Nutrition Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 72 Issue 12

Edited By: Naomi Fukagawa, MD, PhD

Impact Factor: 5.541

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 5/79 (Nutrition & Dietetics)

Online ISSN: 1753-4887



Author Guidelines


Author Guidelines Table of Contents

Scope and Audience
Mission and History
Article Types
Terms of Consideration
Authorship and Originality
Funding and Sponsorship
Competing Interests
Manuscript Preparation
      Cover Letter
      Manuscript Format
      Length Restrictions
      Cover Page
      Sections and Headings
      Abbreviations and Acronyms
      References
      Tables and Illustrations
      Illustration Permissions
      Language Editing
Procedures
Manuscript Processing
      Manuscript Submission
      Use of iThenticate
      Review Process
      Copyright Assignment
      Copyediting and Proofs
      Offprints
Ethics and Misconduct
Online Open Procedures
Note to NIH Grantees

Revised September 2014

Scope and Audience
Nutrition Reviews is a highly cited, monthly, international, peer-reviewed journal that specializes in the publication of authoritative and critical literature reviews on current and emerging topics in nutrition science, food science, clinical nutrition, and nutrition policy. Readers of Nutrition Reviews include nutrition scientists, biomedical researchers, clinical and dietetic practitioners, and advanced students of nutrition.

Articles selected for publication will be consistent with the journal’s mission and should clearly outline both the biological and practical nutritional implications of a timely topic, so the reader obtains a clear understanding of both the topic’s nature and its relevance. The journal does not publish primary research. Systematic reviews (with or without meta-analysis) are eligible for consideration, provided they are prepared in accordance with current guidelines (PRISMA for intervention studies or MOOSE for observational studies). Unsolicited submissions written in English are welcome from all countries.

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Mission and History
Nutrition Reviews was founded in 1942 in response to a recognized need for expert analysis and synthesis of the vast amounts of nutrition science research being generated worldwide. Today, that need is greater still and Nutrition Reviews continues to serve it with the same goal in mind: To help nutrition scientists, scholars, and practitioners stay abreast of significant developments in the field through concise and meaningful reports prepared with objectivity and a critical focus.

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Article Types
Nutrition Reviews considers both Narrative Reviews and Systematic Reviews for publication. Please refer to the guidance provided for each of these article types in the Manuscript Preparation section.

Article Categories

T
he following article types are welcomed as submissions:

  • Lead Article: Comprehensive review of a broad topic;
  • Special Article: Comprehensive review focused on a niche topic, a specific aspect of a broad topic, or new methods in nutrition science;
  • Nutrition in Clinical Care: Presentation of clinically relevant brief reviews of evidence-based information and tools to facilitate translation into clinical practice;
  • Emerging Science: Discussion of an important current study or group of studies in nutrition research presented in the context of the larger body of research on that topic;
  • Nutrition Science [LEFT RIGHT DOUBLE ARROW] Policy: Review of the interaction between scientific research and national and international health and nutrition policy;
  • Letter to the Editor: Addition to the discourse regarding certain topics covered in recent issues of the journal.

Articles in the categories of Lead Articles, Special Articles, Nutrition in Clinical Care, Emerging Science, and Nutrition Science [LEFT RIGHT DOUBLE ARROW] Policy are subject to peer review. Letters to the Editor are published at the discretion of the editors.

Systematic reviews may be submitted for any category except Emerging Science and Letter to the Editor.

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Terms of Consideration
All manuscripts submitted to the journal must be original works of authorship that are not under simultaneous consideration elsewhere and do not infringe the intellectual property rights of any individual or organization. The final version must have been read and approved by all of the individuals named as authors. The work must present novel information that differs substantially from that presented in works published by the authors previously. Authors should attest to these terms in their cover letter.

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Authorship and Originality
To qualify for authorship, individuals must meet all of the following criteria: 1) contributed significantly to the work’s conception, design, data collection (as applicable), or data interpretation and analysis; 2) participated in the writing or critical revision of the article in a manner sufficient to establish ownership of the intellectual content; and 3) read and approved the version of the manuscript being submitted. Any requests for changes to author names, or order of appearance, that are received post submission will need to be approved in writing by all authors.

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Funding and Sponsorship
All sources of funding for the article’s research, preparation, and publication should be noted in the article’s Acknowledgments section under the subheading “Funding” and be acknowledged in the cover letter. The full name of the funding agency should be provided and grant numbers should be supplied. If grants or other funding were given to specific authors, the relevant individuals should be identified by their initials in parentheses.
The role any sponsor played in the study design, data collection and analysis, manuscript preparation and revision, and publication decisions should be made clear. Authors should also indicate whether they received complete access to data pertaining to the publication that was owned by the sponsor.

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Competing Interests
All authors are required to disclose relevant competing interests by noting them in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript under the subheading "Declaration of Interest." Guidelines regarding what constitutes a competing interest are included in the Declaration of Interest form (available online here) that the author is required to complete and submit at the time of manuscript acceptance.

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Manuscript Preparation

Cover letter. The cover letter should address the following topics: description of the work and its novelty; authorship; and originality. The description of the work should clearly indicate what novel contribution the submitted article makes to the existing literature. A statement should indicate that all listed authors meet the criteria for authorship (see Authorship and Originality entry above) and that no individual meeting these criteria has been omitted. Regarding originality, the following should be declared or, if untrue, explained: 1) the submitted article represents the original work of the authors; 2) the article is not currently under consideration elsewhere, nor has it been previously published in the same or substantially similar form; and 3) no copyright to any other work was breached in the manuscript’s creation.

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Manuscript format. Manuscripts should be prepared electronically using word-processing software, preferably Microsoft Word. Article pages should be formatted as double-spaced and left-justified text with 1-inch margins and 12-point type. Pages and lines must be numbered.

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Length restrictions. Articles in any category must be formatted as indicated in the Manuscript format guidelines section and may not exceed 50 double-spaced pages in length, including references and illustrative material. Each article should be a focused, concise, and objective investigation of a clearly defined topic. The option to publish certain material as “Supporting Information” in an online-only format is provided, as outlined here. Authors are encouraged to make use of this option to accommodate material that may be of interest to the reader but is not integral to the work itself. Examples would include extensive summary tables and appendices.

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Cover page. The following information should be included on the cover page:

  • Article type. Choose one of the article types in which the journal specializes. Editors may change this designation if they find the article is better suited to another category.
  • Title. The title of the article should be short (200 characters or less), specific, and accurately describe the topic of the work. Abbreviations and acronyms should not be used unless they are widely recognized and generally understood, e.g. HIV, DNA. Articles and phrases such as “the use of,” “the treatment of,” and “a report of a case of” should be avoided.
  • Author names. Please list the first name, middle initial(s), and last name of each author in descending order of their contributions to the article. For Emerging Science articles, the number of authors is limited to two. Individuals who provided technical or administrative support should be recognized in the Acknowledgments section.
  • Author affiliations. The names of all authors affiliated with a particular institution should be listed directly above the affiliation. Each affiliation should include the department, institution, city, state (spelled out, if applicable), and country.
  • Corresponding author. The name, complete mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address should be provided for the author responsible for correspondence.
  • Abstract. An abstract clearly outlining the topic and primary objective of the review, methods of data sourcing and extraction, data synthesis (as applicable), and conclusions must be included with each article. The length should not exceed 170 words for Lead, Special, and Nutrition [LEFT RIGHT ARROW] Science Policy papers or 125 words for Emerging Science and Nutrition in Clinical Care papers. Abstracts exceeding these word limits will be shortened during copyediting. References, tables, and figures should not be cited in the abstract.
  • Key words. Between three and five key words or phrases should be provided.

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Narrative Reviews. Reviews of this type should contain the following sections and headings in addition to the abstract:

  • Introduction (directly following the abstract)
  • Conclusion (at the end of the text)
  • Acknowledgements (after the Conclusion)
  • Funding and sponsorship (as part of the Acknowledgments)
  • Declaration of interest (as part of the Acknowledgments)
  • References (after the Acknowledgments).

Between the Introduction and Conclusion, headings and subheadings are at the discretion of the author. They should be used to organize the text and guide the reader.

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Systematic Reviews. Articles of this type must be prepared in accordance with either the PRISMA guidelines (for intervention studies) or the MOOSE guidelines (for observational studies). The applicable checklist must be uploaded as Supporting Information during the manuscript submission process. Upon acceptance, the submitted checklist will be published online as part of the article’s Supporting Information.
It is critical that the following elements be included: the research question and purpose (outlined in the abstract), as identified using the PICOS strategy, and a flow diagram of the search and selection process (presented as Figure 1). The PICOS criteria (Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Setting) must be presented in Box 1. Submissions without these elements will be returned immediately with a request for revision prior to peer review.

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Abbreviations and acronyms. Abbreviations and acronyms should not be used unless they are widely recognized and generally understood, e.g. BMI, FDA. These should only be used for terms used more than four times in the text. If that criterion is met, the term should be spelled out on first use followed by the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses. The abbreviated form should be used consistently thereafter, except in section headings, where it should continue to be spelled out.

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References. The number of references cited should be tailored to the material being reviewed and be from reputable sources. As a general rule, articles in the Lead, Special, and Nutrition Science -> Policy categories do not typically include more than 200 references, while articles in the Emerging Science and Nutrition in Clinical Care categories do not typically have more than 120. References should be numbered sequentially upon first appearance in text, tables, and figures. They should be typed as superscripts and placed after commas and periods but before colons and semicolons. References cited only in figure or table legends should be numbered according to the first mention of the graphic in the text. Reference to unpublished work or personal communications should be avoided but, when essential, should be identified in the text as “unpublished data” or “personal communication from …”, not in the reference list. When citing a series of consecutive numbers, provide the first and last with a dash between them (e.g., 5–7). When referring to a group of authors in the text, the format “Smith et al.23” should be used.

References cited only in figure or table legends should be numbered according to the first mention of the graphic in the text and should be cited in the text at that point. Reference to unpublished work or personal communications should be avoided but, when essential, should be identified in the text as “unpublished data” or “personal communication from …”, not in the reference list. To ensure long-term accessibility, internet citations should only be used if that is the sole source of the information.

The reference list should be formatted according to AMA style. For each citation, sufficient information must be provided to allow a reader to know in what medium the material appeared and to access the information. Please list all authors if there are six or fewer; for seven or more authors, list the first three followed by “et al.” Examples of AMA style are as follows:

Journal Article: Gordon KB, Papp KA, Hamilton TK, et al, for the Efalizumab Study Group. Efalizumab for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003;290:3073–3080.

Chapter in a Book: Dybul M, Connors M, Fauci AS. Immunology of HIV infection. In: Paul WE, ed. Fundamental Immunology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003:1285–1318.

Entire Book: Gibson GR, Rastall RA. Prebiotics: Developments and Application. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley; 2006.

Government Bulletin: Guidance on Labeling of Foods That Need Refrigeration by Consumers. College Park, MD: Office of Food Labeling, US Food and Drug Administration; 1997. Docket No. 96D-0513.

Internet Citation: American College of Surgeons. National Trauma Data Bank Report 2006, Version 6.0. Chicago, USA. Available at: http://www.facs.org/trauma/ntdb/ntdbannualreport2006.pdf. Accessed on October 22, 2007.

More detailed guidance on Internet citations is provided in the recommendations of the Library of Medicine.

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Tables and illustrations. Tables and illustrations should be numbered in the sequence in which they appear in the text. They should appear in sequence after the reference list.

Tables. All tables should be included in the text file after the reference list. Each table should be constructed using the table functions of the word-processing program being used. A title should appear at the top of each table. A column heading should appear in the top cell of each column. Within the table, each data set should appear in a single cell; the return key should not be used within any cell. Text should be justified to the left. Numerical data should be justified to the decimal point. Capitalization should be restricted to the first letter of the legend, the first letter in each cell, and applicable abbreviations or acronyms. Abbreviations used in the table should be spelled out in a footnote. When citing prior studies in tables please use the following format: Smith et al. (1998)21.

Illustrations. All artwork should be submitted in digital format in separate files saved using the following convention: surname of first author_figure number (e.g., Smith_figure 1). Figure legends should be cited in the manuscript after the reference list. Charts and graphs downloaded from the Internet are not acceptable. Line artwork (vector graphics) should be saved in Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) format and bitmap files (halftones or photographic images) in Tagged Image Format (TIFF), with a resolution of at least 300 dpi at final size. Do not send native file formats. More detailed guidance for submitting electronic artwork can be found at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/bauthor/illustration.asp. A free tool for converting files to other formats can be located at www.zamar.com.

Color illustrations. Artwork submitted in color is reproduced in color online at no cost. If color reproduction is desired in the print version of the journal, a contribution of US $500 per figure is required. The color charge agreement can be found here.

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Illustration permissions. If a table or figure is a reproduction or adaptation of a previously published work, written permission to reproduce or adapt the material must be obtained from the copyright holder prior to submission, and the source of the material must be cited either in a footnote to the table or in the figure legend. When requesting permission, rights to worldwide distribution in both print and electronic formats must be secured. The permissions grant must be included with the original submission. This requirement also applies to material published as Supporting Information.

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Language editing. If English is not the authors’ native language, it is recommended that the article be edited prior to submission by a qualified English-language editor with knowledge of the subject matter. This is at the discretion and expense of the author, but compliance often helps ensure that the article’s message is correctly understood by the journal’s editors and reviewers. Manuscripts that require extensive editing or rewriting at the time of submission may be returned to authors without review.

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Procedures

Manuscript Processing

Manuscript submission. Manuscripts should be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/nutr-rev. There is no charge for submission. Full instructions and support are available on the site (please click here for instructions) and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone ( 1-434-817-2040) or at http://mcv3support.custhelp.com. If you cannot submit online, please contact the Editorial Office by e-mail (nutritionreviews@ilsi.org).

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Use of iThenticate. Nutrition Reviews uses iThenticate software to determine the level of similarity between text in submitted articles and in articles published previously. Every manuscript received for consideration is run through this software directly following submission. Results are evaluated by the journal’s editors and included in deliberations about the manuscript’s suitability for publication. To learn more about this software, please visit http://www.ithenticate.com/.

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Review process. Manuscripts are peer-reviewed promptly after submission, and are usually published within 12 months of acceptance. Authors may be asked to revise their manuscript to address any concerns raised during the review process. Authors may check the progress of their manuscript by logging in to the Manuscript Central site.

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Copyright assignment. Authors are required to assign copyright of the article to ILSI at the time of manuscript acceptance by completing and submitting the Copyright Assigment Form (available online here) United States federal government employees are exempt from this requirement but are asked to check the appropriate box on the form before signing it.

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Copyediting and proofs. Manuscripts accepted for publication are edited for clarity of content, consistency, and style prior to publication. Following copyediting and typesetting, formatted proofs are sent to the authors via e-mail for final approval. Authors should check the proofs promptly and carefully to answer any queries posed by the copyeditor and to ensure the text is complete and that all tables and figures are included and properly cited. Complete instructions are sent out with the proofs.

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Offprints. Authors may order offprints at cost price at the time page proofs are received. Following publication, one gratis PDF of the article is provided to the corresponding author. Authors must register for Author Services at authorservices.wiley.com in order to receive this PDF offprint.

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Ethics and Misconduct
Nutrition Reviews is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics and consults the guidelines of that organization as well as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, the World Association of Medical Editors, and Wiley-Blackwell’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics when handling allegations of misconduct.

All authors are obliged to ensure their manuscripts reflect the highest standards of scientific and ethical integrity. Evidence of possible scientific or ethical misconduct related to manuscripts submitted for review or published in Nutrition Reviews will be investigated for the purpose of determining the appropriate editorial course of action.

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Online Open Procedures
OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For terms and conditions, see Online Open Terms.

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available online at OnlineOpen form.

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform the Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

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Note to NIH Grantees
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMedCentral upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see www.wiley.com/go/nihmandate. Frequently asked questions are answered here.

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