International Journal of Older People Nursing

Cover image for Vol. 11 Issue 3

Edited By: Sarah H. Kagan

Online ISSN: 1748-3743

Author Guidelines

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Author Guidelines

Content of Author Guidelines: 1. General, 2. Ethical Guidelines, 3. Submission of Manuscripts, 4. Manuscript Types Accepted, 5. Manuscript Format and Structure, 6. After Acceptance, 7. Editorial Decision Appeals Process

Useful Websites: Submission Site, Articles published in International Journal of Older People Nursing, Author Services, Ethical Guidelines, Guidelines for Figures

Ithenticate LogoInternational Journal of Older People Nursing employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to the Journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism.


(Revised September 2015)

International Journal of Older People Nursing welcomes scholarly papers on all aspects of older people nursing including research, practice, education, management, and policy. We publish manuscripts that further scholarly inquiry and improve practice through innovation and creativity in all aspects of gerontological nursing. We encourage submission of integrative and systematic reviews; original quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research; secondary analyses of existing data; psychometric and instrument development reports; historical works; theoretical and conceptual analyses; evidence-based practice projects and other practice improvement reports; and policy analyses. All submissions must reflect consideration of IJOPN's international readership and include the explicit perspectives of gerontological nursing. We particularly welcome submissions from regions of the world underrepresented in the gerontological nursing literature and from settings and situations not typically addressed in that literature.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts including the journal's requirements and standards ethics and quality. Information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in International Journal of Older People Nursing is included as well. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley Blackwell's Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


International Journal of Older People Nursing endorses the highest standards in authorship, editing, and publishing. Authors must adhere to the following ethical standards in research, writing, and publishing.

Please click here to view International Journal of Older People Nursing's ethical practices and policies.

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements

Authors submitting a paper to International Journal of Older People Nursing do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding, providing access to participants, or data collection does not justify authorship. The cover letter must verify that the work has not been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

International Journal of Older People Nursing adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The ICMJE authorship criteria are ( ) 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors must meet all ICJME criteria in order to submit a work to IJOPN and certify their authorship on submission (link to authorship statement). Contributions to the manuscript should be indicated, by initials, at the end including study design, data collection and analysis and manuscript preparation.

Within the Acknowledgements for the manuscript, authors must specify contributors to the article other than the authors as credited. Please also include source of funding for the work and any conflicts of interests. Suppliers of materials must be named with location (town, state/county, country) noted.

International Journal of Older People Nursing views duplicate publication and submission as a serious ethical concern. IJOPN adheres to the COPE guidelines on ethics in publishing ( ) and follows COPE recommendations on managing duplicate publication and duplicate submission.

2.2. Ethical Approvals

Research involving human subjects, or participants, must be conducted in full accordance with ethical principles, including the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki ( ) and the additional requirements, if any, of the country where the research has been carried out. A statement regarding the fact that the study, the findings of which are being reported, has been independently reviewed and approved by an ethical board must be described within the manuscript. Further, and in keeping with ICJME recommendations (, IJOPN requires that authors certify prospective registration of all clinical trials for manuscripts in which findings from trials are reported. In all manuscripts, protection of participants should be discussed in a manner and level of detail appropriate to the nature, approach, and methods of the research reported. Manuscripts must also include statement regarding the voluntary, informed consent of each participant in accordance with these principles and practices. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts which do not show evidence of conforming to these standards. The journal does not publish research using animal models. If companion animals are involved in research with human subjects, appropriate protections and relevant guidelines apply and will be reviewed on a case-specific basis by the editors.

2.3 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding

Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose any possible and actual conflicts of interest when submitting a manuscript. Conflicts of interest may be financial (e.g. patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fee), ethical, or professional. All relevant conflicts of interest or certification of the absence of any conflict must be stated at the end of the manuscript under the heading ‘Conflicts of Interest’. An absence of any conflict of interest should be stated as ‘The author(s) declare no conflict of interest.’

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

Conflict of interest and funding sources are declared in the published manuscript.

2.4 Reporting Guidelines

International Journal of Older People Nursing, as a Wiley publication, subscribes to international research reporting guidelines in accordance with the Equator Network ( ). Authors submitting a manuscript must complete and attach the appropriate reporting checklist for the type of manuscript submitted. Specifically (but not exhaustively), we require submission of:
• STROBE for epidemiological and other observational quantitative studies,
• STARD for diagnostic or prognostic studies,
• COREQ for qualitative research reports,
• PRISMA for systematic reviews of interventions,
• MOOSE for systematic reviews of epidemiological and quantitative studies,
• TREND for non-randomised evaluations of interventions,
• CONSORT for randomized evaluations of interventions,
• SQUIRE for quality improvement studies, and
• CHEERS for economic evaluations.

2.5 Permissions

All material including text, figures, tables and other illustrations previously published used in a submitted manuscript must include all relevant permissions from the copyright holder. Authors are solely responsible for obtaining these permissions in writing and must provide copies to the Publishers.

Permissions for reproduction or modification and reproduction of any materials (including figures and tables) published elsewhere and used in the submitted manuscript must be obtained from the copyright holders of the original materials. All permissions must be obtained by the authors, at their own cost, before submission of the manuscript. Permissions should be uploaded as separate files and submitted with the manuscript.


The Editors welcome scholarly papers on all aspects of older people nursing. Submission must be exclusive to the International Journal of Older People Nursing and should not be concurrently submitted in part or in whole to any other journal. Authors should certify to this effect in their covering letter.

3.1 Preparation of manuscripts

Please read these brief style guidelines before submission.

Please note that international protocol accepts the term 'Older people' and related terms (e.g. older person) as the accepted term to use. Please do not use terms such as elderly, aged, senile, or geriatric unless the word is a component of an established title, tool, or process (e.g. The Geriatric Depression Scale).

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site The use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and thus speeds the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper are available below. Further assistance can be obtained from the Editorial Office by e-mail:

3.2 Getting started with Scholar One Manuscripts

• Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online Submission Site:

• Log-in or click the 'Create Account' option if you are a first-time user of Scholar One Manuscripts.

• If you are creating a new account.
- After clicking on 'Create Account', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.
- Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next.'
- Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click 'Finish'.

• If you have an account, but have forgotten your log in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system and enter your e-mail address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.

• Log-in and select 'Author Centre'.

3.3 Submitting your manuscript

• After you have logged in, click the 'Submit a Manuscript' link in the menu bar.

• Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.

• Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

• You are required to upload your files.
- Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
- Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the Browse button.
- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.

• Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

3.4 Manuscript files accepted

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word documents or Rich Text Format (.rft) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

3.5 Blinded Review

All manuscripts submitted to International Journal of Older People Nursing are blind reviewed by at least two peers. The authors and the reviewers are blinded to the other’s identities. To allow double-blinded review, please submit your main manuscript with all identifying information removed and without a title page. The title page should be submitted as a separate file.

Please upload:
• Your manuscript without title page under the file designation 'main document'
• Figure files under the file designation 'figures'
• The title page, Acknowledgements and Conflict of Interest Statement where applicable, should be uploaded under the file designation 'title page'

All documents uploaded under the file designation 'title page' will not be viewable in the HTML and PDF format you are asked to review at the end of the submission process. The files viewable in the HTML and PDF format are the files available to the reviewer in the review process.

3.6. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process
You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.7. E-mail Confirmation of Submission
<<br />After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by spam filtering software on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server ( to their whitelist.

3.8. Manuscript Status

You can access Manuscript Central any time to check your 'Author Centre' for the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.9. Submission of Revised Manuscripts

Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 2 months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision' to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. Please also remember to upload your manuscript document separate from your title page.


International Journal of Older People Nursing publishes scholarly, peer-reviewed original research reports, review papers and other manuscripts as defined in the scope of the journal.

4.1 Manuscript Guidelines

Manuscripts reporting research and reviews should not exceed 5000 words (excluding abstract, figures, tables and references) and should be divided into sections which, at minimum, address Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, and References or similar headings suited to the work reported. A structured abstract not exceeding 300 words using the following headings, where possible, is required: Background; Aims and Objectives; Design; Methods; Results; Conclusions; Implications for Practice. The abstract should accurately reflect the content of the paper, and should not include references or abbreviations. The abstract should also be followed by up to 6 keywords which accurately identify the paper's subject, purpose and focus. You should also include an Implications for Practice section, highlighting key points for gerontological nursing practice derived from the work presented in the manuscript. Please see 4.2 on how to detail this section.

The main manuscript file should thus be structured to include, each starting on a new page:
• Abstract and keywords;
• Implications for practice;
• The main body of the text; • References;
• Tables (if necessary), with each starting on a new page; and
• Figure legend (if necessary).

4.2 Implication for Practice

This section should be headed as SUMMARY STATEMENT OF IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE and put on a separate, but numbered, page after your abstract. The three headings should be in bold:

What does this research add to existing knowledge in gerontology?

What are the implications of this new knowledge for nursing care with older people?

How could the findings be used to influence policy or practice or research or education?

Under each heading, 2-3 bullet points must highlight implications drawn from the reported work and explored in the discussion section.

• Each bullet point should be concise, with between 20 and 30 words in each and ending with a full stop.
• Each bullet point should stand alone as a meaningful statement (i.e. not needing to rely on preceding statements) and be written in proper sentences.
• The summary statement should not contain abbreviations other than those already presented in full in the main text.
• No references should be included.
• Colloquial terms and local details should not be included, and nor should the paper's country of origin (unless that is essential, pertinent information). Rather, statements should be framed in global terms.
• Statements regarding what the findings add to existing knowledge) must not recant findings alone and must speak to unique contributions.


5.1 Language

The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language should seek professional editing before submission. Wiley offers professional editing on a fee for service basis ( Using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee the manuscript will be accepted for publication.

5.2 Style
Headings within the text should conform to the following convention: upper case for main headings, lower case for major sub-headings, italics for subsidiary sub-headings. Spelling should conform with that used in The Concise Oxford Dictionary and abbreviations with those in Units, Symbols and Abbreviations (1994) published by the Royal Society of Medicine Press, 1 Wimpole Street, London W1M 8AE.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only if a lengthy name or expression is repeated throughout the manuscript. When used, the abbreviated name or expression should be cited in full at first usage, followed by the accepted abbreviation in parentheses. Quotations included appropriately within the body of the text should be marked by single inverted commas. Longer or self-contained quotations should be preceded and followed by a double return; neither single inverted commas nor italics should then be used.

5.3. References

References should be in 'APA' format, with full references listed at the end of the paper, in alphabetical order by first author, as follows:

Fawcett, T. (2006). An introduction to ROC analysis. Pattern Recognition Letters, 27(8), 861–874. DOI: 10.1016/j.patrec.2005.10.010.

Bradley, L., & Bryant, P. (1985). Rhyme and reason in reading and spelling. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Borstrøm, I., & Elbro, C. (1997). Prevention of dyslexia in kindergarten: Effects of phoneme awareness training with children of dyslexic parents. In C. Hulme & M. Snowling (Eds.), Dyslexia: Biology, cognition and intervention (pp. 235–253). London, UK: Whurr.

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March 25-26). Why aren't we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. doi:10.1109/VR.2006.148

Fan, K. Y. (1986, September). Graphic symbol of the Chinese character. Paper presented at the meeting of the Symposium of Chinese Character

Conference Proceedings:
Rapp, R. (1995). Automatic identification of word translations from unrelated English and German corpora. In Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for the Computational Linguistics, pp. 519–525.

Scientific or Technical Reports:
NICHD. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2000). Report of the National Reading Panel. Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction (NIH Publication No. 00-4769). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

van Otterloo, S. G. (2011). Early home-based intervention for children at familial risk of dyslexia. University of Amsterdam (unpublished doctoral dissertation).

Eleveld, M. A. (2005). At risk for dyslexia. The role of phonological abilities, letter knowledge, and speed of serial naming in early intervention and diagnosis (PhD thesis). State University Groningen, The Netherlands. Leuven: Garant Publishers.

5.4. Tables, Figures and Figure Legends

Tables should be included after references in the main manuscript file with table number and title centered above each table. Each table should start on a new page.

Figures and illustrations should be uploaded as separate files. If your manuscript includes figures, provide a figure legend after any tables in the main manuscript file with a figure number and a brief title.

Appropriate insertion points for both tables and figures should be indicated in the text.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley Blackwell's guidelines for figures:
Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of International Journal of Older People Nursing.

6.1 Online Open

Authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions and the Online Open order form, see Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website: is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

6.2 Proof Corrections

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site.

Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

Proofs must be returned to the Production Editor within three days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

6.3 Production Tracking

Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

6.4 Author Material Archive Policy

Please note that unless specifically requested, the Publisher will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible.

6.5 Offprints and Extra Copies

A PDF offprint of the online published article will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author, and may be distributed subject to the Publisher's terms and conditions. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:

If you have queries about offprints, please e-mail:

6.6 Author Services

For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see Wiley Blackwell's Author Services

7. Editorial Decision Appeals Process

Authors who wish to appeal the decision on their submitted manuscript may do so by e-mailing the editorial office ( ) within 30 working days from the day the decision is issued. The editors reserve the right to uphold or revisit any decision on a submitted manuscript and will respond to any appeal within 30 working days from receipt of the appeal.