typed together on a separate sheet and numbered correspondingly. Please send electronic versions of your figures. For more information please visit

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/ photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programs. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form (see Colour Charges below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi. You may check your electronic artwork before submitting it at

Further information can be obtained at Wiley-Blackwell’s guidelines for figures:

3. Word limits

3.1 Original Research Papers

Original research paper should be no longer than 5,000 words (not including abstract, references, tables and figures). Manuscripts should include a maximum of 5 Figures and/or tables. Additional tables or figures and/or extra methodological detail can be included in a separate Supplementary Appendix. In exceptional cases MCN will consider submission of manuscripts longer in length, but this should be negotiated with the Editor prior to submission. The production and handling Editors may relocate tables or figures into a Supplementary Appendix prior to the production of page proofs if the manuscript exceeds these specifications at the time of final acceptance.

3.2 Review Articles

High quality review articles should provide novel insights, analysis and interpretation of the published literature and offer a balanced critical appraisal of established or emerging issues related to maternal and child nutrition. Review Articles should not exceed 5,000 words and 100 references. Additional data (e.g. Tables) can be provided as a Supplementary Appendix. The handling Editor may relocate tables or figures into a Supplementary Appendix if the manuscript exceeds these specifications and/or 12 printed pages.

3.3 Letters to the Editor

Correspondence relating to work that has been published in the journal, and/or other brief comments, case reports or observations, may be submitted as a succinct Letter to the Editor.

4. Clinical Trials

Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at A CONSORT checklist should also be included in the submission material ( 2001 checklist.doc).

Manuscripts reporting results from a clinical trial must provide the registration number and name of the clinical trial. Clinical trials can be registered in any of the following free, public clinical trials registries:,, The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will be published with the paper.

5. Editing

All manuscripts are subject to editing for length, clarity and conformity with Maternal & Child Nutrition style. Word count limitations should be observed. Tables and figures will be published as supporting information if the proofs of the manuscript exceed 12 print pages. Authors should retain a copy of their manuscript since no responsibility can be accepted for damage or loss of papers.

6. Language

The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscripts are professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

7. Publication Ethics

Maternal & Child Nutrition adheres to the below ethical guidelines for publication and research.

7.1 Authorship and Acknowledgements

Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship and, except in the case of complex large-scale or multi-centre research, the number of authors should not exceed six.

Maternal & Child Nutrition adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on

1. substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,

2. drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and

3. final approval of the version to be published.

Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3. It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

7.2 Permissions

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

7.3 Plagiarism

Any material reproduced or quoted from other sources must be clearly indicated as such. The editors will advise whether or not the original author’s or copyright holder’s consent is needed.

MCN is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content. Authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting

7.4 Appeal of Decision

The decision on a paper is final and cannot be appealed.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the production editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

8.1 Copyright Transfer Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license: Creative Commons Attribution License OAA. To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

8.2 Proof Corrections

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. The software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.

8.3 Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

8.4 Early View

Maternal & Child Nutrition offers Early View for all manuscripts. This service ensures that all accepted and proofed manuscripts are published online very soon after proofing but before inclusion in a full issue.

8.5 OnlineOpen

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

8.6 Author material archive policy

Please note that, unless specifically requested, Wiley-Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted 2 months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the Editorial Office or Production Editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

9. Manuscript referrals to the open access journal Food Science & Nutrition

This journal works together with Wiley's open access journal, Food Science & Nutrition, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors may be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Food Science & Nutrition. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Food Science & Nutrition will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Food Science & Nutrition is a Wiley Open Access Journal and article publication fees apply. For more information, please go to on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

10. eLocators

This journal now uses eLocators. eLocators are unique identifiers for an article that service the same function page numbers have traditionally served in the print world. When citing this article, please insert the eLocator in place of the page number. For more information, please visit the Author Services eLocator page here.