Australasian Journal on Ageing

Cover image for Vol. 33 Issue 1

Edited By: Professor Lynne Parkinson

Impact Factor: 0.94

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 17/31 (Gerontology); 39/47 (Geriatrics & Gerontology)

Online ISSN: 1741-6612



Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in the Australasian Journal on Ageing. Please consult the following instructions to help you prepare your manuscript, and feel free to contact us with any questions. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review. We are looking forward to your submission.

1. AIMS AND SCOPE

Australasian Journal on Ageing is the official English language journal of the Australian Association of Gerontology, Aged and Community Services Australia, Australian Council on the Ageing, and the Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine, and publishes original research articles dealing with any area of gerontology and geriatric medicine. The Journal publishes papers in the following categories (word limits include text but not references, tables or figure legends). For each category implications for policy and/or practice must be drawn out.

Frequency: 4 times per year

2. EDITORIAL REVIEW AND ACCEPTANCE

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors, who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

The Australasian Journal on Ageing employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

3. PRE-SUBMISSION RESOURCES

Author Services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: http:/authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/author.asp.

This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and how to optimise articles for search engines.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

4. MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

Manuscript categories

i. Original Research Articles
Word limit: 3,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 30 references.
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Full-length reports of quality current research within any area of gerontology and geriatric medicine. Key Points must be included – these are 3-4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper.

ii. Brief Reports
Word limit: 1,500 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 20 references.
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 2 figures or tables
Description: Priority will be giving to brief research reports. Key Points must be included – these are 3-4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper.

iii. Review Articles
Word limit: 4,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; must be structured, preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s).
References: Maximum of 50 references
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Reviews are comprehensive, and preferably systematic, analyses of the literature in specific research areas related to gerontology or geriatric medicine. Key Points must be included – these are 3-4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper.

iv. Policy and Practice Updates
Word limit: 3,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; if relevant, structured under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s)
References: Maximum of 20 references
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Policy and practice updates are articles by an expert in the field which aim to update readers in the areas of professional practice or policy, and must be evidence based. Key Points must be included – these are 3-4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper. Priority will be given to brief updates of up to 1500 words.

v. Innovations in Aged Care
Word limit: 3,000 words maximum, excluding abstract and references
Abstract: 150 words maximum; if relevant, structured under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s)
References: Maximum of 20 references
Figures/Tables: Total of no more than 5 figures and tables.
Description: Articles which describe and evaluate an innovation. Innovations can include new treatments, community and residential care programs, professional training courses and social policies, and must be evidence based. Key Points must be included – these are 3-4 dot-points which outline the essential take-home messages of the paper. Priority will be given to brief reports of up to 1500 words.

vi. Letters to the Editor
Word limit: 400 words maximum
Abstract: No abstract required for this manuscript type
References: 10 maximum
Figures/Tables: 1 maximum
Description: Letters must offer perspective to content published in the Australasian Journal on Ageing or information critical to a certain area. A Letter must reference the original source, and a Response to a Letter must reference the Letter in the first few paragraphs. Letters can use an arbitrary title, but a Response must cite the title of the Letter: e.g. Response to [title of Letter]. This ensures that readers can track the line of discussion. Letters may be editred and are subject to reply.

vii. Invited Commentaries (only by invitation of Editors)
Word limit: 1000 words maximum
Abstract: No abstract required for this manuscript type
References: 5 maximum
Figures/Tables: 1 single panel figure or 1 table
Description: Invited articles which provide commentary on accepted manuscripts which have particular relevance to our readership. By Editor invitation only.

viii. Editorials (only by invitation of Editors)
Word limit: 1,500 words maximum
Abstract: No abstract required for this manuscript type
References: 5 maximum
Description: On policy or practice, by Editor invitation only.

ix. Reflections
Word limit: 30 lines for poetry/1000 words for stories.
Abstract: No abstract required for this manuscript type
Description: Poems or stories (fiction or non-fiction) related to any aspect of ageing, whether from the point of view of a health care worker or older person or patient, or simply an observer, will be considered. Poems and stories should be original, not previously published or under consideration elsewhere. A title page with full author details will also be required.

Manuscript style

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Committee, who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Authors are encouraged to ensure their studies conform to accepted best practice guidelines such as:
CONSORT guidelines for reports of randomised trials and cluster randomised trials
STROBE statement for observational studies (cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional designs)
STARD guidelines for studies of diagnostic accuracy.

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at http://www.ICMJE.org/.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order, where applicable:

(i) abstract and key words, (ii) text, (iii) acknowledgments, (iv) references, (v) supporting information, (vi) figure legends, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (viii) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

As all manuscripts are double-blind peer-reviewed, a title page and any acknowledgements should be supplied as separate files.

All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so may result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

Spelling. The Journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.

Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at http://www.bipm.fr for more information about SI units.

Trade names. Chemical substances should be referred to by the generic name only. Trade names should not used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

Parts of the manuscript

Title page
As articles are double-blind reviewed, material that might identify authorship of the paper should be placed on a title page. This needs to be uploaded as a separate word document in the Scholar One manuscript submission process.

Abstract and key words
Research articles, Brief reports and Reviews. Abstracts should be 150 words or less and structured into sections preferably under the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s). Policy and Practice updates and Innovations in Aged Care. Should be preceded by a short structured abstract of 150 words or less, using the headings: Objective(s), Method, Results, Conclusion(s), where relevant. Other articles. Editorials and Invited Commentaries do not need an abstract.

Five key words, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html.

Tables
Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Figures
All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. More information about figures is available on Author Services at: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/digill.asp.

Figure legends. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Acknowledgements
The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

References
The Vancouver system of referencing should be used (examples are given below). In the text, references should be cited using Arabic numerals in square brackets (eg: [1] etc) in the order in which they appear. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here: http://www.refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp.

Journal article
1. Soter NA, Wasserman SI, Austen KF. Cold urticaria: Release into the circulation of histamine and eosinophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis during cold challenge. The New England Journal of Medicine 1976; 294: 687–690.
Book
2. Kaufmann HE, Baron BA, McDonald MB, Wlatman SR (eds). The Cornea, 2nd edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1998.
Chapter in a Book
3. McEwen WK, Goodner IK. Secretion of tears and blinking. In: Davidson H (ed). The Eye, Vol 3, 2nd edn. New York: Academic Press, 1969; 34–78.
Electronic Material
4. Mental Health Council of Australia. Not for Service: Experiences of Injustice and Despair in Mental Health Care in Australia. [Cited 1 July 2012.] Available from URL: http://www.mhca.org.au/index.php/component/rsfiles/ download?path=Publications/Not For Service _Full Report.pdf&Itemid=539.

Appendices
These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/suppinfo.asp

Please note that the provision of supplementary material is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.

5. SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Manuscripts should be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/aaja. Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email.

The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Submission requirements

Each submission must include: a covering letter, title page, copyright form and manuscript. The length of manuscripts must adhere to the specifications under the Manuscript Categories section.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter.

The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, outline the role of each author and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript. In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author’s contribution to the paper is to be quantified.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.

Copyright, Licensing And Online Open

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses
Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

Conflict of interest
Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a potential conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the conflict of interest statement will be published in both the online and print versions.

If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

For further information on what may constitute a conflict of interest, please refer to the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) website at http://publicationethics.org/cases.

Ethics
Manuscripts must contain a statement to the effect that all human studies have been reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in an appropriate version of the 2000 Declaration of Helsinki as well as the Declaration of Istanbul 2008. It should also be state clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under the study should be omitted.

Reports of animal experiments must state that the 'Principles of Laboratory animal care' NIH publication Vol 25, No. 28 revised 1996; http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not96-208.html) were followed, as well as specific national laws (e.g. the current version of the German Law on the Protection of Animals) where applicable.

Clinical trial registration
The Australasian Journal on Ageing requires that the clinical trials submitted for its consideration are registered in a publicly accessible database. Authors should include the name of the trial register and their clinical trial registration number in the Acknowledgements section of their manuscript. If you wish the editor[s] to consider an unregistered trial, please explain briefly why the trial has not been registered.

Randomized controlled trials
Reporting of randomized controlled trials should follow the guidelines of The CONSORT Statement: http://www.consort-statement.org.

6. POST-ACCEPTANCE

Author Services
Author Services is a Wiley service that provides useful information for authors, enables authors to track accepted articles through the production process, enables authors to gain free access to their published articles and nominate up to 10 colleagues to be provided with free access to their published articles.

Proofs
It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed. Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Early View
The Australasian Journal on Ageing offers rapid speed to publication using Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at http://www.doi.org/faq.html.

Offprints
A minimum of 50 offprints will be provided upon request, at the author’s expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit http://offprint.cosprinters.com/, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email offprint@cosprinters.com.

7. WILEY JOURNALS ONLINE

Visit the Australasian Journal on Ageing home page at wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/ajag for more information, and Wiley Online Library’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards. The Australasian Journal on Ageing is also available online via Wiley Online Library at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com.

8. EDITORIAL OFFICE ADDRESS

Editorial Office, Australasian Journal on Ageing
Wiley
155 Cremorne Street
Richmond, Victoria 3121
Australia
Email: aja.eo@wiley.com; tel: +61 3 9274 3118; fax: +61 3 9274 3390.

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