Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie

Cover image for Vol. 64 Issue 3

Edited By: Wuyang Hu, Brady Deaton, Sean Cash, Sébastien Pouliot

Impact Factor: 1.291

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 7/17 (Agricultural Economics & Policy); 104/344 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1744-7976



Author Guidelines


Instructions to Authors

Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics

Aims and Scope

Effective with the 2016 volume, this journal will be published in an online-only format. Print subscription and single issue sales are available from Wiley’s Print-on-Demand Partner. To order online click here: http://www.sheridan.com/LPM/Wiley.

The Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics is published in an online-only format. Articles are published in Early View as they accepted and then allocated to Issues which are published four times a year: March, June, September and December. Members of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society (CAES) receive access to the journal as part of their membership. Please visit the membership page of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/la Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie website for information.

The purpose of the CJAE is to provide a forum for scholarship in agricultural and resource economics including topics concerning: agri-food, agri-business, the environment and natural resource uses. The CJAE publishes a range of theoretical, applied and policy-related articles.

The CJAE is unique in Canada in that it focuses on the economics of agri-food and renewable resource related issues. Examples of the topics that have been addressed in recent issues of the CJAE include: agro-climatic conditions and regional technical inefficiencies in agriculture; the value of dairy quota under a commercial export milk program; earnings mobility of rural versus urban workers in Canada; information, incentives and institutions in the agri-food sector; economic analysis of ground water quality; wetland conservation; and economic issues surrounding wildlife management.

Publication Policies

General. Authors may publish in Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics regardless of membership in the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society. Papers may be written in either English or French. Abstracts in both English and French are required for papers. Translations, if not submitted by the author, will be prepared by the journal.

Condition of Submission. Manuscripts submitted to the journal must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere without the knowledge of the editors, and must not be sent for such consideration without prior notification to the editors. Any possible conflicts with this policy should be reported to the journal on submission.

If a copy of the unpublished paper exists where the public can access it, you acknowledge that the paper has been submitted to the Journal. You will not prejudice acceptance if you use the unpublished paper, in form and content as submitted for publication in the Journal, in the following ways:

  • sharing print or electronic copies of the paper with colleagues;
  • posting an electronic version of the paper on your own personal website, on your employer's website/repository and on free public servers in your subject area.

iThenticate. All submissions are subjected to this plagiarism detection software "iThenticate".

Types of Submissions. The CJAE publishes a range of theoretical, applied and policy-related articles, including topics concerning agri-food, agri-business, the environment and natural resource uses.

  • Articles. Submission of a manuscript implies that it is based on research not previously published. All authors must be aware of and agree to the data presented and conclusions drawn in a manuscript. Submissions undergo double blind peer review by two or more reviewers who determine the manuscript's suitability for publication. However, authors are encouraged to have manuscripts reviewed by their peers prior to submission. This, along with editorial assistance, will greatly improve the chances of publication and will usually shorten the time between submission and publication.

  • Comments and Replies. The CJAE encourages professional comments involving articles published in the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics in the interest of promoting rigourous scholarly exchange. Comments submitted to the Journal will be assigned to a co-editor who was not responsible for the review of the original paper. Comments will be sent out for independent review, to reviewers who did not review the original article. After receiving reviews, if, the editorial judgment of the co-editor is the comment is appropriate for publication, that co-editor will send the comment to the original authors, giving them the opportunity to prepare a reply. An appropriate time limit will be set for submitting the reply, in order to facilitate the timely and simultaneous publication of the comment and the reply in the Journal. The reply will be reviewed by the co-editor, who may receive advice from other co-editors who were not involved in the review of the original paper. The reply will not be sent out for independent review. The co-editors of the Journal will strive to maintain a tone of professionalism in any comments and replies that are published in the CJAE.

  • Policy Papers. Policy papers that address a topical aspect of economic policy related to the agriculture, food, resource or environmental sectors in Canada are encouraged. Through the presentation of high quality research, policy papers should inform industry stakeholders and policymakers, and increase knowledge among researchers, of the impacts of public policy. The papers should emphasize policy-relevant implications with clear intuitive and/or geographical explanations, and should be generally accessible to a broad readership without relying on mathematical arguments. Policy papers will be subject to the journal's standard double blind peer review process.

  • Review Papers. Review articles will be considered for publication. Review articles are papers that survey and assess the state of the art/science on topics that would be of general interest to the readership of the CJAE. Papers should provide a rigorous critical overview and synopsis of current knowledge on specific research questions related to agricultural, food or resource economics. This could include a comprehensive review and evaluation of established or novel methodological contributions, or a critical assessment of theoretical insights and/or gaps in knowledge on a topic of general interest to the discipline. Manuscripts will go through the normal review process.

Author Anonymity. Submissions to the CJAE undergo double blind peer review by two or more reviewers who determine the manuscript's suitability for publication. To maintain author anonymity, ensure that authors' names and affiliations have been removed from the document properties of ALL files uploaded to the ScholarOne system. (See section on Manuscript Preparation and Submission below to learn how.)

Peer Review. Submissions to the CJAE undergo double blind peer review by two or more reviewers who determine the manuscript's suitability for publication. However, authors are encouraged to have manuscripts reviewed by their peers prior to submission. This, along with editorial assistance, will greatly improve the chances of publication and will usually shorten the time between submission and publication.

Supporting Information. Authors are expected to provide complete documentation of empirical models, estimation techniques and data sets used in the manuscript. Data sets should be made available to other researchers for replication purposes only. In cases where empirical modeling or data sets are too voluminous to fit reasonably in an article, this material can be published under the “Supporting Information” tab alongside the article. If, for whatever reason, data cannot be made available this should be noted in the covering letter on first submission. Other supporting information includes large appendices, video files, etc..

Copyright. Copyright for any material published in the CJAE is held by the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society. Your article cannot be published until the publisher has received the appropriate signed license agreement. Once your article has been received by Wiley for production the corresponding author will receive an email from Wiley’s Author Services system which will ask them to log in and will present them with the option of signing a regular copyright transfer agreement to the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society or options for retaining copyright by selecting a open access license.

Open Access Option. Authors have the option of making their articles freely available to all on Wiley Online Library, including those who don’t subscribe to the journal, through the OnlineOpen option. OnlineOpen fulfills funding agency mandates that require grantees to archive the final version of their article. Wiley will also immediately deposit your OnlineOpen article in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. The cost for OnlineOpen is US$3,000, which can be paid by the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution. Visit OnlineOpen for further information.

Page Charges. The CJAE is supported by a page charge of $60 per PDF page, payable by the author or supporting agency or institution. Contributors will be invoiced when the article is assigned to an issue. Contributors in developing countries who are not associated with a research or educational institution, and who are not in receipt of grant-based or institutional support may apply to the Editors for exemption from page charges. A request for reduction or waiver of page charges MUST be made at the time of submission. The request letter should be uploaded using the file designation: "Additional file NOT for review and NOT for publication".

Author Services. The publisher of the CJAE, Wiley-Blackwell, provides services to authors of manuscripts that accepted for publication in the Journal. Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/default.asp for more details.

CJAE Contact Information. Valerie Johnson, Editorial Coordinator, Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Room 360, Business and Economics Bldg, University of Victoria, PO Box 1700, STN CSC, Victoria, B.C. V8W 2Y2. Fax: 866-543-7613. Email: cjae@uvic.ca.

Manuscript Preparation and Submission

Manuscripts must be submitted online via the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics ScholarOne System. Carefully read and follow the directions provided here and on the ScholarOne site when submitting manuscripts.

Simple Initial Submissions (SIS). With SIS, the CJAE allows authors to choose the way their manuscript is formatted when submitting initially as long as certain basic guidelines given in the "Initial Submissions" section are followed. If a manuscript is accepted for publication, authors will be required to follow the full formatting requirements given in the "Accepted Submissions" section before they submit their final draft to the CJAE. Carefully read the directions provided here and on the ScholarOne site when submitting manuscripts.

INITIAL SUBMISSIONS

General. Manuscripts can be submitted as Word or PDF files (LaTex files should be converted to PDFs), be in 1-column format, double-spaced and printable on a standard 8.5 by 11 inch paper. No specific length or limit is imposed, however they should be written clearly and concisely. Consistency of spelling must be maintained throughout. Authors are urged to have one or more colleagues read the manuscript critically prior to submission.

Author Anonymity. Submissions undergo double blind peer review by two or more reviewers who determine the manuscript's suitability for publication. Authors must remove the identifiers from ALL documents/PDFs before uploading. Click the "Help" button at the top right of ScholarOne and click "Author" for further help.

Files to Upload. Submit blinded files in Word or PDF format using the appropriate file designations:

  • Full Manuscript (Mandatory): Includes title, abstract, text, references, tables, figures, but NOT author information, acknowledgements or other identifiers.
  • Cover Page (Preferred): Includes title, author contact information and acknowledgements (if any).
  • Supporting Information (Optional): Material used for peer review and which may be published under the "Supporting Information" tab alongside the article on Wiley Online Library. Includes large appendices, extensive data sets and video files.

Cover Letter. Enter a cover letter into the text box provided for this purpose rather than uploading it as a file. State clearly why the material submitted would be of interest to the readers of the CJAE and that the material contained in the manuscript does not infringe upon other copyright material. When the applicability of any of these points is unclear, explain fully.

Abstract. Provide a non-mathematical abstract that expresses precisely the most important information in the paper. Ensure it is intelligible in itself without reference to the paper. Include the rationale for the study, the objectives, methods, new theories and terminology and a conclusion. Do not include tables, figures or references, or any information not carried in the text of the paper, or author information. Avoid acronyms, if possible. Submit the abstract in both English and French possible.

Key Words. Key words may be included below the abstract. They may be chosen from the title, abstract and body of the paper, and should reflect its central topics.

Acknowledgement. Include any acknowledgements on the cover page.

Introduction. The introduction should state clearly the rationale for conducting the research, stating the problem, justifying the research and the findings of earlier research, and the objectives of the study. Appropriate headings may define the sections that follow.

References. Information for a reference should be taken from the original work being cited. They must supply sufficient information to allow readers to trace the original material. Reference may be made to journal papers, books, theses, dissertations, proceedings, bulletins, reports and published abstracts as well as to unpublished documents held in a library or archive to which the public has access. Ensure that references are complete and accurate. Do not cite references in the abstract or in the conclusion.

Footnotes. Footnotes are for informative material only.

Tables. Use tables to present numerical data in a self-explanatory manner. Ensure they are intelligible without consulting the text and do not duplicate data already given in the text or the illustrations.

Illustrations. Include illustrations as figures.

ACCEPTED SUBMISSIONS

Authors of manuscripts that have been accepted for publication must finalize submissions according to the requirements below.

File Format. Except for figures files (which can PDF or Word), final files of accepted papers must be provided in either Word or LaTex (if LaTex there must be a PDF version as a reference). Tables and equations must be editable rather than dropped in the main text as a picture. Tables and illustrations (figures) must follow strict guidelines outlined below.

Cover Page. Upload a separate cover page that includes the names, affiliations, mailing addresses, telephone number, and email addresses of all co-authors, along with an acknowledgment (if any) and the title of the manuscript. The cover page should be uploaded using the file designation: " Cover Page with Title, Author Info and Acknowledgements". Footnotes on the cover page may be included and will generally fall into one of the following categories:

  • Notes on the title indicating the paper is part of a thesis submitted by one of the authors, that the paper was presented at a conference, workshop, etc.
  • General disclaimer if the use of trade is used.
  • Indication that an author is deceased.

Title. The title should be as short as possible but should reflect all aspects of the work published. Generally, titles should be indicative rather than informative, i.e., they should state the subject of the paper rather than its conclusions but should identify the main topics of the paper.

Running Head. The running head appears at the top centre of every right-hand page of a journal article. It should not exceed 60 characters (excluding word spaces). The running head should therefore be an abbreviation of the paper title that will give a brief but accurate description of the main topic of the paper. The main title of the paper may be used in full as the running head if it is not too long.

Sections. Do not number sections. Generally three levels of text heading are used:

  • CAPITALS CENTRED
  • Bold Upper and Lower Case , Flush Left
  • Italic Upper and Lower Case , Flush Left

References. When citing references in the text use the following system:

  • Single author: ...Veeman (2003).

...determines consumer choice (Veeman 2003).

  • Two authors: ...Larue and Bonroy (2009).

...food retail regulations (Larue and Bonry 2009).

  • Three or more authors: ...Malla et al (2007).

the health properties of food (Malla et al 2007).

References should be listed double-spaced on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. A series of references with the same first author should be listed with the single author first, followed by two authors arranged alphabetically, and then multiple authors arranged alphabetically (et al. in text). Include only the works cited. Note that the following information is required:

  • full names (as printed) of all authors
  • title
  • full publication details (for books, list place of publication, publisher, edition and date of publication; for articles, list volume, issue, year and page numbers)

The following examples illustrate the required style for references:

Gervais, J.-P., K. Guillemette and R. Romain. 2007. Output and price determination in the Canadian chicken industry: Which should come first? Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 55 (2): 255-273.

Journal Article

Ghazalian, P., B. Larue and G. West. 2008. Best Management Practices to Enhance Water Quality: Who is Adopting Them and How Do They Impact on Cost of Production? Paper presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society and Northeast Agricultural and Resource Economics Association annual meeting, Quebec City, June 29– July 1.

Presented Paper

Foster, A.B. and C.T. Wong. 1998. The farmer decision process in purchasing corn herbicides. Research Bulletin AEEE/28/1, Guelph: University of Guelph, School of Agricultural Economics and Extension Education, June.

Bulletin

Kerr, W.A. and J.E. Hobbs. 2005. Consumers, cows and carousels: Why the dispute over beef hormones is far more important than its commercial value. In The WTO and the Regulation of International Trade edited by N. Perdikis and R. Read, pp. 191-214. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Chapter in Book

Linders, G.M. and H. L. F. deGroot. 2006. E s timation of the gravity equation in the presence of zero trade flow . Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 2006-072/3. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute.

Discussion Paper

Pearson, M. 2006. Canadian Beef Export Federation. Personal e-mail communication, January.

Personal Communication

Schmitz, A., H. Furtan and K. Baylis. 2002. Agricultural Policy, Agribusiness, and Rent- Seeking Behaviour . Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Book

Statistics Canada. 2006. 2006 Census of Agriculture, Farm data and farm operator data tables. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/95-629-x/2007000/4123856-eng.htm (accessed October 6, 2009).

Online Citation

Vyn, R. 2007. The Effects of Strict Agricultural Zoning on Farmland Values: The Case of Ontario's Greenbelt. Ph.D. dissertation. Guelph: University of Guelph.

PhD Dissertation

Wheaton, E., S. Kulshreshtha and V. Wittrock. 2005. Canadian Droughts of 2001 and 2002: Climatology, Impacts and Adaptations. SRC Publication No. 11602-1E03. Saskatoon: Saskatchewan Research Council.

Government Publication

Wong, L. 2009. Linking Matlab and GAMS: A Supplement. Working paper #2009-03, Resource Economics & Policy Analysis Research Group, Department of Economics, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC.

Working Paper

Footnotes. Number and superscript footnotes consecutively and place them at the bottom of the page on which the number of the footnote appears in the text.

Tables. Tables should be editable; use the table feature of your word processing program. Tables formed by tabbing on single lines of text and images of tables dropped in the text are not acceptable. Include tables on separate pages after the reference list. Identify each table with a numbered heading (e.g., Table 1. Growth in agricultural productivity in Canada, 1951-81). Do not bold the table heading or put a period at the end of the heading. Decimal align values and use superior letters (not numbers). Notes go below the table starting with the letter "a". Include a note if it is for an item that cannot be referenced in the table by itself. Include the source if relevant.

Equations. Equations are to be made with your word processing equation editor. Number the equations starting at 1. Subsequently the particular equation and number e.g. Equation (1) should be used to reference it in the text.

Equation(1)

Illustrations. Illustrations should be submitted as figures. They should be in their original form in a separate file (Word or PDF), using one page for each figure. Use the file designation "Figures" when uploading to ScholarOne.

Figures should generally be no more than twice the final size and should be planned to fit to no more than a width of about 4½ in. (115 mm). Print your illustration on a black and white printer using this width to determine how well it reproduces. Lettering should be at least 1.5 mm high when reduced. Labelling on graphs should be parallel to the graph's axes. Use the same font for all figures. Abbreviations, units, etc. should follow journal style. All lines should be sufficiently thick to reduce well.

Publication is black and white, so figures with colour are discouraged as the colours will print as shades of gray and could be difficult to discern. When using patterns, be aware that when an illustration is reduced the pattern might be lost. Use clear, bold patterns and avoid the use of fine grey scale patterns. Photographs should be high quality, continuous tone with good tonal contrast. Line figures need to be at least 600 dpi and images need to be in at least 300 dpi to maintain quality after reduction. Illustrations need to be in electronic media as a separate file. The file name should include the senior author's name and the figure number. Figures need to be supplied in either Word, TIFF, PDF or EPS. JPEG and GIF are not as high quality for print. If creating figures in PowerPoint, for example, save as TIFF or in Word. Please refer to Wiley-Blackwell guidelines before submission.

Line figures need to be at least 600 dpi and images need to be in at least 300 dpi to maintain quality after reduction. Illustrations need to be in electronic media as a separate file. The file name should include the senior author's name and the figure number. Figures need to be supplied in either Word, TIFF, PDF or EPS. JPEG and GIF are not as high quality for print. If creating figures in PowerPoint, for example, save as TIFF or in Word. Please refer to Wiley-Blackwell guidelines before submission.

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