EuroChoices

Cover image for Vol. 16 Issue 3

Edited By: Professor John Davis

Online ISSN: 1746-692X

Associated Title(s): Journal of Agricultural Economics

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  1. How Can West African Rice Compete in Urban Markets? A Demand Perspective for Policymakers

    Rose Fiamohe, Matty Demont, Kazuki Saito, Harold Roy-Macauley and Eric Tollens

    Version of Record online: 6 FEB 2018 | DOI: 10.1111/1746-692X.12177

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    In West Africa, rice produced locally falls short of meeting the demand and preferences of urban consumers. We analyzed the challenges facing local rice in urban markets and identified policies that can be implemented to improve the competitiveness of the regional rice sector. We argue that without addressing the demand side of the value chain, efforts on the supply side might fall short in reducing import dependency. Evidence suggests that while imported rice has easy access to urban markets, local rice faces more challenges in reaching urban consumers. The low market share of local rice in urban markets is in part due to consumers' dislike of local rice as it is perceived as being of inferior quality relative to imported rice. Local rice also tends to fetch lower prices. The experimental studies reviewed suggest, however, that urban consumers are willing to pay price premiums for local rice if its quality is upgraded.

  2. Labour and Income Trends in EU Agriculture (pages 10–11)

    Sophia Davidova, Thia Hennessy and Ken Thomson

    Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1746-692X.12173

  3. The CAP and Rural Jobs (page 3)

    Sophia Davidova and Kenneth Thomson

    Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1746-692X.12172

  4. Value Added and Employment Growth in EU Primary Agriculture and Food Processing (pages 4–9)

    Trevor Donnellan and Kevin Hanrahan

    Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1746-692X.12174

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    The relative economic importance of agri-food production in EU Member States is in decline. This article examines the relationship between primary and processing agri-food sectors at the Member State level in the European Union, focusing on value added and employment trends. Notable differences are observed in the performance of the agri-food sector between the Member States, and substantially different economic developments are evident in the primary and processing sectors. The agricultural and food processing sectors remained more important in the economies of the EU Member States of Central and Eastern Europe than in those of Western Europe. The composition of primary agricultural output and the associated strength of the processing sector can partially determine the growth in incomes and employment that individual Member States can hope to derive from developments in their agri-food sectors. This suggests that the agri-food sectors in individual Member States have differing future income and employment-generating capacity, and generally limited employment growth potential, with associated implications for the design of future agri-food policy.

  5. The CAP as a Job Stabiliser (pages 23–26)

    Konstadinos Mattas and Efstratios Loizou

    Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1746-692X.12170

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    The CAP's impact upon farm structures, farm incomes and rural development has attracted significant interest among researchers and policymakers. However, its impact upon employment levels has been studied only indirectly, and valuable inferences have been missed. Taking account of the CAP's role in and impacts on employment requires a broader approach to policy evaluation as employment changes are closely related to changes in sector activity. Besides fulfilling agro-food production and other rural objectives, the CAP should also be seen as a dynamic job-generating and maintenance tool. CAP measures, besides directly creating jobs in Pillars I and II, keep alive several farming activities which, without their support, would probably cease, with significant job losses in many regions. Moreover, the CAP, via the multiplier effect (sectoral and fiscal), creates and secures jobs in non-agro-food sectors that are crucial for regional and national economies. Furthermore, under the current dismal economic and social conditions in several EU countries not least in terms of employment levels, the CAP's mechanisms are vital. Certainly, a further careful overhaul of the CAP could enhance its power as a job-stabilising programme.

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