Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources

Cover image for Vol. 53 Issue 2

Editors Timothy Bartram and Fang Lee Cooke

Impact Factor: 1.0

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 9/26 (Industrial Relations & Labor); 99/173 (Management)

Online ISSN: 1744-7941

Author Guidelines


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Manuscripts should be in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.


Author services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley-Blackwell ‘Author Services’ website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and how to optimise articles for search engines.

Making your paper discoverable: Search Engine Optimisation. Optimizing your article for search engines will greatly increase its chance of being viewed and/or cited in another work. For tips on Search Engine Optimisation(SEO), please visit the SEO section of our Author Services site:

Pre-submission English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found on the Author Services webpages ( Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.


Manuscript categories

I. Original Article

Word limit: 8,500 words maximum including abstract, references, tables/figures and footnotes
Abstract: 150 words maximum
Description: High quality, original and innovative research articles. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the research and how it relates to the literature; theoretical developments; data, design descriptions; analytical methods; results; discussion and conclusions. Articles that refer to topics covered in recent Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources papers are likely to be of high relevance to our readership.

II. Original Review Articles

Word limit: 8,000 words maximum including abstract, references and footnotes
Abstract: 150 words maximum
Description: Reviews are comprehensive surveys and analyses of specific topics. They are usually submitted upon invitation by the Editors. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the article, survey and comment on the existing literature and point to outstanding research issues. Both solicited and unsolicited review articles will undergo peer review prior to acceptance.

III. Notes

Word limit: 4000 words maximum including abstract and references
Description: Often, but not always, these are comments made on another paper previously published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources. In these cases, should the Note be accepted by the Review process, the Editors will send the Note to the author/s of the original paper and will invite a Reply. In other instances a Note may be a brief report on a research topic in human resource management of interest to journal readers.

Manuscript style

Spelling should follow one of Australian, USA or British conventions and must be consistent throughout the manuscript.

Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Parts of the manuscript. Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: title page, abstract and keywords, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, figures, figure legends and footnotes.

Title page

As articles are double-blind reviewed, material that might identify authorship of the paper should be placed on a title page; this will be detached before the paper is sent to referees.

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The title should be short, informative, contain the major key words and be no longer than 12 words long. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Abstract and key words

All articles must have a brief abstract that states in 150 words or fewer the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Five key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.


The text should be organised into an introductory section, conveying the background and purpose of the article, and then into sections identified with subheadings. The normal length for each article should be no more than 8500 words including abstract, references, tables/figures and footnotes. Please state the number of words in your manuscript on its front page.


The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks are not appropriate.

Autobiographical note

Authors are requested to supply details including their full name, highest qualification, current position and name of their organisation (max. 50 words).

Key points

Authors will need to provide 3-5 key ‘key points’ with their submission. The ‘key points’ should highlight the key findings of the paper and should be written with a practitioner audience in mind. Each key point should be set out in a full sentence up to 15 words long.


The Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources uses the parenthetical (author–date) system of referencing - examples are given below. Text citations consist of the author’s name (or the title of the work if no author is indicated), the date of publication, and page citation (if appropriate): (Dowling 1999, 82). Multiple references should be shown in alphabetical order unless the authors feel that chronological order is more appropriate (as might be the case in a review article). If there are two or three authors, use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001) and (Smith and Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by four or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example: (Smith and Jones 2001, 77).

In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order by the last name of the (first) author, or, if no author is indicated, by the first main word in the title. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are ten or fewer; when more than ten, list the first seven followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. If several works by the same authors are cited, they should be listed in order of publication, the earliest first, with publications from the same year differentiated by designating them ‘2009a’ and ‘2009b’, and so on. Individual entries should be set out as follows.

Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Books: Cox Jr T (2001) Creating the multicultural organization: A strategy for capturing the power of diversity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, San Francisco, CA.

Articles, papers, or chapters appearing in collections: Boxall P, P Haynes and K Macky (2007) Employee voice and voicelessness in New Zealand. In What workers say: Employee voice in the Anglo-American workplace, eds RB Freeman, P Boxall and P Haynes, 145–165. ILR Press, Ithaca, NY.

Articles or papers appearing in journals: Bardoel, EA, H De Cieri and C Santos (2008) A review of work–life research in Australia and New Zealand. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources 46(3), 316–333.

Online sources: OECD (2009). OECD Statistical extracts. (accessed 6 June 2011).

Please cite doi number of the document if that is available.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Please identify where in the text the table should appear by noting ‘Table 1 approx here’; there should also be a mention of the table in the text (e.g.: see Table 1).


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text (e.g.: see Figure 1). Figure legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement. More information about figures is available via Wiley-Blackwell’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards at and


Footnotes should be used sparingly, and should not be used for citing references. Footnotes should be placed as a list at the end of the paper only, not at the foot of each page. They should be numbered in the list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep footnotes brief: they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper and should not include references.


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.


Manuscripts should be submitted online at Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. At least two files should be supplied: the title page and the manuscript (in Word or rich text format (.rtf)). The title page should be uploaded as a file not for review in keeping with the double-blind review process. All submissions should be prepared with every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to the authors’ identities.

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

Covering letter

Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

This must be stated in a covering letter that must also acknowledge that all authors have contributed significantly, and are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access—known as “gold road” open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specially about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Services

Author Services is a Wiley-Blackwell service that provides useful information for authors, enables authors to track accepted articles through the production process, enables authors to gain free access to their published articles and nominate up to 10 colleagues to be provided with free access to their published articles.


It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production. Notification of the URL from where to download a PDF typeset page proof, associated forms and full instructions on how to correct and return the file will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated, otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue. It is essential that these files are checked carefully, as the cost of changes made at a later stage may be charged to the author.

Acrobat Reader will be required to read the PDF. This software can be downloaded free of charge from the following website: Acrobat Reader will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication using Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A minimum of 50 additional offprints will be provided upon request, at the author’s expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email


Visit the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources home page at for more information, and Wiley Online Library’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards. The Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources is also available online via Wiley Online Library at


For submission, copyright queries and Editorial correspondence, please contact:

Editorial Office, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources 155 Cremorne Street Richmond, Victoria 3121 Australia


Tel: +61 3 9274 3136; fax: +61 3 9274 3390.


The Australian Human Resources Institute (AHRI) is the national association representing human resource and people management professionals. AHRI leads the direction and fosters the growth of the HR profession through actively setting standards and building the capability of the profession. Through its international affiliations and close association with industry and academia, AHRI ensures that its members are given access to a soundly-based professional recognition framework.

The AHRI vision, ‘Shaping the future of the profession through our members’, recognises the connection between the responsiveness of AHRI to its membership and the strengthening of the HR profession as a whole. Our new positioning statement, ‘HR with Impact’, acknowledges the continuing opportunity for the HR profession to actively contribute to people management solutions that work.