Australian Endodontic Journal

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 3

Edited By: Assoc. Prof. Ralph Reid

Impact Factor: 0.744

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 68/83 (Dentistry Oral Surgery & Medicine)

Online ISSN: 1747-4477

Author Guidelines

The Australian Endodontic Journal is the official journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology. It publishes original research articles dealing with endodontics and dental traumatology. Papers in any of the following fields will be considered: endodontic treatment, endodontic research, management of dental trauma, research into dental trauma, historical articles on endodontology.

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, which reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.
Additionally, the journal generally does not consider papers that discuss Portland Cement. Portland Cement is not a material that has TGA approval and so it is not suitable for publication in the Australian journal. If papers can be rewritten without the mention of Portland Cement, they may be reconsidered.
Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

The Australian Endodontic Journal is now using ScholarOne Manuscripts for online submission and peer review. To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below.

Getting Started
1. Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's ScholarOne Manuscripts homepage (Use the Author Guidelines by Journal link from the section at right. The Guidelines provide a link to the specific journal submission website).
2. Log-in or click the Create Account option if you are a first-time user of ScholarOne Manuscripts.
3. If you are creating a new account:

  • After clicking on Create Account, enter your name and e-mail information and click Next. Your e-mail information is very important.  
  • Enter your institution and address information as prompted then click Next.
  • Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID) and then select your area of expertise. Click Finish when done.
  • If you have an account but have forgotten your log in details, go to Password Help on the journal's ScholarOne Manuscripts homepage and enter your email address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and password reminder.

4. Log-in and select Author Center.

Submitting Your Manuscript
1. After you have logged in, click the Submit a Manuscript link in the menu bar.
2. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.
3. Click the Next button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
4. You are required to upload your files:

  • Click on the Browse button and locate the file on your computer.
  • Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
  • When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the Upload button.
    NOTE: you have a limit of 100MB combined for all files you upload.
  • Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the Editors. Click the Submit button when you are done reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the Submit button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access ScholarOne Manuscripts any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will notify you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

Getting Help With Your Submission
Each page of the ScholarOne Manuscripts website has a Get Help Now icon connecting directly to the online support system at Queries can also be e-mailed to and telephone support is available 24 hours a day, 5 days a week through the US ScholarOne support office: +1 434 817 2040, ext 167. If you do not have Internet access or cannot submit online, the Editorial Office will help with online submissions.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. This must be stated in the covering letter.
The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript. In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author’s contribution to the paper is to be quantified.
Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision but, if the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader.
If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

Author material archive policy
Authors who require the return of any submitted material that is accepted for publication should inform the Editorial Office after acceptance. If no indication is given that author material should be returned, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy and electronic material two months after publication.

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Tokyo 2004), available at Australian Endodontic Journal retains the right to reject any manuscript on the basis of unethical conduct of either human or animal studies.
All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized (or an eye bar should be used). In general, submission of a case report should be accompanied by the written consent of the subject (or parent/guardian) before publication; this is particularly important where photographs are to be used or in cases where the unique nature of the incident reported makes it possible for the patient to be identified. While the Editorial Board recognizes that it might not always be possible or appropriate to seek such consent, the onus will be on the authors to demonstrate that this exception applies in their case.

Materials should comply with the ICMJE Uniform Requirements. EQUATOR reporting guidelines and checklists (e.g. CONSORT, STROBE, STARD, QUOROM, MOOSE) should be used when appropriate.

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses
Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY-NC-ND).
For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at

The Journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.

All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Trade names
Chemical substances should be referred to by the generic name only. Trade names should not be used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

Scientific names
Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. However, for well-known species, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) figure legends, (viii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (ix) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.
The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words
All articles  must have a brief abstract that states in 150 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.
Five key words, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at

Authors should use the following subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

The Vancouver system of referencing should be used (examples are given below). In the text, references should be cited with parentheses and should appear in front of the full point or comma at the end of the sentence/clause. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text. We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:
The maximum number of references for scientific articles, case reports and clinical updates is 30; There is no limit on the number of references in literature reviews and lecture précis.
In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.
Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.
References should be listed in the following form:
Journal article:
1.  Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996; 124: 980–3.
2.  Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers; 1996.
Chapter in a Book:
3.  Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp. 465–78.
Web page:
4. National Health and Medical Research Council. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of early breast cancer. 2nd ed. [PDF on Internet]. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, [updated 6 September 2003; cited 3 March 2004]. Available from:

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text.
If supplied electronically, figures must be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) files, saved as .eps or .tif. Do not embed figures in the word document – they must be supplied in separate files. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.
Original slides and unmounted high-resolution photographs can be submitted by post if the author does not have access to scanning facilities. Hard-copy figure should be labelled on the back indicating name of author(s), figure number and orientation. Individual photographs forming a composite figure should be of equal contrast, to facilitate printing, and should be accurately squared.
Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.
Colour figure files should be set up as CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) and not as RGB (red, green, blue) so that colours as they appear on screen will be a closer representation of how they will print in the Journal.
Figure legends. Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Authors are required to submit their manuscripts through ScholarOne Manuscripts, the online submission and peer review system (see above for more information). The following instructions should be adhered to:

  • The entire article (including tables) should be supplied as a single file; only electronic figures should be supplied as separate files.
  • Authors should supply their accepted paper as formatted text. Specify the hardware and the word processing package (e.g. IBM, Word 2000 or Mac, Word 5.1), as well as the first author’s surname, the journal title and the manuscript number.
  • Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
  • Turn the hyphenation option off; include only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.
  • Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
  • Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for Greek beta.
  • Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells).

Author Services enables authors to track their article, once it has been accepted, through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources, including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production.
Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated, otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

A free PDF offprint will be supplied to the corresponding author. Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services at  if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.
Paper offprints may be ordered online.
Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email

A charge of A$990 for the first three colour figures and A$495 for each extra colour figure thereafter will be charged to the author.

Visit Wiley-Blackwell’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards at and

For further information or advice please contact:
Marc Jacosalem
Editorial Assistant
Australian Endodontic Journal