Congenital Heart Disease

Cover image for Vol. 12 Issue 1

Edited By: Douglas S. Moodie

Impact Factor: 1.21

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 96/124 (Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems)

Online ISSN: 1747-0803

Author Guidelines

Congenital Heart Disease is going e-only! Beginning with Volume 11, issue 1 (January 2016), Congenital Heart Disease will be an e-only publication. New submissions, papers currently under review, and some previously accepted papers will be published e-only.

Check out CHD's new Author-Focused submission guidelines below!

Author Services: Please sign up for Wiley's Author Services to enjoy resources for submitting articles, access to a PDF offprint upon publication of your paper, ethics guidelines, copyright license information, and many other benefits. Visit to sign up.

Note to NIH Grantees
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to Pub-Med Central upon acceptance. The accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

Contact the editorial office: | Online manuscript submission:

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submissions
All manuscripts should be submitted online using Manuscript Central. Please follow instructions to 'create an account' located at the top of the right side of the page. You will only need to create an account one time. After you have created your account you can submit your article for consideration for publication in Congenital Heart Disease by logging into the manuscript site using the user ID and password that you created.

Ethical Policy and Guidelines
CHD encourages its contributors and reviewers to adopt the standards of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors,
which are published in: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, Annals of Internal Medicine 1997; 126:36-47 (  CHD will not consider papers that have been accepted for publication or published elsewhere.  Copies of existing manuscripts with potentially overlapping or duplicative material should be submitted together with the manuscript, so that the Editors can judge suitability for publication. The Editors reserve the right to reject a paper on ethical grounds.

Authors are expected to disclose, on the title page of their manuscripts, any commercial or other associations that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article. All funding sources supporting the work, and institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors, should be acknowledged on the title page.  These statements will be published in the journal.

For investigations involving humans, the consent of patients and approval of the protocol by an ethical committee should be confirmed.  Original textual matter quoted from other authors must have formal citation and be appropriately attributed and referenced.  Any statements that might be construed as defamatory must be avoided.

Wiley Blackwell is a member of the UK Committee on Publication Ethics.  When reporting research on human subjects, the work must comply with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (1964) (British Medical Journal, 1964, ii, 177).  Authors should indicate that ethical approval of the study was granted, and where appropriate, that informed consent was given.  Experiments using human tissue must be shown to comply with national and local ethical guidelines.  Experiments using animal models must also be shown to comply with national guidelines and legislation.

For more detailed ethical guidelines, please visit:

Congenital Heart Disease is going e-only! Beginning with Volume 11, issue 1 (January 2016), Congenital Heart Disease will be an e-only publication. New submissions, papers currently under review, and some previously accepted papers will be published e-only.

Articles Considered by Congenital Heart Disease
Please be advised that Congenital Heart Disease does not publish case reports. Authors of case reports are encouraged to submit to Wiley’s open access journal Clinical Case Reports.

Original Articles: Present results of original clinical research. 
Reviews: Comprehensive surveys covering a broad area. They consolidate old ideas and may suggest new ones. They must provide a critique of the literature. 
Education Forum: Review-style article exploring educational issues related to congenital heart disease.
Fellows Forum: Pediatric cardiology fellows from around the country may submit review articles that they have either written or are a result of a major oral presentation at their institution. In general, the authorship is only by the fellow, and the fellow must include a short biography with the submission.
New for 2016! Nurses Forum: Nurses from around the world may submit review articles that they have either written or are a result of a major oral presentation at their institution. In general, the authorship is only by the nurse, and the nurse must include a short biography with the submission.
Special articles: On subjects not easily classified above (e.g., articles on history, education, demography, ethics, socioeconomics, etc.). 
State-of-the-art articles: Articles providing an update on the latest developments in a particular area related to congenital heart disease.  
Commentary: Invited as a companion to a full article presenting an alternative or a complimentary perspective. 
Editorial: Opinion or perspective on the content of Congenital Heart Disease or of relevance to the field of congenital heart disease. 
Letters to the Editor: These may offer criticism or commentary of published material, but must be objective, constructive, and educational. A few references, a small table, or relevant illustrations may be used. 
Interview: Interview with a cardiologist of note. Solicited by the editor; please do not submit unsolicited interviews.

Manuscripts must be submitted in .doc or .rtf file format. Make sure all text is double-spaced. Please be sure all text, tables, and figures are clear and readable in the system-rendered PDF and HTML views. Be sure to keep a back up copy of the file for reference, as accepted manuscripts are not returned.

Text Length: There are no restrictions on the length of any article type. If the article is of interest to the editors but is deemed to be too long, cuts will be requested in a revision.

Author-Focused Submission: CHD is pleased to offer an Author-Focused submission option. Tables and figures may be embedded smoothly and closely into the flow of text for a quicker review. If your tables and figures are not suitable for this style, please use the more traditional submission style of submitting tables and figures in separate files. Authors of accepted papers will be expected to provide table and figure files to the production-level specifications outlined in the below instructions. All other guidelines must be adhered to.

Please arrange your text and other elements in the following order:

Title Page
The title page should be the first page of the manuscript text document and contain all the following:
- Title
- Full names and affiliations for all authors, including the highest academic degree
- Full postal address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author, to whom the proofs will be sent
- Conflict of Interest statement
- Disclosure of grants or other funding 

Authors: Names department(s) and institution(s) of all authors. Credit for authorship should be based on: [1] substantial contributions to research design, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data; [2] drafting the paper or revising it critically; [3] approval of the submitted and final versions. Authors should meet all three criteria.

Corresponding author: Name, address, email address, telephone and fax numbers. (Corresponding author should take responsibility for communicating with all other authors and getting their approval for the final version to be published. During online submission corresponding authors can nominate an individual, who may or may not be an author, to assist them with administration of the publication process.)

Abstracts and Keywords
The abstract, on the page following the title page, is required for all papers except a Letter to the Editor and must be 300 words or less. The abstracts for Reviews and Commentaries should be unstructured. All other articles requiring an abstract should submit a structured abstract using the following headings, as appropriate: Objective, Design, Setting, Patients, Interventions, Outcome Measures, Results, and Conclusions (JAMA 1992;267:42–44). Up to six key words suitable for indexing must be provided with the abstract.

Body Text 
Research papers should be structured as follows: Title page, as above; Abstract and keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgments (optional); Author Contributions; References; Tables; Figure legends (double-spaced); Figures.

Other articles: The above formats may be varied between the Introduction and Acknowledgments sections for other articles. 

Details of Style: Follow guidelines set by American Medical Association Manual of Style, Ninth Edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1998. Double-spaced throughout, including title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, author contributions, references, legends for illustrations, and tables. Start each of these sections on a new page, numbered consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.

Drug names: Use generic names only in referring to drugs. If the trade name is necessary, e.g., in bio-availability studies, indicate it in parentheses.

Abbreviations: Keep abbreviations to the minimum, and define each at its first use. Do not use abbreviations in the abstract.

Author Contributions: All manuscripts must include a short description of each authors' contribution immediately before the References. (Examples of categories for authors' contributions: Concept/Design, Data analysis/interpretation, Drafting article, Critical revision of article, Approval of article, Statistics, Funding secured by, Data collection, Other.)

References: References for Congenital Heart Disease should follow the American Medical Medical Association Manual of style system.

Journal article:
1. King VM, Armstrong DM, Apps R, Trott JR. Numerical aspect of pontine, lateral retircular and inferior olivary projections to two paravermal cortical zones of the cat cerebellum. J Comp Neurol 1998;390:537-551.


All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance and should be as complete as possible. In-text citations should cite references in consecutive superscript numerals. Sample references follow :

2.Voet D, Voet JG. Biochemistry. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1990.1223p.

Please note that the journal title abbreviations should conform to the practices of Chemical Abstracts.

All tables should be double-spaced, and the text should be clear and readable for review. Title all tables at the top, and number them in order of their citation in the text. Any notes should appear at the bottom of the table. For review, tables may be embedded in the flow of text as they are mentioned, position at the end of the text, or submitted in a separate file. For accepted papers, tables must be submitted separately from the main manuscript document, in a text file (.doc or .rtf), with each table beginning on a new page.

Illustrations (Figures) and Legends
Do not embed legends within images; all caption/legend text should be separate. Illustrations should be referred to in the text as “Figs” and be given Arabic numbers. Be sure all axis text and labels are clear and readable. For review, figures may be embedded in the flow of text as they are mentioned, positioned at the end of the text, or submitted in separate files. For accepted papers, each Figure must be re-supplied as an individual file upload according to the below specifications.

The journal accepts high-resolution EPS, JPG, or TIF image files ONLY for illustrations/figures. Illustrations should be referred to in the text as “Figs” and be given Arabic numbers. Lines should be of sufficient thickness to stand reduction (no less than 4 mm wide for a 50% reduction), and letters should be a minimum of 9 pt Arial or an equivalent size. Color images should be saved in RGB color scheme. Photomicrographs should state the original magnification. The resolution of photographic images must be 300 dpi. The resolution of line-art (vector graphic) images must be 600 dpi. A legend must be provided for each illustration, in a typed list following the References. Legends should provide sufficient information to allow the reader comprehension without reference to the text. More detailed information on the preparation and submission of electronic artwork can be found at and

Consent for Patient Photographs: Photographs with identifiable patients must include a consent form. See the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (; section II.E.1).

Previously Published Illustrations and Tables: If an author wishes to include Illustrations and Tables that have been previously published, they must cite the previous publication and secure permission from the copyright holder.  A template permissions letter can be found here:  Please include permissions for re-used illustrations and tables at time of manuscript submission.

Color Illustrations: It is the policy of Congenital Heart Disease for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their color artwork ($800 per journal page of color). Therefore, please note that if there is color artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley Blackwell requires you to complete and return a color work agreement form before your paper can be published. This form will be sent to you upon acceptance of your paper. Color in the online version of your article is free of charge.  If you do not want to pay for print color, please be sure to use illustrations that will reproduce well in grayscale for the print version of your article.

Supplementary Video Clips
Congenital Heart Disease will accept appropriate video clips (cine angiograms, MRIs, etc.) to be posted online as part of an article. Each clip should be less than 10 MB, preferably less than 5 MB. Format and content of all supplementary video clips is the responsibility of the author(s). The Editorial Office and the Publisher will not make any revisions to the material. Clips should be submitted at the same time as the article and will be peer-reviewed. Please upload all video clips with your manuscript files at submission and include a legend for each clip in a list following the References.

When submitting a revision, please include a marked copy of the manuscript showing the changes made.  Please also include a detailed “Response to Review” in which the authors respond to reviewer and editor comments point-by-point, so the revision can be thoroughly understood and evaluated.

When an article has been accepted, the publisher will send proofs for final review before publication. The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. In addition, please provide a second email address for yourself or a co-author, in case we have trouble reaching you at the first email address. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed.

Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.

Policy on Review of Page Proofs: Manuscripts for Congenital Heart Disease are copyedited by a professional copyeditor hired by the publisher. The Editor will not check the typeset proofs of accepted manuscripts for errors, thus it is the responsibility of the primary author of each paper to review page proofs carefully for accuracy of citations, formulas, etc., and to check for omissions in the text. It is imperative that the author do a prompt, thorough job of reviewing the returned proofs. Page proofs must be returned to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt. An order form for offprints will be available with proofs.

Manuscript Checklist:
- Properly formatted manuscript document
- Complete Title Page
- Abstract and Keywords
- Properly formatted body text
- Author Contributions statement
- References (numbered by order of appearance)
- Figure Legends
- Tables (editable text, not images of tables)
- Figures (TIFF or EPS file type only)
- Consent or permissions forms for patient photographs or re-published tables and figures

Copyright License
Accepted articles cannot be published until the publisher has received the appropriate signed license agreement. If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author will receive an email prompting them to log into Wiley's Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the standard copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: