Applied Vegetation Science focuses on plant community ecology topics relevant to human interaction with vegetation. Global environmental change, nature conservation and management, restoration of plant communities and natural habitats, and planning of semi-natural and urban landscapes are of particular interest.

We also publish vegetation surveys and articles on methods, modelling and remote-sensing applications. Applied Vegetation Science is owned by the International Association for Vegetation Science.

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MedGermDB: A seed germination database for characteristic species of Mediterranean habitats

  •  9 April 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Seed germination, crucial for plant responses to the environment, lacks data in the Mediterranean Basin. MedGermDB, the first germination database in this region, used a novel approach to data extraction from the literature. With 4680 tests and 236 species from 125 sources, it aids ecological research and conservation for characteristic species of EUNIS habitats. Accessible as CSV and web app, MedGermDB aids informed decision-making.

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Open access

The effects of seed enhancements on plant establishment in native grasses: A meta‐analysis

  •  9 April 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Through this meta-analysis, the overall effect of seed enhancement technologies (SETs) on plant establishment outcomes in native grasses compared to untreated florets or seeds was found to be positive. SETs provide a relatively low-risk approach to improving seed-based restoration outcomes in native grasses. Further research focussed on specific SETs, and long-term plant establishment in field environments is needed to advance SET uptake.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fire has contrasting effects on the survival, growth, and reproduction of Cerrado grasses with differing regenerative strategies

  •  8 April 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The regenerative strategies of Cerrado grasses predict their response to fire. Grasses that rely essentially on vegetation regeneration show no mortality and are benefited by fire, while the species with high seed investment are negatively affected by burns. These will likely be filtered out of communities subjected to frequent fires as they rely on seedling establishment to maintain their populations.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessment of habitat connectivity in a highly fragmented ecosystem: The seasonal tropical dry forest in Ecuador

  •  4 April 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The Ecuadorian dry forest in the last 28 years has been deforested (mainly for agriculture), fragmented and has lost connectivity at worrying levels. Large patches have been fragmented and small patches and other types of forest that are essential for connectivity have been deforested. A reforestation plan was prepared to maximise connectivity with the smallest area possible.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Decadal vegetation changes in a subarctic-alpine ecosystem: Can effects of Iceland's largest hydropower reservoir, climate change, and herbivory be detected?

  •  4 April 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Resurvey of vegetation monitoring in a subarctic-alpine area near Iceland's largest hydropower reservoir revealed that after a decade, changes were mostly inconsistent between and within habitats. Direct effects of the reservoir and climate change were not found but rather, indirect effects of altered herbivory behavior, partly influenced by anthropogenic activities.

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The following is a list of the most cited articles based on citations published in the last three years, according to CrossRef.

Open access

Vegetation of Europe: hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities

  •  3-264
  •  2 December 2016

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

This is the first comprehensive and critical account of the hierarchical syntaxonomic system of communities of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens, and algae in Europe, synthesizing more than 100 years of research in classification of vegetation. It aims at documenting standardization of concepts and terminology of syntaxa and informing calibration of habitat classifications for environmental assessment, nature management, conservation, landscape planning, and education.

Open access

International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. 4th edition

  •  9 March 2020

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The new edition of the ICPN will become effectively binding on 1 January 2021. It consists of 14 Definitions, 7 Principles, 53 Articles, and 7 Appendices. Some Articles bring important amendments, among which the acceptance of electronic publications or the possibility to request a binding decision on controversial cases.

Open access

EUNIS Habitat Classification: Expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats

Milan ChytrýLubomír TichýStephan M. HennekensIlona KnollováJohn A. M. JanssenJohn S. RodwellTomáš PeterkaCorrado MarcenòFlavia LanducciJiří DanihelkaMichal HájekJürgen DenglerPavel NovákDominik ZukalBorja Jiménez-AlfaroLadislav MucinaSylvain AbdulhakSvetlana AćićEmiliano AgrilloFabio AttorreErwin BergmeierIdoia BiurrunSteffen BochJános BölöniGianmaria BonariTatiana BraslavskayaHelge BruelheideJuan Antonio CamposAndraž ČarniLaura CasellaMirjana ĆukRenata ĆušterevskaEls De BiePauline DelboscOlga DeminaYakiv DidukhDaniel DítěTetiana DziubaJörg EwaldRosario G. GavilánJean-Claude GégoutGian Pietro Giusso del GaldoValentin GolubNadezhda GoncharovaFriedemann GoralUlrich GrafAdrian IndreicaMaike IsermannUte JandtFlorian JansenJan JansenAnni JaškováMartin JiroušekZygmunt KąckiVeronika KalníkováAli KavgacıLarisa KhaninaAndrey Yu. KorolyukMariya KozhevnikovaAnna KuzemkoFilip KüzmičOleg L. KuznetsovMāris LaiviņšIgor LavrinenkoOlga LavrinenkoMaria LebedevaZdeňka LososováTatiana LysenkoLise MaciejewskiConstantin MardariAleksander MarinšekMaxim G. NapreenkoViktor OnyshchenkoAaron Pérez-HaaseRemigiusz PielechVadim ProkhorovValerijus RašomavičiusMaria Pilar Rodríguez RojoSolvita RūsiņaJoachim SchrautzerJozef ŠibíkUrban ŠilcŽeljko ŠkvorcViktor A. SmaginZvjezdana StančićAngela StanisciElena TikhonovaTiina TonteriDomas UogintasMilan ValachovičKiril VassilevDenys VynokurovWolfgang WillnerSergey YamalovDouglas EvansMette Palitzsch LundRania SpyropoulouEleni TryfonJoop H. J. Schaminée
  •  648-675
  •  26 July 2020

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

EUNIS Habitat Classification is a standard classification of European habitats. We developed the classification expert system EUNIS-ESy, which assigns vegetation plots to EUNIS habitats based on their species composition and geographic location. We classified 1,261,373 vegetation plots from the European Vegetation Archive and determined characteristic species combinations and prepared distribution maps for 199 habitats at Level 3 of EUNIS hierarchy.

European Vegetation Archive (EVA): an integrated database of European vegetation plots

Milan ChytrýStephan M. HennekensBorja Jiménez-AlfaroIlona KnollováJürgen DenglerFlorian JansenFlavia LanducciJoop H.J. SchaminéeSvetlana AćićEmiliano AgrilloDidem AmbarlıPierangela AngeliniIva ApostolovaFabio AttorreChristian BergErwin BergmeierIdoia BiurrunZoltán Botta-DukátHenry BrisseJuan Antonio CamposLuis CarlónAndraž ČarniLaura CasellaJános CsikyRenata ĆušterevskaZora Dajić StevanovićJiří DanihelkaEls De BiePatrice de RuffrayMichele De SanctisW. Bernhard DickoréPanayotis DimopoulosDmytro DubynaTetiana DziubaRasmus EjrnæsNikolai ErmakovJörg EwaldGiuliano FanelliFederico Fernández-GonzálezÚna FitzPatrickXavier FontItziar García-MijangosRosario G. GavilánValentin GolubRiccardo GuarinoRense HavemanAdrian IndreicaDeniz Işık GürsoyUte JandtJohn A.M. JanssenMartin JiroušekZygmunt KąckiAli KavgacıMartin KleikampVitaliy KolomiychukMirjana Krstivojević ĆukDaniel KrstonošićAnna KuzemkoJonathan LenoirTatiana LysenkoCorrado MarcenòVassiliy MartynenkoDana MichalcováJesper Erenskjold MoeslundViktor OnyshchenkoHristo PedashenkoAaron Pérez-HaaseTomáš PeterkaVadim ProkhorovValerijus RašomavičiusMaria Pilar Rodríguez-RojoJohn S. RodwellTatiana RogovaEszter RuprechtSolvita RūsiņaGunnar SeidlerJozef ŠibíkUrban ŠilcŽeljko ŠkvorcDesislava SopotlievaZvjezdana StančićJens-Christian SvenningGrzegorz SwachaIoannis TsiripidisPavel Dan TurtureanuEmin UğurluDomas UogintasMilan ValachovičYulia VashenyakKiril VassilevRoberto VenanzoniRisto VirtanenLynda WeekesWolfgang WillnerThomas WohlgemuthSergey Yamalov
  •  173-180
  •  20 August 2015

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The European Vegetation Archive (EVA) was developed as a centralized database of European vegetation plots. By 30 June 2015, it included 61 contributing national or regional databases that in total contained 1 027 376 vegetation plots from 57 countries, 82% of them with geographical coordinates. EVA data are provided for various international projects of fundamental and applied research.

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A review of the use of direct seeding and seedling plantings in restoration: what do we know and where should we go?

  •  561-568
  •  13 June 2015

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Direct seeding and planting of seedlings are the most common techniques use in ecosystem restoration. We reviewed 120 papers that included these techniques and examined current restoration issues. Our results highlight the need for restoration experiments to explore more species and consider future climate scenarios that will affect restoration efforts. Additionally, detailed reporting of outcomes and costs are essential.

More articles

The following is a list of the most read Applied Vegetation Science articles over the past twelve months. 

Open access

Vegetation of Europe: hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

This is the first comprehensive and critical account of the hierarchical syntaxonomic system of communities of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens, and algae in Europe, synthesizing more than 100 years of research in classification of vegetation. It aims at documenting standardization of concepts and terminology of syntaxa and informing calibration of habitat classifications for environmental assessment, nature management, conservation, landscape planning, and education.

Open access

EUNIS Habitat Classification: Expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats

Milan ChytrýLubomír TichýStephan M. HennekensIlona KnollováJohn A. M. JanssenJohn S. RodwellTomáš PeterkaCorrado MarcenòFlavia LanducciJiří DanihelkaMichal HájekJürgen DenglerPavel NovákDominik ZukalBorja Jiménez-AlfaroLadislav MucinaSylvain AbdulhakSvetlana AćićEmiliano AgrilloFabio AttorreErwin BergmeierIdoia BiurrunSteffen BochJános BölöniGianmaria BonariTatiana BraslavskayaHelge BruelheideJuan Antonio CamposAndraž ČarniLaura CasellaMirjana ĆukRenata ĆušterevskaEls De BiePauline DelboscOlga DeminaYakiv DidukhDaniel DítěTetiana DziubaJörg EwaldRosario G. GavilánJean-Claude GégoutGian Pietro Giusso del GaldoValentin GolubNadezhda GoncharovaFriedemann GoralUlrich GrafAdrian IndreicaMaike IsermannUte JandtFlorian JansenJan JansenAnni JaškováMartin JiroušekZygmunt KąckiVeronika KalníkováAli KavgacıLarisa KhaninaAndrey Yu. KorolyukMariya KozhevnikovaAnna KuzemkoFilip KüzmičOleg L. KuznetsovMāris LaiviņšIgor LavrinenkoOlga LavrinenkoMaria LebedevaZdeňka LososováTatiana LysenkoLise MaciejewskiConstantin MardariAleksander MarinšekMaxim G. NapreenkoViktor OnyshchenkoAaron Pérez-HaaseRemigiusz PielechVadim ProkhorovValerijus RašomavičiusMaria Pilar Rodríguez RojoSolvita RūsiņaJoachim SchrautzerJozef ŠibíkUrban ŠilcŽeljko ŠkvorcViktor A. SmaginZvjezdana StančićAngela StanisciElena TikhonovaTiina TonteriDomas UogintasMilan ValachovičKiril VassilevDenys VynokurovWolfgang WillnerSergey YamalovDouglas EvansMette Palitzsch LundRania SpyropoulouEleni TryfonJoop H. J. Schaminée

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

EUNIS Habitat Classification is a standard classification of European habitats. We developed the classification expert system EUNIS-ESy, which assigns vegetation plots to EUNIS habitats based on their species composition and geographic location. We classified 1,261,373 vegetation plots from the European Vegetation Archive and determined characteristic species combinations and prepared distribution maps for 199 habitats at Level 3 of EUNIS hierarchy.

Open access

Grazing by semi‐feral cattle and horses supports plant species richness and uniqueness in grasslands

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Grazing is a natural ecosystem process and, thus, restoring naturalistic grazing using feral animals may be seen as a restoration goal in itself, notwithstanding the effects on biodiversity. Nevertheless, the present study demonstrates that naturalistic grazing as a management tool may indeed create habitat for regionally uncommon species of conservation concern and probably enhance resource availability to flower-seeking insects.

Open access

International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. 4th edition

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The new edition of the ICPN will become effectively binding on 1 January 2021. It consists of 14 Definitions, 7 Principles, 53 Articles, and 7 Appendices. Some Articles bring important amendments, among which the acceptance of electronic publications or the possibility to request a binding decision on controversial cases.

Open access

About the link between biodiversity and spectral variation

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The spectral variability hypothesis (SVH) suggests a link between spectral variation and (plant) species counts. Here, we reveal that in many situations this assumed link is weak, for example due to the influence of phenology or plant status on spectral variability. Further, we show that the chosen metric to calculate spectral variability also has a notable influence on the link.

Open access

Distribution maps of vegetation alliances in Europe

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

We provide distribution maps for 1,105 phytosociological alliances of vascular-plant dominated vegetation listed in the EuroVegChecklist. The alliances were mapped in 82 territorial units, in which three levels of occurrence probability are indicated: (a) verified occurrence; (b) uncertain occurrence; and (c) absence. We also provide summaries showing the number of alliances in different European regions.

Open access

Structural, ecological and biogeographical attributes of European vegetation alliances

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

This new database contains standardized attributes of 12 variables that characterize 1106 phytosociological alliances dominated by vascular plants defined in EuroVegChecklist. These variables include dominant life form, phenological optimum, substrate moisture, substrate reaction, salinity, nutrient status, soil organic matter, vegetation region, elevational vegetation belt, azonality, successional status and naturalness.

Open access

Implementing the formal language of the vegetation classification expert systems (ESy) in the statistical computing environment R

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The machine-readable formal language of the classification expert systems has become a standard for applying plot assignment rules in vegetation classification. Here we present an efficient algorithm implementing the vegetation classification expert system in the statistical programming language R. We demonstrate the algorithm taking the EUNIS classification expert system of European habitat types (EUNIS-ESy) as an example.

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