Legal Studies

Cover image for Vol. 37 Issue 1

Edited By: Nicola Glover-Thomas, Bruce Wardhaugh, Phil Handler, Margaret Brazier, Elaine Dewhurst, Robert Thomas, John Pearson

Online ISSN: 1748-121X

Author Guidelines

The Submission of Manuscripts

Legal Studies has now adopted ScholarOne Manuscripts, for online manuscript submission and peer review. The new system brings with it a whole host of benefits including:

  • Quick and easy submission
  • Administration centralised and reduced
  • Significant decrease in peer review times

From now on all submissions to the journal must be submitted online at Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you require assistance then click the Get Help Now link which appears at the top right corner of every ScholarOne Manuscripts page. If you cannot submit online, please contact John Pearson in the Editorial Office ( Legal Studies welcomes submissions of no more than 10,000 words exclusive of footnotes. Footnotes should not be excessive in length or in number. The editors reserve the right to request that authors reduce footnote text in advance of peer review and/or publication. Decisions on manuscripts will normally be made within ten weeks.

In submitting manuscripts authors should observe the following:

(i) Contributions should be word processed, double spaced and with a left hand margin of at least 1½  inches.
(ii) All contributions should be accompanied by a short abstract.
(iii) Footnotes should appear on the same page as the relevant text, and be indicated by Arabic numerals.
(iv) Internal cross referencing should be to footnotes only (not pages).
(v) References to statutes and cases should follow the style of Halsbury’s Laws of England, 4th edition. The publishers are unable to check the accuracy of references and the onus of accuracy falls on the author.

Corrections and amendments of contributions at proof stage are very expensive. Authors are asked to make sure their typescript is carefully checked and finalised particularly with regard to internal cross referencing and the citation of references. Afterthoughts cannot be incorporated on proofs.

Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:
This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Wiley Blackwell's Author Services
From 2006, Legal Studies will use Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they don’t need to contact the production editor to check on progress. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Contributors of articles will be provided with 24 offprints of their contributions and a PDF offprint, subject to terms and conditions of use.

Pre-submission English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Legal Studies Style Guide

Contributions should be submitted on A4 pages in text of 10pt or larger, double line spaced and with margins of at least 2.5 cm.

Contributions should begin with the title of the article, followed by the author's name and position. An Abstract should precede the article.

Three levels of heading are permitted. Level one may be numbered 1, 2, 3 etc if desired. Level two may be numbered (a), (b), (c), etc and Level three (i), (ii), (iii). However, it is not necessary to number headings.

Spellings should be English, not American, and should take the 'ise' form, not 'ize' (except in quoted material, which should follow the original in every respect). Full stops should not be used after initials, or in ie, eg, etc, or All ER, AC, HL, etc. See attached Appendix 1 for further details.

Italics - all words to appear in italics should be underlined or italicised in the typescript. Please use only for emphasis, case names, book titles and foreign expressions not in everyday use. Do not use italics for the following expressions: a fortiori, ad hoc, ante, bona fide, certiorari, cf, de facto, de jure, eg, etc, et seq, ibid, ie, inter alia, intra vires, ipso facto, obiter, per, per se, prima facie, pro rata, ultra vires, vice versa, viz.

Quote marks should be single, with double for quotes within quotes.

Extracts and quoted material of three or more lines' length will be distinguished by indentation. Interpolations should be indicated by the use of square brackets. To indicate omitted words, three full points . . . separated equally from one another and from any preceding or succeeding words or quotations marks are sufficient.

Cross references should be to footnote number and associated text, to avoid having to insert page numbers on proof (in case a contribution is withdrawn, for instance)

Bibliographical references should be in the following form:

A Bloggs Name of Book (London: Butterworths, 1995) pp 3-5
B Cloggs Name of Book (London: Butterworths, 2nd edn, 1996) ch 3
Y Zoggs 'Chapter title' in X Yoggs (ed) Name of Book (London: Butterworths, 3rd edn, 1998) p 88

subsequent references in all cases should be to Bloggs, above n 2, p 6 (or Ibid, p 6 - only if referring to note immediately above)

Journal references should be in the following form:
A Bloggs 'Name of article' (1993) 14 LS 281
B Cloggs, D Doggs and E Floggs 'Name of article' (1993) 14 LS 281

References to statutes should be made in the following manner:

Badgers Act 1973, s 8(2)(a).
Counter-Inflation Act 1973, Pt II (ss 3-11 and Schs 4-6)
Finance Act 1965, s 19(1), Sch 7
Prices Act 1974, Schedule
Agriculture Act 1970, Sch 5, Pt II
Gas Act 1972, Sch 4, para 35.

If one statute is referred to many times, use the following form: the Badgers Act 1973 (the Act) [and use 'the Act' for future refs], or the Badgers Act 1973 (the 1973 Act) and the Prices Act 1974 (the 1974 Act) [and use 'the 1973 Act' and 'the 1974 Act' thereafter]. For common acronyms - eg FA for Finance Act, etc - use the full name first, with the acronym in brackets and use the acronym thereafter.

Statutory Instruments should be referred to by name and date (ie short title) followed by the number - eg Local Authorities (Smallholdings) Order 1974, SI 1974/396 (note that as with statutes no comma should appear between the word 'Order' or 'Regulation', etc and the date.

Rules of court - Rules of the Supreme Court 1965 and the County Court Rules 1981 should be cited without reference to their SI number, eg:
RSC Ord 1
RSC Ord 15, r 6A(4)(a)
CCR Ord 5. r 3(3)(b)(ii)

Cases. Each time a case is referred to in the text, the case reports must be set out in a footnote. One report reference is sufficient - and the Law Reports or the All England Law Reports are preferred, or the Weekly Law Reports if neither of the above as reported the case. 'v' for 'versus' should be lower case italic, without a full stop. 'Re' should be used in place of 'In re', 'In the matter of', etc. 'Ex parte' should be abbreviated to Ex p, with a cap E where it begins the case name and a lower case elsewhere, eg Ex p Green but R v Southampton Trustees, ex p Davies.

Where a case is subject to a discussion which requires repetitions of its name, its full title should be used initially but subsequent references may be abbreviated (and it need not be cited in a footnote each time, except for 'at' page references).

The conventional use of round or square brackets in conjunction with the date of the report should be followed - ie square brackets where the date is an essential part of the report citation but round brackets where the volumes of the series are independently numbered - eg [1972] Ch, [1983] 2 All ER, (1976) 65 Cr App R.