The Developing Economies

Cover image for Vol. 53 Issue 4

Edited By: Shujiro Urata

Impact Factor: 0.3

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 54/55 (Planning & Development); 287/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1746-1049

Author Guidelines

Please visit Wiley’s web pages for Author Guidelines and read them carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright ( In signing the journal’s copyright agreement, authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted as a file attachment via email to

The following instructions should be adhered to.
• The email must contain the relevant file(s) only. The entire article (including tables) should be supplied as a single Microsoft Word file; only electronic figures should be supplied as separate files.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e., do not use carriage returns within cells).
For a first-submission phase, heavily mathematical papers may be submitted in a PDF format created by softwares such as Scientific Word, TeX, or LaTeX. However, if the paper is accepted or judged to need further amendments by the Editorial Board, the subsequent submissions of finalized/revised files may only be submitted in a Microsoft Word format, where change tracks must clearly and visually be stored.


Aims and Scope
The Developing Economies is the official journal of the Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO, and publishes original research articles dealing with empirical and comparative studies on social sciences relating to the developing countries.

Editorial Review and Acceptance
Submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the editor.
Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the editor and the publisher reserve the right to modify manuscripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, which reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Publication Ethics
The journal is committed to integrity in scientific research and recognizes the importance of maintaining the highest ethical standards.
Committee on Publication Ethics. The journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (


Pre-Acceptance English-Language Editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission. Visit our site ( to learn about the options available. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Manuscript Style and Format
• Spelling. The Journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.
• Manuscript line spacing should be 1.5 or double spaced.
• Use 12 point font

Parts of the Manuscript
The length of an article (including references, footnotes, tables, figures, and appendices) should not exceed 10, 000 words.
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (1) title page including abstract of no more than 150 words, keywords, and JEL No(s); (2) text; (3) references; (4) appendices; (5) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes); and (6) figures. Short papers, not more than 5, 000 words, are also considered for publication.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names and affiliations of the authors, and (iii) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The title should be short, informative, and contain the major key words. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.

Abstract and keywords
All articles must have a brief abstract that states in 150 words or fewer the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. JEL classification numbers and keywords should be provided.

• The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below). In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: e.g., Smith (2000). If there are two authors use “and”: e.g., Smith and Jones (2001). When reference is made to a work by four or more authors, the first name followed by “et al.” should be used: e.g., MacDonald et al. (2002).
• All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list in alphabetical order. Full (not just initials) first name of all authors should be provided.
• Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Kono, Hisaki, and Kazushi Takahashi. 2010. “Microfinance Revolution: Its Effects, Innovations, and Challenges.” Developing Economies 48, no. 1: 15–73.

Fujita, Masahisa; Paul Krugman; and Anthony J. Venables. 2001. The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chapter in a book
Fujita, Masahisa, and Nobuaki Hamaguchi. 2008. “Regional Integration in East Asia: Perspectives of Spatial and Neoclassical Economics.” In Economic Integration in East Asia, edited by Masahisa Fujita, Satoru Kumagai, and Koji Nishikimi. Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

World Bank. 2014. World Development Indicators, 2014. Washington, DC: World Bank. (accessed October 27, 2014).
For further details, please refer to The Chicago Manual of Style.

Footnotes should be placed as a list at the foot of each page. They should be numbered in the list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep footnotes brief: they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper.

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Arabic numerals and referred to in the text.

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶ should be used and *, **, *** should be reserved for p-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in footnotes.

Figure legends
Figure legends should be concise but comprehensive—the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text.

Figures should be kept to a minimum. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit JPEG, EXCEL, or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below).
Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures (

Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

Supporting information
Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, datasets, survey instruments, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at: ( The relevance of the supporting materials to the submitted papers will be assessed by reviewers and editors.


Wiley’s Author Services: After Acceptance
Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Copyright, Licencing and OnlineOpen
Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: (

OnlineOpen—Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs (

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please visit our site ( for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies.

E-Annotation Proof Corrections
Once your paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a website from which the proof can be downloaded as a PDF. This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and any corrections to be added electronically using the annotation toolbar. Electronic annotations can be used to cross out, replace or insert text, and even insert an attachment (such as a new abstract or figure). Detailed instructions and links to the Adobe website will be sent with the proof. It is therefore essential that a working email address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs of each paper should be checked closely for accuracy. In particular, the proofs of heavily mathematical papers should be thoroughly checked.

A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: ( If you have queries about offprints please email: