LUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

Cover image for Vol. 8 Issue 2

Edited By: Professor Osamu Yamaguchi

Impact Factor: 0.304

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 76/78 (Urology & Nephrology)

Online ISSN: 1757-5672

Author Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in LUTS. Please consult the following instructions to help you prepare your manuscript, and feel free to contact us with any questions. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review. We are looking forward to your submission.

1. Aims and Scope
2. Review Process
3. Manuscript Categories
4. Disclosure
5. Ethical Considerations
6. Clinical Trial Registry
7. Randomized Controlled Trials
8. Copyright, Licensing and Online Open
9. Style of Manuscripts
10. Structure of Manuscripts
11. Supporting Information
12. Submission of Manuscripts
13. Proofs
14. Offprints
15. Publication Fees
16. Tracking Manuscripts
17. OnlineOpen
18. Early View
19. LUTS Online
20. Editorial Office address

LUTS is designed for the timely communication of peer-reviewed studies which will provide new clinical and basic science information to physicians and researchers in the field of neurourology, urodynamics and urogynecology. Contributions are reviewed and selected by a group of distinguished referees from around the world, some of whom constitute the journal's Editorial Board. The journal covers both basic and clinical research on lower urinary tract dysfunctions (LUTD), such as overactive bladder (OAB), detrusor underactivity, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse (POP), painful bladder syndrome (PBS), as well as on other relevant conditions.  Case reports are published only if they provide new findings.

LUTS is an official journal of the Japanese Continence Society, the Korean Continence Society, and the Taiwanese Continence Society. Submission of papers from all countries are considered for publication. 

Frequency: Three issues per year in 2012.

Abstracting & Indexing services: This journal is indexed by Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) and SCOPUS.

Manuscripts are assigned sequentially to Associate Editors. An Associate Editor solicits reviewers (typically, two external reviews are sought). The reviewers' evaluations and Associate Editor's comments are compiled by the Editor-in-Chief for disposition and transmittal to the authors. A decision is made usually within six weeks of the receipt of the manuscript.

The Editor-in-Chief will advise authors whether a manuscript is accepted, should be revised or is rejected. Minor revisions are expected to be returned within four weeks of decision; major revisions within three months. Manuscripts not revised within these time periods are subject to withdrawal from consideration for publication unless the authors can provide extenuating circumstances.

A number of manuscripts will have to be rejected on the grounds of priority and available space. A manuscript may be returned to the authors without outside review if the Editor-in-Chief and Associate Editor find it inappropriate for publication in the Journal. Similarly, the Editors may expedite the review process for manuscripts felt to be of high priority in order to reach a rapid decision. Such 'fast-track decisions' will normally occur within one week of receipt of the manuscript.

Authors may provide the Editor-in-Chief with the names, addresses and email addresses of up to three suitably qualified individuals of international standing who would be competent to referee the work, although the Editor-in-Chief will not be bound by any such nomination. Likewise, authors may advise of any individual who for any reason, such as potential conflict of interest, might be inappropriate to act as a referee, again without binding the Editor-in-Chief.

The Editor-in-Chief's decision is final. If, however, authors dispute a decision and can document good reasons why a manuscript should be reconsidered, a rebuttal process exists. In the first place, authors should write to the Editor-in-Chief.

All journals Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify manuscripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

(1) Original Articles
Word limit: 4,000 words maximum including abstract but excluding references, tables and figures.
Abstract: 250 words maximum, structured (sub-headers): Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusions.
References: no limit.
Figures/ tables: no limit, but 8 figures should be sufficient.
Description: Full-length reports of current research in either basic or clinical science.

(2) Case Reports
Word limit: 1,500 words maximum including abstract but excluding references, tables and figures.
Abstract: 250 words maximum, structured (sub-headers): Case, Outcome, Conclusion.
References: 20 maximum.
Figures/ tables: 4 maximum.
Description: New observations of diseases, clinical findings or novel/unique treatment outcomes relevant to practitioners in the field. The text must be arranged as follows: Abstract; Introduction; Case Report; Discussion.

(3) Surgical Techniques, Ultrasound Diagnosis, and Videourodynamics
Word limit: 300 words maximum.
Format: Video
Time limit: Five minutes maximum.
Description: Video introducing unique surgical techniques, ultrasound diagnosis, or videourodynamic to the readers for educational purpose. They will be reviewed by the Editorial Board prior to acceptance. They should be accompanied by a brief one-paragraph description of relevant clinical information.

(4) Letters to the Editor
Word limit: 500 words maximum.
Abstract: not required for this manuscript type.
References: 5 maximum.
Figures/ tables: 1 maximum.
Description: Letters may be submitted to the Editor on any topic of discussion; clinical observations as well as letters commenting on papers published in recent issues. Letters to the Editor are not subjected to peer-review. Submissions may be edited for length, grammatical correctness, and journal style. Authors will be asked to approve editorial changes that alter the substance or tone of a letter or response. Letters that offer perspective on content already published in LUTS can use an arbitrary title, but a Response from authors must cite the title of the first Letter: e.g. Response to [title of Letter]. This ensures that readers can track the line of discussion.

(5) Commentaries [only by invitation of Editors]
Word limit: 1,500 words maximum including abstract but excluding references.
Title: 20 words maximum.
Abstract: 45 words maximum, unstructured (no headers)
References: 10 maximum, including the article discussed.
Figures/tables: 2 maximum.
Description: Commentaries discuss a paper published in a specific issue and should set the problems addressed by the paper in the wider con-text of the field.

(6) Review Articles [only by invitation of Editors]
Word limit: 5,000 words maximum including abstract but excluding references, tables and figures.
Abstract: 250 words maximum, unstructured (no headers).
References: no maximum.
Figures/tables: minimum 1 image or figure.
Description: Reviews are authoritative analyses of specific topics. Their references should cover the existing literature and include recent studies. They are submitted upon invitation by the Editor. Proposals for reviews may be submitted; however, in this case authors should only send an outline of the proposed paper for initial consideration. Both solicited and unsolicited review articles will undergo peer review prior to acceptance.

(7) Editorials [only by invitation of Editors]
Word Limit: 1,500 words maximum.
Abstract: no abstract required for this manuscript type.
References: 5 maximum.
Description: Proposals for Editorials may be submitted; however, in this case authors should only send an outline of the proposed paper for initial consideration.

At the time of submission, the submitting author must include a disclosure statement in the body of the manuscript. The statement will describe all of the authors' relationships with companies that may have a financial interest in the information contained in the manuscript. This information should be provided under the heading titled 'Disclosure,' which should appear after the 'Acknowledgements' section and before the 'References' section. The absence of any interest to disclose must also be stated as “The authors declare no conflict of interest.”

Authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), available at: The journal retains the right to reject any manuscript on the basis of unethical conduct of either human or animal studies. All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized (or an eye bar should be used).
In general, submission of a case report should be accompanied by the written consent of the subject (or parent/guardian) before publication; this is particularly important where photographs are to be used or in cases where the unique nature of the incident reported makes it possible for the patient to be identified. While the Editorial Board recognizes that it might not always be possible or appropriate to seek such consent, the onus will be on the authors to demonstrate that this exception applies in their case.

Any experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and where relevant conform to national guidelines for animal usage in research.

We strongly recommend, as a condition of consideration for publication, registration in a public trials registry. Trials register at or before the onset of patient enrollment. This policy applies to any clinical trial starting enrollment after January 1, 2006. For trials that began enrollment before this date, we request registration by April 1, 2006, before considering the trial for publication. We define a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or comparison groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Studies designed for other purposes, such as to study pharmacokinetics or major toxicity (e.g., phase 1 trials) are exempt. We do not advocate one particular registry, but registration are with a registry that meets the following minimum criteria: (1) accessible to the public at no charge; (2) searchable by standard, electronic (Internet-based) methods; (3) open to all prospective registrants free of charge or at minimal cost; (4) validates registered information; (5) identifies trials with a unique number; and (6) includes information on the investigator(s), research question or hypothesis, methodology, intervention and comparisons, eligibility criteria, primary and secondary outcomes measured, date of registration, anticipated or actual start date, anticipated or actual date of last follow-up, target number of subjects, status (anticipated, ongoing or closed) and funding source(s). Registries that currently meet these criteria include: (1) the registry sponsored by the United States National Library of Medicine (; (2) the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry (; (3) the Australian Clinical Trials Registry (; (4) the Chinese Clinical Trials Register (; and  (5) the Clinical Trials Registry - India (; (6) University hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) (; (7) the Clinical Study Results Database (

Reporting of randomized controlled trials should follow the guidelines of The CONSORT Statement:

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses
Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND).

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

Manuscripts must follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' revised 'Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication', as presented at:

Spelling The Journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary.
Units All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. For more information about SI units, please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at:

Abbreviations must be used sparingly - only where they ease the reader's task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Trade names Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

The length of manuscripts must adhere to the specifications under the section Manuscript Categories.
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgments, (v) references, (vi) supplementary material, (vii) figure legends, (viii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (ix) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper. Concise titles are easier to read than long, convoluted ones. Titles that are too short may, however, lack important information, such as study design (which is particularly important in identifying randomized controlled trials). Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific. (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote. In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author's contribution to the paper is to be quantified. The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words so that readers and in particular online users will discover the article easily in online search. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.

Abstract and keywords
The length of abstracts must adhere to the word count specifications under the section Manuscript Categories. The abstract should state the main problem, methods, results, and conclusions. Abstracts may have subheadings, depending on the manuscript category. Please see Manuscript Categories Section. It must be factual and comprehensive. The use of abbreviations and acronyms should be limited and general statements (e.g. ''the significance of the results is discussed'') should be avoided.

Three to five key words should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at:

Authors must use the following subheadings to divide the sections of their Original Article manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgment, Disclosure, References, and when relevant, Supplementary Material.

This should include sources of support, including federal and industry support. All authors who have contributed to the manuscript must be acknowledged. Medical writers, proofreaders and editors should not be listed as authors, but acknowledged at the beginning or end of the text.

At the time of submission, each author must disclose and describe any involvement, financial or otherwise, that might potentially bias his or her work. Disclosure must be provided under the heading titled "Disclosure" which should appear after the "Acknowledgments" section and before the "References" section. The absence of any interest to disclose must also be stated.

The Vancouver system of referencing should be used (examples are given below). In the text, references should be cited using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. A Smith, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.
We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Journal article
1. Gibas Z, Prout DF Jr, Pontes JR. Chromosome changes in germ cell tumours of the testis. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1986; 19: 254-52.

Journal articles published ahead of issue (print or online)
2. Benz PJ, Soll J, Bölter B. Protein transport in organelles: The composition, function and regulation of the Tic complex in chloroplast protein import. FEBS Journal 2009. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.06874.x

3. Ernstoff M. Urologic Cancer. Boston: Blackwell Science, 1997.

Chapter in a Book
4. Gilchrist RK. Further commentary: Continent stroma. In: King LR, Stone AR, Webster GD (eds). Bladder Reconstruction and Continent Urinary Diversion. Chicago: Year Book Medical, 1987; 204-5.

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive - the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. If tables have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration. If figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.
Size Figures should be sized to fit within the column (82 mm), intermediate (118 mm) or the full text width (173 mm).
Resolution Figures must be supplied as high resolution saved as .eps or .tif. Halftone figures 300 dpi (dots per inch), Color figures 300 dpi saved as CMYK, figures containing text 400 dpi, Line figures 1,000 dpi.
Color figures Files should be set up as CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) and not as RGB (red, green, blue) so that colors as they appear on screen will be a closer representation of how they will print in the Journal.
Line figures Must be sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package.
Text sizing in figures Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text or 8 point (Should be readable after reduction - avoid large type or thick lines). Line width between 0.5 and 1 point.
Figure legends Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive - the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.
More help on preparation of illustrations can be found at:

Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

Manuscripts should be submitted online at Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. Two files should be supplied: the covering letter and the manuscript (in MS Word-compatible format or rich text format (.rtf)) - (not as a PDF). The covering letter should be uploaded as a file not for review in keeping with the double-blind review process.

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.
• Submissions must be double-spaced.
• All margins should be at least 30 mm.
• All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.
• Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off; include only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for Greek beta
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells).
Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution files cannot be used for publication.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. This must be stated in the covering letter.
The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgment that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript. In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author's contribution to the paper is to be quantified.

It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production. Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated, otherwise, it may be signed off by the Editor or held over to the next issue. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Minimum orders of 50 additional offprints will be provided upon request, at the author's expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email to

There is no submission or page charges to an author. 

Color figures are not charged for online publication. For print publication, a charge of A$1100/US$530/¥64,000 for the first three color figures and A$550/US$265/¥32,000 for each extra color figure thereafter will be charged to the author. (Prices in A$ include GST.) The Editorial Office will decide if color printing is warranted, and if so a fee will be charged to the author. Authors of solicited articles are not required to pay page charges, nor are they required to pay for the publication of up to three color figures in print. When a solicited article contains four or more color figures, the first three figures are published free of charge in print and the authors are required to pay US$350/40 000 for each color figure thereafter in print. In the event that an author is not able to cover the costs of reproducing color figures in color in the printed version of the journal, LUTS offers authors the opportunity to reproduce color figures in color for free in the online version of the article (but they will still appear in black and white in the print version). If an author wishes to take advantage of this free color-on-the-web service, they should liaise with the Editorial Office to ensure that the appropriate documentation is completed for the Publisher.

Author Services enables authors to track their article, once it has been accepted, through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated ails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress. For more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources, including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more, visit:

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms is covered by Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

LUTS Editorial office
155 Cremorne Street
Richmond VIC 3121 Australia
Tel: 03 3830 1237 (Residents in Japan), +61 3 9274 3130 (Residents outside of Japan)
Fax: +61 3 9274 3390