New Zealand Geographer

Cover image for Vol. 72 Issue 2

Edited By: Etienne Nel, Nicholas Lewis, Sarah Lovell, Mike Hilton and Juliana Mansvelt

Impact Factor: 0.765

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 52/77 (Geography)

Online ISSN: 1745-7939

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in New Zealand Geographer. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

We look forward to your submission.


New Zealand Geographer is the ISI listed official journal of the New Zealand Geographical Society, and publishes articles by, or of interest to, geographers, which meet the editorial standards and aims and scope of the journal. The journal includes a Geo-Ed section devoted to articles designed to interest and support classroom practitioners. Educators who are able to contribute to the promotion and development of geography at secondary and tertiary levels are encouraged to submit articles to the Geo-Ed Editor.

Aims and Scope
For over 50 years the New Zealand Geographer has been the internationally refereed journal of the New Zealand Geographical Society. The Society represents professional geographers in academic, school, business, government, community and other spheres in New Zealand and the South Pacific. The journal publishes academic papers on aspects of the physical, human and environmental geographies, and landscapes, of its region; commentaries and debates; discussions of educational questions and scholarship of concern to geographers; short interventions and assessments of topical matters of interest to university and high school teachers; and book reviews.

Editorial Review and Acceptance
The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the content and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and carefully considered by the relevant Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. Manuscripts requiring extensive alterations will be returned to the author for revision.

We work together with the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) and Wiley’s open access journal, Geo: Geography and Environment, to enable rapid publication of good quality papers that are outside of the scope of our journal. Authors of papers rejected by our journal as unsuitable on the grounds of scope or space may be offered the option of having their manuscript, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Geo editorial team. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and decisions on the paper will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editors of Geo may request amendments and/or further peer review after transfer. Geo will consider submissions from across the spectrum of geographical and environmental research, which reach the standard acceptable for publication. Geo is a fully open access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please visit the Geo website here.


Publication Ethics

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics:

Reproduction of Copyright Material

If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the contribution. It is the author’s responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners. For more information visit Wiley’s Copyright Terms & Conditions FAQ at


Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Spelling. The journal uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Oxford English Dictionary.
Units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units.

Word length
The length of an article (including references, tables and appendices) should not exceed 6000 words for Research Articles, and 3000 for Geo-Ed articles.

Parts of the Manuscript

The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title page

The title page should contain:
(i) a short informative title that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations
(ii) the full names of the authors
(iii) the addresses of the author’s affiliated institutions at which the work was carried out
(iv) a short running title (no more than 40 characters)
(v) the full postal and email address, plus telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent
(vi) a biographical note about the author(s) of no more than 25 words.
(vii) acknowledgements. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

Main text file

As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors. The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, doubled-spaced.

The main text file should be presented in the following order: (i) title, abstract and key words, (ii) text, (iii) references, (iv) endnotes, (v) appendices, (vi) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (v) figure legends. Figures and supporting information should be supplied as separate files. Use concise endnotes rather than footnotes.

Abstract and key words
Research and Geo-Ed articles must have a brief abstract that states in 100 words or fewer the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Between three and six key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.

• The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below).
• In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000).
• If there are two authors write: Smith and Jones (2001); and if cited within parentheses write: (Smith and Jones 2001).
• When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002).
• In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order.
• In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.
• Do not use ibid. or op cit.
• Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).
• All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.
• Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Journal article
Hardill I (1996). Gender perspectives on British expatriate households, Geoforum 29, 257–68.

Online article not yet published in an issue
Ginn, F (2009). Colonial transformations: Nature, progress and science in the Christchurch Botanic Gardens. New Zealand Geographer doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7939.01146.x

Journal article on the Internet
Fielding N and Schreier M (2001). Introduction: On the comparability between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods, Forum Qualitative Sozialforshung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research (on-line Journal), 2 (1), [Cited 2 Jun 2005.] Available at: (cited 14 April 2002).

Gibberd B, Carter N (2003). Regional estuary monitoring programme: Sediment monitoring (report). Environment Waikato, Report No. 2005/27.

Hazledine T (1998). Taking New Zealand Seriously: the Economics of Decency, Harper Collins, Auckland.

Chapter in a book
Brundsen D and Ibsen M-L (1984). Mudslide. In: Dikau R, Brundsen D, Schrott L and Ibsen M-L, eds. Landslide recognition. Identification, Movement and Causes, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp. 103–19.

These should be pnumbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Tables should be self-contained and should not duplicate, but complement, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns.

Figure Legends
Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible). For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

More advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:

Colour on the Web: New Zealand Geographer offers authors the opportunity to reproduce colour figures in colour for free in the online version of the article, although they will still appear in black and white in the print version. If an author wishes to take advantage of this free colour-on-the- web service, they should liaise with the Editors and the Publisher. Figures will not be printed in colour. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure figures will be legible in the black and white print version of the journal.

Supporting Information

Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


The manuscript should be submitted online at:

• A cover letter may be included in the ‘Cover Letter Field’ of the ScholarOne system. The text can be entered directly into the field or uploaded as a file.

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 21 July 2015