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Evolutionary Applications

All articles accepted from 14 August 2012 are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.   Articles accepted before this date were published under the agreement as stated in the final article.

Cover image for Vol. 10 Issue 3

Edited By: Louis Bernatchez

Impact Factor: 4.572

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 9/46 (Evolutionary Biology)

Online ISSN: 1752-4571

Author Guidelines

Evolutionary Applications publishes papers of interest to a diverse audience including evolutionary biologists, ecologists, biomedical researchers, environmental consultants and biologists within industry, government and health care. Papers published in Evolutionary Applications should be accessible to this broad readership, both in terms of the types questions being asked, and in the interpretation of the results.
We receive many papers that are scientifically sound but that do not sufficiently integrate the applied or practical aspects of the study throughout the paper. At minimum, authors are required to include explicit statements or paragraphs in the introduction and discussion documenting how the study informs practical questions from an evolutionary standpoint, and how the results are broadly applicable.
The journal is especially interested in papers that make contributions to fundamental questions in evolutionary biology using study systems that are of practical or applied importance.
In general, papers published in Evolutionary Applications use evolutionary concepts, theories, and methods (field, experimental, laboratory, genomics, mathematical modelling, computer simulations) to address topics including, but not limited to: agriculture, aquaculture, biomedicine, biotechnology, climate change, conservation biology, disease biology, forestry, invasion biology, and fisheries and wildlife management.

Table of Contents

1. Article Publication Charge6. Publication Forms
2. Manuscript Categories7. Proofs and Offprints
3. Submitting your Manuscript Online8. Online Production Tracking
4. Preparing your Manuscript9. Early View
5. Data Sharing/Archiving10. Referrals

Article Publication Charge
Evolutionary Applications is an open access journal, and you or your funder will be required to pay an article publication charge on acceptance. For more details on charges and available discounts, please see here.

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Manuscript Categories
The journal publishes three main types of articles: Original Research, Reviews and Syntheses, and Perspectives.

  • Original Research articles - these papers report novel research projects that yield valuable insights into topics within our coverage.
  • Reviews and Syntheses - This manuscript category replaces the former "Synthesis" category. Manuscripts for this category are normally commissioned by our Review & Syntheses Editor, Craig Primmer, however, authors interested in proposing a paper in this category are welcome to contact us directly to discuss its relevance and suitability. All manuscripts (included invited ones) submitted in this category will underdo the standard peer-review process. For Reviews, we are mainly interested in publishing timely and objective chronicles or methodological issues on recent and important developments in any of the research areas covered by the journal. Synthesis papers should merge and analyze recent findings or perform meta-analyses in one of these research areas and should present a new and synthetic perspective of those results. Guidelines for these papers are the same as those for regular papers but in addition, authors are encouraged to make use of boxes to provide specific information separate from the main text. As with regular articles, emphasis should be placed on ensuring that the applied or practical aspects of the topic are sufficiently integrated throughout the review/synthesis.
  • Perspectives - these manuscripts express new points of view or set out speculations based on a scholarly review of recently published works. Such manuscripts can be speculative and provocative, as a means of encouraging debate. They must go beyond the works being reviewed and include discussions of new directions, and/or resolutions to old questions.

Evolutionary Applications also welcomes Comments on recently published articles in the journal, and brief News articles (non peer-reviewed) reviewing or previewing symposia, conferences or workshops relevant to the scope of the journal. The journal is also interested in receiving proposals for relevantly-themed special issues.

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Submitting your Manuscript Online

i. Online submission process

Manuscripts should be submitted online at:
Explicit instructions can be found on the Manuscript Central site. Please contact the journal office ( or use the Manuscript Central online ‘help’ function if you encounter any difficulties with the online submission process.
You will be asked to input all authors’ names and contact information, information about the manuscript (e.g. number of words, figures, tables), and also you will be asked to paste the abstract into a separate window. Please note that the input box for the abstract only allows for 300 words.

ii. Uploading the title page and main document

Important: Evolutionary Applications uses double blind reviewing

To try to minimize bias in the peer-review process, Evolutionary Applications typically does not give reviewers access to the authors’ names.
To facilitate double blind reviewing, you will be asked to upload your title page separately from the main text. (Please see the Manuscript Presentation section below for further details on the title page and text.)  Cut the title page from your manuscript, and paste it into a new document.  Also, cut the acknowledgments paste them onto the title page.  Thus, you will have to upload at least two files: 1) title page, 2) main document (minus the title page and acknowledgements).  Upload any tables, figures, or supplementary files as necessary.  You will also have the option of suggesting preferred and non-preferred referees and editors.

iii. Cover letter

The cover letter should state:
• why the manuscript is appropriate for Evolutionary Applications,
• NEW: where the authors plan to archive the raw data underlying the main results of the study. See Preparing your Manuscript: ii. Manuscript Contents: Data Archiving Statement
• that the enclosed work is not under consideration for publication in another journal or book,
• that the submission of the manuscript for publication has been approved by all relevant authors and institutions.
Submitting authors should also assert that all authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript.

iv. Ethics

Authors will be asked to confirm that the manuscript has not been submitted elsewhere, and that all research meets the ethical guidelines of the study country. Evolutionary Applications will only consider manuscripts in which there is evidence of the ethical use of animals. All reasonable steps must be taken to ensure the humane treatment of animals, so as to minimize discomfort, distress and pain. The care and use of experimental animals must comply with all relevant local animal welfare laws, guidelines and policies, and where appropriate a statement of such compliance should be provided to the Editor.

v. Informed Consent

Evolutionary Applications requires that all appropriate steps be taken in obtaining informed consent of any and all human subjects participating in the research comprising the manuscript submitted for review and possible publication, and a statement to this effect must be included in the Methods section of the manuscript. Identifying information should not be included in the manuscript unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the study participants or patients (or parents or guardians) give written informed consent for publication.

vi. Conflict of Interest

Authors will be asked to declare any conflict of interest. These include financial (for example patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fee). Author's conflict of interest (or information specifying the absence of conflict of interest) will be published under a separate heading.

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Preparing your Manuscript

i. Length, Language, Margins, Page Numbers, Line Numbers

Manuscripts should not typically exceed 10 printed pages (including figures and tables). In general, allow 900 words per printed page and subtract 160 words for each figure and table.
Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise, and grammatically correct English. Authors may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.
Manuscripts should be typewritten and double-spaced to fit on paper of 297 mm x 210 mm (11 inch x 8.5 inch), with 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins on all sides. All pages should be numbered consecutively, and line numbers should be printed on each page to facilitate ease of reference for reviewers.

ii. Manuscript Contents

Following the title page, the main document should include the following sections (in order): abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, literature cited, tables, figure legends, figures, appendices, and supplementary materials. Details for specific sections are listed below.

Title page – (For purposes of Double Blinding, please upload this as a separate document) includes the title; running head; the names, affiliations, and e-mail addresses of all authors, acknowledgments, and article type. E-mail addresses for every author are required.

Abstract & Keywords - includes a one-paragraph abstract, and up to eight key words/phrases. Abstracts should not contain citations or abbreviations and should be 300 words or less.

Statistical results - in-line statistical results should be presented as test-statistics, and degrees of freedom as subscript(s) to test-statistics, e.g. F1,12 = ... or t8 = ..., P

Acknowledgments - for the review process, the acknowledgments need to be placed on the title page, and the title page is uploaded separately. Funding sources must be included in the acknowledgements.

NEW: Data Archiving Statement
After the Acknowledgements and before the Literature Cited, include one sentence stating where the raw data underlying the main results of the study will be archived (see Data Sharing/Archiving section below for more information).

e.g.: Data for this study are available at the Dryad Digital Repository:

or, if you want to wait until a decision has been made on the manuscript:

e.g.: Data for this study are available at: to be completed after manuscript is accepted for publication

Literature cited - List all sources in the literature cited alphabetically by name. In text citations should follow the author-date method. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete literature citation should appear in the literature cited section at the end of the paper. Literature cited are styled according to the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appears below. Please note that for journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page one.

Journal article:

Phelps, L. (1996). Discriminative validity of the WRAML with ADHD and LD children. Psychology in the Schools, 33, 5-12.

Book edition:

Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

Literature cited should refer only to material listed within the text.

Tables - tables can be embedded in the main text file or uploaded separately. Do not present the same information in both a table and a figure. Table titles should be short, concise, and descriptive. All other information should be placed in a table note. Table notes should appear after the table. Tables are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. All tables must be referred to in the text. There are no vertical or horizontal lines in the body of an Evolutionary Applications table. There are no panels. Please do not include any graphical representations of any kind. If a table must have a graphical aspect, then it should be renamed a figure. A table has the same column headings throughout. If the column headings change, it should be treated as a new table with a new table number and a new title.

Figures - all figures must be referred to in the text. Number all figures cited in the text consecutively using Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.). If a figure is cited only in an appendix, then the figure is labeled accordingly (e.g., a figure cited only in appendix B would be labeled 'Fig. B1'). Figure legends should be double-spaced on a separate sheet. Line drawings should be professionally drawn, or generated by high-quality computer software capable of producing print-quality images. Images should fit on paper no larger than that used for typing the text. Do not use boldface lettering. The final size (after reduction or enlargement) of lettering on figures should be no less than 1.5 mm. Use capital letters to label figure parts. There are no charges for colour figures. Line art, charts, cladograms, and annotated photographs, are best supplied as Encapsulated PostScript (.eps) or PDF format. Photographs and other continuous tone images should be in TIFF format, saved at the intended final size, and with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Excessively high resolutions will not improve the output quality, but may produce an unnecessarily large file. For more detailed guidelines on preparing artwork, please see:

Appendix - provide a title for each appendix in addition to the label (e.g., 'Appendix A: Model of Sexual Selection in Bald Eagles')

Supporting Information - supporting information can be published as electronic appendices to the article at the Editors' discretion. These may include, for example, information on sampling locations, data underlying analyses or figures, additional analyses not presented in the manuscript, or relevant multimedia files (e.g. mating song audio clips). Supporting information guidelines for authors are available at:

Scientific names - give the Latin names of each species in full, together with the authority for its name, at first mention in the main text. If there are many species, cite a flora or checklist that may be consulted for authorities instead of listing them in the text. Do not give authorities for species cited from published references. Give priority to scientific names in the text (with colloquial names in parentheses if desired).

Mathematics - use either italics or underlining throughout equations and text. Do not use both in the same file. Do not use italics or bold for emphasis. Introduce every variable and label used at its first occurrence. A table of definitions can also be helpful.

Abbreviations and units - use The International System of Units (SI) for all measurements.

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Once your Paper is Accepted

Data Sharing/Archiving
In line with most major evolutionary journals, starting in January 2011, Evolutionary Applications will be requesting that the data underlying the main results in papers be made publicly available. Once papers are accepted, authors will be asked to provide evidence that the relevant data have been or will be archived before publication (if such information has not already been provided). Any impediments to data sharing should be brought to the attention of the editors at the time of submission. Exemptions from data archiving will be made at the Editors discretion, and applies particularly to sensitive data types such as human subject data or the geographical location of endangered species.

To reiterate, only data underlying the main results in the paper need to be made available. In addition, sufficient information must be provided such that data can be readily suitable for re-analyses, meta-analyses, etc. Authors will be required to include a short statement in their paper (see Data Archiving Statement above) indicating where the data for the paper can be obtained.

The preferred way to archive data is using public repositories. For types of data for which there is no public repository, authors can upload the relevant data as Supplementary Materials on the journal’s website. Sufficient information must be provided such that data can be readily suitable for re-analyses, meta-analyses, etc.

Examples of public data repositories:

DNA/RNA/Protein sequences/mircroarray data:
Genbank/European Nucleotide Archive(ENA)/DDBJ, Protein DataBank, UniProt, NCBI trace and short-read archive, ENA's Sequence Read Archive, GEO or ArrayExpress. Other NCBI databases: e.g. Nucleotide, Protein, PopSet, SNP, dbSNP (accepts microsattelite data)

Morphological data, phylogenetic trees, taxonomy, etc.:
The Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity, TreeBASE, Dryad, Integrated Taxonomic Information System, Species 2000, and institutional databases.

Many institutions also have data/information repositories, e.g. Circle (University of British Columbia), SMD (Stanford Microarray Database).

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Publication Forms
You will be prompted to sign the Open Access Agreement electronically after manuscript review and acceptance. We have introduced a convenient new process for signing your Open Access Agreement electronically (eOAA) that will save you considerable time and effort. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. You may preview the copyright terms and conditions here.

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Proofs and Offprints
When page proofs are ready, you will be invited to download the proof from a Web site. Proofs are provided in Adobe PDF format. Only corrections and essential changes should be made at this stage, and extensive alterations may incur a charge. The Editors reserve the right to make minor modifications to manuscripts that do not conform to accepted standards/Journal style. Such alterations will always be submitted to the authors for approval at the proof stage.

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Online Production Tracking
This enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Upon receipt of an article at the publisher, you will be invited to register at the Author Services Web site, where you can pay your publication fee, check the status of your articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so that you do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

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Early View
Evolutionary Applications is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of the publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so they cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a unique number called a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. For more information on DOIs, please see

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Referrals to the Open Access Journal "Ecology and Evolution"
This journal works together with Wiley’s Open Access journal, Ecology and Evolution, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by Evolutionary Applications. Authors will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related reviews, automatically transferred for consideration for publication by the Editor of Ecology and Evolution. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Ecology and Evolution will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Accepted papers can be published rapidly: typically within 15 days of acceptance. Ecology and Evolution is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. More information can be found here.

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