Geographical Research

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 4

Edited By: Elaine Stratford, Brian Finlayson, Amanda Davies, Wayne Stephenson

Impact Factor: 1.353

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 31/77 (Geography)

Online ISSN: 1745-5871

Author Guidelines

1. Manuscript submission
2. Editorial considerations
3. Ethical considerations
4. Manuscript categories
5. Preparing your manuscript
6. Submitting your manuscript
7. Criteria for assessment of your manuscript
8. Publication process after acceptance
9. Copyright, licensing and Open Access
10. Additional services and features for authors


Thank you for your interest in Geographical Research, which is published as the journal of the Institute of Australian Geographers Incorporated. The journal is published in partnership with Wiley in February, May, August and November each year.

By submitting your work to the journal you are affirming that the content has not been published or been submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Please read all of the sub-pages in this section on Author Guidelines prior to submitting your paper and format your paper accordingly. Manuscripts accepted for publication with Geographical Research that do not follow these guidelines will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before progressing to Early View or hard copy publication. Be aware of the section on copyright.

Given the stipulations above, it is sensible to format your paper in our style following the Author Guidelines from the first submission.

Manuscripts should be submitted to ScholarOne—with the exception of book reviews and obituaries. Click here for more details on how to use ScholarOne. See 5. Preparing your manuscript and 6. Submitting your manuscript. We look forward to receiving your submission.

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Aims and Scope

For information about the aims and scope of Geographical Research, click here.

Editorial Review and Acceptance

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our international readership.

Information on the detailed criteria by which academic papers, Antipodean Perspectives, commentaries, and book panels are provided at 7. Criteria for assessment of your manuscript.

Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers, and may be accepted without revision, with minor or major revision, rejected and referred to Wiley Open Access Journal Geo: Geography and Environment, or rejected outright.

Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the editor and the publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.

Final decisions about papers rest with the Editor-in-Chief as advised by members of the editorial team, and we reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

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Authorship and Acknowledgements

Geographical Research adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
According to the ICMJE, authorship criteria should be based on:
• substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data;
• drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
• final approval of the version to be published.

Authors should meet all three conditions. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’.

Plagiarism Detection

Geographical Research employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to us you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Publication Ethics

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics.

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Original papers

Articles should make substantive contributions to our thinking in the discipline and allied fields, and be based on original theoretical, methodological, and/or empirical work. These papers should not normally exceed 6000 words, with text reduced proportionately to allow for figures and tables. This word count excludes references and notes.

Antipodean Perspectives

These 7000-word review papers are ‘Antipodean’ contributions to specific subfields of geography, in these papers authors who are recognised as leaders in their subfields have been invited to provide a review of ‘global’ developments in the subject and to consider how geographical research/scholarship conducted in our region (embracing Australia, New Zealand and Asia-Pacific neighbours) has contributed to an extended international knowledge. These reviews will ‘shine a brighter light’ on what is going on in the discipline in this part of the world; help raise the profile of Antipodean geography within other social and physical sciences; and provide useful, widely cited reviews drawing attention to high quality work in Australia, New Zealand and environs. As accessible and highly credible assessments of the discipline’s elements, these papers will have significance and impact by their widespread use in teaching and research in the region and more broadly. The word-count excludes references and notes.


Commentaries on research issues and directions including discussions of papers already published in Geographical Research are also welcome. Commentaries should not exceed 3000 words. This word count also excludes references and notes. These papers are fully reviewed.

Book panel papers

Book panel papers are commissioned directly by the Editor-in-Chief with assistance from members of the Editorial Board, but we do welcome suggestions for papers from our readership. Book panel papers are collaborative works of 3000–4000 words, excluding references and notes, that enable a group to engage with a published monograph in detail. A lead contributor introduces and concludes the work; two or three other contributors provide their perspectives on the work; and—having read these—the author of the book responds before the work is concluded by the lead contributor. These papers are fully reviewed.

Book reviews

Book reviews of up to 1500 words are commissioned directly by the book review editors, but we welcome suggestions for reviews from our readership. Inquiries concerning potential reviews should be made to Dr Amanda Davies (for human geography) at or Dr Wayne Stephenson (for physical and environmental geography) at

Special and themed issues

For information on special and themed issues, click here. Such collections of works must be alert to previous special or themed issues in the journal and be distinctive and new. Special and themed issues are normally prefaced by guest editorials and may be book-ended by short recapitulations by special issue editors.


Obituaries are published on the lives of significant geographers and are commissioned directly by the editors. Inquiries concerning obituaries should be made to the Editor-in-Chief at

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For general matters, authors should be guided by the Wiley House Style Guide.

Manuscript Format and Style

Manuscripts for original papers, Antipodean Perspectives, commentaries, and book panel papers should:

• adhere to their respective word lengths
• have no features whatsoever that identify any author who is party to the submission
• be written in clear, concise, and readable English, based on high-quality grammatical construction, and using Australian spelling
• be submitted as two or more Word documents with either .doc or .docx suffixes that are not write-protected
• comprise the following components:

      a) a single title page with:
             accessible and informative title, capitalising only the first word and proper nouns
             short/truncated title of no more than 40 characters for running head
             author/s names, with corresponding author’s name given an asterisk*
             author/s discipline/department/school, faculty/college, university/institution/organisation, suburb, state/province, postcode/zip code.
             Acknowledgements text should be included on the Title Page

      b) the bulk of the paper in a second and separate document:
             the title as provided on the title page
             an abstract of no more than 250 words with no references in plain English that summarises the work for a geographical readership
             six keywords and/or very short phrases that start with general/conceptual terms and include methodological and/or technical terms, and main place names where relevant – and these should be aligned to major indexing protocols
             main text with sections clearly marked by no more than three levels of headings
                  • first level Introduction
                  • second level Aims and objectives
                  • third level in plain italics. The text runs on straight after the full stop
                  • acknowledgments—in this section the source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged and named, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are unwarranted.
             any conflict of interest declarations— Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader.
             notes—should be placed as a list at the end of the paper only and not at the foot of each page; should be numbered in the list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep notes brief; they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper, and only included if essential
             references formatted in Harvard style (see below)
             appendices—should be avoided or kept to an absolute minimum, and they should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the appendix title

      c) further separate documents for figures (including line drawings and photographs) and tables, each:
             named to correspond with its referent in the main text
             to include figure or table number, full and clear title, source, and permissions
             to include guidelines about colour or greyscale reproduction—if the former, note that costs may apply, and if the latter, ensure that you use hatching or contrasting shading to distinguish classes
             to be provided at the highest quality possible (see notes below)

• ensure that the components listed above are saved using a consistent protocol:
      a) yyyymmdd_GEOR_StudyTitle [for example, 20160911_GEOR_BothwellStudyTitle]
      b) yyyymmdd_GEOR_StudyPaper [for example, 20160911_GEOR_BothwellStudyPaper]
      c) yyyymmdd_GEOR_StudyFig1 [for example, 20160911_GEOR_BothwellStudyFig1]]

• be formatted only in Times New Roman 12 font
• be double-spaced throughout, including headings and sub-headings
• be numbered at the top right in italics
• not use abbreviations such as e.g., i.e., etc.
• explain acronyms in full the first time these are used, and then revert to acronyms thereafter: “… the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) … The CSIRO reports …”
• use single quotation marks for quotations of 30 words or under in length and indent quotations of more than 30 words by 1 cm left and right, with the full stop after the quotation and its reference—and ensure that page numbers are provided for all quotations

More on preparing figures

• Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy.
• Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only.
• MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures.
• Do not use pixel-oriented programmes.
• Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below).
• EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).
• For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Colour figures
Contributors may supply colour images to be published online in colour at no cost to contributors. However, unless an author has made an arrangement with the publisher involving payment of a fee, these images will appear in black and white in the printed journal. Since colour images may not reproduce well in black and white, good quality black and white versions of all images should be provided.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive—the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures.

More on referencing

References follow the Harvard style.

Exemplifying in-text citations

Internationally, movements to protect birds were also growing (Doughty, 1975; Doughty & Robin, 1975; Doughty et al., 1975). In Britain, the USA (Anon, 1984), New Zealand (Scott, n.d.), and Canada, advocacy groups were forming to protest the killing of birds for a range of reasons, including the use of bird skins and feathers in women’s fashion, a trend for which millions of birds from around the world were being killed each year (Bourman & Barnett, 2005; Fluin et al., 2000; Kingsford, 1991; Scott et al., 1945). According to Doughty (2000, pp.77–78), these groups ‘created international networks, for example the British Society for the Protection of Birds, which protested the plume trade and which had branches in many countries including Australia’. Nevertheless, in many places government departments and advocates continued to argue for the protection of birds based on their utility in reducing the numbers of other species in agriculture and fisheries, and did so partly to avoid being dismissed as sentimental (Doughty 1975a; 1975b).

Reference list

Be guided by the following, paying careful attention to punctuation, capitalisation, and components.

Journal article

Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), Page number(s) with span separated by closed en dash.

Anon. for anonymous author
n.d. if there is no date


Author, Initials., Year. Title of Book. Edition. (only include this if not the first edition) Place of publication (this must be a town or city, not a country): Publisher.

Book chapter

Chapter author(s) surname(s) and initials., Year of chapter. Title of chapter. In: Book editor(s) initials first followed by surnames with ed. or eds. after the last name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher. Chapter number or first and last page numbers followed by full-stop.


Authorship/Organisation, Year. Full Title of Report. Place: Publisher.

If electronic
Authorship/Organisation, Year. Full Title of Report. Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].

Internet site

Authorship or Source, Year. Title of web document or web page. [type of medium] Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].

Internet magazine

Authors, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Magazine, [online] Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].


Author, Initials., Year. Title of article or column header. Full Title of Newspaper, Day and month before page numbers and column line.

Author or corporate author, Year. Title of document or page. Full Title of Newspaper, [type of medium] additional date information. Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].

Act of Parliament:

Short title (with key words capitalized), which includes the year followed by the chapter number in brackets. Place of publication: Publisher.

If electronic
Short title (with key words capitalized), which includes the year followed by the chapter number in brackets. Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].


Dictionary publisher, Year. Full Title of Dictionary. Place of Publication: Publisher.

If electronic
Dictionary publisher, Year. Full Title of Dictionary. Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed dd/mm/yyyy].

You may wish to consult for additional variants.

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Submission process

All forms of work except book reviews and obituaries are submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Book reviews and obituaries are to be submitted direct to the commissioning editor unless otherwise requested. Inquiries concerning potential reviews should be made to Dr Amanda Davies (for human geography) at or Dr Wayne Stephenson (for physical and environmental geography) at Obituaries should be send to

The use of an online submission and peer review site enables rapid distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts.

Complete instructions for submitting a paper is available at the ScholarOne Manuscripts site and below. Further assistance can be obtained from:

Click here for more details on how to use ScholarOne.

Cover Letter
A cover letter offers the manuscript for publication and briefly describes the contents of each file submitted. Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This guarantee must be stated in the covering letter, which must also verify that the requirements of authorship have been met and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.

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The following criteria will be used to assess papers. Reviewers will advise the Editor-in-Chief that the paper should be accepted without revision, with minor or major revision, rejected and referred to Wiley Open Access Journal Geo: Geography and Environment, or rejected outright. Final decisions rest with the Editor-in-Chief.

To view the criteria for assessment of your manuscript, please click here.

Please note that revised submissions should highlight major changes to content and/or changes made in response to reviewers comments.

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Those papers that are accepted for publication following minor or major review will be copy-edited and returned to the corresponding author for final-sign-off. Once that step has been completed, and the final pre-production version has been uploaded to ScholarOne, it will be formally accepted.

The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below. The manuscript will then be passed to Wiley’s production team for online/Early View publication, and later for hard-copy production—and final corrections may be required at either of these stages.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system.

Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit Wiley’s Author Services site for more details on online production tracking and to access a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission, and more.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue.

Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised, and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, with rare exceptions (such as corrections of error in formatting or spelling) no changes can be made after online publication.

Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found here.


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click here and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields.
If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.

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Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs. Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option

OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance

Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

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Video abstracts and supporting information

Would you be interested in raising the profile of your article with an online Video Abstract or additional Supporting Information?

A video abstract is a short video introduction from you that will excite people’s interest in your article. Your article will still have your text abstract, but this video supplement will add a new dimension and draw new readers to your article.

Supporting Information is important ancillary information hosted online with your article that is relevant to the parent article, but which does not or cannot appear in the printed edition of the journal. Supporting Information can include material such as additional images, videos, audio or data sets, for example.

You can watch example video abstracts here:

These additional materials help to raise awareness of your article and to pique the reader’s interest. They offer you another way in which to convey your message and to appeal to your audience in new ways. Both options are very easy to prepare and can significantly add to your article’s presence online, connecting you to your readership and adding variety and flavour to your research output. If you are interested in preparing additional material for your article, please find more detail in the attached documents, or contact Rosie Duffy (Wiley,

Author services

We encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley Author Services website. This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics and electronic artwork guidelines.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising your article for search engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

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Author Guidelines edited 18 October 2016.