Orthopaedic Surgery

Cover image for Vol. 6 Issue 1

Edited By: Gui-Xing Qiu, Beijing, China

Online ISSN: 1757-7861

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  • Schematic outlines of (A, B) lateral and medial layered structures of the knee and (C) thee general principles for ligamentous repair

    Schematic outlines of (A, B) lateral and medial layered structures of the knee and (C) thee general principles for ligamentous repair

    Schematic outlines of (A, B) lateral and medial layered structures of the knee and (C) thee general principles for ligamentous repair. ①, patellar tendon; ②, iliotibial tract; ③, popliteal tendon; ④, LCL; ⑤, biceps femoris tendon; ⑥, ACL; ⑦, superficial MCL; ⑧, deep MCL; ⑨, pes anserinus.

  • ALIF implant

    ALIF implant

    (A) ALIF interbody device with integral fixation. (B) ALIF implant with anterior plate fixation. (C) ALIF implant with posterior instrumentation.

  • The process of the rotational acetabular osteotomy

    The process of the rotational acetabular osteotomy

    (a) Rotational acetabular osteotomy was performed by a curved osteotome. (b) The acetabular bone block was displaced laterally and anteriorly by rotation and fixed with long cortical screws.

  • Schematic diagram of operating procedure

    Schematic diagram of operating procedure

    (A) A longitudinal dissection was made following the medial border of the patella to dissect the vastus medialis and medial retinaculum, and then a transverse dissection was made along the junction of the vastus medialis and medial retinaculum to the medial femoral condyle with the aim of dividing both of them. (B) The vastus medialis and medial retinaculum were divided. (C) The medial retinaculum was pulled proximally and laterally to near the upper pole of the patella with fixation. (D) The vastus medialis was pulled distally and laterally to near the middle line of the patella with fixation, then the two overlapping tissues were sutured together.

  • The branches of the popliteal vessel are ligated, the cruciate ligaments severed and the tumor bone completely removed according to the preoperative MRI

    The branches of the popliteal vessel are ligated, the cruciate ligaments severed and the tumor bone completely removed according to the preoperative MRI

    The branches of the popliteal vessel are ligated, the cruciate ligaments severed and the tumor bone completely removed according to the preoperative MRI.

  • Schematic diagram of intra-operative microwave thermotherapy of a tumor in the scapula

    Schematic diagram of intra‐operative microwave thermotherapy of a tumor in the scapula

    Schematic diagram of intra-operative microwave thermotherapy of a tumor in the scapula.

  • The ipsilateral side of the tear was threaded

    The ipsilateral side of the tear was threaded

    The ipsilateral side of the tear was threaded.

  • MLST screw

    MLST screw

    Model showing the axial trajectory for the MLST screw (arrow). The screw follows a medial to lateral path, thus avoiding lateral dissection of the paraspinal musculature.

  • Three-dimensional model of L4–5

    Three‐dimensional model of L4–5

    (a) Three-dimensional model of L4–5 and its adjacent structures such as skeletal, articular, muscular, vascular and nervous tissue. 1, abdominal aorta; 2, vertebral body of L4; 3, superior articular process of L4; 4, inferior articular process of L4; 5, spinous process of L4; 6, transverse process; 7, spinal cord; 8, nerve root; 9, intervertebral disc of L4–5; 10, vertebral body of L5; 11, endoscope.(b) Endoscopic view of simulated virtual endoscopic spinal surgery via a transforaminal approach, showing the endoscope (black cylinder) as inserted through the safe triangle zone, allowing the spine surgeon to remove a herniated nucleus pulposus via virtual endoscopy.

  • MIS pedicle screw fixation

    MIS pedicle screw fixation

    Diagrams showing rationale for MIS pedicle screw fixation: minimization of muscle trauma with a percutaneous pedicle screw insertion technique (A) Normal anatomy of the lumbar vertebra. (B) Traditional fusion. (C) Minimally invasive fusion.

  • Workflow with 50/50 technique

    Workflow with 50/50 technique

    Workflow with 50/50 technique: Midline incision and PLIF are performed and a pedicle screw inserted into the caudal pedicle. Insertion of a percutaneous screw into the cranial pedicle avoids damage to the cranial/mobile facet joint.

  • Schematic outlines of (A, B) lateral and medial layered structures of the knee and (C) thee general principles for ligamentous repair
  • ALIF implant
  • The process of the rotational acetabular osteotomy
  • Schematic diagram of operating procedure
  • The branches of the popliteal vessel are ligated, the cruciate ligaments severed and the tumor bone completely removed according to the preoperative MRI
  • Schematic diagram of intra‐operative microwave thermotherapy of a tumor in the scapula
  • The ipsilateral side of the tear was threaded
  • MLST screw
  • Three‐dimensional model of L4–5
  • MIS pedicle screw fixation
  • Workflow with 50/50 technique

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