China & World Economy

Cover image for Vol. 23 Issue 6

Editor: Yongding Yu; Managing Editor: Xiaoming Feng

Impact Factor: 0.649

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 208/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1749-124X

Author Guidelines



- Author Services
- English Language Editing Service
- Optimizing Your Article for Search Engines
- Manuscript Format and Style
- Parts of the Manuscript





Thank you for your interest in China & World Economy. Please consult the following instructions for help in preparing your manuscript, and feel free to contact us with any questions. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review. Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at or

We look forward to your submission.


The bi-monthly China & World Economy was launched in 1993 by the Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). It is the first English-language journal in China devoted to the topic of the Chinese economy.

China & World Economy promotes and organizes discussions on the following topics:

Special Reports: Comprehensive studies by leading Chinese officials and scholars on important economic reform and policy issues.
Economic Survey: Review and forecast of China’s economic situation and latest growth trends.
Debates: Clash of views among scholars and the various schools of thought concerning major theoretical and policy issues of reform and opening up; responses to international debates on China issues.
Policy Orientation: In-depth analysis of the latest policies and their implementation, in finance, trade, taxation and investment.
Statistics: Up-to-date statistics on China's macroeconomic performance, trade, FDI and other important economic indicators.

China & World Economy invites contribution of articles by foreign as well as Chinese scholars.


Editorial review and acceptance

The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the editorial board, which reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise and direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the editor and the publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.

Plagiarism Detection

China & World Economy employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Committee on Publication Ethics

China & World Economy is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Authorship and Acknowledgements

The journal adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria: i) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; ii) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; iii) Final approval of the version to be published; and iv) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’.


Author Services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley Author Services website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and much more.

English Language Editing Service

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit to learn about the options. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal, and all services are paid for and arranged by the author.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled the following guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article:

Manuscript Format and Style

Spelling. The journal publishes in American English. For word usage and word division, our authority is Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary supplemented by Webster’s Third New International Dictionary.

Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Special Characters. Use the correct characters in your character set for Greek letters and for mathematical and other symbols. The Symbol font includes Greek and some mathematical characters and other symbols.

Units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Parts of the Manuscript

The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title page

The title page should contain:
(i) a short informative title that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations
(ii) the full names of the authors and their positions at relevant institutions (e.g. Associate Professor)
(iii) the addresses of the author’s affiliated institutions at which the work was carried out
(iv) a short running title (no more than 40 characters, abbreviations are permitted)
(v) an authorship declaration
(vi) the full postal and email address, plus telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent
(vii) acknowledgements
(viii) disclosure statement
(vi) an abstract of no more than 150 words
(vii) key words
(viii) JEL codes.
The present address of any author, if different to that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

Authorship declaration. This must acknowledge i) that all authors listed meet the authorship criteria according to the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, and ii) that all authors are in agreement with the manuscript.

Acknowledgements. The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Thanks to anonymous reviewers should not be included.

Disclosure statement. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product, or any conflict relating to technology or methodology. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision but, if the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader.

Main text file

As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors.

The main text file should be presented in the following order: (i) title, abstract, key words and JEL codes, (ii) main text, (iv) references, (5) footnotes, (6) appendices, (7) tables, (9) equations, (10) figure legends. Figures and supporting information should be supplied as separate files.

Abstract, Keywords and JEL codes. All articles must have a brief abstract that states in 150 words or fewer the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Below the abstract a list of three to five keywords (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied in alphabetical order.

Please include three or four JEL codes after the abstract (see for further information).

Text. The text should be organized into an introductory section, conveying the background and purpose of the report, and then into sections identified clearly by the use of headings and subheadings.


• The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below).
• In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000).
• If there are two authors use ‘and: Baskin and Baskin (1998); but if cited within parentheses write use ‘&’: (Smith & Jones 2001).
• When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002).
• If several papers by the same authors and from the same year are cited, a,b,c etc should be inserted after the year of publication.
• Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example, (Smith & Jones, 2001, p. 77).
• In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order.
• In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.
• Do not use ibid. or op cit.
• Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith, 2000, unpublished data).
• All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.
• Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Journal Article

Choe Yong S. and Jinook Jeong, 1993, “Charitable contributions by low- and middle-income taxpayers: Further evidence with a new method,” National Tax Journal, Vol. 46, pp. 33–39.

Online Article Not Yet Published in an Issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

Murphy Kristina, Tyler Tom R. and Amy Curtis, 2009, “Nurturing regulatory compliance: Is procedural justice effective when people question the legitimacy of the law?” Regulation & Governance, doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01043.x.


Fujita Masahisa, Paul Krugman and Anthony Venables, 2001, The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chapter in a Book

Anderson, Kym and Rod Tyers, 1990, “How developing countries could gain from agricultural trade liberalization in the Uruguay round,”. in Ian Goldin and Odin Knudsen, eds, Agricultural Trade Liberalization: Implications for Developing Countries, pp. 387-424. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Footnotes. Footnotes should be numbered in a list and referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. Keep footnotes brief: they should contain only short comments tangential to the main argument of the paper and should not include references.

Appendices. These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Tables. Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be comprehendible without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for p-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Equations. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

Figures legends. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Figures. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text.

Please provide the figures as Excel files. If Excel files are not possible, figures must be supplied as high resolution (at least 300dpi) files.

Supporting Information. Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


The manuscript should be submitted online at or

Each submission should be accompanied by a cover letter. The cover letter should include a statement confirming that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.

Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, doubled-spaced. The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files will be required.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD

ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register today for your ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Author's may choose to publish under either the terms of the journal's standard Copyright Transfer Agreement, or under open access terms made available via Wiley's OnlineOpen publishing option. Note that all authors must read and agree to the conditions outlined in the specific agreement chosen, and the corresponding author must sign on their behalf.

China and World Economy Copyright Transfer Agreement (CWE CTA)

The CWE CTA can be downloaded here. Note that the CWE CTA allows for self-archiving of specific versions of the article under specific conditions. Please click here for more detailed information about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Online Open - Wiley's Open Access Option

OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. OnlineOpen fulfills funding agency mandates that require grantees to archive the final version of their article. Wiley will also deposit your OnlineOpen article in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites.

The cost for OnlineOpen is US$3,000, which can be paid by the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution.

All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Open access licenses. Authors choosing to publish using OnlineOpen will retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC-BY-NC)
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC-BY-NC-ND)

Authors directed by their research funder to publish under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (including authors funded by Research Councils UK (RCUK), Wellcome Trust and Austrian Science Fund (FWF)), will be provided with the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY) in order to be compliant with their funding requirements.

For more information about open access license terms and conditions click here.

Nominating which publication agreement to sign

After acceptance the journal’s editorial office will ask you which terms you would like to publish under, either the terms of the copyright transfer agreement or OnlineOpen terms. If you select OnlineOpen you will need to nominate which Creative Commons license you would like to use so that they Editorial office can provide you with the correct license agreement to sign. The open access publication fee of US$3000 will need to be paid via the OnlineOpen Form, instructions to do so will be provided once author's have confirmed with the Editorial Office that they wish to publish using OnlineOpen.



Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.

Author Guidelines updated 23 November 2015