Parliamentary History

Cover image for Vol. 36 Issue 1

Edited By: Richard Gaunt and David Hayton

Online ISSN: 1750-0206

Author Guidelines

Note for Contributors Including Notes on Open Access
We hope that the following notes will assist in the preparation of your work.  We would be grateful if you would adhere to the conventions outlined below.

Manuscripts of articles or notes/documents, limited in length to around 10,000 words, should be submitted in the form of electronic files under the electronic submission method (Scholar One) or directly by email to the joint-editor, Professor David Hayton, at Reviews and review articles should be submitted via Scholar One, or directly by email to the reviews editor, Dr Hannes Kleineke Submissions should be double-spaced, with generous margins on both left and right. Line justification and word breaks should not be used. Notes should be created as endnotes and also double-spaced. Articles should be preceded by an abstract of up to 250 words, and up to ten key words for electronic searching. Please note that the word limit includes abstracts, notes and references.

  Follow the punctuation, capitalisation and spelling of the original.  For short quotations use single quotation marks, and do not separate from the main text.  Long quotations of 50 words or more are to be double-spaced without quotation marks, and are to be indented from the margin as a separate block of text.  For quotations within quotations use double quotation marks.

Spelling: As a general rule please follow the Oxford English Dictionary (the first relevant entry if there is a choice of spellings).  Hence please follow English (as opposed to American) conventions.  Please note the following preferences:  acknowledgment, appendices, biased, connection, co-operate, despatch, elite [no accent; not italicised], focused, indices, inquiry, judgment, medieval, nonetheless, p.a. [not per annum], per cent, regime [no accent], role [no accent]. In words with alternative endings –ise or –ize, the former is preferred (except for civilize, colonize, criticize, emphasize, generalize, realize, recognize, summarize).

Capitals: Minimal use of capitals is preferred in the text.  The following notes should provide some guidance:

  • Use lower case for titular offices: the archbishop of Canterbury, bishop of Durham, chancellor, duke of York, earl of Arundel, king, lord mayor, pope, prime minister.
  • Use upper case if ambiguities are likely to arise (e.g. the Speaker), and when titles immediately preface names (Pope John, Bishop Lacy, King George, Duke Edmund, Earl Cowper, Viscount Beaumont, Cardinal Beaufort, Archbishop Stafford, John, Lord Tiptoft).
  • Use lower case for institutions, government departments, etc.:  the cabinet, chancery, privy council, convocation, royal commission, court of common pleas, crown, exchequer, king’s bench, government, household, houses of parliament, opposition, select committee on education, star chamber, treasury; but use upper case to avoid ambiguities or where convention insists:  the Lords, the Commons, the Inner Temple, the Church, the Union, the Bank (of England), the City (of London).
  • Note member of parliament, but MP; houses of parliament, but the House.
  • Use lower case for political parties except to avoid ambiguity, so whig, tory, but the Conservative government, the Liberal Party, the Labour opposition.
  • Historical systems, periods, events and religions should be in lower case where possible: the French revolution, the congress of Vienna, the British empire, home rule, the commonwealth, the middle ages, anglicans, baptists, catholics, christians, dissenters, high churchmen, methodists, muslims, protestants, puritans, weslyans.  But use upper case if otherwise ambiguous or where convention insists, as in the Enlightenment, the Civil War, the First World War, the Seven Years War.
  • Official publications should be in lower case (e.g. report of the select committee on education), except in footnotes when the first word should be capitalized and the whole italicised.  ‘A bill’ and ‘an act’ but ‘the Bill’ and ‘the Act’ when specific (e.g. the Occasional Conformity Bill).
  • Named parliaments should be in upper case (e.g. the Merciless Parliament).

Dates: Use ‘21 October 1805’ in the main text; ‘21 Oct. 1805’ in notes; c.1410; 1516–17; 1623–4 (following the rule for numbers in series, given below); the 1730s, fifties (for decades); the 18th century (noun), an 18th-century bishop (adjectival), the mid 19th century. [N.B. superscript is not to be used]

Numbers: Spell out numbers from one to ten, but use figures for 11 or more: 
nine; 33; 413; 5,000; 43,222. Exceptions:  use figures before abbreviated units of measurement (5lb, 10ft), and before percentages (7%); and a number beginning a sentence should be spelled out in full. For numbers in series use maximum elision except for the teens:  18–19, 212–13, but 20–2,
63–4, 223–5.  Please use ‘en’ dashes rather than hyphens for ranges of numbers in text and footnotes.

Money: Express English money with the ciphers £ s. d.:  e.g. £10 13s. 4d.; £3 15s. 0½d.  Note the italicisation of s. and d.

Italics: Words in foreign languages (French, Latin etc.) should be italicised as a general rule, with certain exceptions where the word is in common use, e.g. elite, via. It would be helpful if unusual or non-standard characters (e.g. accents, Greek characters) could be highlighted at first occurrence on the print-out.


Please type double-spaced, and number sequentially (i.e. do not start from 1 on each page). The note after the title should be an asterisk, not a number.


BIHR   Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research
BJRL  Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
BL  British Library, London
Bodl.  Bodleian Library, Oxford
c.  circa [not italicised]
CJ  Commons Journal
CSPD  Calendar of State Papers Domestic
  dorse (of membranes)
d.  died
Dr  Doctor
EHR  English Historical Review
f., ff.  folio, folios
HJ  Historical Journal
HMC  Historical Manuscripts Commission
HPC   History of Parliament, The House of Commons
HPL  History of Parliament, The House of Lords
HR  Historical Research
j.p.(s)  justice(s) of the peace
LJ  Lords Journal
m., mm.  membrane, membranes
MP  member of parliament
MS, MSS  manuscript, manuscripts
PCC  Prerogative Court of Canterbury
PROME  Parliament Rolls of Medieval England
pt, pts  part, parts
Rev.  Reverend
RO  Record Office
rot., rots rotulet, rotulets
Rot. Parl. Rotuli Parliamentorum (6 vols, 1767–77)
St  Saint
TNA  The National Archives, Kew
TRHS  Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
UL  University Library
v  verso (of folios)
VCH  Victoria County History

The first reference to sources is to be punctuated, spelt out or abbreviated, and capitalised as in the following examples:

BL, Cotton MS Julius B IV, f. 41; Add. MS 40632, ff. 21–5.
BL, Add. MS 32692, ff. 448-9: Samuel Peploe to duke of Newcastle, 7 Nov. 1739.
TNA, C1/46/71; E404/31/2; CP40/738, rot. 501; E403/814, m. 3d; KB27/881, rex rot. 30;
        PCC 21 Marche (PROB11/3, f. 166v).
Wiltshire RO, Ailesbury MSS, 1300/787: Godfrey Harcourt to duchess of Beaufort.
Cornwall RO, Arundell MS  AR37/41, m. 3; Lambeth Palace Library, Register Courtenay,
         f. 312v.
Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, Chatsworth MSS: Henry Fox to duke of
         Devonshire, 11 Dec. 1755.
W.H. Smith Archive, Swindon, Wiltshire, Hambleden Papers PS 2, f. 48: Captain G.C. 
         Armstrong to Smith, 31 July 1867.

Sir Lewis Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III (2nd edn, 1957),
G.L. Harriss, Cardinal Beaufort (Oxford, 1988), 322–4.
John P. Kenyon, Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland, 1641-1702 (1958), ch. 2.

CSPD 1705-6, pp. 220-1.
R.I. Jack, ‘The Lords Grey of Ruthin, 1325–1490’, University of London PhD, 1961, pp. 11–12.T.B. Pugh, ‘The Magnates, Knights and Gentry’, in Fifteenth-Century England, ed. S.B. 
         Chrimes, C.D. Ross and R.A. Griffiths (Manchester, 1972), 90–1.
David W. Hayton, ‘The “Country” Interest and the Party System 1689-c.1720’, in Party and
         Management in Parliament, 1660-1784
, ed. Clyve Jones (Leicester, 1984), 37-85.
S.J. Payling, ‘The Ampthill Dispute: A Study in Aristocratic Lawlessness and the Breakdown of
         Lancastrian Government’, EHR, civ (1989), 881–907.
Conrad Russell, ‘Parliamentary History in Perspective, 1604-29’, History, lxi (1976), 1-27.

The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1690-1715, ed. Eveline Cruickshanks,
        Stuart Handley and D.W. Hayton (5 vols, Cambridge, 2002), iv, 331.
The Marlborough-Godolphin Correspondence, ed. Henry L. Snyder (3 vols, Oxford, 1975),
        i, 13.
The Plumpton Letters and Papers, ed. Joan Kirby (Camden Society, 5th ser., viii, 1996),
Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, ed. Norman Davis (2 vols, Oxford, 1971–6),
         i, no. 240, p. 401.
‘Documents relating to the Anglo-French Negotiations of 1439’, ed. C.T. Allmand, Camden
        Miscellany XXIV (Camden Society, 4th ser., ix, 1972), 96–7. 
HMC, 15th Report, Appendix, Part VI, 207: Ord to earl of Carlisle, 17 July 1753. 29 Jan. 2007.

Please note

  • that the place of publication is assumed to be London, unless otherwise stated
  • that the author’s first name is given in full if no other initial is supplied on the title page
  • that capitals are used in titles for significant words and always after a colon
  • that ‘v’ is used for the verso of a folio, ‘d’ for the dorse of a membrane or rotulet.  There is no need to use ‘recto’
  • use ‘rot.’ and ‘rots.’ for pieces of parchment sewn together at the top; ‘m.’ and ‘mm.’ for pieces of parchment sewn end to end
  • ed. should always be singular even when there are two or more editors

For subsequent references use contractions and author’s surname and short title:

Cornwall RO, AR39/53
Lambeth Lib., Reg. Courtenay, f. 123
Harriss, Beaufort, 47
Jack, ‘Lords Grey of Ruthin’, 56
Payling, ‘Ampthill Dispute’, 889
HPC, 1660-1715, iv, 331
Plumpton Letters, ed. Kirby, 430
‘Anglo-French Negotiations’, ed. Allmand, 95

Please note

  • Ibid., loc. cit. and art. cit. are not to be used; repeat a contracted form of the citation
  • Contractions should not end with a full stop, e.g. vols, edn,
  • Abbreviations should end with a full stop, e.g. vol., ed.
  • lower case Roman numerals are used for volumes
  • ‘vol.’ is omitted
  • the use of ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’ is to be avoided, except immediately after a date or other figures, as in the example CSPD  1705, pp. 220-1.
  • avoid double punctuation where possible
  • abbreviate months (as Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.)

Bibliographical details
of the book(s) under review should be given at the head of the text. Please use the following examples as a guide:

The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy. By David Cannadine. New Haven and London:
         Yale University Press. 1990. xvi, 814 pp. £19.95.

British History, 1815-1906. By Norman McCord. (The Short Oxford History of the Modern
         World.) Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1991. xx, 518 pp. Hardback £45:00; paperback
         £12.95. ISBN 0198228570; 0198228588.

Protecting the Pub. Brewers and Publicans Against Temperance. By David W. Gutzke. (Royal
         Historical Society Studies in History 58). Woodbridge: The Boydell Press for the
         Historical Society. 1989. vi, 266 pp. £35.00. ISBN 0861932153.

Letters of George Lockhart of Carnwath, 1698-1732. Edited by Daniel Szechi. (Scottish History
         Society, 5th Series, Volume 2). Edinburgh. 1989. xxxviii, 365 pp. No price given. ISBN

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