Journal of Renal Care

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 2

Edited By: Nicola Thomas

Online ISSN: 1755-6686

Author Guidelines


The Journal of Renal Care (JORC), formally the EDTNA/ERCA Journal, is the official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Nursing Association – European Renal Care Association (EDTNA/ERCA). It publishes a broad range of peer-reviewed clinical, research and educational papers for health care professionals working in kidney care. The JORC seeks to provide content that is relevant to, and reflective of, the growing diversity of the renal care community. Criteria for publication include: originality, relevance, reader appeal and controversy. We welcome articles that promote improvement in clinical practice and research, also letters to the Editor, case studies, case reports, clinical practice papers and special reports on professional, educational, economic, ethical and medical-legal issues.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Renal Care. Authors are encouraged to visit Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


The Journal of Renal Care adheres to the below ethical guidelines for publication and research.

Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and informational authors should state their contribution on the title page on submission.

A suggested format for statement of authorship is
xx (initials of contributor): Principal Project Leader, conceived study, participated in design and coordination, read and approved the final manuscript.
xx: Participated in design and coordination, undertook interviews, helped to draft manuscript, read and approved the final manuscript.
xx: Analysed the data, helped to draft manuscript and approved the final manuscript.

Journal of Renal Care adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.

Ethical Approvals: Where a submission reports on the collection of research data involving human subjects, it must be accompanied by an explicit statement in the Materials and Methods section identifying how informed consent was obtained and a declaration that, where appropriate, the study has been approved by the appropriate Research Ethics Committee (UK) or Human Subjects Review board (US and elsewhere). Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest when submitting a paper. These can include financial conflicts of interest e.g. patent ownership, stock ownership, employment by dialysis/pharmaceutical companies, consultancies or speaker's fees from pharmaceutical companies related to the research/topic area. Authors should note that referees are asked to advise the Editor of any conflict of interest capable of influencing the author's judgment.

All conflicts of interest (or information specifying the absence of conflict of interest) should be included on the title page under ‘Conflicts of Interest’. This information will be included in the published article. If the author does not have any conflict of interest the following statement should be included: “No conflict of interest has been declared by the author(s).”

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the Acknowledgements section of the published article.

Copyright Assignment: If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license:

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

Online Open

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley InterScience, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.


All manuscripts should be submitted online in ENGLISH at All parts of the manuscript must be available in an electronic format. Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone (+1 434 817 2040 ext. 167), e-mail ( If you cannot submit online or have a general query, please contact the Editor, Nicola Thomas by e-mail:

Please ensure that manuscripts are completely anonymous, by removing author details and acknowledgments from the text. Author details are requested separately during submission. Word limit is approximately 3000 words; some papers such as literature reviews of those with qualitative methodology have an extended word limit. Please send your paper in Word format, font 12pt Arial/New Roman.

You also have the option to publish the abstract of your paper in your local language, in order to make your paper more accessible to readers in your own country. If you wish to do this please upload a Word copy of your abstract and select the file designation 'Abstract in local language’.

All manuscripts submitted to Journal of Renal Care should include the following:

  • Title: Please include a short descriptive title of no more than 12 words. There must be no abbreviations in the title.
  • Abstract: Each paper requires an abstract of up to 250 words outlining the content of the paper. The following recommended headings for the Abstract are: Background, Objectives, Design, Participants (or Patients or Subjects), Measurements, Results, and Conclusions. Reports of qualitative research may substitute "Approach" for "Measurements." A short paragraph on ‘Application to Practice’ should be included after the Conclusion if not discussed elsewhere in the paper.
  • Keywords List: Provide 3-5 in alphabetical order from a recognised source such as Index Medicus that recognises the content of the manuscript.

The suggested format for the Paper is as follows, although it is recognised that these recommendations may not suit some qualitative methodologies.

Content: Wherever appropriate, the conventional structure should be used for clarity and easy reading, i.e. introduction, material and methods, results, discussion and conclusion. There should also be a short section describing implications for clinical practice. The manuscript should develop logically with additional subdivisions introduced using minor subheadings. The discussion should be comprehensive and cover the results and be supported by other work. Please specify the manufacturer and manufacturer’s address for all products mentioned. Any abbreviations should be spelled out in the first instance.

Research papers: Please include a statement of the problem being studied followed by a review of the literature, methods, results, discussion and conclusions with implications for practice. Please include statistical methods and analysis if appropriate. Reports of randomized, controlled trials should follow the recommendations of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. See for the current CONSORT guidelines and checklist.

Clinical cases: Studies should include a patient profile with a history of the disease and clinical problems. A discussion of clinical management should describe the flow of events followed by a summary that includes the outcome.

Case reports: These reports should be no longer 1000 words and should adhere to the CARE Guidelines on Case Reports where possible. Further information can be found at The aspect of care under discussion must be well described and supported by other works with a rationale for reporting this particular case. Patient confidentiality must be maintained. Any identifying information must not be published, and any specific details or description that may compromise patient anonymity, should be omitted. The patient’s consent should be obtained when possible.

Referencing: References should be in the modified Harvard style. In the text the authors' names should be cited followed by the date of publication, e.g. Smith (1993). If two or more works have the same originator and year, they are distinguished by lower-case letters given after the year. Where there are three or more authors, the first author's name followed by et al. should be written in the text, e.g. Williams et al. (1993). The reference list should be prepared on a separate sheet, listed in alphabetical order. The references should list the first three authors' surnames and initials, date of publication, title of article, name of journal or book, volume number or edition, editors, publisher and place of publication. In the case of an article, page numbers must be included. Page numbers from books need only be included when referencing direct quotes or paraphrases.

Example of reference list:

  • Lewis T. & Hall J. (1992). Rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria. In Principles of Critical Care, (eds Hall J., Schmidt G. & Wood L.), Volume 2. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Miles-Foxen E.H. (1980). Diseases of the ear, nose and throat. In General Surgery for Nurses (eds Ellis H. & Wastell C.), 2nd edn, pp. 442-481. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
  • Muller D., Harns P. & Watley L. (1986). Nursing Children: Psychology Research and Practice. London: Harper Row.
  • National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2008) Early identification and management of chronic kidney disease in adults in primary and secondary care. NICE clinical guideline 73. Last accessed 01.12.11
  • Williams N. (2001). Patient resuscitation following major thermal trauma. Nursing in Critical Care 6, 115-121.

Illustrations: Figures, pictures, histograms, x-rays etc. should be in black and white glossy photographs or sent electronically. Please save vector graphics (e.g. line artwork) in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS) and bitmap files (e.g. halftones) or clinical or in vitro pictures in Tagged Image Format (TIFF). Further information can be obtained at the Journal website and at Wiley Blackwell’s guidelines for illustrations:

Each figure should have a legend (title) and all legends should be numbered consecutively. If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. For publication of photographs containing children, written permission must be obtained from parents. Adults should give their own permission. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.

It is the policy of Journal of Renal Care for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley-Blackwell require you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement Form before your paper can be published. Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. The Colour Work Agreement form can be downloaded from:JORC_SN_Sub2000_X_cow.pdf. Any article received with colour work will not be published until a completed form has been mailed to: Ryan Cheong, Production Editor, Journal Content Management, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Services Singapore Pte Ltd, 1 Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01 Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628.

Tables and equations: Graphs and tables must be supplied electronically. The use of graphs rather than tables is recommended where possible. Each graph or table should have a brief, concise title. Column headings within tables should also be brief. Indicate units clearly. Equations should be supplied electronically. All symbols should be clearly identified either in the text or in a special paragraph. Tables should be numbered consecutively. The International System of Units (SI units) must be used (eg. mmol/L).

Biodata and photograph: The Journal of Renal Care, as part of its Journal style, includes the corresponding author’s Biodata and photograph on the first page of articles published by the journal (article categories that are exempt from this are ‘Continuing Education’ papers, Book reviews, and Letters to the Editor). As such, the corresponding author is required to include the Biodata and a at article submission stage. The Biodata is a short biographical account of the Corresponding author, listing a present professional affiliation, primary discipline/focus of their research, and other non-research-related professional pursuits. The photograph should be a passport sized digital copy preferably, or at least a scanned photograph.

All manuscripts are subject to blind peer review by at least two reviewers who have expertise in the topic area. Authors will be asked to nominate one reviewer at the time of submission. Authors are requested to ask the potential reviewer for their permission prior to nominating them. Once reviewed (usually within one month from submission) the author will receive notification of acceptance, required minor or major revision or rejection. All authors will receive constructive detailed feedback on their paper.

The Journal of Renal Care employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be edited by the Journal editor in terms of language and sense but not in terms of the content of the paper, such as methods or results. The edited paper will then be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

Proofs:The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to download their proof as a PDF (portable document format). Corrections must be returned to the Production Editor within 3 days of receipt. At this stage the author should only make corrections to typos and small errors and should not revert back to their original text if the Editor has made changes. The author Contact details will be sent at time of proof checking.

Early View Publication Prior to Print: Journal of Renal Care is covered by Wiley Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so they articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

Offprints: A PDF offprint of the online published article will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author, and may be distributed subject to the Publisher's terms and conditions. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online.

Appeals: Authors may request the Editor to reconsider a rejection decision. These requests are considered appeals, but these must take second place to the normal workload. In practice, this means that decisions on appeals often take several weeks.

Following an appeal, the Editor will send the author's response and the original/revised manuscript to one or more of the original referees, or the Editor may ask one referee to comment on the concerns raised by another referee. On occasion, particularly if the Editor feel that additional technical expertise is needed to make a decision, the Editor may obtain advice from an additional referee.

Decisions are reversed on appeal only if the Editor is convinced that the original decision was a serious mistake, not merely a borderline call that could have gone either way. Further consideration may be merited if a referee made substantial errors of fact or showed evidence of bias, but only if a reversal of that referee's opinion would have changed the original decision. Similarly, disputes on factual issues need not be resolved unless they were critical to the outcome. All feedback to the Editor concerning the appeal will be forwarded to the author.