Molecular Ecology Resources

Cover image for Vol. 14 Issue 4

Edited By: Shawn Narum

Impact Factor: 7.432

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 5/47 (Evolutionary Biology); 7/136 (Ecology); 30/290 (Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Online ISSN: 1755-0998

Associated Title(s): Molecular Ecology



Author Guidelines


General Information
Molecular Ecology Resources publishes articles reporting new tools for use in molecular genetic studies of natural populations. The main areas covered are the development of new genomic resources, broadly applicable statistical or molecular techniques, and computer software. Papers that report on the ecology, evolution, behaviour and conservation of organisms, rather than on technical issues, should be submitted to our companion publication, Molecular Ecology. We typically provide an editorial decision on new submissions within 4 to 6 weeks, and papers usually appear online 4 to 8 weeks after receipt of the final manuscript. There are no page charges associated with publication in Molecular Ecology Resources.

Editorial Office
Managing Editors: Dr Tim Vines & Dr Jen Gow
email: managing.editor@molecol.com

Molecular Ecology Resources Editorial Office
6270 University Blvd
Vancouver, BC
V6T 1Z4
Canada
email: editorial.office@molecol.com
fax: 1 604 822 8982


Article Types
Molecular Ecology Resources considers the following types of manuscripts for publication:

Resource Articles
Our principal function is to publish full papers describing resources for the molecular ecology community. These articles fall into several different subject areas, as described in the ‘Resource Articles Subject Areas’ section below. All of these articles are judged on the utility of the resource for the community.

Invited Technical Reviews
The editors invite submissions that summarize and discuss recent advances in molecular and analytical techniques, or review the molecular ecology of particular taxa. Authors wishing to propose topics for reviews should contact the Managing Editors.

Primers
The editors will also invite submissions that present a brief ‘state of the art’ of molecular or analytical techniques, or review the molecular ecology of particular taxa. Authors wishing to propose topics for primers (pronounced ‘prim-er’) should contact the Managing Editors.

News & Views
Opinions - We occasionally publish manuscripts presenting points of view that are potentially controversial as a means of encouraging discussion. Such manuscripts may present speculative and provocative viewpoints, although they must adhere to the normal standards of scientific objectivity and will be subject to peer review.

Comments - Comments on published papers, principally those published in Molecular Ecology Resources, will be considered by the editors and published after consultation or peer review. A rebuttal by the original authors(s) may also be solicited and published alongside the Comment.

Genomic Resources Notes
The advent of reliable, inexpensive sequencing technologies has led to the generation of many large-scale data sets. Genomic Resources (GR) Notes offer a way to make these available to the broader community. Examples of these resources include assembly and annotation of transcriptomes, genome fractions or whole genomes, and/or a library of SNP/ SSR markers. Submitting authors are also encouraged to refer to recently published GR Notes.

GR Notes do not appear in the journal as individual papers and are instead published as part of a summary article. Inclusion in this new series of summary articles provides a way for these datasets to be found through standard literature searches.

In brief, authors submit a short manuscript describing how the resource was developed and where the data can be accessed. These manuscripts are assessed directly by an editor. Once accepted, the submission will become part of a summary article listing all the GR Notes accepted in that two month period. The summary article will include pointers to the public archives (e.g., NCBI’s Sequence Read Archive and Dryad) and accession numbers, as well as the original GR Note manuscripts themselves, which will appear as Supporting Information.

For details on the preparation and formatting of Genomic Resources Notes, please visit http://www.molecularecologist.com/GR-Notes/

N.B. Papers that describe a small number of microsatellite or SNP primers (known as Permanent Genetic Resources Notes or Primer Notes) are no longer considered for publication in Molecular Ecology Resources in any form. These may be better suited to journals like Conservation Genetics Resources or Applications in Plant Sciences.


Resource Article Subject Areas
Authors should select one of the following broad subject areas for their Resource Article. We take a very inclusive view of each area, so these subject areas are not meant to be limiting, and the choice of subject area will not affect the merits on which the paper is evaluated. Authors with questions regarding placement of their manuscripts are encouraged to contact the Chief or Managing Editors.

Molecular and Statistical Advances
These papers primarily present new techniques for collecting and analysing data for molecular ecology studies. These submissions can also describe meaningful comparisons of statistical, computational or molecular methods, or alternatively demonstrate the existence of important problems with current procedures.

Permanent Genetic Resources
These articles describe the development of significant genetic resources for application to evolutionary or ecological questions. For example, these papers could describe NGS projects in which sequenced transcriptomes, genome fractions or whole genomes have been analyzed such that a readily usable resource is presented to the molecular ecology community. Questions regarding the distinction between these articles and Genomic Resources Notes should be addressed to the Managing Editors.

These articles may also present data on novel applications of the standard DNA barcoding loci to many tens or hundreds of species, where the paper presents a readily usable resource. Research in this subject area must conform to established barcoding protocols, such as those available from the Consortium for the Barcode of Life or the Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding. These manuscripts must supply INSD (GenBank / EMBL / DDBJ) accession numbers (with or without the BARCODE keyword) and museum accession numbers for the specimens. An identifier number from the BOLD database may also be included.

N.B. the old ‘DNA Barcoding and Molecular Diagnostics’ subject area is now included within ‘Permanent Genetic Resources’.

Computer Programs
These articles typically present new computer software or substantial updates of existing programs. Authors should clearly describe the need for the program and the rationale behind its design, as well as a summary of functions, usage and output. Authors may choose to present an evaluation of a program’s performance compared to existing software based on real or simulated data, and this is particularly encouraged for new programs. Programmers are urged to remember that ‘user-friendly’ programs are more likely to be used by the community, and that it is helpful if programs require standard input/output file formats (e.g., Genepop or Arlequin). Submissions should include the complete user manual as Supporting Information and provide a persistent website where the software and user manual may be accessed free of charge.


Journal Policies

Policy on Data Archiving
Molecular Ecology Resources
expects that the data needed to evaluate the resources presented in the paper should be archived in an appropriate public archive, such as GenBank, Gene Expression Omnibus, TreeBASE, Dryad, the Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity, your own institutional or funder repository, or as Supporting Information on the Molecular Ecology Resources web site. Data are important products of the scientific enterprise that should be preserved for the future, and are particularly crucial in the evaluation of new methods or genetic resources. Authors may elect to have the data publicly available at time of publication, or, if the technology of the archive allows, may opt to embargo access to the data for a period up to a year after publication. Exceptions may be granted at the discretion of the editor, especially for sensitive information such as human subject data or the location of endangered species.

Papers with exemplary data and code archiving are more valuable for future research, and, all else being equal, will be given higher priority for publication. Authors are expected to archive the data necessary for readers to fully evaluate the utility of the resources being presented, along with sufficient details so that a third party can interpret them correctly. As discussed by Whitlock et al. (2010), this will likely “require a short additional text document, with details specifying the meaning of each column in the data set. The preparation of such shareable data sets will be easiest if these files are prepared as part of the data analysis phase of the preparation of the paper, rather than after acceptance of a manuscript”. For additional guidelines on data deposition best practice, please visit http://datadryad.org/depositing.

Lastly, the utility of archived data is greatly enhanced when the scripts and input files used in the analyses are also made available. Given that scripts may be a mix of proprietary and freely available code, their deposition is not compulsory, but we nonetheless strongly encourage authors to make these scripts available whenever possible.

To enable readers to locate archived data from Molecular Ecology Resources papers, we require that authors include a ‘Data Accessibility’ section after the references (see below for details). Please note that this section must be present at initial submission.

Policy on Submission of Preprints
Molecular Ecology Resources will consider submissions that have previously been made available online, either on a preprint server like arXiv, bioRxiv, or PeerJ PrePrints, or on the authors’ own website. Any such submissions must, however, not have been published in a scientific journal, book or other venue that could be considered formal publication. Authors must inform the editorial office at submission if their paper has been made available as a preprint.

Authors of accepted papers that were made available as preprints must be able to assign copyright to Molecular Ecology Resources, or agree to the terms of the Wiley Open Access agreement and pay the associated fee.

Given that the measurable impact of the article is diminished when citations are split between the preprint and the published article, authors are required to: a) update the entry on the preprint server so that it links to and cites the DOI for the published version, and b) cite only the published article themselves.

Policy on Independent Peer Review Services
Molecular Ecology Resources will consider referrals from independent review services. However, such manuscripts may be subject to additional external review by Molecular Ecology Resources. If appropriate, we will invite authors to submit a revision of their manuscript to Molecular Ecology Resources. Note that we cannot guarantee a positive decision for referred manuscripts.

Policy on Data Analysis Best Practice
Molecular Ecology Resources expects that statistical and molecular tools used in submitted papers should meet a high standard of rigor. All analytical approaches have inherent limitations, and authors should therefore attempt to identify the limitations of their chosen approach and corroborate their interpretations when possible.

Policy on Conflicts of Interest
Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest at the manuscript submission stage; these include financial conflicts (for example patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies or speaker's fees). When appropriate, a conflict of interest statement will be included in the published manuscript under a separate heading.

Policy on Supporting Information
Please note that Supporting Information will not be edited or altered from its original format during the Production process, and therefore proofs of your Supporting Information will not be available. Supporting Information will appear online when your article is published.

Compliance with International Conventions and Regulations
We strongly recommend that papers submitted to Molecular Ecology Resources comply with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CBD and CITES). Within the CBD we ask that authors follow the Access to Benefit Sharing (ABS) guidelines and give credit and equal access to benefits to countries, academic institutions and scientists that participated in the collection and analysis of data. Under the CITES convention, we request that authors observe the need for permits for the import and export of specimens that fall under CITES guidelines.

Compliance with Laws on Animal Experimentation and Sampling from Natural Populations
We expect that papers submitted to Molecular Ecology Resources comply with the ARRIVE guidelines for the use of animals in research (http://www.nc3rs.org.uk/ARRIVE), as well as any other legal requirements of the countries where the work was conducted. Sampling procedures for natural populations must be properly described and should be designed to minimize their impact on the taxa involved and their habitat. They must also comply with any international and national legal requirements.

Policy on Reporting Stable Isotope Data
For papers using stable isotopes, we recommend that authors follow the guidelines developed by the IUPAC Commission for Isotope Abundances and Atomic Weights; see http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rcm.5129/full for more details.


Article Formatting Guidelines

Resource Articles
Resource Articles have a limit of 8000 words per paper for all text (including title, abstract, keywords, references and table/figure legends), although exceptions may be granted in some cases. The format of these papers may vary according to the type of resource being presented, but in general they should contain a Title Page, an Abstract (<250 words), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, brief Acknowledgements, References, Data Accessibility, Author Contributions, Figure Legends, and Tables and Figures, in this order. We generally prefer that Original Articles have separate Results and Discussion, but we will consider manuscripts where these sections have been combined.

Invited Technical Reviews
Technical Reviews generally have a limit of 8000 words per paper for all text (including title, abstract, keywords, references, boxes and table/figure legends). Authors may use boxes to provide additional information separate from the main text; the article should contain no more than five boxes, with each no more than 2000 words. All colour figures in review articles are published in print free of charge.

Primers
Primers have a limit of 4000 words for all text (including title, abstract, keywords, references, boxes and table/figure legends). Authors may use boxes to provide additional information separate from the main text; the article should contain no more than two boxes, with each no more than 500 words. All colour figures in review articles are published in print free of charge.

Opinions
Opinion pieces should not present new data, and should be less than 6000 words for all text (including title, abstract, keywords, references and table/figure legends). Again, such manuscripts may present speculative and provocative viewpoints, although they must be conditioned by the normal standards of scientific objectivity and will be subject to peer review.

Comments
Comments should be kept as brief as possible (generally <3000 words), and should include title, keywords, references, and table/figure legends. As with Opinion papers, these manuscripts must also adhere to the normal standards of scientific objectivity.

Genomic Resources Notes
Genomic Resources (GR) Notes do not appear in the journal as individual papers and are instead published as part of a summary article. In brief, authors should submit a short manuscript describing how the resource was developed and where the data can be accessed. The summary article will include pointers to the public archives (e.g., NCBI’s Sequence Read Archive and Dryad) and accession numbers, as well as the original GR Note manuscript itself, which will appear as a Supporting Information file to the summary article. For details on the preparation and formatting of Genomic Resources Notes, please visit http://www.molecularecologist.com/GR-Notes


Submission Procedure
Molecular Ecology Resources accepts manuscripts via ScholarOne Manuscripts, an online submission system. If an author cannot submit the manuscript using the electronic procedures outlined below, they should contact the Managing Editors to ascertain whether or not an exception can be made. The following paragraphs describe aspects specific to each manuscript type, as well as general guidelines applicable to all manuscripts.

To submit your article, first create an account on ScholarOne Manuscripts. Access the ‘Author Centre’, click on the ‘submit new manuscript’ link, and follow the instructions to submit your manuscript. The procedure consists of seven simple steps, which you are guided through by our online system. The help function is always available for any questions you might have. If you have any questions that cannot be addressed by the online help, please direct them to the Editorial Office at editorial.office@molecol.com.

NB Molecular Ecology Resources employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript you accept that it may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Preparing Manuscripts for Submission

Covering Letter
A brief message addressed to the Managing Editors should indicate you wish to submit your manuscript for consideration, along with any relevant information for the Subject Editor. Authors submitting manuscripts rejected by other journals are encouraged to state that all comments on previous versions have been taken into account. Authors should also use the cover letter to explain their choice of preferred or non-preferred reviewers and editors.

Response to reviewers
If your paper is a resubmission, please prepare a detailed response to the previous set of editor and reviewer comments. The manuscript submission system typically removes text highlighting, bold type or text colours, so the most robust approach is to copy the decision letter and insert your responses beneath each comment, starting your text with “>>>”. Uploading a copy of the manuscript with changes tracked also assists with the review process, particularly for papers given a ‘reconsider after revision’ or an ‘accept, minor revisions’ decision.

Manuscript File
For initial submission, the main text of the manuscript can be in Microsoft Word, with tables and figures either embedded in the document or uploaded as separate files. Manuscripts can also be submitted as a single pdf containing the text, tables and figures. In either case, please ensure that continuous line numbers are included and that figures are sufficiently high quality for review; manuscripts failing to include either of these will be returned to you. Please upload Supporting Information separately from the main text.

If your MS has been prepared in LaTeX, please use the LaTeX ‘article’ class, and do not add coding to ‘force’ line breaks or the positioning of ‘floats’, as this coding will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML. To submit your manuscript to ScholarOne Manuscripts, please combine all of your LaTeX and EPS (figure) source files into a single PDF and upload this file as your designated 'Main Document'. This will be used as a reference file. Please then upload all LaTeX and EPS (figure) source files as a single zipped folder designated as a 'TeX/LaTeX Source Folder'.

Keep files as small as possible to facilitate information transmission (max 50 MB). With the exception of LaTeX support files as outlined above, do not use any form of compression or zipping, as these can interfere with our upload process.

Format
To facilitate viewing on screen, please format your manuscript with 2.5 cm side margins, 3 cm top and bottom margins, and clear paragraph delimitations. All manuscripts must be double-spaced with page numbers and continuous line numbers.

Text
The first text page should contain: 1. Title; 2. Author’s names with initials; 3. Full postal address(es); 4. Four to six keywords for indexing purposes; 5. Name, address, fax number and electronic mail address of corresponding author, to whom proofs will be sent; 6. Running title of no more than 45 characters, including spaces.

Please see the guidelines for specific article types for further layout information.

To learn about options for help with English language editing and manuscript formatting, please visit Wiley Editing Services.

Tables and Figures
Tables and figures should appear after the main text. Captions should appear above their respective table or figure. Footnotes for tables should be given below the table. Colour images are welcome, but authors are charged for colour production in print (see Final MS Preparation). In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may be truncated in abbreviated links to the full screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of key aspects of the figure.

Preparation of Figures
Almost all figures submitted to Molecular Ecology Resources should be vector graphics—these are clear at all magnifications and look good both in print and online. Graphs should always be saved directly as .eps or .pdf files from a professional graphics program (e.g., R) and never as .jpg, .tif or any other pixel-based format. Maps should be made using vector graphics in e.g., Adobe Illustrator or R. The output of scientific software programs should also be saved directly as vector graphics whenever possible. Photographic images can be in a pixel-based format, but please ensure that these are saved as .tif files with at least 300 dpi, or (failing that) a .jpg with no compression. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in your paper having blurred, illegible or otherwise low-quality figures. Further details are also available at http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

Please also ensure that figures are prepared such that, after reduction to fit across one column, two-thirds page width, or two columns (80 mm, 112 mm, or 169 mm, respectively) as required. All lettering and symbols should be clear and easy to read, i.e., axes labels should not be too large or too small.

Figures published in Molecular Ecology Resources will appear in colour in the online version of the article, at no cost to authors. It is journal policy that authors pay the full cost for any print reproduction of colour artwork. This cost is £150 for the first colour figure and £50 per additional figure (see Final MS Preparation). In the ‘Colour Online Only’ option, figures have the colour saturation of the original version reduced to zero for print. As a result, we recommend authors consider paying for colour printing if their figures and captions do not convey the same information in greyscale as they do in colour. More information on making figures that are legible in colour online and greyscale in print can be found at http://www.molecularecologist.com/figure-guidelines/

To learn about options for help with figure preparation, please see Wiley Editing Services.

The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining written permission to reproduce material ‘in print and other media’ from the publisher of the original source, and for supplying Wiley with that permission.

Acknowledgements
These should briefly give credit to other people who have made a contribution to the study. Please ensure that all relevant grant numbers are listed.

References
Please see a recent issue of the journal for reference formatting.

Data Accessibility
To enable readers to locate archived data from Molecular Ecology Resources papers, we require that authors include a ‘Data Accessibility’ section after the references. This section is a type of index; it does not contain any data itself, but tells the reader what data are available and where to access them. A Data Accessibility section must be present in your manuscript at initial submission, and should list where each dataset will be archived. There is no need to include accession numbers or DOI’s at initial submission, but manuscripts lacking a Data Accessibility section will not be passed through to an editor. Please note that reviewers will be asked to comment on the completeness of this section.

Given the wide range of data types in the journal, we give an example for each of our Subject Areas below. More details can be found at http://www.molecularecologist.com/data-archiving-in-mer/.

Molecular and Statistical Advances:
a) Lab or field based methods:
“Data Accessibility:
DNA sequences: Genbank accessions F234391-F234402; NCBI SRA: SRX0110215
R scripts: online Supporting Information
DNA concentrations and RT-qPCR profiles: DRYAD entry doi:10.5521/dryad.12311”

b) Statistical methods:
“Data Accessibility:
Example dataset and simulated data: DRYAD entry doi:10.5521/dryad.12311
Analysis and simulation code on github (http://github.com/jjenks/simpub) [Dryad would also be OK if the CC0 license is appropriate.]”

Permanent Genetic Resources
a) Large scale sequencing projects:
“Data Accessibility:
DNA sequences: Genbank accessions F234391-F234402; NCBI SRA: SRX0110215
Sequence assembly, .vcf files and SNP data: DRYAD entry doi:10.5521/dryad.12311
R scripts and code used in the assembly: online Supporting Information”

b) DNA barcoding papers:
“Data Accessibility:
DNA sequences: Genbank accessions F234391-F234402
Final DNA sequence assembly: online Supporting Information
Phylogenetic data: TreeBASE Study accession no. S9345
BOLD project DTST, accessions BCBF022- BCBF083”

Computer Programs:
“Data Accessibility:
The program, user manual and example dataset are available on CRAN (http://cran.r-project.org/spookduckular)”

[NB an example dataset must be publicly available.]

If you have any questions about the formatting or content of this section please contact the Managing Editors.

Author Contributions
Authors should include a brief Author Contributions statement at the end of the paper in which they describe their specific contributions to the published work. Contributions could include, for example, designed research, performed research, contributed new reagents or analytical tools, analyzed data, wrote the paper, etc. An author may have multiple contributions, and multiple authors may have contributed to the same component of the study.
NB The mandatory Author Contributions section replaces the optional Author Information Box.

Supporting Information
Supporting Information gives authors the opportunity to present data in different formats than traditional print media. Papers in all categories may, where appropriate, present Supporting Information for online publication. Please note that Supporting Information should be uploaded in a separate file and given the file designation ‘Supporting Information for online publication’. For more information on preparing Supporting Information, please see: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/.

Cover Images
Molecular Ecology Resources uses images associated with published papers as covers for the journal. Authors are invited to submit candidate images, either with their manuscript or separately, for consideration. Image resolution should be no greater than 600 d.p.i. We prefer images in landscape format, as this fills the space on the journal cover most effectively. Images should seek to be aesthetically pleasing and, wherever possible, to present a message related to the specific topic of the paper or the general coverage of the journal. It is important that authors submit a suitable brief caption to the image, together with a photo-credit where appropriate. Electronic submissions are preferred but images submitted as prints or transparencies will be returned to authors, if requested. A cover image copyright release form must be signed before your cover image is published. Please contact the Editorial Office for details.

Related Manuscripts
Reviewers and Editors often ask to see unpublished manuscripts (i.e. 'in press', 'in review' or 'submitted') that appear to be related to the submitted paper. As obtaining these during the review process adds unnecessary delays, we request that these related manuscripts are uploaded as 'supplemental files for review only' at the submission stage.


Notes for Accepted Manuscripts
The following items must be completed before your submission can be published.

1. License Agreement:
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

2. A Colour Work Agreement for manuscripts where one or more figures are intended to appear in colour in print. When you receive an email saying that the final files of your manuscript are approved, please promptly post or courier the completed hard copy* of the Colour Work Agreement Form (including payment information) to this mailing address:

Customer Services (OPI)
John Wiley & Sons Ltd
European Distribution Centre
New Era Estate, Oldlands Way
Bognor Regis
West Sussex
PO22 9NQ

Manuscripts where all colour figures will appear in greyscale in print do not require a Colour Work Agreement form.

*Because of changes to UK law, credit card information must be transmitted and stored physically, rather than virtually. This means the publisher cannot accept photocopied, scanned, or otherwise electronic versions of the Colour Work form. Colour Work forms are not processed or collected by the Editorial Office.


Publishing Information

Wiley Blackwell Author Services
Wiley Blackwell Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/ for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Accepted Articles
Molecular Ecology Resources now offers Accepted Articles for all papers as soon they are received by the Production Office. Accepted Articles is a service whereby peer-reviewed articles are published online as soon as they are accepted, before they have been through the copy-editing and proof correction process. This service ensures the earliest possible circulation of research papers after acceptance.

Accepted Articles appear in PDF-only format, without the accompanying full-text HTML. They are fully citable using the DOI number (see Early View below for details). They are not considered to be final; changes may be made to an article after Accepted Article online publication, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Wiley Blackwell cannot be held responsible for errors or consequences arising from the use of information contained in Accepted Articles; nor do the views and opinions expressed necessarily reflect those of Wiley Blackwell.

Proofs
Authors will be sent an e-mail alerting them that PDF proofs are available to download from our secure designated author website. Therefore, the corresponding author should supply their email address when they submit their manuscript. Corrections must be returned to the Production Editor within 3 days of receipt by e-mail, ensuring that journal title, paper reference number and corresponding authors name are given in the body of the message.

Authors should note that proof corrections should be marked as clearly as possible, and should be kept to a minimum. If the editors consider that significant changes have been introduced at the proof stage, the right is reserved either to levy the costs to authors, or to request resubmission of the manuscript. The corresponding author will be sent a form with their proofs to enable copies of offprints to be ordered.

Early View
Molecular Ecology Resources is covered by Wiley Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they have completed the copy-editing and proof correction process, rather than having to wait for the print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at: http://www.doi.org/faq.html.

NIH-funded authors and Molecular Ecology Resources
From April 2008, the NIH mandates grant-holders to deposit their published papers in PubMed Central within 12 months of publication. Molecular Ecology Resources complies with the NIH mandate in allowing authors to post the accepted version of their article, i.e., the version incorporating any amendments made during peer review, 12 months after publication (please see the ‘Accepted version’ section on page 1 of the copyright transfer). In doing so authors will be meeting the terms of their grant (http://publicaccess.nih.gov/FAQ.htm#general).
As an alternative, NIH-funded authors may use the Online Open service (http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen.asp). This service grants free and immediate availability of the article on publication, and deposition of the final pdf version with PubMed Central.

Offprints
Free access to the final PDF offprint will be available via Author Services only. Please sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits this service offers.

Paper offprints of the final published article may be purchased if ordered via the method stipulated on the instructions that will accompany the proofs. Printed offprints are posted to the correspondence address given for the paper unless a different address is specified when ordered. Note that it is not uncommon for printed offprints to take up to eight weeks to arrive after publication of the journal. For order enquiries please email: offprint@cosprinters.com.

Referrals to the Open Access Journal Ecology and Evolution

Molecular Ecology Resources works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Ecology and Evolution, to enable rapid publication of quality research that we are unable to accept. Authors of declined manuscripts will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Ecology and Evolution. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. Once the referral is made, the manuscript will be held in a secure Wiley FTP site that is not accessed until authors request to transfer their manuscript. The Editor of Ecology and Evolution will accept submissions reporting well-conducted research that reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Accepted papers can be published rapidly, typically within 15 days of acceptance. Ecology and Evolution is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please click here or contact the Editorial Office at ecoevo@wiley.com at any time with any questions.

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