Nutrition & Dietetics

Cover image for Vol. 73 Issue 2

Edited By: Linda Tapsell

Impact Factor: 0.717

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 69/77 (Nutrition & Dietetics)

Online ISSN: 1747-0080

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Nutrition and Dietetics. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. This must be stated on the title page.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at For a downloadable PDF of the author guidelines, please click here.

Queries can be addressed to the Editorial Assistant at:

We look forward to your submission.


Aims and scope
Nutrition & Dietetics is the official journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia. Covering all aspects of food, nutrition and dietetics, the Journal provides a basic forum for the reporting, discussion and development of scientifically credible knowledge related to human nutrition and dietetics.

Widely respected in the region and around the world, Nutrition & Dietetics is Australia's leading peer-reviewed Journal in its field. The journal publishes original research, systematic review papers, and letters (often as case studies).

Editorial Review and Acceptance
The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, all research, review and short papers (letters) will be double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and, and managed by one Associate Editor and the Editor in Chief. Authors are welcome to provide the names of up to three unbiased and qualified referees from outside their institution. Assignment of referees, however, will be at the discretion of the Editors. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.
Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.

Principles for Publication of Research Involving Human Subjects
Manuscripts must contain a statement to the effect that all human studies have been reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in an appropriate version of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Brazil 2013), available at It should also state clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under the study should be omitted.

In general, submission of a case report (in letters) should be accompanied by the written consent of the subject (or parent/guardian) before publication; this is particularly important where photographs are to be used or in cases where the unique nature of the incident reported makes it possible for the patient to be identified. While the Editors recognize that it might not always be possible or appropriate to seek such consent, the onus will be on the authors to demonstrate that this exception applies in their case.

Where reviews of health services or hospitals have been made, it is recommended that a generic term is used in order to not identify the health service or hospital.

Clinical Trials
All clinical trials must be registered and need to conform to CONSORT ( All clinical trial manuscripts must include a CONSORT statement and flow diagram.

Observational Studies
Observational studies, such as cohort and case-control studies, are acceptable but are vulnerable to bias and selective reporting. When an observational study is submitted to Nutrition & Dietetics you need to provide:

• The registration details, if the study has been registered.
• The protocol, if one exists (supplied as an appendix).
• A completed STROBE checklist - uploaded as a separate file to the submitted paper.
• A statement in the methods section that compliance with STROBE has been addressed.

Information about STROBE can be found at

Plagiarism Detection
The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Publication Ethics
The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics:


Original research papers. Presenting original research.

Review papers. All review manuscripts must be carried out in a systematic way using the PRISMA guidelines and include a PRISMA Flow Diagram. Also all systematic reviews need to be registered with PROSPERO

Letters to the Editor. Brief reports on case studies or practice-based analysis.

Word length. Manuscripts should be no longer than 4000 words (inclusive of abstract, main text, references). Tables and figures are not included in this word count, however a limit of three tables and two figures applies. Manuscripts reporting social research that uses qualitative methods to report data rather than tables and figures are limited to 5000 words. Review papers presenting systematic forms of review research are also limited to 5000 words, and Letters to the Editor must not be over 800 words. Manuscripts that do not follow these guidelines will be unsubmitted and the author will be asked to meet the limitations and resubmit.


Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Articles for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. Optimising an article for search engines will increase the chance of someone finding it, and in turn make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. Please refer to these guidelines on maximising the web-friendliness of the most public part of an article.

Style of the Manuscript
Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at

Spelling. The journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.

Units. Measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Abbreviations. Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.
The following abbreviations can be used without definition: ACT, ADP, AIDS, ATP, CI, CV, df, DNA, EDTA, EGTA, e.g., GDP, GTP, HDL, HEPES, HIV, HPLC, i.e., LDL, NAD, NADH, NADP, NADPH, NS, NSW, NT, RNA, SA, SE, SEE, SEM, SD, tris, VLDL, vol : vol, wt : vol, UK, USA, WA.

Trade names. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.
Names of vitamins and related compounds should be those recommended by the International Union of Nutritional Sciences Committee on Nomenclature (reprinted in J Nutr 1990; 120: 12–19). Generic names, however, may be used where appropriate, e.g. vitamin A deficiency. Authors using RDIs, RDAs, RNIs, NRV or similar dietary allowances to estimate nutrient adequacy should specify and cite the authority for the cutoff point used.

Parts of the Manuscript
The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title page
The title page should contain:
(i) A short informative title that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations.
(ii) The full names of the authors and each author's highest abbreviated qualification(s) and APD or NZRD status,
(iii) The addresses of the author’s affiliated institutions at which the work was carried out and the author’s position title
(iv) An authorship declaration
(v) The full postal and email address, plus telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent
(vi) Funding and Conflicts of interest statements
(vii) A short running title (less than 50 characters)
(viii) word count, excluding title page, abstract, references, figures and tables
The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

Authors are requested to provide the following in the title page. On acceptance these will need to be added at proof stage.

Authorship Declaration
The contribution of each author should be stated. The statement must also acknowledge that all authors are in agreement with the manuscript and declare that the content has not been published elsewhere.

Funding statement
All sources of financial grants and other funding must be disclosed.

Conflicts of Interest statement
This must include a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations.
The absence of funding or a conflict of interest must also be stated.

Main text file
The Main Text file should be presented in the following order: (i) title abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) references, (v) appendices, (vi) figure legends, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (viii) figure legends. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Abstract and key words
All articles (original research, reviews) require a structured abstract that states in 250 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures for conducting the analysis, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. Divide the abstract with the headings: Aim, Methods, Results, Conclusions. The abstract should contain full sentences and not contain abbreviations or references.

Between three and six key words, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order. It is preferable that they are taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at http:/

All manuscripts should use the following headings to divide the sections of the manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion. Subheadings should not be used in these sections. Ethics approval must be stated in the methods section.

References follow the Vancouver style, i.e. numbered sequentially as they occur in the text and ordered numerically in the reference list.
• All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.
• In the text, references should be cited using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear. The number should be placed directly after full-stops, commas or words with no space before the number.
• If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text.
• In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.
• Do not use ibid. or op cit.
• Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).
• Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.
• Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.
• Authors can read more about the Vancouver reference style at:

Journal article
1 Dunstan DW, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA et al. The Australian diabetes, obesity and lifestyle study (AusDiab) – Methods and response rates. Diab Res Clin Pract 2002; 57: 119–29.

2 Cashel K, Jefferson S. The core food groups: The scientific basis for developing nutrition education tools. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council, 1995.

Chapter in a book
3 Bischoff SC, Sellge G. Immune mechanisms in food-induced disease. In: Metcalfe DD, Sampson HA, Simon RA, editors. Food Allergy: Adverse reactions to foods and food additives. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003; 14–37.

Publication available online
4 Rutihauser IHE. Getting it right: How to use the data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care; 2000. (Available from:, accessed 4 May 2005).

Online article not yet published in an issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.
5 Brand-Miller J. Glycaemic index and glycaemic load: crunch time? Nutrition and Dietetics doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01356x

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Tables and statistics
Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes (including statistical tests) must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: (a), (b), (c), onwards should be used and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. After statistical testing, the value of the test statistic should be reported. Give the actual P-value, to two significant digits, whether or not the value is statistically significant. P-values less than 0.001 should be reported as P<0.001 rather than P=0.000. Abbreviations used in the text must be redefined in tables and figures with a few exceptions: ANOVA (analysis of variance), BMI (body mass index), F (female), M (male).

Figure legends
Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication:Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).
For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.
More advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:


Manuscripts should be submitted online at

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, doubled-spaced. The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files will be required.

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Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services
Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View
The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit
The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 3 August 2015