Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research

Cover image for Vol. 21 Issue 3

Edited By: Terry Lee, OAM

Impact Factor: 1.816

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 5/33 (Horticulture); 42/123 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1755-0238

Author Guidelines

The Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research provides a forum for the exchange of information about new and significant research in viticulture, oenology and related fields, and aims to promote these disciplines throughout the world. The Journal publishes results from original research in all areas of viticulture and oenology. This includes issues relating to wine, table and drying grape production; grapevine and rootstock biology, genetics, diseases and improvement; viticultural practices; juice and wine production technologies; vine and wine microbiology; effects of processing, packaging and inputs on wine composition (quality); wine chemistry; sensory science and consumer preferences; and environmental impacts of grape and wine production. Research related to other fermented or distilled beverages may also be considered. In addition to full-length research papers and review articles, short research papers presenting new and highly topical information derived from a complete study (i.e. not preliminary data) may also be published. Special features and supplementary issues comprising the proceedings of workshops and conferences will appear periodically.

The acceptance criteria for all manuscripts are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Manuscripts will undergo an initial evaluation of their relevance, originality and quality and where they fail to meet journal standards, may be rejected without further review. In addition, AJGWR employs the CrossCheck plagiarism system to screen all submissions for plagiarism against previously published works. Manuscripts found to have an unacceptably high similarity index will be either rejected without further consideration or sent back to the author for an explanation. Except where otherwise stated, all remaining manuscripts are peer reviewed by one or more anonymous reviewer/s, an Associate Editor and/or the Deputy Editor/Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Journal Advisory Subcommittee, which reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Responsibility for manuscript content remains with the author(s).

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Manuscripts should be submitted online at The Corresponding Author must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. Two files should be supplied: the covering letter and the manuscript (in Word or rich text format (.rtf)). The covering letter should be uploaded as a file not for review.

Submission of manuscripts is taken as proof that the author(s) have personally undertaken the described research and that multi-author papers are submitted with the agreement of all authors.

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

• Submissions must be double-spaced.
• All margins should be at least 30 mm.
• All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.
• Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off; include only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for Greek beta.
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use Enter within cells).

Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution files cannot be used.

Further instructions are available at the submission site.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that, in the case of multi-author manuscripts, all authors agree to its publication and that the paper is an original contribution, and that it or one substantially similar
in any language has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter.

The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.

Authors will also be asked to provide the names of preferred and, if deemed necessary, non-preferred reviewers. The former must not be from the authors’ institution or a collaborator, past or present.

If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorisation to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

Author material archive policy
Authors who require the return of any submitted material that is accepted for publication should inform the Editorial Office after acceptance. If no indication is given that author material should be returned, the Publisher will dispose of all hardcopy and electronic material two months after publication.

Authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Tokyo 2004), available at


Style Guide (692 KB)

The manuscript must be written in English and, where the authors’ first language is not English, have been prepared with the assistance of an English-speaking expert. Papers which do not meet an acceptable standard of English may be rejected without review.

Manuscripts should follow the Sixth Edition of the
Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers published in 2002 by John Wiley & Sons Australia Ltd. For the design of the diagrams, Preparing for Print by M. Sharkey and F. Spranger (CSIRO Advisory Service, Melbourne) is a helpful publication, with additional references.

The journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary, however, The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary is acceptable.

All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units.

In general, terms should not be abbreviated or contracted unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation or contraction is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation or contraction in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation or contraction only. Avoid commencing a sentence with an abbreviation or a contraction.

Nomenclature and formulae
Authors should describe mathematical and chemical formulae, bioassays, electrophoresis patterns, chemical compounds and microbiological specimens in the form adopted by the journals published by CSIRO and The Australian Academy of Science, e.g. The Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, the Australian Journal of Plant Physiology and the Australian Journal of Chemistry. The Editor may also be consulted.

Registration of sequence data
If submitting a paper describing research where an original nucleotide or amino acid sequence has been employed, an EMBL Data Library accession number should be provided.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) figure legends, (viii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (ix) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the email address of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.
The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. Since each manuscript must be able to stand alone, numbered titles must not be used for a series of papers, whether submitted together or not. A short running title (less than 50 characters) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words
The abstract of research papers should be a brief summary of about 150–200 words giving the major findings of the investigation under the following headings: Background and Aims; Methods and Results; Conclusions; Significance of the Study. A 150-word limit applies to abstracts for short research papers. The abstract of review articles will not contain the above headings and instead will be prepared as a single block of text.
Five key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.

Research papers will be divided into the sections of Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, and References. Results and Discussion may be joined in shorter papers.

Short research papers will be up to four printed pages with a combined Results and Discussion section.

A review article will be a critical appraisal of the subject and make an original contribution, instead of simply being a collection of literature citations. Prearrangement with the Editor is advisable.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is generally followed (examples are given below). In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). The list of references will be arranged in alphabetical order of author names. Where several papers by the same first author are cited, they will be listed according to increasing number of authors, the date of publication and then alphabetical order by author names and paper title. For example:

Author, A. (2007) Title of paper.
Author, A. and Researcher, B. (2004) Title of paper.
Author, A. and Scientist, C. (2004) Title of paper.
Author, A., Scientist, C., and Researcher, B. (2003) Title of paper.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors.
Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the References list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith, A., 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

The titles of all papers must be copied in the form of the original publications. Journal names must be shown in full, without abbreviations. Punctuation marks and spaces between words should be as indicated in the examples.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for here: Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Journal article
Smith, I.J. (1993) Flowering of the grapevine in the tropics. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 2, 4–11.

Smith, I.J. and Brown, K.N. (1993) Flowering of the grapevine. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 2, 4–11.

Online article not yet published in an issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.
Hall, A. and Jones, G.V. (2008) Effect of potential atmospheric warming on temperature-based indices describing Australian winegrape growing conditions.
The Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research doi: 10.1111/ajgw.12000

Smith, I.J. and Brown, K.N. (1992) Winemaking (Adelaide Academic Press: Adelaide, SA, Australia).

Chapter in a book
Smith, I.J. and Brown, K.N. (1994) Farnsworth, S. and Blower, W.K., eds. Grape yield in the tropics. Grapegrowing in the tropics. (Melbourne University Press: Melbourne, Vic., Australia) pp. 55–102.

Reference to article in conference proceedings
Smith, I.J. and Brown, K.N. (1989) Smith, L.P. and Jones, T. P., eds. Malolactic fermentation in Chardonnay wines. Proceedings of the 6th international symposium on white wines; 27 April 1978; Albury, NSW, Australia (Viticultural Publishing: Adelaide, SA, Australia) pp. 15–32.

Webb, L. (2006) The impact of greenhouse gas-induced climate change on the Australian wine industry. PhD Thesis, School of Agriculture and Food Systems, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 277 pp.

Web-based information
Bureau of Meteorology (2007) Bureau of Meteorology website. (Australian Government) [accessed 29/10/07].
Note that the ‘accessed date’ may be omitted for sites that typically do not change frequently.

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Figure legends
Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures generally should be sized to fit in a single column (85 mm), however may use up to the full width of two columns (175 mm). Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.

Line figures should be sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text. Plots must be prepared using simple symbols (i.e. circles, squares, triangles) of black, white or grey rather than more complicated shapes or symbols. Shading or 3-dimensional effects must not be used unless essential improving interpretation of the plot.

Reproduction of figures in colour is free of charge for authors.

More advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:

Supporting Information
Supporting information is important, ancillary information that is relevant to the parent article but which does not or cannot appear in the printed edition of the journal. Wiley is able to host online approved supporting information that authors submit with their paper. Such information may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and file sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

The Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology is the owner of the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research and relies on the support of its members to cover the costs of producing the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research. In order to partly defray the costs of production, where the corresponding author is not a member of the Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology, a charge of $A400 per article will be made prior to publication. Authors are encouraged to become members of the ASVO by visiting


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provide authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research
Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology
National Wine Centre, Cnr Botanic and Hackney
Tel: +61488 488 416 ; email:; www:

Author Guidelines updated 24 June 2015