IDS Bulletin

Cover image for Vol. 45 Issue 5

Edited By: IDS editorial team

Impact Factor: 0.35

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 32/63 (Area Studies); 52/55 (Planning & Development)

Online ISSN: 1759-5436

Associated Title(s): IDS Practice Papers, IDS Research Reports, IDS Working Papers

Virtual Bulletins - Real Debates


IDS Bulletin Virtual Issues


We are pleased to present the following Virtual Bulletins across the archive of the Journal on the following themes:

Climate Change, Disasters, and Development Post-2015
Editors: Tom Tanner and Lars Otto Naess
November 2013

IDS on MDGs
IDS Bulletin Editorial Team
August 2013

Ending Hunger and Malnutrition
IDS Bulletin Editorial Team
November 2012

Impact and Effectiveness: Mapping the Issues and their Consequences
IDS Bulletin Editorial Team
April 2011


Climate
Editors: Tom Tanner and Lars Otto Naess
November 2013

The year 2015 will be pivotal for climate change, disasters, and development. In all three areas, new international frameworks are due to be agreed to guide policy and action. These include the framework and targets to take forward the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the second phase of the Hyogo Framework for Action to make the world safer from natural hazards, and a new comprehensive UNFCCC agreement on international climate change action. While these develop in parallel, it is crucial that the three frameworks are linked up such that poverty and social justice concerns are reflected in climate change and disasters frameworks, and tackling climate change and natural hazards is integrated into development targets, policy and planning. This collection of articles from IDS Bulletins from the past few decades provides insights for the development of these international policy frameworks. In particular they highlight the importance of:

  • Linking up concepts, frameworks, policy and communities of practice (see articles by Longhurst, Yamin et al., Tanner and Mitchell, Urban, Tanner and Allouche)

  • Integrating climate change and disasters issues in wider development policy processes at international and national levels (Kjellén, Urban, Shankland and Chambote, Raghunandan)

  • Examining who takes part in these processes and whose voices are heard (Page, Polack, Tanner and Allouche, Shankland and Chambote)

Our hope is that learning from this scholarship provides some useful perspective for policy going forward. View all of the articles for free.

Conceptual Frameworks for Linking Relief and Development
Volume 25, Issue 4, 1994
Richard Longhurst

Developing Countries in International Negotiations: How they Influence Trade and Climate Change Negotiations

Volume 35, Issue 1, 2004
Sheila Page

Pathways to the Future: The New Diplomacy for Sustainable Development
Volume 35, Issue 3, 2004
Bo Kjellén

Vulnerability, Adaptation and Climate Disasters: A Conceptual Overview
Volume 36, Issue 4, 2005
Farhana Yamin, Atiq Rahman and Saleemul Huq

'Entrenchment or Enhancement: Could Climate Change Adaptation Help to Reduce Chronic Poverty?'
Volume 39, Issue 4, 2008
Thomas Tanner and Tom Mitchell

A Right to Adaptation: Securing the Participation of Marginalised Groups
Volume 39, Issue 4, 2008
Emily Polack

The MDGs and beyond: Can low carbon development be pro-poor?
Volume 41, Issue 1, 2010
Frauke Urban

Towards a New Political Economy of Climate Change and Development
Volume 42, Issue 3, 2011
Thomas Tanner and Jeremy Allouche

Prioritising PPCR Investments in Mozambique: The Politics of ‘Country Ownership’ and ‘Stakeholder Participation’
Volume 42, Issue 3
Alex Shankland and Raul Chambote

India’s Climate Policy: Squaring the Circle
Volume 43, Issue s1, 2012
D. Raghunandan

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Climate
IDS Bulletin Editorial Teams
August 2013

Introduction IDS has always had something to say about the way development is defined, measured and supported. From Dudley Seers’ observation that the terms ‘centrally planned’, ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ were not as useful in 1976 as they were thought to be in 1966, to the contributions of Hans Singer (one of which is the goal of 0.7 per cent of GNI to ODA – the most famous non-MDG goal), via the influence of Richard Jolly while at the UN in lobbying for the MDGs, to the analysis of the UN conferences of the 1990s (gender and governance) which built momentum for the MDGs, heeding the call from Simon Maxwell in 1999 about the need for the Goals to uphold the subsidiarity principle, the analysis of how the MDGs were incentivising government and development agency behaviour (e.g. health), through the Reimagining Development project which questioned development assumptions of the past 5–10 years in light of the global financial crisis of 2007–8 and subsequent economic downturn, right the way to our contributions to the post-2015 debate: What difference have the MDGs made at the country level? What do citizens want to see from their governments? and What are the lessons for the next set of goals? Throughout the papers you will see the thread that makes our work distinct, its political economy focus; critical stance; people-centred view and its desire to bring together multi-cited perspectives. All of these perspectives are going to be critical for the design of the next set of development goals and more importantly for the realisation of the goal and processes of development. We hope you enjoy this goal-orientated ride through the past 40 years of development thinking.

A New Look at the Three World Classification
Volume 7, Issue 4, May 1976
Dudley Seers A

The Development of Development Thinking
Volume 8, Issue 3, March 1977
Osvaldo Sunkel

Fifty Years On: The Un and Economic and Social Development An Overview
Volume 26, Issue 4, October 1995
H. W. Singer, Richard Jolly

What Donors Mean by Good Governance: Heroic Ends, Limited Means, and Traditional Dilemmas of Development Cooperation
Volume 26, Issue 2, April 1995
Peter Nunnenkamp

Post Poverty, Gender and Development?
Volume 28, Issue 3, July 1997
Cecile Jackson

International Targets for Poverty Reduction and Food Security: A Mildly Sceptical But Resolutely Pragmatic View With a Call for Greater Subsidiarity
Volume 30, Issue 2, April 1999
Simon Maxwell

Reaching the Health MDGs with Human Resource Reforms: Financial, Educational and Management Capacities
Volume 36, Issue 3, July 2005
Thomas Bossert

Poverty, Social Exclusion and the MDGs: The Challenge of ‘Durable Inequalities' in the Asian Context
Volume 37, Issue 3, July 2006
Naila Kabeer

The Impact and Design of the MDGs: Some Reflections
Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2010
Richard Manning

The MDGs in Historical Perspective
Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2010
Richard Jolly

Taking the MDGs Beyond 2015: Hasten Slowly
Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2010
Jan Vandemoortele, Enrique Delamonica

Beyond Business as Usual: What Might 3-D Wellbeing Contribute to MDG Momentum?
Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2010
Allister McGregor, Andy Sumner

Introduction: Time to Reimagine Development?
Volume 42, Issue 5, September 2011
Lawrence Haddad, Naomi Hossain, J. Allister McGregor and Lyla Mehta

Voices: Southern NGO Perspectives on the Millennium Development Goals and Beyond
Volume 42, Issue 5, September 2011
Amy Pollard, Andy Sumner, Monica Polato-Lopes and Agnès de Mauroy


Ending Hunger and Malnutrition
IDS Bulletin Editorial Team
November 2012

The first article in this virtual IDS Bulletin is by Michael Lipton and dates from 1982. In that year the WHO stunting rate for children of preschool age in sub-Saharan Africa was 39 per cent. In 2012 the rate is still 39 per cent. The FAO hunger numbers paint a slightly less depressing picture for that region – the percentage of the population that were hungry in 1980 was 38 per cent and 30 years later it is 27 per cent. Like the numbers, the issues in this Bulletin remain remarkably constant – investing in smallholder agriculture, linking relief and development, dealing with seasonality, turning economic growth into child growth, ensuring technology is hunger-reducing – joined by innovations such as the growing right to food movement. But there is hope. The picture has improved much more dramatically in East Asia and Latin America, driven by various combinations of income growth and strategic public spending on health, social welfare and agriculture. Looking forward there is cause for optimism. In the high burden regions, economic growth is relatively strong and the food price increases of the last fi ve years have put these issues higher on the political agenda. As Brazil, Peru, Honduras, Vietnam and Ghana show, the most precious and potent ingredient in ending hunger and malnutrition is political leadership. All of us have to push our politicians to be leaders of this cause. This virtual Bulletin is one such contribution to doing just that.

Post-harvest Technology and the Reduction of Hunger
Volume 13, Issue 3, June 1982
Michael Lipton

Household Food Strategies in Response to Seasonality and Famine
Volume 17, Issue 3, July 1986
Richard Longhurst

Cash Crops, Household Food Security and Nutrition
Volume 19, Issue 2, July 1988
Richard Longhurst

Understanding and Preventing Famine and Famine Mortality
Volume 24, Issue 4, October 1993
Jeremy Swift

Linking Relief and Development: An Introduction and Overview
Volume 25, Issue 4, October 1994
Margaret Buchanan-Smith and Simon Maxwell

Reconsidering ‘Famine’
Volume 33, Issue 4, October 2002
Paul Howe

Introduction: New Directions for African Agriculture
Volume 36, Issue 2, April 2005
Ian Scoones, Stephen Devereux and Lawrence Haddad

Lifting the Curse: Overcoming Persistent Undernutrition in India
Volume 40, Issue 4, July 2009
Lawrence Haddad

Accelerating Malnutrition Reduction in Orissa
Volume 40, Issue 4, July 2009
Mona Sharma, Biraj Laxmi Sarangi, Jyoti Kanungo, Sridhar Sahoo, Lopamudra Tripathy, Amalin Patnaik, Jyoti Tewari and Alison Dembo Rath

The Politics of Seed in Africa’s Green Revolution: Alternative Narratives and Competing Pathways
Volume 42, Issue 4, July 2011
Ian Scoones and John Thompson

Whose Power to Control? Some Refl ections on Seed Systems and Food Security in a Changing World
Volume 42, Issue 4, July 2011
Geoff Tansey

Food from the Courts: The Indian Experience
Volume 43, Issue s1, July 2012
Harsh Mander

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Impact and Aid Effectiveness


IDS Bulletin Editorial Team
April 2011


In this virtual Bulletin we bring together ten articles dating from across three decades. They all address Impact. From the outset, we note that there are a number of common threads and ideas that stretch across all the articles:

  • The implicit emphasis of all the articles on complexity
  • The breadth and depth of impact analysis, from the national level to the individual
  • The importance of knowing the audience for any evaluation or impact assessment
  • The virtuous cycle that can be created by using insights into impact to adjust interventions
  • The dependency of that virtuous cycle on participation and engagement of programme staff and clients.

What we notice, however, is how the articles framing these issues vary according to discipline and research site. We also see how some ongoing preoccupations have been shaped by their proximity to other debates or policy concerns. Our hope is that hindsight will provide some perspective for practice and policy going forward.
View Full Introduction


A Revolution Whose Time Has Come? The Win-Win of Quantitative Participatory Approaches and Methods
IDS Bulletin Volume 41, Issue 6, November 2010
Robert Chambers

Impact of Microfinance on Rural Households in the Philippines
IDS Bulletin Volume 39, Issue 1, March 2008
Toshio Kondo, Aniceto Orbeta, Clarence Dingcong and Christine Infantado

You Can Get It If You Really Want’: Impact Evaluation Experience of the Office of Evaluation and Oversight of the Inter-American Development Bank
IDS Bulletin Volume 39, Issue 1, March 2008
Inder Jit Ruprah

The Role of Evaluation in Accountability in Donor-Funded Projects
IDS Bulletin Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2000
Adebiyi Edun

Micro-Credit Programme Evaluation: A Critical Review†
IDS Bulletin Volume 29, Issue 4, October 1998
Shahidur R. Khandker

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Programme Aid: A Conceptual Framework
IDS Bulletin Volume 27, Issue 4, October 1996
Howard White

Measurement of Poverty and Poverty of Measurement
IDS Bulletin Volume 25, Issue 2, April 1994
Martin Greeley

Developing Effective Study Programmes for Public Administrators
IDS Bulletin Volume 8, Issue 4, May 2009
Ron Goslin

Improving the Effectiveness of Evaluation in Rural Development Projects
IDS Bulletin Volume 8, Issue 1, July 1976
B. H. Kinsey

Managing Rural Development
IDS Bulletin, Volume 6, Issue 1, September 1974
Robert Chambers

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