Economic Papers: A journal of applied economics and policy

Cover image for Vol. 35 Issue 2

Edited By: David Prentice

Online ISSN: 1759-3441

Associated Title(s): Economic Record

Author Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in Economic Papers.

Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that

  • The content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.
  • All listed co-authors made a significant contribution and are in agreement with the contents.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

We look forward to your submission.


Economic Papers provides a forum for the presentation of research and debate in applied economics and economic policy analysis. Contributions are intended to be written in plain English and to be accessible and of interest to a broad range of economists working in business, government and in academic communities. Contributions in the form of articles, reviews, short notes or letters to the editor are sought from economists working in these areas. All contributions are refereed.


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.


Economic Papers is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

Plagiarism Detection Economic Papers employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Conflict of Interest Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. This declaration can be made during the submission process. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader.


Manuscripts are published in four categories: (i) Original Article; (ii) Review; (iii) Letter to the Editor; (iv) Short Note.

The length of an Original Article (including references, tables and appendices) should not exceed 7,000 words, including references, tables, figures and appendices. Abstracts should be 100 words maximum and unstructured (no sub-headers).

Review papers should normally be between 10,000 and 15,000 words, depending on the extensiveness of the literature covered.

Letters to the editors and short notes are also invited, in which readers present in concise form (up to 1,000 words) comments on papers or addresses that have recently been published in Economic Papers, or on economic issues of current importance and relevance. As letters and short notes are peer-reviewed they are best suited for comments, incremental points that build on a well-established literature or extremely specific self-contained arguments. Anything beyond this is best developed as an Original Article.


Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.


• Spelling. The journal uses Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.
• Abbreviations. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.
• Non-English words, as for example et al., ex-post, ad hoc, per capita, Zeitgeist, or au fait, should be italicised. However, write: i.e., e.g., etc. Italicise the titles of books and journals, but not the titles of articles/papers. Use double inverted commas for short quotations. Longer quotations should be indented and given without quotation marks. Use single inverted commas for ‘scare quotes’.
• Use round brackets for ordinary parentheses, and square brackets for any material interpolated into a quotation.
• Use hyphens (-), n-dashes (–), and m-dashes (—) consistently and appropriately. n-dashes are to be used for page references (e.g., pp. 14–29), and the separation of dates (e.g., 2002–2004). Do NOT shorten dates (e.g. 2002-04), except perhaps in tables or graphs where it is necessary to save space. Use hyphens for compound words employed as adjectives (e.g., twentieth-century Australia; but Australia in the twentieth century). Use em-dashes to indicate a break in thought (e.g., The markets are predicted to continue to fall — barring unforeseen circumstances — until the end of the year.).


The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures/tables.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) a short informative that contains the major key words, (ii) a short running title of less than 40 characters; (iii) the full names of the authors, (iv) the author's institutional affiliations at which the work was carried out, (v) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent; and (vi) acknowledgments. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Acknowledgements. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

Main text
As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order:

(i) abstract and key words, (ii) text, (iii) references, (iv) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (v) appendices, (vi) figure legends. Figures and supporting information should be submitted as separate files. Footnotes should be used instead of Endnotes. They should be numbered consecutively in the text and the footnote numbers should be placed after the punctuation marks.

Abstract and key words. Articles must have a brief abstract that states in approximately 100 words the major points made and the principal conclusions reached. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Five key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.

Text. The text should be organised into an introductory section, conveying the background and purpose of the report, and then into sections identified with subheadings.

Note: For review papers, and indeed literature reviews within regular papers, the use of some encompassing framework will help focus the review. In addition, tables stating the relevant papers, organised according to this framework, with appropriate notes, also inform readers more quickly and assist with structuring the discussion and making it more concise.

Equations. If using Microsoft Word, use Equation Editor for equations. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

References. The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below). In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001); but if cited within parentheses use ‘&’: (Smith & Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order and cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.

Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).

All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

For a journal article:
Smith, A., T. Roberts and J. Jones (2002) “Economics in the New Century”, Journal of Methodology, 16, pp. 22–31.

For a journal article only available online:
Gai, P., Cameron, G. and Tan, K. Y. (2009), ‘Sovereign Risk in the Classical Gold Standard Era’, Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2009.00569.x

For a book:
Creedy, J., N. O. Person and R. Disney (1985) Social Insurance in Transition: An Economic Analysis (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

For a chapter in a book:
Hughes, T. P. (1989) “The Evolution of Large Technological Systems” in W. B. Bijker, T. P. Hughes and T. J. Pinch (eds), The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology (Cambridge [Mass] and London: The MIT Press), pp. 51–82.

For a reference from a website:
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (1989) “Predatory Pricing” (Paris: OECD), http://www.oecd.organisation/daf/clp/Publications/PREDA.PDF.

Note the n-dashes between the page numbers. Write (ed.) or (eds). Do not put line-spaces between the individual references. Do not leave spaces between the initials of people’s names in the references.

Appendices. These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Tables. Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive— the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for p-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Each table should account for approximately 100 words of the overall word limit.

Figure legends. Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Figures. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:

Supporting Information.Supporting information should always be provided in its final format, as it will not be copyedited or changed from its original format. It will not be available for review prior to publication. Supporting information may also be displayed on an author or institutional website. Such posting is not subject to the journal's embargo date as specified in the copyright agreement. In such cases, it is the author's responsibility to ensure that the supplied URL for the supporting information remains valid for the lifetime of the article. Wiley does not provide technical support for the creation of supporting information. All files should be clearly labelled as "Supporting Information" (e.g., use SuppInfo, Supp, in the filename; example - Figure_6_SuppInfo.pdf). All supporting information must be supplied with a legend stating what it is, and what format it is. Please try to restrict individual file sizes to 10Mb maximum (zipped or unzipped). We recommend the following file types: gif, tif, eps, png, jpg, bmp, ps (postscript), Quicktime, mpeg, avi, mp3, aac and wma. If a native dataset is supplied, the program and/or equipment used should be given.

Please use “article” class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. Please also include a PDF of the manuscript. Do not add coding to “force” line breaks or the positioning of “floats”, as this will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML.

As articles undergo considerable conversion and transformation during production, we achieve the most efficient processing if articles are presented in as generic a form as possible.

LaTeX Bibliography. If you wish to use a citation package such as BibTeX and natbib.sty then please do so. Be sure to use the appropriate citation style for the journal, to help the reviewers to assess your article.

There is no bespoke “.bst” file for Economic Papers. Please provide all the necessary bibliographic information in a standard format. This will allow for clearer conversion and formatting by the typesetters.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services: Tracking your paper’s progress

Author Services also enables authors to track their article throughout the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 24 March 2016