Ecology and Evolution is a broad open access journal welcoming all research in ecology, evolution, and conservation science. We are an author-friendly journal, providing a forum for evidence-based views. This means we aim to review all submissions, and look for reasons to publish, not reject.

We welcome submissions across taxa, and consider a range of formats, including Original Research articles, Reviews, Viewpoints and Registered Reports. We also offer novel categories of papers: Nature Notes, Genetics Notes and Academic Practice in Ecology and Evolution.

Reasons to Publish

  • You will be publishing in an established and popular society-affiliated journal. 
  • Rather than use subjective qualities such as ‘novelty’ or ‘impact’ we simply assess the quality and rigour of your research. If the science isn’t flawed, there is always value. We work with you to help you publish your work. 
  • We consider papers that might not find a home in ‘traditional’ journals, such as confirmatory/negative results and descriptive natural history observations.  
  • If your paper has already undergone external review, we can make use of these reports, usually making a swift decision on publication without the need to undergo a new external review process. 
  • No need to format your paper to match our style at submission. 
  • More on our philosophy here.


Registered Reports: A New Chapter at Ecology and Evolution. Read more


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Articles

NATURE NOTES
Open access

Penetrance interactions of colour pattern loci in the African Monarch and their implications for the evolution of dominance

  •  27 February 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The African Monarch or African Queen shows intermediate dominance in the colour pattern heterozygotes formed across the broad East African contact zone. Here we quantify the level of penetrance of each heterozygote formed by interactions between the A, B and C colour pattern loci. We find that the A locus interacts with the B/C supergene and is thus an example of a genetic modifier.

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Open access

Mating strategies of Vitex negundo L. var. heterophylla (Franch.) Rehder (Lamiaceae): A mixed mating system with inbreeding depression

  •  26 February 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

We evaluated reproductive success through artificial pollination to explore the reproductive characteristics of Vitex negundo var. heterophylla for the first time. From the results of fruit set, there is a mixed mating system dominated by outcrossing in V. negundo var. heterophylla accompanied by self-compatibility, and it cannot carry out autonomous selfing.

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Open access

Limited effects of population age on the genetic structure of spatially isolated forest herb populations in temperate Europe

  •  26 February 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

This study applied a multi-species multi-landscape setup to compare the genetic diversity and differentiation among forest herb populations of different ages in agricultural landscapes. We found that the slow-colonizer species populations of different ages can reach a similar genetic structure within decades and thus persist in the long term after habitat disturbance.

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Open access

Habitat selection and refuge‐use by a color polymorphic salamander reveal behavioral niche differences

  •  26 February 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The red-backed salamander has two common color forms, striped and unstriped. In this study, the unstriped morph showed a stronger response to surface habitats with leaf litter addition, and they showed higher refuge-use in the laboratory. These behavioral differences are consistent with the view that the unstriped morph is more fossorial, and this niche difference combined with spatiotemporal variation in leaf litter accumulation on the forest floor may contribute to the maintenance of the polymorphism.

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Open access

Bison and bighorns: Assessing the potential impacts of reintroducing a large herbivore to a mountainous landscape

  •  26 February 2024

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Reintroducing North America's largest land mammal can have significant ecological impacts, particularly on the species they interact with. Using GPS data, we analyzed space and resource use of a recently reintroduced herd of plains bison to Banff National Park, to investigate potential interactions with another co-occurring grazing ungulate, the Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep. Comparing the potential for interspecific mechanisms, our study provides further evidence, that where suitable habitat exists, co-existence between lost species assemblages may be achieved meeting social and ecological goals.

More articles

The following is a list of the most cited articles based on citations published in the last three years, according to CrossRef.

Open access

Choosing and using diversity indices: insights for ecological applications from the German Biodiversity Exploratories

  •  3514-3524
  •  28 August 2014

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Biodiversity is a difficult concept to quantify, partly because of its multidimensional nature, and many simple to complex indices have been developed for this purpose. We collected data on diversity of herbaceous plants, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, aboveground arthropods, belowground insect larvae, and Plantago lanceolata molecular and chemical diversity in 60 temperate grasslands and calculated a variety of simple to complex diversity indices for each (S, H', D1, D2, E, BP). While these common diversity indices appeared interchangeable in simple analyses quantifying changes in diversity, when quantifying interactions between diversities the conclusions varied with the index chosen.

Open access

Animal movement tools (amt): R package for managing tracking data and conducting habitat selection analyses

  •  880-890
  •  5 February 2019

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

New tracking technologies allow users to collect large amount of data and address entirely new questions. The amt (animal movement tools) R package provides tools to manage telemetry data and to fit step-selection functions and resource-selection functions.

Open access

On the selection of thresholds for predicting species occurrence with presence‐only data

  •  337-348
  •  29 December 2015

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Applied ecological problems such as climate change impacts, invasive species impacts, reintroduction sites identification, and conservation planning often require binary models of distributions, and a threshold is needed to transform the continuous results into a binary product, from which species prevalence can be estimated. However, the bias in this estimation (as shown here from threshold selection method maxF) can be very large if the accuracy of the models is not high enough.

Open access

EasyCodeML: A visual tool for analysis of selection using CodeML

  •  3891-3898
  •  1 March 2019

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

EasyCodeML is an interactive visual tool for detecting selection in molecular evolutionary analysis. It implements the major codon-based models of CodeML in a simple and user-friendly interface.

Open access

Reconceptualizing synergism and antagonism among multiple stressors

  •  1538-1547
  •  11 March 2015

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The potential for complex synergistic or antagonistic interactions among multiple stressors presents one of the largest uncertainties when predicting ecological change but, despite common use of the terms in the scientific literature, a consensus on their operational definition is still lacking. We propose a new systematic classification and emphasize the need for reconsideration by the ecological community of the interpretation of synergism and antagonism in situations where individual stressor effects oppose each other or where cumulative effects are reversed and enhanced.

More articles
Open access

How low can you go? Introducing SeXY: sex identification from low‐quantity sequencing data despite lacking assembled sex chromosomes

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

We present a novel pipeline for sex identification (SeXY) in non-model organisms that lack high-quality genomes, or that lack available comparative genomic data sets. SeXY accurately determines sex when at least 50,000 mapped reads are available, even when using only a highly fragmented assembly as reference (scaffold N50 of 161 kb). When higher-quality reference genome assemblies (scaffold N50 30 Mb) are used, SeXY provides 100% accuracy even down to 1000 mapped reads, bypassing the need for often expensive high-effort shotgun sequencing.

Open access

Multiple lines of evidence suggest the persistence of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) in Louisiana

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The last widely accepted sighting of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in continental North America occurred in 1944. Here, we present evidence suggesting the presence of this species at our study site in Louisiana. Using multiple lines of evidence, including visual observations, acoustic recordings, trail camera photographs, and drone videos, our data suggest intermittent but repeated presence of multiple individual birds with field marks and behaviors consistent with those of Ivory-billed Woodpeckers.

Open access

Vangunu giant rat (Uromys vika) survives in the Zaira Community Resource Management Area, Solomon Islands

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Described in 2017 and known only from the holotype, Uromys vika is one of the world's most data-poor rodent species. However, a deep traditional ecological knowledge of U. vika is held by Vangunu's people. Using camera traps and guided by this knowledge, we successfully captured 95 images of what we postulate is four different individuals.

Open access

A new species of spider of the genus Sadala Simon, 1880 (Araneae, Sparassidae) from the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Amazonian lowlands of Ecuador

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The first species of spider of the genus Sadala is described from Ecuador. The new species was discovered at the Tiputini Biodiversity Station, a research station in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Amazonian lowlands of Ecuador.

Open access

Why students do not turn on their video cameras during online classes and an equitable and inclusive plan to encourage them to do so

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Students were asked why they chose not to turn on their cameras during synchronous class meetings held via Zoom. Their responses influenced a strategy for encouraging them to do so.

Open access

Paint it black: Efficacy of increased wind turbine rotor blade visibility to reduce avian fatalities

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Conflicts with birdlife hamper the development of wind energy worldwide. Mitigation measures that reduce the risk of collision by making the rotor blades more conspicuous therefore need to be thoroughly tested. Using a Before–After–Control–Impact approach employing long-term fatality searches, the annual number of bird carcasses per turbine was significantly reduced at the turbines with a painted blade by over 70%, relative to the neighboring control (i.e., unpainted) turbines.

Open access

Reproducibility in ecology and evolution: Minimum standards for data and code

Abstract

We call for journals to commit to requiring open data be archived in a format that will be simple and clear for readers to understand and use. If applied consistently, these requirements will allow contributors to be acknowledged for their work through citation of open data, and facilitate scientific progress.

Open access

Choosing and using diversity indices: insights for ecological applications from the German Biodiversity Exploratories

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

Biodiversity is a difficult concept to quantify, partly because of its multidimensional nature, and many simple to complex indices have been developed for this purpose. We collected data on diversity of herbaceous plants, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, aboveground arthropods, belowground insect larvae, and Plantago lanceolata molecular and chemical diversity in 60 temperate grasslands and calculated a variety of simple to complex diversity indices for each (S, H', D1, D2, E, BP). While these common diversity indices appeared interchangeable in simple analyses quantifying changes in diversity, when quantifying interactions between diversities the conclusions varied with the index chosen.

Open access

The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project

Lawrence N. HudsonTim NewboldSara ContuSamantha L. L. HillIgor LysenkoAdriana De PalmaHelen R. P. PhillipsTamera I. AlhusseiniFelicity E. BedfordDominic J. BennettHollie BoothVictoria J. BurtonCharlotte W. T. ChngArgyrios ChoimesDavid L. P. CorreiaJulie DaySusy Echeverría-LondoñoSusan R. EmersonDi GaoMorgan GaronMichelle L. K. HarrisonDaniel J. IngramMartin JungVictoria KempLucinda KirkpatrickCallum D. MartinYuan PanGwilym D. Pask-HaleEdwin L. PynegarAlexandra N. RobinsonKatia Sanchez-OrtizRebecca A. SeniorBenno I. SimmonsHannah J. WhiteHanbin ZhangJob AbenStefan AbrahamczykGilbert B. AdumVirginia Aguilar-BarqueroMarcelo A. AizenBelén AlbertosE. L. AlcalaMaria del Mar AlguacilAudrey AlignierMarc AncrenazAlan N. AndersenEnrique Arbeláez-CortésInge ArmbrechtVíctor Arroyo-RodríguezTom AumannJan C. AxmacherBadrul AzharAdrián B. AzpirozLander BaetenAdama BakayokoAndrás BáldiJohn E. BanksSharad K. BaralJos BarlowBarbara I. P. BarrattLurdes BarricoPaola BartolommeiDiane M. BartonYves BassetPéter BatáryAdam J. BatesBruno BaurErin M. BaynePedro BejaSuzan BenedickÅke BergHenry BernardNicholas J. BerryDinesh BhattJake E. BicknellJochen H. BihnRobin J. BlakeKadiri S. BoboRoberto BóçonTeun BoekhoutKatrin Böhning-GaeseKevin J. BonhamPaulo A. V. BorgesSérgio H. BorgesCéline BoutinJérémy BouyerCibele BragagnoloJodi S. BrandtFrancis Q. BrearleyIsabel BritoVicenç BrosJörg BrunetGrzegorz BuczkowskiChristopher M. BuddleRob BugterErika BuscardoJörn BuseJimmy Cabra-GarcíaNilton C. CáceresNicolette L. CagleMaría Calviño-CancelaSydney A. CameronEliana M. CancelloRut CaparrósPedro CardosoDan CarpenterTiago F. CarrijoAnelena L. CarvalhoCamila R. CassanoHelena CastroAlejandro A. Castro-LunaCerda B. RolandoAlexis CerezoKim Alan ChapmanMatthieu ChauvatMorten ChristensenFrancis M. ClarkeDaniel F.R. ClearyGiorgio ColomboStuart P. ConnopMichael D. CraigLeopoldo Cruz-LópezSaul A. CunninghamBiagio D'AnielloNeil D'CruzePedro Giovâni da SilvaMartin DallimerEmmanuel DanquahBen DarvillJens DauberAdrian L. V. DavisJeff DawsonClaudio de SassiBenoit de ThoisyOlivier DeheuvelsAlain DejeanJean-Louis DevineauTim DiekötterJignasu V. DoliaErwin DomínguezYamileth Dominguez-HaydarSilvia DornIsabel DraperNiels DreberBertrand DumontSimon G. DuresMats DynesiusLars EdeniusPaul EggletonFelix EigenbrodZoltán ElekMartin H. EntlingKaren J. EslerRicardo F. de LimaAisyah FarukNina FarwigTom M. FayleAntonio FelicioliAnnika M. FeltonRoderick J. FenshamIgnacio C. FernandezCatarina C. FerreiraGentile F. FicetolaCristina FieraBruno K. C. FilgueirasHüseyin K. FırıncıoğluDavid FlaspohlerAndreas FlorenSteven J. FonteAnne FournierRobert E. FowlerMarkus FranzénLauchlan H. FraserGabriella M. FredrikssonGeraldo B. FreireTiago L. M. FrizzoDaisuke FukudaDario FurlaniRené GaigherJörg U. GanzhornKarla P. GarcíaJuan C. Garcia-RJenni G. GardenRicardo GarilletiBao-Ming GeBenoit Gendreau-BerthiaumePhilippa J. GerardCarla Gheler-CostaBenjamin GilbertPaolo GiordaniSimonetta GiordanoCarly GolodetsLaurens G. L. GomesRachelle K. GouldDave GoulsonAaron D. GoveLaurent GranjonIngo GrassClaudia L. GrayJames GroganWeibin GuMoisès GuardiolaNihara R. GunawardeneAlvaro G. GutierrezDoris L. Gutiérrez-LamusDaniela H. HaarmeyerMick E. HanleyThor HansonNor R. HashimShombe N. HassanRichard G. HatfieldJoseph E. HawesMatt W. HaywardChristian HébertAlvin J. HeldenJohn-André HendenPhilipp HenschelLionel HernándezJames P. HerreraFarina HerrmannFelix HerzogDiego Higuera-DiazBranko HiljeHubert HöferAnke HoffmannFinbarr G. HorganElisabeth HornungRoland HorváthKristoffer HylanderPaola Isaacs-CubidesHiroaki IshidaMasahiro IshitaniCarmen T. JacobsVíctor J. JaramilloBirgit JaukerF. Jiménez HernándezMcKenzie F. JohnsonVirat JolliMats JonsellS. Nur JulianiThomas S. JungVena KapoorHeike KappesVassiliki KatiEric KatovaiKlaus KellnerMichael KesslerKathryn R. KirbyAndrew M. KittleMairi E. KnightEva KnopFlorian KohlerMatti KoivulaAnnette KolbMouhamadou KoneÁdám KőrösiJochen KraussAjith KumarRaman KumarDavid J. KurzAlex S. KuttThibault LachatVictoria LantschnerFrancisco LaraJesse R. LaskySteven C. LattaWilliam F. LaurancePatrick LavelleViolette Le FéonGretchen LeBuhnJean-Philippe LégaréValérie LehouckMaría V. LencinasPia E. LentiniSusan G. LetcherQi LiSimon A. LitchwarkNick A. LittlewoodYunhui LiuNancy Lo-Man-HungCarlos A. López-QuinteroMounir LouhaichiGabor L. LöveiManuel Esteban Lucas-BorjaVictor H. LujaMatthew S. LuskinM Cristina MacSwiney GKaoru MaetoTibor MaguraNeil Aldrin MallariLouise A. MalonePatrick K. MalonzaJagoba Malumbres-OlarteSalvador MandujanoInger E. MårenErika Marin-SpiottaCharles J. MarshE. J. P. MarshallEliana MartínezGuillermo Martínez PasturDavid Moreno MateosMargaret M. MayfieldVicente MazimpakaJennifer L. McCarthyKyle P. McCarthyQuinn S. McFrederickSean McNamaraNagore G. MedinaRafael MedinaJose L. MenaEstefania MicoGrzegorz MikusinskiJeffrey C. MilderJames R. MillerDaniel R. Miranda-EsquivelMelinda L. MoirCarolina L. MoralesMary N. MuchaneMuchai MuchaneSonja Mudri-StojnicA. Nur MuniraAntonio Muoñz-AlonsoB. F. MunyekenyeRobin NaidooA. NaithaniMichiko NakagawaAkihiro NakamuraYoshihiro NakashimaShoji NaoeGuiomar Nates-ParraDario A. Navarrete GutierrezLuis Navarro-IriartePaul K. Ndang'ang'aEike L. NeuschulzJacqueline T. NgaiViolaine NicolasSven G. NilssonNorbertas NoreikaOlivia NorfolkJorge Ari NoriegaDavid A. NortonNicole M. NöskeA. Justin NowakowskiCatherine NumaNiall O'DeaPatrick J. O'FarrellWilliam OduroSabine OertliCaleb Ofori-BoatengChristopher Omamoke OkeVicencio OostraLynne M. OsgathorpeSamuel Eduardo OtavoNavendu V. PageJuan ParitsisAlejandro Parra-HLuke ParryGuy Pe'erPeter B. PearmanNicolás PelegrinRaphaël PélissierCarlos A. PeresPablo L. PeriAnna S. PerssonTheodora PetanidouMarcell K. PetersRohan S. PethiyagodaBen PhalanT. Keith PhilipsFinn C. PillsburyJimmy Pincheira-UlbrichEduardo PinedaJoan PinoJaime Pizarro-ArayaA. J. PlumptreSantiago L. PoggioNatalia PolitiPere PonsKatja PovedaEileen F. PowerSteven J. PresleyVânia ProençaMarino QuarantaCarolina QuinteroRomina RaderB. R. RameshMartha P. Ramirez-PinillaJai RanganathanClaus RasmussenNicola A. Redpath-DowningJ. Leighton ReidYana T. ReisJosé M. Rey BenayasJuan Carlos Rey-VelascoChevonne ReynoldsDanilo Bandini RibeiroMiriam H. RichardsBarbara A. RichardsonMichael J. RichardsonRodrigo Macip RíosRichard RobinsonCarolina A. RoblesJörg RömbkeLuz Piedad Romero-DuqueMatthias RösLoreta RosselliStephen J. RossiterDana S. RothT'ai H. RoulstonLaurent RousseauAndré V. RubioJean-Claude RuelJonathan P. SadlerSzabolcs SáfiánRomeo A. Saldaña-VázquezKaterina SamUlrika SamnegårdJoana SantanaXavier SantosJade SavageNancy A. SchellhornMenno SchilthuizenUte SchmiedelChristine B. SchmittNicole L. SchonChristof SchüeppKatharina SchumannOliver SchweigerDawn M. ScottKenneth A. ScottJodi L. SedlockSteven S. SeefeldtGhazala ShahabuddinGraeme ShannonDouglas SheilFrederick H. SheldonEyal ShochatStefan J. SiebertFernando A. B. SilvaJavier A. SimonettiEleanor M. SladeJo SmithAllan H. Smith-PardoNavjot S. SodhiEduardo J. SomarribaRamón A. SosaGrimaldo Soto QuirogaMartin-Hugues St-LaurentBrian M. StarzomskiConstanti StefanescuIngolf Steffan-DewenterPhilip C. StoufferJane C. StoutAyron M. StrauchMatthew J. StruebigZhimin SuMarcela Suarez-RubioShinji SugiuraKeith S. SummervilleYik-Hei SungHari SutrisnoJens-Christian SvenningTiit TederCaragh G. ThrelfallAnu TiitsaarJacqui H. ToddRebecca K. ToniettoIgnasi TorreBéla TóthmérészTeja TscharntkeEdgar C. TurnerJason M. TylianakisMarcio Uehara-PradoNicolas Urbina-CardonaDenis VallanAdam J. VanbergenHeraldo L. VasconcelosKiril VassilevHans A. F. VerbovenMaria João VerdascaJosé R. VerdúCarlos H. VergaraPablo M. VergaraJort VerhulstMassimiliano VirgilioLien Van VuEdward M. WaiteTony R. WalkerHua-Feng WangYanping WangJames I. WatlingBritta WellerKonstans WellsCatrin WestphalEdward D. WiafeChristopher D. WilliamsMichael R. WilligJohn C. Z. WoinarskiJan H. D. WolfVolkmar WoltersBen A. WoodcockJihua WuJoseph M. WunderleYuichi YamauraSatoko YoshikuraDouglas W. YuAndrey S. ZaitsevJuliane ZeidlerFasheng ZouBen CollenRob M. EwersGeorgina M. MaceDrew W. PurvesJörn P. W. ScharlemannAndy Purvis

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

The collation of biodiversity datasets with broad taxonomic, biogeographic, and spatial extents is necessary to understand historical declines and to project—and hopefully avert—future declines. We describe and make freely available a database of more than 3.2 million biodiversity measurements from 94 countries representing over 47,000 species, collated from 480 existing spatial comparisons of local-scale biodiversity exposed to different intensities and pressures relating to land use, from terrestrial sites around the world.

Open access

When are hypotheses useful in ecology and evolution?

Graphical Abstract

Description unavailable

We use a quantitative literature review to show that use of a priori hypotheses is still rare in the fields of ecology and evolution. We provide suggestions about the group and individual-level benefits of hypothesis use.

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