Geographical Research

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 3

Edited By: Elaine Stratford, Brian Finlayson, Amanda Davies, Wayne Stephenson

Impact Factor: 1.353

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 31/77 (Geography)

Online ISSN: 1745-5871

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Geographical Research. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at Book reviews and obituaries are to be submitted direct to the commissioning editor unless otherwise requested.

Geographical Research is published in February, May, August and November each year.

Click here to visit the Institute of Australian Geographers Inc website.

We look forward to your submission.


Aims and Scope
Geographical Research is the international journal of the Institute of Australian Geographers, the national body representing academic and professional geographers in Australia. The primary objective of Geographical Research is to advance geographical research across the discipline and especially to encourage research at the human-physical geography interface. Short papers from practising (professional) geographers, and in geographical education, are particularly welcome.

Editorial Review and Acceptance
The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our international readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the editorial board, which reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the editor and the publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.


Authorship and Acknowledgements
Geographical Research adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE, authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’.

Plagiarism Detection
Geographical Research employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Publication Ethics
The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics:


Original Articles
Articles should not normally exceed 6000 words, with text reduced proportionately to allow for figures and tables. This figure excludes references and notes.

Commentaries on research issues and directions including discussions of earlier papers are also welcome. Commentaries should not exceed 3000 words.

Book reviews
Book reviews are commissioned directly by the book review editors. Inquiries concerning potential reviews should be made to Dr Amanda Davies (for human geography) at or Dr Wayne Stephenson (for physical and environmental geography) at Unsolicited book reviews cannot be accepted.

Obituaries are published on the lives of significant geographers and are commissioned directly by the editors. Inquiries concerning obituaries should be made to the Editor-in-Chief.


Author Services
Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics and electronic artwork guidelines.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript Format and Style

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise and direct style of English. Authors should be guided by the Wiley House Style Guide. This guide is downloadable at:

General Format
Manuscripts should be submitted as Word documents (.doc, .docx; not write-protected), double-spaced with numbered pages and should include the abstract, the main text, references, tables and figure legends. Division of the paper should be indicated clearly by major headings and subheadings. No identifying details of the authors or their institutions should appear in the manuscript to facilitate double-blinded review. Authors should create a separate Word document and submit this as the ‘title page’.

Figures and supporting information (if present) should be provided in separate files (see the section, ‘Parts of the Manuscript’ for more details).

Two levels of heading may be used in a manuscript. These are:

First order headings
Second order headings

Geographical Research
accepts submissions in English and its dialects (e.g. North American, Australian), provided the accepted version is used consistently throughout the manuscript.

In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Parts of the Manuscript

Main Document
The ‘Main Document’ submitted in ScholarOne Manuscripts is a complete manuscript with the following components in order: (1) acronyms and abbreviations, (2) text, (3) acknowledgments, (4) endnotes (if any), (5) references, (6) tables, complete with title and footnotes.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Hard copy originals of images may be requested; in which case they must be high quality, sharply focused prints on glossy paper, with good contrast and intensity.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible). For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures:

Colour figures: Contributors have the option of supplying colour images (diagrams, maps or photographs) which will be published online in colour at no cost to contributors. However, unless an author has made an arrangement with the publisher involving payment of a fee, these images will appear in black and white in the printed journal. Since colour images may not reproduce well in black and white, it is desirable that good quality black and white versions of all images are provided. Authors are advised to use symbols and contrasting shading rather than colour in line drawings and maps. Note that figures must be submitted in files separately from the text.

Figure Legends: Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

Endnotes should be placed as a list at the end of the paper only (after any acknowledgements), not at the foot of each page. They should be numbered in the list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep endnotes brief; they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper, and only included if essential.

Authors are required to specify the source of institutional, private and corporate financial support for their research when submitting a paper. Please include this information under the separate heading, ‘Source of Funding’.

Conflict of Interest
Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader.

References follow the Harvard style, i.e. parenthetical in the text and listed in alphabetical order of first authors’ names in the reference list.

In the text, give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2014). If there are two authors, use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2012); but if cited within parentheses use ‘&’: (Smith & Jones 2012). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2013). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example, (Smith & Jones 2012, p. 77). Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Please read more about the Harvard reference style at:


Journal Article
Choe YS, Jeong J (1993) Charitable Contributions by Low- and Middle-Income Taxpayers: Further Evidence with a New Method. National Tax Journal 46, 33–39.

Online Article Not Yet Published in an Issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

Murphy K, Tyler TR, Curtis A (2009) Nurturing regulatory compliance: Is procedural justice effective when people question the legitimacy of the law? Regulation & Governance doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01043.x

ujita M, Krugman P, Venables AJ (2001) The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Chapter in a Book
nderson K, Tyers R (1990) How Developing Countries Could Gain from Agricultural Trade Liberalization in the Uruguay round. In: Goldin I, Knudsen O (eds) Agricultural Trade Liberalization: Implications for Developing Countries, pp. 387-424. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Video Abstracts and Supporting Information
Would you be interested in raising the profile of your article with an online Video Abstract or additional Supporting Information?

A video abstract is a short video introduction from you that will excite people’s interest in your article. Your article will still have your text abstract, but this video supplement will add a new dimension and draw new readers to your article. Supporting Information is important ancillary information hosted online with your article that is relevant to the parent article, but which does not or cannot appear in the printed edition of the journal. Supporting Information can include material such as additional images, videos, audio or data sets, for example.

You can watch example video abstracts here:

These additional materials help to raise awareness of your article and to pique the reader’s interest. They offer you another way in which to convey your message and to appeal to your audience in new ways. Both options are very easy to prepare and can significantly add to your article’s presence online, connecting you to your readership and adding variety and flavour to your research output. If you are interested in preparing additional material for your article, please find more detail in the attached documents, or contact Rosie Duffy (Wiley,


Each submission must include a cover letter, title page, abstract (for Original Articles) and main document.

Cover Letter
A cover letter offers the manuscript for publication and briefly describes the contents of each file submitted. Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter. The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

Title Page
The title page should include a title (with the initial letters of the major words capitalised), the first name or initials of the author(s) and family name(s) (in capitals), their position(s), institutional affiliation(s), full postal and email addresses, and clear indication of the author to whom correspondence should be addressed. A short running title (or ‘Running Head’) of no more than 40 characters is also required. The title page will not be used in the refereeing process. The title is also submitted as a separate entry in the submission stage at the Scholar One Manuscripts Author Centre.

Abstract (to be included for Original Articles)
The abstract is between 200 and 250 words in length. The abstract should emphasise the research contribution made by the manuscript. It should include a summary (as appropri¬ate) of the aims, methods and main findings. It should be informative and add meaning to the title. The abstract should not act as an introduction to the text and anticipatory statements such as ‘this is discussed’ and ‘conclusions are given’ should be avoided. In general, the abstract should not contain mathematical symbols and statements should not be amplified by examples.

The abstract is also submitted as a separate entry in the submission stage in ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Main Document
As detailed in the ‘Parts of the Manuscript’ section above.

Submission process

Research articles and commentaries are submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts at Book reviews and obituaries are to be submitted direct to the commissioning editor unless otherwise requested. The use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper is available at the ScholarOne Manuscripts site and below. Further assistance can be obtained from:

Getting Started
Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online submission site: Log-in or click the 'Create Account' option if you are a first-time user.

Submitting Your Manuscript
After you have logged in, click the 'Submit a Manuscript' link in the menu bar. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your prepared covering letter.
• Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
• Read the Data and Code Availability Policy and prepare and upload your files after answering the questions: DATA AND CODE AVAILABILITY POLICY.pdf.
• Upload your files.
- Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
- Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the Browse button.
- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.
• Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 17 July 2015