Australasian Journal on Ageing

Cover image for Vol. 34 Issue S2

Edited By: Professor Lynne Parkinson

Impact Factor: 0.678

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 26/32 (Gerontology); 47/50 (Geriatrics & Gerontology)

Online ISSN: 1741-6612

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Australasian Journal on Ageing. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published in full or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Where the manuscript has been previously published in part, however, it may still be publishable in the journal. In such instances the previous publication must be acknowledged and disclosed in the cover letter, and a copy should be sent for the editor to consider eligibility of the second article for publication. This is particularly important in the case of published reports that have been developed into scholarly manuscripts.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

We look forward to your submission.


Aims and Scope

Australasian Journal on Ageing is the official English language journal of the Australian Association of Gerontology, Aged and Community Services Australia, Australian Council on the Ageing, and the Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine.

The Australasian Journal on Ageing is an international, multi-disciplinary peer-reviewed journal. Australasian Journal on Ageing promotes the exchange of ideas in the international fields of gerontology and geriatric medicine and welcomes articles that have implications for policy and practice. Australasian Journal on Ageing publishes original work in social research and policy, workforce policy, clinical practice and health, rural and remote health, behavioural and social sciences and education and planning, to inform readers from a wide variety of disciplines and professions. For each category, implications for policy and/or practice must be drawn out. Australasian Journal on Ageing has a global readership and is the premier journal on ageing in Australasia.

Editorial Review and Acceptance

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors, who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.


Principles for Publication of Research Involving Human Subjects
Manuscripts must contain a statement to the effect that all human studies have been reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in an appropriate version of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Brazil 2013), available at It should also state clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under the study should be omitted.

Clinical trial registration
The Australasian Journal on Ageing requires that the clinical trials submitted for its consideration are registered in a publicly accessible database. Authors should include the name of the trial register and their clinical trial registration number in the Acknowledgements section of their manuscript. If you wish the editor[s] to consider an unregistered trial, please explain briefly why the trial has not been registered.

Best practice research guidelines
Authors are encouraged to ensure their studies conform to accepted best practice guidelines such as:
CONSORT guidelines for reports of randomised trials and cluster randomised trials
STROBE statement for observational studies (cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional designs)
STARD guidelines for studies of diagnostic accuracy
PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Conflict of interest
Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a potential conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the conflict of interest statement will be published in both the online and print versions. For further information on what may constitute a conflict of interest, please refer to the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) website at

Plagiarism Detection
The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Committee on Publication Ethics
The journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Authorship and Acknowledgements
The journal adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria: i) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; ii) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; iii) Final approval of the version to be published; and i) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’.


i. Original Research Articles
Word limit: 3,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 30 references.
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Full-length reports of quality current research within any area of gerontology and geriatric medicine. Key Points – 3 or 4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper – must be included.

ii. Brief Reports
Word limit: 1,500 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 20 references.
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 2 figures or tables
Description: Priority will be giving to brief research reports. Key Points – 3 or 4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper – must be included.

iii. Review Articles
Word limit: 4,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 60 references
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Reviews are comprehensive analyses of the literature in specific research areas related to gerontology or geriatric medicine. We do not accept reviews that have not used systematic methods. Review should preferably follow the PRISMA guidelines. Key Points – 3 or 4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper – must be included.

iv. Innovation and Translation
Word limit: 3,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; if relevant, structured under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s)
References: Maximum of 20 references
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: We are interested in submissions concerning innovative policy and practice initiatives and critical examination of existing policy and practice across the spectrum of ageing and aged care. While these articles are required to be evidence based, their chief role will be to emphasise the importance of the innovation or translation in addressing ageing issues. Submissions can include policy or interventions in any setting related to ageing, from government policy to the individual level. We encourage contributions that examine policy and practice issues that critically impact on ageing and aged care. Key Points – 3 or 4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper – must be included.

Priority will be given to brief updates of up to 1500 words.

v. Letters to the Editor
Word limit: 400 words maximum
Abstract: No abstract is required for this manuscript type
References: 5 maximum
Figures/Tables: 1 maximum
Description: Letters must offer perspective to content published in the Australasian Journal on Ageing or information critical to a certain area. A Letter must reference the original source, and a Response to a Letter must reference the Letter in the first few paragraphs. Letters can use an arbitrary title, but a Response must cite the title of the Letter: e.g. Response to [title of Letter]. This ensures that readers can track the line of discussion. Letters may be edited and are subject to reply.

vi. Invited Commentaries (only by invitation from the Editors)
Word limit: 1000 words maximum
Abstract: No abstract is required for this manuscript type
References: 5 maximum
Figures/Tables: 1 single panel figure or 1 table
Description: Invited articles which provide expert commentary on accepted manuscripts which have particular relevance to our readership. By Editor invitation only.

vii. Invited Articles (only by invitation from the Editors)
Word limit: 2,000 words maximum
Abstract: As advised
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 3 figures and tables
References: 20 maximum
Description: Invited articles which provide expert evidence-based analysis of policy, practice and research, which have particular relevance to our readership. By Editor invitation only.

viii. Reflection
Word limit: 30 lines for poetry/1000 words for stories.
Abstract: No abstract is required for this manuscript type
Description: Poems or stories (fiction or non-fiction) related to any aspect of ageing, whether from the point of view of a health care worker or older person or patient, or simply an observer, will be considered. Poems and stories should be original, and not previously published or under consideration elsewhere. A title page with full author details is also be required.


Author Services
Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: http:/ This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics and electronic artwork guidelines.

Pre-submission English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English expression. Visit our site to learn about options that may be taken. All editing services are paid for and arranged by the author.  Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript style

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at

Note that this journal discourages the use of the pejorative terms "elderly" and "seniors". The terms "ageing" and "older people" are preferred.

Spelling. The journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary. In particular, use "ageing" not "aging".

Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Trade names. Chemical substances should be referred to by the generic name only. Trade names should not be used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

Parts of the Manuscript
The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title page

The title page should contain (i) a short informative title that contains the major MeSH compatible key words. The title should not contain abbreviations; (ii) the full names of the authors; (iii) the author's institutional affiliations at which the work was carried out; (iv) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent; (v) acknowledgements and conflicts of interest. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations and any other conflicts of interest. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

Main text

As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors. The main text of the manuscript should be presented in the following order: (i) abstract and MeSH compatible key words, (ii) text, (iii) 3-4 key points, (iv) references, (v) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (vi) appendices, and (vii) figure legends. Figures and supporting information should be submitted as separate files.

Abstract and key words
Research articles, Brief reports and Reviews. Abstracts should be 150 words or less and structured into sections preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s). Innovation and Translation. Should be preceded by a short structured abstract of 150 words or less, using the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s), where relevant. Other articles. Editorials and Invited Commentaries do not need an abstract. For Invited Articles, the need for an abstract will be advised at invitation.

Five key words, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at

Please refer to the section 'Manuscript Categories' for specific requirements of each article type.

The Vancouver system of referencing should be used (examples are given below). In the text, references should be cited using Arabic numerals in square brackets (eg: [1] etc) in the order in which they appear. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.

Manuscripts that do not conform to the correct referencing style will be returned to authors for correction. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Journal article
1. Soter NA, Wasserman SI, Austen KF. Cold urticaria: Release into the circulation of histamine and eosinophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis during cold challenge. The New England Journal of Medicine 1976; 294: 687–690.

2. Kaufmann HE, Baron BA, McDonald MB, Wlatman SR (eds). The Cornea, 2nd edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1998.

Chapter in a Book
3. McEwen WK, Goodner IK. Secretion of tears and blinking. In: Davidson H (ed). The Eye, Vol 3, 2nd edn. New York: Academic Press, 1969; 34–78.

Electronic Material
4. Mental Health Council of Australia. Not for Service: Experiences of Injustice and Despair in Mental Health Care in Australia. [Cited 1 July 2012.] Available from URL: download?path=Publications/Not For Service _Full Report.pdf&Itemid=539.

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Only .jpg or .tif (300) dpi files will be accepted.

More information about preparation of digital figure files is available on Author Services at:

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

Please note that the provision of supplementary material is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


Manuscripts should be submitted online at

• A cover letter should be included in the ‘Cover Letter Field’ of the ScholarOne system. The text can be entered directly into the field or uploaded as a file.

• The covering letter authorship statement should include an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly,and confirm that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript. In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author’s contribution to the paper is to be specified using percentages. If the manuscript has been previously published in part this must be acknowledged and a copy should be included with the submission. This is particularly important in the case of published reports that have been developed into scholarly manuscripts.

• Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest in the ‘Conflict of Interest’ field in the ScholarOne System (note, it is also a requirement that this is included on the title page).

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, using 1.5 line spacing.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD

ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register today for your ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Editorial Office, Australasian Journal on Ageing
155 Cremorne Street
Richmond, Victoria 3121
Email:; tel: +61 3 9274 3118; fax: +61 3 9274 3390.

Author Guidelines Updated 18 November 2015