Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 4

Editors Timothy Bartram and Fang Lee Cooke

Impact Factor: 0.769

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 16/26 (Industrial Relations & Labor); 147/192 (Management)

Online ISSN: 1744-7941

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

We look forward to your submission.


Aims and Scope

Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources is an applied, peer-reviewed journal which aims to communicate the development and practice of the field of human resources within the Asia Pacific region. The journal publishes the results of research, theoretical and conceptual developments, and examples of current practice. The overall aim is to increase the understanding of the management of human resources in an organisational setting. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

Editorial Review and Acceptance

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Manuscripts should be in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.


Plagiarism Detection
The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Committee on Publication Ethics
The journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


I. Original Article

Word limit: 8,500 words maximum including abstract, references, tables/figures and footnotes
Abstract: 150 words maximum
Description: High quality, original and innovative research articles. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the research and how it relates to the literature; theoretical developments; data, design descriptions; analytical methods; results; discussion and conclusions. Articles that refer to topics covered in recent Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources papers are likely to be of high relevance to our readership.
References: Maximum of 80 references

II. Original Review Articles

Word limit: 8,000 words maximum including abstract, references and footnotes
Abstract: 150 words maximum
Description: Reviews are comprehensive surveys and analyses of specific topics. They are usually submitted upon invitation by the Editors. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the article, survey and comment on the existing literature and point to outstanding research issues. Both solicited and unsolicited review articles will undergo peer review prior to acceptance.

III. Notes

Word limit: 4000 words maximum including abstract and references
Description: Often, but not always, these are comments made on another paper previously published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources. In these cases, should the Note be accepted by the Review process, the Editors will send the Note to the author/s of the original paper and will invite a Reply. In other instances a Note may be a brief report on a research topic in human resource management of interest to journal readers.
References: Maximum of 40 references


Author services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley-Blackwell ‘Author Services’ website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and how to optimise articles for search engines.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author.  Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript style

Spelling should follow one of Australian, USA or British conventions and must be consistent throughout the manuscript.

Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Parts of the manuscript

The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures. As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors.

Title page

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) a short running title of less than 40 characters; (iii) the full names of the authors, (iv) the author's institutional affiliations at which the work was carried out, (v) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent; (vi) a brief Author’s Biographical Note of less than 100 words for each author; (vii) acknowledgements. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

Title. The title should be short, informative, contain the major key words and be no longer than 12 words long. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Author's autobiographical note. The author's autobiographical note should include the authors full name, highest qualification, current position and name of their organisation (max. 50 words).

Acknowledgements. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks are not appropriate.

Main text

The main text file should be prepared with every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to the authors' identities. Manuscripts submitted as Original Articles, Policy Forum Articles and Review Articles should be presented in the following order: (i) abstract and key words, (ii) text, (iii) key points, (iv) references, (v) endnotes, (vi) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (vii) appendices, (viii) figure legends. Figures should be submitted as separate files.

Abstract and key words

All articles must have a brief abstract that states in 150 words or fewer the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Five key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.


The text should be organised into an introductory section, conveying the background and purpose of the article, and then into sections identified with subheadings. The normal length for each article should be no more than 8500 words including abstract, references, tables/figures and footnotes. Please state the number of words in your manuscript on its front page.

Key points

Authors will need to provide 3-5 key ‘key points’ with their submission. The ‘key points’ should highlight the key findings of the paper and should be written with a practitioner audience in mind. Each key point should be set out in a full sentence up to 15 words long.


We ask that manuscripts include no more than 80 references, unless authors are submitting quantitative studies under the category ‘Original Review Article’ where we will allow more references if necessary.

Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources uses the parenthetical (author–date) system of referencing - examples are given below. Text citations consist of the author’s name (or the title of the work if no author is indicated), the date of publication, and page citation (if appropriate): (Dowling 1999, 82). Multiple references should be shown in alphabetical order unless the authors feel that chronological order is more appropriate (as might be the case in a review article). If there are two or three authors, use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001) and (Smith and Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by four or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example: (Smith and Jones 2001, 77).

In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order by the last name of the (first) author, or, if no author is indicated, by the first main word in the title. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are ten or fewer; when more than ten, list the first seven followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. If several works by the same authors are cited, they should be listed in order of publication, the earliest first, with publications from the same year differentiated by designating them ‘2009a’ and ‘2009b’, and so on. Individual entries should be set out as follows.

Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Books: Cox Jr T (2001) Creating the multicultural organization: A strategy for capturing the power of diversity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, San Francisco, CA.

Articles, papers, or chapters appearing in collections: Boxall P, P Haynes and K Macky (2007) Employee voice and voicelessness in New Zealand. In What workers say: Employee voice in the Anglo-American workplace, eds RB Freeman, P Boxall and P Haynes, 145–165. ILR Press, Ithaca, NY.

Articles or papers appearing in journals: Bardoel, EA, H De Cieri and C Santos (2008) A review of work–life research in Australia and New Zealand. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources 46(3), 316–333.

Online sources: OECD (2009). OECD Statistical extracts. (accessed 6 June 2011).

Please cite doi number of the document if that is available.


Endnotes should be used sparingly, and should not be used for citing references. Endnotes should be placed as a list at the end of the paper only, not at the foot of each page. They should be numbered in the list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep footnotes brief: they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper and should not include references.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Please identify where in the text the table should appear by noting ‘Table 1 approx here’; there should also be a mention of the table in the text (e.g.: see Table 1)

Figure Legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy.

Advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:


• Manuscripts should be submitted online at Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email.

• A cover letter should be included in the ‘Cover Letter Field’ of the ScholarOne system. The text can be entered directly into the field or uploaded as a file. The cover letter must state explicitly that the content of this submission has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, and must also contain an acknowledgment that all authors have contributed significantly and are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

• Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest in the ‘Conflict of Interest’ field in the ScholarOne System.

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, using 1.5 line spacing.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files will be required.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services: Tracking your paper’s progress

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provide authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Editorial Office, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
155 Cremorne Street Richmond, Victoria 3121 Australia
Tel: 61 3 9274 3136; fax: 61 3 9274 3390.


The Australian Human Resources Institute (AHRI) is the national association representing human resource and people management professionals. AHRI leads the direction and fosters the growth of the HR profession through actively setting standards and building the capability of the profession. Through its international affiliations and close association with industry and academia, AHRI ensures that its members are given access to a soundly-based professional recognition framework.

The AHRI vision, ‘Shaping the future of the profession through our members’, recognises the connection between the responsiveness of AHRI to its membership and the strengthening of the HR profession as a whole. Our new positioning statement, ‘HR with Impact’, acknowledges the continuing opportunity for the HR profession to actively contribute to people management solutions that work.

Author Guidelines updated 2 June 2015