Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines
Content of Author Guidelines: 1. General, 2. Ethical Guidelines, 3. Submission of Manuscripts, 4. Manuscript Types Accepted, 5. Manuscript Format and Structure, 6. After Acceptance. 
Relevant Documents: Page Charge Form, Colour Work Agreement Form
Useful Websites: Submission Site, Author Services, Wiley’s Ethical Guidelines, Guidelines for Figures


The Editor welcomes the submission of original articles relevant to the science and technology of food and beverages. Contributions are accepted on the strict understanding that the material in whole or in part has not been, nor is being, considered for publication elsewhere. Topics of only narrow local interest will not be accepted unless they have wider potential or consequences. If accepted, papers will become the copyright of the journal.
Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in the International Journal of Food Science & Technology. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

The International Journal of Food Science & Technology adheres to the below ethical guidelines for publication and research. 

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements
Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship.
The International Journal of Food Science & Technology adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.
It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.
Acknowledgements: Under Acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

2.2 Clinical Trials
Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at A CONSORT checklist should also be included in the submission material
( 2001 checklist.doc).
The International Journal of Food Science & Technology encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free, public clinical trials registries:,, The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.

2.3 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding
Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest. These include financial (for example patent, ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker’s fee).
Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article.

2.4 Appeal of Decision
The Editor’s decision on a paper is final and cannot be appealed.

2.5 Permissions
If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.6 Copyright Assignment and OnlineOpen
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services (see 6.3 below); where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

2.7 Manuscript Referrals to the Open Access Journal Food Science & Nutrition
This journal works together with Wiley's open access journal, Food Science & Nutrition, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors may be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Food Science & Nutrition. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Food Science & Nutrition will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Food Science & Nutrition is a Wiley Open Access Journal and article publication fees apply. For more information, please go to

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site. Go to the journal home page and click on 'Online Submission'. The use of an online submission and peer review site enables rapid distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper are available online and below.
Manuscript submission is a step-by-step process, and little preparation is required beyond having all parts of your manuscript in an electronic format and a computer with an Internet connection and a Web browser. Full help and instructions are provided on-screen. As an author, you will be prompted for author and manuscript details and then to upload your manuscript file(s).
To avoid postal delays, all correspondence is by e-mail. A completed manuscript submission is confirmed by e-mail immediately and your paper enters the editorial process with no postal delay. Your manuscript will have a unique manuscript number and you can check the progress of your manuscript at any time by returning to the online submission site via the journal home page. When a decision is made, revisions can be submitted online, with an opportunity to view and respond to all comments.
Peer review is also handled online. Referees are given full instructions and access to the paper on the online submission site. The review form and comments are completed online and immediately made available to the Editor-in-Chief.
Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you require assistance then click the Get Help Now link which appears at the top right of every ScholarOne Manuscripts page. If you cannot submit online, please contact the Editorial office.

3.1. Getting Started
• Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online Submission Site via the journal home page and click on 'Online Submission' .
• Log-in or click the 'Create Account' option if you are a first-time user.
• If you are creating a new account.
- After clicking on 'Create Account', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.
- Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next.'
- Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click 'Finish'.
• If you have an account, but have forgotten your log in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system and enter your e-mail address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.
•  Log-in and select 'Author Centre.'

3.2. Submitting Your Manuscript
• After you have logged in, click the 'Submit a Manuscript' link in the menu bar.
• Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
• Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
• You are required to upload your files.
- Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
- Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the Browse button.
- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.
• Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

3.3. Manuscript Files Accepted
Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rft) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text and the figures should be uploaded as separate files. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, summary, keywords, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

3.4. Blinded Review
[Version 1 (Single-blinded Review):]
All manuscripts submitted to the International Journal of Food Science & Technology will be reviewed by at least two experts in the field. The International Journal of Food Science & Technology uses single-blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper.

3.5. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process
You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.6. E-mail Confirmation of Submission
After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by spam filtering software on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server ( to their whitelist.

3.7. Manuscript Status
You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts any time to check your 'Author Centre' for the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.8. Submission of Revised Manuscripts
Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 1 month of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision' to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. Please also remember to upload your manuscript document separate from your title page.

Correspondence regarding manuscripts should be sent by e-mail to the Editor-in-Chief.
General and IFST correspondence should be sent to:

Institute of Food Science and Technology
5 Cambridge Court
210 Shepherds Bush Road
London, W6 7NJ, UK
When preparing a manuscript, authors should refer to a recent issue of the Journal and follow the detailed instructions given below. Please keep a copy of the original manuscript for reference. An e-mail acknowledging the online submission of a manuscript will be sent by the Journal. Any material sent to the Editorial Office will not be returned.

Original Papers: These are reports of substantial research less than 5000 words equivalent, including tables, figures, references. Typically a table or figure is equivalent to 150 words while photograph is equivalent to 300 words. These are guidelines only. Original Articles should comprise:
(a) a concise Summary (fewer than 150 words) containing the main results and conclusions;
(b) up to ten keywords that accurately identify the paper's subject, purpose and focus;
(c) an Introduction giving essential background but no subheadings; objectives must be clearly stated;
(d) Materials and methods with sufficient full experimental detail (where possible by reference) to permit repetition; sources of material must be given and statistical methods must be specified by reference, unless non-standard;
(e) Results should be presented concisely, using well-designed tables and/or figures; the same data may not be used in both; appropriate statistical data should be given. All data must be obtained with attention to statistical detail in the planning stage. If a sufficiently large number of replicates are not organized before the experiment is undertaken, biological variation is not eliminated satisfactorily. As replicate design has been recognised to be important to biological experiments for a considerable time, the Editor has decided that any paper that appears not to have adequate mathematical treatment of the data will be returned un-refereed;
(f) Discussion should cover the implications and consequences, not merely recapitulating the results; conclusions should be concise;
(g) brief Acknowledgements;
(h) References as shown below.

Review Articles: (fewer than 6000 words)  These are concise, critical but constructive and conclusive topical accounts written for non-specialists. References must be in the form shown below. A small honorarium may be given.

Letters to the Editor: These are brief comments on material published in previous issues; they are published at the discretion of the Editor. They are the only items not subject to multiple peer review.

Authors should very carefully consider the preparation of papers to ensure that they communicate efficiently. Papers are much more likely to be accepted if they are carefully designed and laid out, have few or no errors, are concise, and conform to the style and instructions. They will also be published with much less delay than those that require much scientific and editorial correction.

The Editor reserves the right to make literary corrections and to make suggestions to improve brevity.

It is important that authors take care in submitting a manuscript that is written in plain language and adheres to published guidelines (see the new Fowler's Modern English Usage 3rd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996; Hall G.M. How to write a paper. London: BMJ Publishing, 1994).

Language: The language of publication is UK English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. An English Language Editing Service is available. Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language appropriate to your discipline. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

5.1. Page Charge
From the 1st March 2007 all manuscripts submitted are subject to a charge of 100GBP for each page in excess of seven printed journal pages (approximately 21 pages of double-spaced typescript). The editor may decide to waive this charge in exceptional circumstances. Please fill in the Page Charge Form and send it to the Production Editor at [email protected]. The invoice will be sent after the article is included in an issue.

5.2. Format
Standard Usage, Abbreviations and Units: Spelling and hyphenation should conform to The Concise Oxford English Dictionary. Statistics and measurements should always be given in figures, e.g. 10 min, except when the number begins a sentence. When the number does not refer to a unit of measurement it should be spelt in full unless it is 100 or greater.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only if a lengthy name or expression is repeated throughout the manuscript, and never in the title. The abbreviated name or expression should be cited in full at first usage, followed by the accepted abbreviation in parentheses.

Metric SI units should generally be used except where they conflict with current practice or are confusing. For example 1.5 l rather than 1.5 × 10-3 m3, or 3 mm rather than 3 × 10-3 m. Chemical formulae and solutions must specify the form used, e.g. anhydrous or hydrated, and the concentration must be in clearly defined units. Common species names should be followed by the Latin binomial (underlined) at the first mention. For subsequent use the generic name should be contracted to a single letter if it is unambiguous.

Main Text: Text files should be formatted double-spaced with no hyphenation and automatic wordwrap (no hard returns within paragraphs). Please type the text consistently e.g. take care to distinguish between '1' (one) and 'l' (lower case L) and  '0' (zero) and 'O' (capital O), etc.

5.3. Structure

All manuscripts submitted to The International Journal of Food Science & Technology should include:

Title Page: The title page should carry an informative title that reflects the content, a running title (less than 46 characters including spaces), the names of the authors, and the place(s) where the work was carried out. The full postal address plus e-mail address of the indicated corresponding author must be given. Up to ten keywords or very brief phrases must be given to aid data retrieval and indexing.

Graphical abstract - Please upload the Graphical Abstract as the first file in the Manuscript. Please ensure that it is clearly sub-titled ‘Graphical Abstract.’ The Graphical Abstract should be designed to be read on-line in conjunction with the text abstract, it should be approximately square, ideally in colour and should contain a high impact Figure, Graph or Photograph that summarises the key findings of your research.

Summary (or Abstract), used in Original Papers and Reviews:
Optimizing Your Abstract for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimizing your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximize the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Well written summaries attract both the general reader and the specialist and greatly improve the impact of your paper. Summaries should give information specific to your article and comprise short punchy sentences with an introduction of one or two sentences followed by comparative data between treatments where interesting effects were observed. This should be followed by concise conclusions.

Statistical Methods: Statistical methods used should be defined and, where appropriate, supported by references. Useful statistical references are as follows:
Statistical Textbooks
Cochran, W.G., Cox, G.M. (1992).
Experimental Designs, 2nd edn. New York: Wiley.
Cox, D.R. (1992). Planning of Experiments. New York: Wiley.
Draper, N.R., Smith, H. (1998). Applied Regression Analysis, 3rd edn. New York: Wiley.
Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. (1994) Biometry, 3rd edn. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
Steel, R.G.D., Torrie J.H., Dickey, D. (1996). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw-Hill.
General Papers
Chatfield, C. (1985). The initial examination of data. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 148, 214-253
Preece, D.A. (1987). Good statistical practice. The Statistician, 36, 397-408.
Repeated Measures
Kenward, M.G. (1987). A method for comparing profiles of repeated measurements. Applied Statistics, 36, 296-308.

Acknowledgements: please make these as brief as possible.

5.4. References
References follow the Harvard system of referencing. References in the text should cite the authors' names followed by the date of their publication, unless there are three or more authors when only the first author's name is quoted followed by et al. e.g. Smith et al. (1999) or Jones and Smith (2000). Add a, b, c etc. to distinguish between two or more references with the same author name and year date (e.g. Jones 1999a,b). References at the end of the paper should be listed in alphabetical order with the title of the article or book and the title of the journal given in full, as shown:
Bucky, A. R., Robinson, D.S. & Hayes, P. R. (1987). Enhanced deactivation of bacterial lipases by a modified UHT treatment. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 22, 35-40.
Stone, H. & Sidel, J. L. (1985). Sensory Evaluation Practices. Pp. 56-59. Orlando, USA: Academic Press.
Dubois, P. (1983). Volatile phenols in wines. In: Flavour of Distilled Beverages (edited by J. R. Piggott). Pp. 110-119. Chichester, UK: Ellis Horwood.
Unpublished work must only be cited where necessary, and only in the text. Copies of references in press in other journals must be supplied with submitted typescripts. It is essential that all citations and references are carefully checked before submission, as mistakes or omissions will cause delays.
References to material on the World Wide Web can be given, but only if the information is available without charge to readers on an official site. Authors will be asked to provide electronic copies of the cited material for inclusion on the International Journal of Food Science and Technology homepage at the discretion of the Editors. The format of citations is:
Beckleheimer, J. (1994). Online reference included in article [Internet document] URL http://www.sample_url.bibliography/html.  Accessed 01/04/2004.
The editor and publisher recommend that citation of online published papers and other material should be done via a DOI (digital object identifier), which all reputable online published material should have - see for more information. If an author cites anything which does not have a DOI they run the risk of the cited material not being traceable.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

5.5. Tables, Figures and Figure Legends
Tables: Tables should be few in number, carefully designed, uncrowded, and include only essential data. Each must have an Arabic number, e.g. Table 3, a self-explanatory caption and be on a separate sheet. Vertical lines must not be used.

Figures: Figures should be submitted as separate files. Always include a citation in the text for each figure using Arabic numbers, e.g. Fig. 3. Artwork should be submitted online in electronic form. Detailed information on our digital illustration standards is available on the Wiley-Blackwell website here. Approval for reproduction/modification of any material (including figures and tables) published elsewhere should be obtained by the authors/copyright holders before submission of the manuscript. Contributors are responsible for any copyright fee involved.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication
Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form (see Colour Charges below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).
For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art:  >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.
Further information can be obtained at Wiley-Blackwell’s guidelines for figures:
Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:
Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.
Colour Charges: It is the policy of the International Journal of Food Science & Technology for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley-Blackwell require you to complete and return a colour work agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded as a PDF* from here.
* To read PDF files, you must have Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. If you do not have this program, this is available as a free download from the following web address:
Once completed, please return the form to:

The Production Editor
International Journal of Food Science and Technology
John Wiley Ltd
9600 Garsington Rd
Oxford, OX4 2DQ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1865 476473
Fax: +44 (0) 1865 476772
e-mail: [email protected]
Any article received with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned.

Figure Legends: Self-explanatory legends of all figures should be included separately under the heading 'Legends to Figures'. In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may be truncated in abbreviated links to the full screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of key aspects of the figure.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

6.1. Proof Corrections
The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website.  A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author.  The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site.

Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website: . Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

Proofs must be returned to the Production Editor within three days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors.

Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

6.2. Early View (Publication prior to Print)
The International Journal of Food Science & Technology is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

6.3. Author Services
Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.
For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see Wiley-Blackwell Author Services

6.4. Author Material Archive Policy
Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley-Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible.

6.5. Offprints and Extra Copies
Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:
If you have queries about offprints please e-mail [email protected]

Note to NIH Grantees: Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see