Insect Conservation and Diversity

Cover image for Vol. 10 Issue 1

Edited By: Raphael K. Didham, Simon R. Leather and Yves Basset

Impact Factor: 2.367

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 12/94 (Entomology)

Online ISSN: 1752-4598

Associated Title(s): Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Ecological Entomology, Insect Molecular Biology, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Physiological Entomology, Systematic Entomology

Author Guidelines

Author guidelines

** No page charges **

Editorial Policy

Papers submitted to Insect Conservation & Diversity should be original research papers on aspects pertaining mainly to aspects of insect conservation and diversity. Papers concerning other arthropods will also be considered. Major reviews, minor reviews, techniques and methodology papers, short communications, commentaries, and thought provoking forum-type articles on any aspect of insect conservation ranging from policy matters to conjecture based on a solid science base are all welcomed.

Papers should be in clear concise English and written in the passive voice. They must not have been published or accepted for publication by any other journal, or be under consideration for publication in another journal. Submission of a manuscript to Insect Conservation and Diversity implies that all persons listed as authors qualify for authorship, and that all who qualify have been listed. Papers will be subjected to peer-review by at least two independent referees, to ensure that articles are both rigorous and readable. Ethical considerations will be taken into account in considering the acceptability of papers, and the editors' decision on this, as on other aspects, will be final.

Insect Conservation and Diversity is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

Conflicts of Interest

Insect Conservation and Diversity requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, which might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.

It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the manuscript (under the Acknowledgment section) and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

Ethical Guidelines

The journal expects authors to abide by the guidelines of those statutory bodies, or, discipline that are specific to the country of origin, or, execution of the research.

Pre-submission English Language Editing

Authors for whom English is a second language are asked to consult a native English speaker before submission of their manuscript. Alternatively, authors may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at:

All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Manuscript Submission

All material must be submitted electronically via the Insect Conservation and Diversity Manuscript Central site at:

Manuscripts which do not conform to ALL the standards outlined here will be returned to the author(s) with a request that they are edited to meet these standards.

All authors listed in the manuscript must be listed on the electronic system, with a working email address provided for each, as part of the submission process.

For submission assistance or questions please contact the Editorial Office or for technical support contact ScholarOne directly (

Types of Manuscript

Original Article

A report of research addressing a specific research question, including the methods used, the results of the research, and conclusions drawn from the research. Papers should be in clear concise English and should not normally exceed 7,000 words of text (excluding abstract and references), but longer papers of particular merit may be considered. Papers should be novel and of wide general interest to entomologists and ecologists, with a particular focus on insect diversity and/or insect conservation.

Short Communication

Short research reports that would not normally exceed 3,000 words. Manuscripts submitted as Short Communications should be novel and of wide general interest to entomologists. The type of material submitted as a Short Communication is flexible, with manuscripts describing (for example) natural history observations, or preliminary empirical or experimental findings of particular merit. A Short Communication should be a concise report of an independent line of research, which does not require a detailed, full-length paper.

Short, species-specific articles addressing or focusing on specific management of conservation issues of species of particular conservation interest may also be submitted as Short Communications.

Major Review

These should be a systematic review of the published literature addressing a specific research theme, including an exhaustive search of the literature to date (with or without a quantitative meta-analysis). In rare cases a more narrative review discussing a particular topic may be considered with appropriate justification. Word limits can be negotiated with the Editors based on the merits of the subject area, but would not normally exceed 12,000 words.

Minor Review

A short review of a highly topical subject area, usually covering the most recent literature on fast moving and important topics that merit rapid consideration and publication. These should not normally exceed 8,000 words.

Techniques & Methodology

We encourage Techniques and Methodology articles that describe, develop and test new methods or techniques in relevant fields of insect conservation and diversity. Manuscript formatting and style should follow the standard for Original Articles described above.

Forum & Policy

Essays on new ideas and perspectives that will appeal to a wide entomological audience. Policy forum essays are particularly encouraged, addressing political, social or management aspects of conservation entomology. These should not normally exceed 8,000 words.


We encourage constructive responses to recent papers in the journal, or highly topical articles in other journals. The aim should be to stimulate debate and new avenues for research enquiry, with the aim of clarifying and synthesizing competing hypotheses in controversial areas of broad entomological or ecological interest. Commentary articles would not normally exceed 3,000 words, except by negotiation with the Editors.

Preparation of the Manuscript and Manuscript Requirements

Manuscripts that do not adhere to the instructions will not be accepted for further processing. Authors may examine recent issues for details of acceptable style and format.

All manuscripts must be submitted as A4 Microsoft Word documents with wide margins. Lines must be double spaced, and must be numbered consecutively throughout the entire manuscript. Pages should also be numbered. Section and sub-section headings should not be numbered.

All manuscript submissions must include a Title, Running title, Abstract, Keywords and Author details.

All original articles should include the above, followed by an Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Figures. Each table should be presented on a separate sheet. Figure legends should also be grouped together on a separate sheet.

Original articles should not exceed 7,000 words of text (12 printed pages) without references, though longer articles with merit may be accepted – please contact the Editor-in-Chief before making such a submission.

Short communications should be limited to 3,000 words of text without references and have a combined Results and Discussion section. They should also include no more than one figure and one table.

Scientific names of genus, species and subspecies should be italicised. The full name must be used when first mentioned in the manuscript, with the abbreviation used thereafter. The taxonomic affiliation and authority should also be given at the first mention of a species.

Abbreviations must be explained in the text. Authors are asked to use the International System of Units (SI).

Please contact the Editor-in-Chief or Editorial Office with any queries.

Manuscript title

Please limit to a maximum of 20 words.

Manuscript running title

Please provide a short title (running head), with a maximum of 40 characters including spaces.


A self-contained abstract, not exceeding 250 words, must be presented as a series of factual, numbered statements.


Provide a maximum of 10 keywords.

Author details

The name, full postal address, telephone number, fax number and email address of the author to whom readers should address correspondence and offprint requests should be given on the first page (this will appear as a footnote in the journal and the publishers will send proofs to this author and address unless contrary instructions are written on the manuscript).

Present addresses of all authors should also be provided.


To reduce confusion, Insect Conservation & Diversity has a standard set of guidelines for the presentation of statistical analyses. Click here for a list of commonly used abbreviations and their definitions; assuming conformity, these do not need to be explained in the text. Authors must however, clearly state what statistical approaches were used in their analyses (supported where relevant by adequate references) in the Materials and Methods section. Where statistics are presented in the text, we ask that the authors follow the presentation guidelines provided below.

After an analysis of variance, further simultaneous testing of treatment means should not be done, except for specific comparisons planned prior to the experiment. Simple measures of variability (e.g. SE, LSD, CI) should always accompany means. The same data should not be given in both tables and figures.

We would also request that authors ensure a match between the tests used and figures provided in the text. For example, where non-parametric tests are used (e.g. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA), it is inappropriate to present the mean and standard error of the analysed data. Instead the median and an indicator of variation about the median (e.g. inter-quartiles) should be provided.


Authors must use the Harvard (author-date) system. The reference list should be in alphabetical order according to the author surnames. All authors’ names and the full title of the article must be included. Journal and periodical titles should be given in full.

Only articles which have been published or accepted for publication may be included in the reference list. In the text, unpublished studies should be referred to as such, or as personal communication with the author’s surname and initials. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain permission from their colleagues to include their work as personal communication.

In the running text, citations should be made as per the following examples. For up to two authors, give the surnames separated by ‘&’. For more than two authors, give the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al.’

As part of the sentence: Fox (2013), or Stork & Hammond (2013), or Didham et al., (2013).

When in parentheses: (Didham et al., 2013; Fox, 2013; Stork & Hammond, 2013).

If the reference would require the same author abbreviation but different years: Leather et al. (2008, 2011) or (Leather et al., 2008, 2011).

a. Journal articles

Fuller, R.J., Oliver, T.H. & Leather, S.R. (2008) Forest management effects on carabid beetle communities in coniferous and broadleaved forests: implications for conservation. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 1, 242-252.

b. From books, or other non-serial publications

Samways, M.J. (2005) Insect Diversity Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

c. From reference book contributions

Hunter, M.D. (1994) The search for pattern in pest outbreaks. Individuals, Populations and Patterns in Ecology (ed. by Foottit, R.G. & Adler, P.H.), pp. 443-448. Intercept, Andover, UK.

d. Work which has been accepted for publication

Leather, S.R. (In press) Editorial. Insect Conservation and Diversity.

e. From websites

Insect Conservation and Diversity (2014) Insect Conservation and Diversity Author Guidelines. <> 2nd April 2014.


Tables must be self-explanatory and accompanied by legends. Each Table must be presented on a separate sheet with their pertaining Table legend. Tables should be created using the table function in MS Word.

Please number Tables consecutively in the order in which they occur within the manuscript text.

Figures and Preparation of Artwork

Figures should be self-explanatory and accompanied by legends. Figure legends should be presented grouped, as a list included in the main text of the manuscript following the References and Tables. Figures should then be uploaded on separate sheets in the document, or separately during the submission process.

Please number Figures consecutively in the order in which they occur within the manuscript text.

Prepare your figures according to the publisher's Electronic Artwork Guidelines.

All figures must be provided as high quality images, in TIFF or EPS format.

Although low quality images (GIF/JPG) are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images (TIFF/EPS) to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. If you submit your figures as GIF/JPG, the Editorial Office will request that the high-quality electronic figures of the figures are provided once your paper has been accepted.

Lineart . Create EPS files for images containing lineart. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible). The following packages can be used to create EPS files: Adobe Illustrator 7.0 and above, Deneba Canvas 6.0 and above, CorelDRAW 7.0 and above, SigmaPlot 8.01 and above. Other programs may also be able to create EPS files - use the SAVE AS or EXPORT functions. EPS files can be produced from other applications [e.g. PowerPoint, Excel (see Electronic Artwork Guidelines)] BUT results can be unpredictable (e.g. fonts and shading not converted correctly, lines missing, dotted lines becoming solid).

Half-tones/photographs . Create TIFF files images containing half-tones/photographs. For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size, see above for a guide to sizes) should be as follows to ensure adequate reproduction: lineart, >800 d.p.i.; half-tones, >300 d.p.i. Figures containing both halftone and line images, >600 d.p.i. The following programs can be used to create TIFF files: Adobe Photoshop 4.0 and above, Adobe Illustrator 9.0 and GraphPad Prism 3. Other programs may also be able to create TIFF files - use the SAVE AS or EXPORT functions.

Black and white images should be supplied as 'grayscale'; colour images should be supplied as CMYK.

Multipart figures should be supplied in the final layout in one file, labelled as (a), (b) etc.

Supply figures at final size widths if possible: 80 mm (single column) or 165 mm (double column).

Use sans serif, true-type fonts for labels if possible, preferably Arial or Helvetica, or Times (New) Roman if serif font is required.

Ensure all lines and lettering are clear.

Supporting Information/Supplementary Material

'Supporting Information' important to the findings of a paper which cannot be included in the printed copy due to space or format constraints is made available on the Publisher's website when a paper is published.

Supporting Information should be succinct, not normally exceeding 1500 words, and no more than 5 tables and figures. It should be designed to allow for complete understanding of the manuscript.

In addition to text, figures and tables, Supporting Information can include data files (e.g. extensive species lists and tables of information) and video files (the most common video file types are supported, providing they do not exceed 50MB). Authors wishing to submit large files are advised to contact the Editor-in-Chief. This Information should enhance a reader’s understanding of the paper, but is not essential to the understanding of the paper. All Supporting Information should be self-explanatory.

All such material must accompany manuscripts when they are originally submitted and will be reviewed with the main paper. Supporting Information provided with a manuscript submission will not be edited or altered during the Production process, and a proof will not be supplied.

The arrangements for depositing the material on the web will be made by the Publisher after the manuscript has been accepted for publication.

Colour Work Agreement Forms

It is the policy of Insect Conservation and Diversity for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork.

Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Blackwell Publishing require you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded as a PDF* (portable document format) file from the internet. If you are unable to access the internet, or are unable to download the form, please contact the Production Editor at and they will be able to email or fax a form to you.

* To read PDF files, you must have an appropriate software application installed on your computer. One such example is Acrobat Reader, available as a free download from the following web address:

Please note this links to an external website. The journal accepts no responsibility for the content of external sites.

Once completed, please return the form to Customer Services at the address below:

Customer Services (OPI)

John Wiley & Sons Ltd, European Distribution Centre
New Era Estate
Oldlands Way
Bognor Regis
West Sussex
PO22 9NQ

Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreement, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit .

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit:


The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF file from this site. Appropriate software, such as Acrobat Reader, will be required in order to read this file.

Acrobat Reader can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website:

Please note this links to an external website. The journal accepts no responsibility for the content of external sites.

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available.


Free access to the final PDF offprint or your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.

Author Material Archive Policy

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all submitted hardcopy or electronic material two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the Editorial Office or Production Editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

Author Services

Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services.

Author Services enables authors to track articles – once they have been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress.

Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission, and more.

Cover Photographs

Photographs which may be suitable as cover for Insect Conservation and Diversity are welcome by the Editor-in-Chief. It is not necessary that these be related to the submitted manuscript.


OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, their funding agency, or institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. In addition to publication online via Wiley Online Library, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication.

For the full list of Terms and Conditions, see:

Prior to acceptance, there is no requirement to inform the Editorial Office of your intention to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same manner as any other article submission. They will undergo the same review process, and be accepted or rejected based on their merit.

If you want your article to be open access please choose the appropriate license agreement when you log in to Wiley's Author Services system. Click on 'Make my article OnlineOpen' and choose the appropriate license by clicking on 'Sign license agreement now' when you log in to Wiley's Author Services system. Authors will also be required to complete a payment form available from the website:


All correspondence should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief:

Professor Raphael K. Didham

Editor-in-Chief, Insect Conservation and Diversity

School of Animal Biology M092

University of Western Australia

35 Stirling Highway

Crawley, WA 6009


You may also contact the Editorial Office with any questions.

Last update: April 2016