Annals of Applied Biology

Cover image for Vol. 165 Issue 3

Edited By: Jari Valkonen

Impact Factor: 1.955

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 6/56 (Agriculture Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1744-7348

Precise Knowledge of Plant Growth Stages - Virtual Issue May 2010

How does your garden grow? Precise knowledge of plant growth stages enhances applied and pure research

Published: 28 May 2010


It has been known for some time that changes in plant physiology affect the growth, development and survival of the animals and microbes that attack them. In addition, the timing of the infestation or infection, in terms of the plant's growth stage affects the degree and intensity of the damage and loss of yield. Furthermore, the temperature at which plants are reared affects the timing of their passage through their various developmental stages. Despite this, a significant majority of scientists still describe their experimental plants by their age, rather than their growth stage.

The Annals of Applied Biology has over the years produced a number of papers describing developmental growth stages for a number of economically important plants, some of which are highlighted below. Using universally recognisable plant growth stages is one obvious solution which enables scientists to use precise terms when describing experimental methods.

A general growth stage key for describing trees and woody plants
G.A. Finn, A.E. Straszewski, V. Peterson

A key for the stages of development of potato (Solatium tuberosum)
R.A. Jefferies, H.M. Lawson

A key for stages of development of the faba bean (Vicia faba)
C.M. Knott

A uniform decimal code for growth stages of crops and weeds
Peter D. Lancashire, H. Bleiholder, T. Van Den Boom, P. Langel0252ddeke, R. Stauss, Elfriede Weber, A. Witzenberger

The description of the growth stages of annual grass weeds
H.M. Lawson, M.A. Read

Standard descriptions of growth stages of annual dicotyledonous weeds
P.J.W. Lutman, G. G. Tucker, Hilary Broad

Phenological growth stages of roses (Rosa sp.): codification and description according to the BBCH scale
U. Meier, H. Bleiholder, H. Brumme, E. Bruns, B. Mehring, T. Proll, J. Wiegand

Phenological growth stages of cacao plants (Theobroma sp.): codification and description according to the BBCH scale
N. Niemenak, C. Cilas, C. Rohsius, H. Bleiholder, U. Meier, R. Lieberei

A description and code of development of borage (Borago officinalis)
M.J.A. Simpson

A description and code of development of evening primrose (Oenothera spp.)
M.J.A. Simpson

A growth stage key for winter linseed (Linum usitatissimum)
J.M. Smith, M.A. Froment

The decimal code for the growth stages of cereals, with illustrations
D.R. Tottman

An explanation of the decimal code for the growth stages of cereals, with illustrations
D. R. Tottman, R. J. Makepeace, Hilary Broad

The identification of growth stages in winter wheat with reference to the application of growth-regulator herbicides
D. R. Tottman

Phenological growth stages of the persimmon tree (Diospyros kaki)
S. Garc0237a-Carbonell, B. Yague, H. Bleiholder, H. Hack, U. Meier, M. Agusti

Phenological growth stages of loquat tree (Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.).
J. Mart0237nez-Calvo, M.L. Badenes, G. Ll0225cer, H. Bleiholder, H. Hack, U. Meier

Phenological stages of the quince tree (Cydonia oblonga).
R. Mart0237nez-Valero, P. Melgarejo, D.M. Salazar, R. Mart0237nez, J.J. Mart0237nez, F. Hern0225ndez

Phenological growth stages of pomegranate tree (Punica granatum).
P. Melgarejo, R. Mart0237nez-Valero, J.M. Guillam0243n, M. Mir0243, A. Amor0243s