A numerical method is proposed for computing time-periodic and relative time-periodic solutions in dissipative wave systems. In such solutions, the temporal period, and possibly other additional internal parameters such as the propagation constant, are unknown priori and need to be determined along with the solution itself. The main idea of the method is to first express those unknown parameters in terms of the solution through quasi-Rayleigh quotients, so that the resulting integrodifferential equation is for the time-periodic solution only. Then this equation is computed in the combined spatiotemporal domain as a boundary value problem by Newton-conjugate-gradient iterations. The proposed method applies to both stable and unstable time-periodic solutions; its numerical accuracy is spectral; it is fast-converging; its memory use is minimal; and its coding is short and simple. As numerical examples, this method is applied to the Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation and the cubic-quintic Ginzburg–Landau equation, whose time-periodic or relative time-periodic solutions with spatially periodic or spatially localized profiles are computed. This method also applies to systems of ordinary differential equations, as is illustrated by its simple computation of periodic orbits in the Lorenz equations. MATLAB codes for all numerical examples are provided in the Appendices to illustrate the simple implementation of the proposed method.

]]>The Kidder problem is with and where . This looks challenging because of the square root singularity. We prove, however, that for all . Other very simple but very accurate curve fits and bounds are given in the text; . Maple code for a rational Chebyshev pseudospectral method is given as a table. Convergence is geometric until the coefficients are when the coefficients . An initial-value problem is obtained if is known; the slope Chebyshev series has only a fourth-order rate of convergence until a simple change-of-coordinate restores a geometric rate of convergence, empirically proportional to . Kidder's perturbation theory (in powers of α) is much inferior to a delta-expansion given here for the first time. A quadratic-over-quadratic Padé approximant in the exponentially mapped coordinate predicts the slope at the origin very accurately up to about . Finally, it is shown that the singular case can be expressed in terms of the solution to the Blasius equation.

]]>The interface problem for the linear Schrödinger equations in one-dimensional piecewise homogeneous domains is examined by providing an explicit solution in each domain. The location of the interfaces is known and the continuity of the wave function and a jump in their derivative at the interface are the only conditions imposed. The problem of two semi-infinite domains and that of two finite-sized domains are examined in detail. The problem and the method considered here extend that of an earlier paper by Deconinck et al. (2014) [1]. The dispersive nature of the problem presents additional difficulties that are addressed here.

]]>We examine the variable-coefficient Kortweg-de Vries equation for the situation when the coefficient of the quadratic nonlinear term changes sign at a certain critical point. This case has been widely studied for a solitary wave, which is extinguished at the critical point and replaced by a train of solitary waves of the opposite polarity to the incident wave, riding on a pedestal of the original polarity. Here, we examine the same case but for a modulated periodic wave train. Using an asymptotic analysis, we show that in contrast a periodic wave is preserved with a finite amplitude as it passes through the critical point, but a phase change is generated causing the wave to reverse its polarity.

]]>We consider the Caudrey–Beals–Coifman linear problem (CBC problem) and the theory of the Recursion Operators (Generating Operators) related to it in the presence of -reductions of Mikhailov type defined by Coxeter automorphism of the underlying algebra. We discuss mainly the spectral aspects of the theory of the Recursion Operators related to the expansions over the adjoint solutions of the CBC problem but pay attention also to the algebraic issues related to the recursion relations through which the hierarchies of the nonlinear evolution equations associated with the CBC auxiliary problem are obtained.

]]>The Landau–Lifshitz equation is analyzed via the inverse scattering method. First, we give the well-posedness theory for Landau–Lifshitz equation with the frame of inverse scattering method. The generalized Darboux transformation is rigorous considered in the frame of inverse scattering transformation. Finally, we give the high-order soliton solution formula of Landau–Lifshitz equation and vortex filament equation.

]]>This paper presents a straightforward procedure for using Renormalization Group methods to solve a significant variety of perturbation problems, including some that result from applying a nonlinear version of variation of parameters. A regular perturbation procedure typically provides asymptotic solutions valid for bounded *t* values as a positive parameter ε tends to zero. One can eliminate secular terms by introducing a slowly-varying amplitude obtained as a solution of an amplitude equation on intervals where is bounded. With sufficient stability hypotheses, the results may even hold for all . These ideas are illustrated for a number of nontrivial problems involving ordinary differential equations.

In this paper, we present new, unstable solutions, which we call quicksilver solutions, of a *q*-difference Painlevé equation in the limit as the independent variable approaches infinity. The specific equation we consider in this paper is a discrete version of the first Painlevé equation (*q*P_{I}), whose phase space (space of initial values) is a rational surface of type . We describe four families of almost stationary behaviors, but focus on the most complicated case, which is the vanishing solution. We derive this solution's formal power series expansion, describe the growth of its coefficients, and show that, while the series is divergent, there exist true analytic solutions asymptotic to such a series in a certain *q*-domain. The method, while demonstrated for *q*P_{I}, is also applicable to other *q*-difference Painlevé equations.