Nutrition & Dietetics

Cover image for Vol. 72 Issue 1

Edited By: Linda Tapsell

Impact Factor: 0.659

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 69/79 (Nutrition & Dietetics)

Online ISSN: 1747-0080

Author Guidelines


Nutrition & Dietetics is the official journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia. Covering all aspects of food, nutrition and dietetics, the Journal provides a basic forum for the reporting, discussion and development of scientifically credible knowledge related to human nutrition and dietetics.

Widely respected in the region and around the world, Nutrition & Dietetics is Australia's leading peer-reviewed Journal in its field. The Journal publishes original research, review papers, letters (often as case studies), book reviews and conference reports.


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, all research, review and short papers will be double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and, and managed by one Associate Editor and the Editor in Chief. Authors are welcome to provide the names of up to three unbiased and qualified referees from outside their institution. However, assignment of referees will be at the discretion of the Editors. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Manuscripts should be no longer than 4000 words (inclusive of abstract, main text, references). Tables and figures are not included in this word count, however a limit of three tables and two figures applies. Manuscripts reporting social research that uses qualitative methods to report data rather than tables and figures are limited to 5000 words. Review papers presenting systematic forms of review research are also limited to 5000 words, and Letters to the Editor must not be over 800 words. Manuscripts that do not follow these guidelines will be unsubmitted and the author will be asked to meet the limitations and resubmit.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Manuscripts should be submitted online at Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. Two files should be supplied: the title page and the manuscript (in Word or rich text format (.rtf). The title page should be uploaded as a file not for review in keeping with the double-blind review process. Queries can be addressed to the Editorial Assistant at:
All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.
• Submissions should be double-spaced.
• All margins should be at least 30 mm.
• All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner.
• Line numbers should be included, counting by one and restarting at each page.
• Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (Greek one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for β (Greek beta).
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells).
Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution files cannot be used.
Further instructions are available at the submission site.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. This must be stated in the covering letter.
If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author.  Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Authors must state in the methods section of the manuscript that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2008), available at
All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized (or an eye bar should be used).
In general, submission of a case report should be accompanied by the written consent of the subject (or parent/guardian) before publication; this is particularly important where photographs are to be used or in cases where the unique nature of the incident reported makes it possible for the patient to be identified. While the Editorial Board recognizes that it might not always be possible or appropriate to seek such consent, the onus will be on the authors to demonstrate that this exception applies in their case.
Where reviews of health services or hospitals have been made, it is recommended that a generic term is used in order to not identify the health service or hospital.

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at
Spelling.The Journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.
Units. Measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.
Abbreviations. Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.
The following abbreviations can be used without definition: ACT, ADP, AIDS, ATP, CI, CV, df, DNA, EDTA, EGTA, e.g., GDP, GTP, HDL, HEPES, HIV, HPLC, i.e., LDL, NAD, NADH, NADP, NADPH, NS, NSW, NT, RNA, SA, SE, SEE, SEM, SD, tris, VLDL, vol : vol, wt : vol, UK, USA, WA.
Names of vitamins and related compounds should be those recommended by the International Union of Nutritional Sciences Committee on Nomenclature (reprinted in J Nutr 1990; 120: 12–19). However, generic names may be used where appropriate, e.g. vitamin A deficiency. Authors using RDIs, RDAs, RNIs, NRV or similar dietary allowances to estimate nutrient adequacy should specify and cite the authority for the cutoff point used.
Trade names. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

Original research papers. Presenting original research.
Review papers. All review manuscripts must be carried out in a systematic way using the PRISMA guidelines. Authors must also include a PRISMA Flow Diagram.
Viewpoint articles. Arguing for a particular position using systematic review of the scientific literature and disciplined analysis of data.
Letters to the Editor.Brief reports on case studies or practice-based analysis.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) funding, (v) conflicts of interest, (vi) authorship, (vii) references, (viii) appendices, (ix) figure legends, (x) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (xi) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
As articles are double-blind reviewed, material that might identify authorship of the paper should be placed in a title page and uploaded as a supplementary file not for review.
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors, each author's highest abbreviated qualification(s) and APD or NZRD status, (iii) details of author contributions, (iv) each person's position title and address of the institution(s) at which the work was carried out,(v) and the full postal and email address, facsimile and telephone numbers of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent.
The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 50 characters) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words
All articles (original research, reviews, viewpoint papers) require a structured abstract that states in 250 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures for conducting the analysis, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. Divide the abstract with the headings: Aim, Methods, Results, Conclusions. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Between three and six key words, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order. It is preferable that they are taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at

All manuscripts should use the following subheadings to divide the sections of the manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion. Ethics approval must be stated in the methods section.

Funding, Conflicts of Interest and Authorship
Please use the 'Funding' heading to disclose all sources of financial grants and other funding. Please use the 'Conflicts of Interest' heading as a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. Please use the 'Authorship' heading to describe the contribution of each author. Please note that all three headings must be included even if there is nothing to report.

The numbered referencing system is used based on the Vancouver style, according to the examples given below. In the text, references should be cited using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear. The number should be placed directly after full-stops, commas or words with no space before the number. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text.
In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Journal article
1  Dunstan DW, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA et al. The Australian diabetes, obesity and lifestyle study (AusDiab) – Methods and response rates. Diab Res Clin Pract 2002; 57: 119–29.
2  Cashel K, Jefferson S. The core food groups: The scientific basis for developing nutrition education tools. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council, 1995.
Chapter in a book
3  Bischoff SC, Sellge G. Immune mechanisms in food-induced disease. In: Metcalfe DD, Sampson HA, Simon RA, editors. Food Allergy: Adverse reactions to foods and food additives. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003; 14–37.
Publication available online
; Rutihauser IHE. Getting it right: How to use the data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care; 2000. (Also available from:, accessed 4 May 2005).
Online article not yet published in an issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.
5 Brand-Miller J. Glycaemic index and glycaemic load: crunch time? Nutrition and Dietetics doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01356x

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Tables and statistics
Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶ should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. After statistical testing, the value of the test statistic should be reported. Give the actual P-value, to two significant digits, whether or not the value is statistically significant. P-values less than 0.001 should be reported as P<0.001 rather than P=0.000. Abbreviations used in the text must be redefined in tables and figures with a few exceptions: ANOVA (analysis of variance), BMI (body mass index), F (female), M (male).

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (82 mm), intermediate (114 mm) or the full text width (169 mm). Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration. Line figures should be sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.
Figure legends. Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Author Services enables authors to track their article, once it has been accepted, through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources, including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production. Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. It is essential that these files are checked carefully. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.