Photochemistry and Photobiology

Cover image for Vol. 91 Issue 4

Edited By: Jean Cadet

Impact Factor: 2.266

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 44/73 (Biophysics); 184/289 (Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Online ISSN: 1751-1097

Author Guidelines

Duplicate Publication and Scientific Fraud

Recently Photochemistry and Photobiology has seen an increasing number of submissions with extensive incidences of plagiarism. Therefore in cases of suspected scientific misconduct (fabrication or falsification of data, double publication, or plagiarism), the editor will attempt to clarify the matter with the authors. Should that fail to resolve the situation satisfactorily, the editorial office will contact the institution and/or funding body of the corresponding author to request that they initiate a formal investigation into possible scientific misconduct. Photochemistry and Photobiology will not consider publication of any papers by the offending authors for a period of 5 years. Photochemistry and Photobiology employs a plagiarism detection system on all submitted manuscripts which are screened against all previously published works. In that respect self-plagiarism could be a cause of rejection of submitted manuscripts when the authors cut and paste portions of earlier, particularly those concerning introduction, results and discussion sections

General Information

Photochemistry and Photobiology publishes peer-reviewed, original Research Articles, Rapid Communications, Research Notes, Technical Notes, Invited Perspective ("Highlight") Articles, Methods Papers and Invited Reviews.

Research Notes and Technical Notes should follow the outline of regular Research Articles (see below) but not exceed 4 printed journal pages.

Perspective Articles, Review Articles and Methods Papers are usually published only after agreement with the Editor. Contact the Editor-in-Chief, Jean Cadet ( if you wish to submit such a paper. The outline of these papers is less strict but the Abstract, Introduction, and Conclusion are obligatory parts.

Review Articles are published with Author portraits and bibliographies and will be complimentary given Free access.

Topics span from Photochemistry, Photophysics and Phototechnology to Photosensory and Circadian Biology, Photosynthesis, Bio- and Chemiluminescence, Photomedicine, Photoprotection, Environmental Photobiology UV Effects and Vision.

The Journal occasionally publishes Special Issues which focus attention on specific areas of current interest. Manuscripts for Special Issues are either invited by a Guest Editor or contributed; in both cases they are peer-reviewed.

The editorial policy of the Journal is to publish manuscripts of the highest quality, combining scientific rigor, clarity, and brevity with rapid publication. To this end, all manuscripts are carefully reviewed by at least two independent specialists in the field and every effort is made to provide useful editorial assistance to authors.


Journal policy requires that “research reported in Photochemistry and Photobiology using human or animal subjects or any tissue derived there from or recombinant DNA, shall have been conducted in accord with accepted ethical and humane practices, and shall have been approved by the pertinent institutional and/or governmental oversight group(s)."

Author Guidelines

For additional assistance visit Author Services for journal authors, now available at

Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise English. Non-native English speakers are encouraged to have their manuscript language-edited before submission. You may find further information at:

OVERVIEW and file types

Manuscripts for Photochemistry and Photobiology must be submitted via the Scholar One online submission system ( Please consult the submission checklist, downloadable here, before submitting your manuscript.

The main text and tables should be uploaded in the form of Microsoft Word or RTF (Rich Text Format) - files.

Figures and Image files must be uploaded separately from the text. Preferred formats are EPS or PDF for line art or combination images, TIFF for photographic images. See below for required resolutions. The written document and the figures will be merged into a single PDF file as part of the submission process.

A Graphical Abstract image and text should be uploaded as “Supplementary files for online purpose”. The graphical abstract is intended to incite further reading and to help identify which papers are most relevant to the reader; it should be kept simple and clear to be easily understood by a larger audience. The image should relate to, but does not have to be part of the paper. Recommended formats are JPEG, GIF, TIFF and EPS. A single image is preferred; avoid multiple panels. Avoid text in the image as much as possible, for any lettering or numbers use a large font. Colour is encouraged. A short, explicative text of not more than 100 words should be contained in a separate DOC-file.

Photochemistry and Photobiology urges authors to use the manuscript template available here as an easy tool to ensure that the manuscripts follow the journal format.

Double space manuscript, references list, tables and figure legends. Include page numbers and line numbering. Use italics for scientific names only. Boldface, italic, subscript and superscript word-processing commands should be retained.

Footnotes should be avoided. If necessary, use standard footnote symbols in the order †, ‡, §, ||, ¶. Footnote the title only to show (a) that some or all of the material was presented at a meeting (give name, dates, and location of meeting), or (b) dedication of the paper. Current address of an author can be given in a footnote to the author's name.

Every paper by two or more authors must have a footnote to one author's name: "*Corresponding author: e-mail address (name)" The superscript * is reserved to identify the corresponding author.

Assemble the manuscript with a separate Title page. Section headings are: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Appendix if needed, and Figure Captions. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined. The section heading Conclusion is allowed but not required. Section headings are capitalized. Do not use paragraph numbering.

Most figures will be printed in one-column width (8.3 cm). To avoid delays in production please test the legibility of your figures by photocopying them to this size. Complex figures may be printed over two columns, i.e. ~16.5 cm width.

Manuscript Format

Use upper case for the first letter of each word in the title. Prepositions with 4 or fewer letters should be lower case. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Name all authors with their full first and last names, as they should appear in print., followed by their institutional affiliations. Do not include titles or degrees. If authors are not all at the same institution, use superscript Arabic numerals (1,2,3…etc.) to indicate each author's affiliation.

Asterisk (*) the name of the corresponding author and provide the e-mail address.


The Abstract should consist of a single paragraph without subheadings and no more than 200 words., The intent of the study as well as the experimental approach, results, and significance of findings should be described in a concise manner. Footnotes and undefined abbreviations should not be used. Citation of previous work is discouraged; if a citation must be used, the form should be: [Jones, A. (1990) Photochem Photobiol, 58, 79–83].

The Abstract should give a clear understanding of the paper’s content also when read as a stand-alone text.


The Introduction should provide readers with the purpose of the study and a concise review of pertinent literature. An extensive review of the literature should not be presented.

Spell out abbreviations the first time they are used in the text. Abbreviation lists are not printed but can, if necessary, be added as “supporting material”.


Experimental procedures should be described concisely, but with sufficient detail to allow repetition by experienced researchers. Previously published procedures must be cited and any significant variations described. For specialty items and difficult to find commercial vendors please provide the manufacturer’s name and location.


A concise description of the results should be given, referring to the figures and tables. Only essential figures and tables should be included; often one or two sentences can be used instead of a simple bar graph. The same data should not be presented in both a figure and a table.

Do not embed figures in the text. Figures should be uploaded separate from the text file. They may all be contained in one file.

Tables, Structures and Schemes should be included in the text file.

Number all illustrations, tables and references in the order they’re first cited in the text. Use Arabic numerals for both figures and tables: Fig. 1, Table 1 etc. Indicate the desired location of illustrations and tables in the text in the following manner:



>Scheme 1<

Use the “Système International d’Unités” (SI) for quantities and units. Non-standard units must be defined. All nomenclature should follow established rules.


The Results and Discussion sections can be combined, if the logical sequence of material is improved thereby.

The discussion should be concise and not include unfounded speculation. Do not repeat the results from the previous section.


Technical assistance, advice from colleagues, gifts and financial support are acknowledged following the Discussion section. Begin at left margin with "Acknowledgments"; text of acknowledgment section follows on same line.

Previously published work. If any of the work has been previously published, the reference must be given. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain copyright approval and include the appropriate acknowledgements of the original work.


Material that is supplementary to the printed text of an article (eg video clips, extra images, tables, lists of abbreviations etc.) can be hosted online with the journal at the discretion of the Editor.

Authors are required to provide a legend (include with your figure legends) explaining the content of the supplementary file(s).

Specific author guidelines for submitting supporting material can be found at:

If supporting materials are to be posted online, please indicate in the text "(see Supporting Materials)”.

Also include the following section in your manuscript before the references:


Table Sx and Figure Sx can be found at DOI: xxxx-xxxxxx.s1.

Authors may wish to submit supplementary materials for the intention of the reviewers and associate editors only (not to be posted on the web). In either case you will indicate the audience for whom the files are intended at the time of submission.


For reference citations in text, use numbers in parentheses in the order of appearance. The references should be listed at the end of the paper, in numerical order. Each citation must have a distinct number (no multiple references). The names of all authors should be given; do not use "et al." in the list of references.

Submitted and in press articles can be included with the references if the journal is identified and complete title given. Provide the DOI number as soon as it is available.

Unpublished information should appear in the text only, as (J. Jones, unpublished data) or (J. Jones, personal communication).

Use the following format, including punctuation, for references (see Chem. Abstracts or Index Medicus for journal name abbreviations). Include both first and last page numbers.

Journal article:

1. Borkman, R. F., J. D. Tassin and S. Lerman (1981) The rates of photodestruction of tryptophan residues in human and bovine lens proteins. Exp. Eye Res. 32, 747–754.


2. Frolik, C.A. and J. A. Olsen (1984) Extraction, separation and chemical analysis of retinoids. In Retinoids Vol. 1. (Edited by M. B. Sporn, A. B. Roberts and D. S. Goodman), pp. 182–233. Academic Press, New York.


3. Turro, N. J. (1978) Modern Molecular Photochemistry. Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, CA.

Material Accessed at a Website:

FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (2004) Tattoos and Permanent Makeup. Available at: Accessed on 1 June 2004.

Thesis or Dissertation:

Käß, H. P. S. (1995) Die Struktur des primären Donators P700 in Photosystem Untersuchungen mit Methoden der stationaren und gepulsten Elektronenspinresonanz. Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität Berlin.


Kodera, Y. and H. Mino (1992) Pulsed EPR study of tyrosine-Z+ in photosystem II. In Research in Photosynthesis, Vol. II, (Edited by N. Murata), pp. 5.57–5.60. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Proceedings of the IXth International Congress on Photosynthesis, Nagoya, Japan, 30 August–4 September 1992.

In Press:

Dewar, M. S. J. and W. Thiel (1997) Ground states of molecules. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (In press, DOI: XXXXX.xxxxxx)


Tables should be prepared in Word or imported from Excel and contained in the text file, placed after the references. To label tables, begin at left margin "Table 1." The caption follows immediately on the same line. Use the footnote symbols as described above, beginning with † on each table. If a table has more than six footnotes, double the symbols in sequence: ††, etc. Literature citations are given as in the text (a number in parentheses corresponding to the number in the Reference list).


All schemes and structures should be included in the text file. Refer to these as schemes and label either as Scheme 1, Scheme 2, etc or bold numbers 1, 2, etc. Structures will, in general, be printed up to 8.3 cm wide. Larger more complex drawings may be printed at up to 16.5 cm in width. All significant details, fonts, super- and subscripts should be clear at this size.


All figures must be uploaded separately from the text, with the figure number indicated.

Preferred formats are: EPS or PDF for line art or combination images, TIFF for photographic images. Office formats may be acceptable but the printed result cannot be guaranteed.

Acceptable resolutions: Line art or combination images should be saved at 600 dpi. The preferred width is 175 mm. Photographic images must have a resolution of 300 dpi at final size.

More detailed information on the submission of electronic artwork can be found at

Color figures will be printed free of charge if determined scientifically necessary by the Editor. For printing of optional color, the Editorial Office will provide current costs. Color art should be in RGB mode.

Your online publication will contain all figures submitted in color even if not deemed scientifically necessary. If you want to take advantage of this feature, please make sure your figures are of acceptable quality if printed in color or black and white and that the legends are comprehensible in both cases.

Reproduction in the journal will be identical, except for size, to the figure supplied. Flaws cannot be corrected. Figures which in the Editor's opinion will not reproduce well will need to be replaced and could delay publication.

Keep the following points in mind when preparing figures:

Figure legends: Significant experimental details can be given, avoiding repetition of the text. Symbols and abbreviations in legends must agree with those in figures. Abbreviations must also agree with those in the text. Define error bars in figure legends.

Be consistent in the use of font type and –size within - and between figures. Arial, Times, Times New Roman and Helvetica are recommended fonts. Lines in graph axes and graphs should not be thinner than 0.5 pt.

The standard width for figures is 67–83 mm (one column). Letters, numbering and any symbols on a figure (including inserts) must be large enough to be clearly legible after the figure is reduced to 83 mm width. Authors are strongly encouraged to test the legibility of figures by photocopying them to this size. A font size of 10 is suitable for figures of up to 100 mm in width. An original figure size around 100 mm width is preferred. Maximum length for an illustration is 235 mm. 

Fields filled with dots of varying density (as in many bar graphs) do not reproduce well; use black, white and grey scale colors and well-spaced dashed or solid lines at varying angles. 

Do not box or frame graphs, data, schemes, or illustrations. 

Use of a third dimension in figures that does not add information is discouraged.

Multi-panel figures: The labels a, b, c etc. must appear within each panel of the figure; use lower-case letters in a size that will be legible when the total figure is reduced in size for printing.

On photos, if black letters do not show up well, use white ones. Add symbols with press-on symbols and letters; handwritten or typed symbols are not acceptable.

Panels should be at same size, whenever possible. Font and font size must be consistent between panels. Arrange panels to minimize repetition of symbol legends and axes labels. Do not leave unnecessary space between panels.

 File formatResolution 
Line drawings/ graphsEPS, PDF= 600 dpi

Lines = 0.5 pts; Font = 10 pts

Black-and white photographsTIFF= 300 dpi 
Color photographsTIFF= 300 dpiCMOS
Combination figuresEPS, PDF= 600 dpiLines = 0.5 pts; Font = 10 pts

Before submitting your artwork, perform a visual check of the quality of the generated image. You should be able to zoom in to about 300% without the image becoming noticeably blurred or pixelated.


Upon submission, the Editor-in-Chief will assign the manuscript to an Associate Editor (AE). The AE requests reviews from experts in the research area and ensures timely review.

Following receipt of the reviewers’ reports, the AE makes a decision concerning the publication of the manuscript. A decision letter with copies of the reviewers’ reports will be sent to the author. Appeals of AE decisions can be made to the Editor.

Accepted Manuscripts

By the “Accepted Article” publication service now used by Photochemistry and Photobiology papers are published online as and when they are ready, before copyediting and before their ultimate inclusion in a print or online issue. They are immediately given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked. This service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers – they will now appear online within a few days after acceptance. Once the manuscript is proofread and corrected, the Early View article will be posted and the Accepted Article version removed.


Page proofs will be created by Wiley-Blackwell and available as PDF files to the corresponding authors about 3 weeks after the publication of the accepted article. Carefully check for errors and respond to all the points raised by the proofreader within the given time-limit.


A Reprint order form is emailed with the proofs of the manuscript.


Once an accepted article has been received at Wiley-Blackwell, authors may register for Author Services ( to access their article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. For instance, authors may check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. In addition, corresponding authors may enter their co-author’s email addresses so that they, also, can receive alerts as the article travels through production and access the final PDF. All authors may also each nominate up to 10 other people to receive free access to their article (i.e., specialists in the field who may be interested in reading/citing the article). Authors are eligible to claim a discount of 25% on all Wiley books. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details, including information on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

 For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit  

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: